Dominance hierarchy and other behaviors studied from opportunistically collected data in captive muskoxen at the Large Animal Research Station (LARS) of the University of Alaska-Fairbanks(UAF), USA.

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
A.L. Jacob 1, F. Huettmann 1. 2007. 1. EWHALE lab, Biology and Wildlife Dept. Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska-Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Dominance hierarchy and other behaviors studied from opportunistically collected data in captive muskoxen at the Large Animal Research Station (LARS) of the University of Alaska-Fairbanks(UAF), USA.
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Digital Dataset
Issue_Identification: LARS
Other_Citation_Details: NA
Online_Linkage: na
Description:
Abstract:
This data set contains data collected as part of a wider comparative study across mammals, carried out in the spring 2007 at the Large Animal Research Station (LARS) (University of Alaska-Fairbanks, USA) on captive musk-oxen (Ovibos moschatus) dominance and other behaviour. Using event sampling, behaviour was monitored during times when animals did and did not have access to supplemental feed. The behavior data was observed visually and recorded on data sheets (transfered into Excel database). These data consist of over 20h of opportunistically collected field data, and complement related studies on other species.
Purpose:
To test from marginal, opportunistic fieldata whether there is a stable dominance hierarchy in stratified groups of muskoxen, individual perception among individuals, and the effects of pregnancy, age, body size and sex on dominance. This was tested in two different environments (when animals were given pellets to supplement hay forage) in three different cohorts of animals (pregnant and non-pregnant cows, cows with yearling calves, and bulls)
Supplemental_Information:
Similar studies are completed or forthcoming with other species; details are given in the Cross Reference section, or contact authors.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: Unknown
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:
Status:
Progress:
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: finish collecting data mid-May 2007
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Large Animal Research Station (LARS), University of Alaska-Fairbanks, Alaska, USA.
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 147.87
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 147.87
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 64.82
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 64.82
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: Behavior data
Theme_Keyword: Ovibos moschatus
Theme_Keyword: Dominance
Theme_Keyword: Muskox
Theme_Keyword: Hierarchy
Theme_Keyword: Perception of Individuals in Mammals
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: Behavior data
Theme_Keyword: Ovibos moschatus
Theme_Keyword: Dominance
Theme_Keyword: Muskox
Theme_Keyword: Hierarchy
Theme_Keyword: Perception of Individuals in Mammals
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: Behavior data
Theme_Keyword: Ovibos moschatus
Theme_Keyword: Dominance
Theme_Keyword: Muskox
Theme_Keyword: Hierarchy
Theme_Keyword: Perception of Individuals in Mammals
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: National Park Service Theme Category Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Behavior data
Theme_Keyword: Ovibos moschatus
Theme_Keyword: Dominance
Theme_Keyword: Muskox
Theme_Keyword: Hierarchy
Theme_Keyword: Perception of Individuals in Mammals
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: Behavior data
Theme_Keyword: Ovibos moschatus
Theme_Keyword: Dominance
Theme_Keyword: Muskox
Theme_Keyword: Hierarchy
Theme_Keyword: Perception of Individuals in Mammals
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Fairbanks
Place_Keyword: Large Animal Research Station (LARS)
Place_Keyword: University of Alaska-Fairbanks (UAF)
Place_Keyword: North pasture
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Fairbanks
Place_Keyword: Large Animal Research Station (LARS)
Place_Keyword: University of Alaska-Fairbanks (UAF)
Place_Keyword: North pasture
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Fairbanks
Place_Keyword: Large Animal Research Station (LARS)
Place_Keyword: University of Alaska-Fairbanks (UAF)
Place_Keyword: North pasture
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Fairbanks
Place_Keyword: Large Animal Research Station (LARS)
Place_Keyword: University of Alaska-Fairbanks (UAF)
Place_Keyword: North pasture
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Fairbanks
Place_Keyword: Large Animal Research Station (LARS)
Place_Keyword: University of Alaska-Fairbanks (UAF)
Place_Keyword: North pasture
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: National Park System Unit Name Thesaurus
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Fairbanks
Place_Keyword: Large Animal Research Station (LARS)
Place_Keyword: University of Alaska-Fairbanks (UAF)
Place_Keyword: North pasture
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: National Park System Unit Code Thesaurus
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Fairbanks
Place_Keyword: Large Animal Research Station (LARS)
Place_Keyword: University of Alaska-Fairbanks (UAF)
Place_Keyword: North pasture
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Taxonomic_Keywords: Ungulate
Taxonomic_Keywords: Muskox
Taxonomic_Keywords: Ovibos moschatus
Taxonomic_System:
Identifier:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Aerin Jacob, Falk Huettmann
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:
Address: EWHALE lab
City: Fairbanks
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99775
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 907 474 7882
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: +1 907 474 7882
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: aerin.jacob@yahoo.ca,fffh@uaf.edu
Taxonomic_Procedures: NA
Taxonomic_Completeness: Complete for species
Vouchers:
Specimen: NA
Repository:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: NA
Contact_Organization: NA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:
Address: NA
City: NA
State_or_Province: NA
Postal_Code: NA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: NA
General_Taxonomic_Coverage: Species known by LARS staff
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vertebrata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mammalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Theria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infraclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eutheria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Artiodactyla
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bovidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Caprinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ovibos
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ovibos moschatus
Applicable_Common_Name: boeuf musqué
Access_Constraints:
The authors remain the owners of this dataset. This data cannot be distributed or utilized without confirmation and agreement with the authors.
Use_Constraints:
The authors remain the owners of this dataset. This data cannot be distributed or utilized without confirmation and agreement with the authors. Please contact authors for directions on how to cite when using the data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Aerin Jacob, Falk Huettmann
Contact_Organization: EWHALE lab, University of Alaska - Fairbanks
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:
Address: 419 IRVING I
Address: University of Alaska - Fairbanks
City: Fairbanks
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99775-7000
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-474-7882
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: aerin.jacob@yahoo.ca, fffh@uaf.edu
Data_Set_Credit: This study was funded by the authors, LARS and UAF
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Excel, PC IBM
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Falk Huettmann
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Data were collected by Kim Jochum and the author on monkeys, bears and marine mammals for an overall assessment of the use of such 'marginal' data
Issue_Identification: publication forthcoming (contact Falk Huettmann for details)

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: the behaviour data were assessed visually by the observers
Logical_Consistency_Report: Consistent methods were used
Completeness_Report: Dataset is complete for this study (20h)
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: na
Quantitative_Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Assessment:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Value: 0.00
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Explanation: NA
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
Field: Based on event sampling, behavior of muskoxen was recorded through observing the interactions of animals with and without supplemental feed. Different behavior states have been discerned. Prime focus on the data collection was on hierarchy, winning and loosing individuals, their interacting distances, and biology (individual, gender, age, health status). Data were recorded manually on data sheets (available from authors), and then transformed into an Excel data sheet.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Aerin Jacob, Falk Huettmann
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Opportunitical Event Sampling, standard procedure used in the discipline, e.g. Altman (1974)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: na
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Fully explained in Methodology and thesis
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: same as authors
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:
City:
State_or_Province:
Postal_Code:
Contact_Voice_Telephone:

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: GPS
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: vers4_MuskoxendomhierLARS2007_aerinjacobsfalkhuettmann
Entity_Type_Definition: This data set is a flat XML file, derived from an Excel file
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SessionName
Attribute_Definition:
Unique identification of observation session, using initials of observer and numbered consecutively
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Datestring
Attribute_Definition: Date of observation session (i.e. 01-January-07)
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DateDay
Attribute_Definition: Day of observation session (i.e. 01)
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DateMonth
Attribute_Definition: Month of observation session (i.e. January
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DateYear
Attribute_Definition: Year of observation session (i.e. 2007)
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FullObserverName
Attribute_Definition: The full name of the person observing and recording behavior
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ParallelSecondObserver
Attribute_Definition:
Record name of other person if they are conducting parallel observations during that time period
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Weather
Attribute_Definition: Brief description of weather that day
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: StudyArea
Attribute_Definition: Location where observations are taking place (i.e. LARS)
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: EnclosureName
Attribute_Definition: Name of pasture or field where animals are being observed
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Number of Animals
Attribute_Definition:
The total number of animals being observed during that session. This is important for assessing the fraction of obeserved vs. overall animals, and animals marked.
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Session Start Time
Attribute_Definition:
The time that observers started recording data (in 24 hr format, Alaska time zone)
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Event Start Time
Attribute_Definition:
The time that a separate interaction between animals or event started to take place
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Study Animal 1
Attribute_Definition:
The identification number of an animal involved in the interaction
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Study Animal 2
Attribute_Definition:
The identification number of an animal involved in the interactionThe
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Study Animal 3
Attribute_Definition:
The identification number of an animal involved in the interaction
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Study Animal 4
Attribute_Definition:
The identification number of an animal involved in the interaction
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: WinnerID
Attribute_Definition:
The identification number of the animal that displayed dominant behaviour
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LoserID
Attribute_Definition:
The identification number of the animal(s) that displayed submissive behaviour
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Behavior Type
Attribute_Definition: The type of behavior or interaction recorded
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SPACE DISPLACEMENT
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Behaviour type when one animal displaces another animal from a point in space, and occupies that space
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FOOD DISPLACEMENT
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Behaviour type when one animal displaces another animal from a food source (i.e. supplemental pellets or hay)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Vocalization
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Behavior type when an animal makes an aggressive/repsonsive noise (growl, bellow or snort).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: GROOMING
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Behavior type when one animal grooms another animal or self
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PUSH
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Behavior type when one animal makes physical contact with another and pushes (not with horns)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: MOUNTING
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Behavior type when one animal mounts another animal
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: HEAD SHAKE
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Behavior type when one animal shakes head aggressively at another animal, displaying horns
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: NO RESPONSE
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Behavior type when two or more animals are in close proximity with each other but do not noticeably respond to each other
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: CHARGE
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Behavior type when one animal runs at another, but the second animal does not run away
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: author
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: CHASE
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Behavior type when one animal chases another, causing the second animal to run away
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: CESSATION OF NURSING
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Behavior type when a cow actively stops a calf from nursing (i.e. pushes it away, moves)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: NURSING
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Behavior type when a calf nurses from a cow
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: BUTTING HEADS
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Behavior type when two animals butt heads with each other
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SNIFFING
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Aniamls stand very close to each other and sniff
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: authors
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Horn Display
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Horns get shaken/swung as a display before front head butting; only observed with males
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: UAF
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: TOTAL TIME OF ACTIVITY
Attribute_Definition:
The percentage of time spent on foraging grass, eating from patches and on walking and running.
Attribute_Definition_Source: University of Alaska
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
this protocol was developed by the authors, and is available as a field sheet, or the Excel data
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: Altman 1974, and standards in the discipline

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Aerin Jacob, Falk Huettmann
Contact_Organization: EWHALE Lab, University of Alaska-Fairbanks
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:
Address: 419 Irving I
Address: University of Alaska - Fairbanks
City: Fairbanks
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99775
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 1 907 474-7882
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: aerin.jacob@yahoo.ca, fffh@uaf.edu
Distribution_Liability:
The authors shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein. These data and related graphics (i.e. GIF or JPG format files) are not legal documents and are not intended to be used as such. The information contained in these data is dynamic and may change over time. The data are not better than the original sources from which they were derived. It is the responsibility of the data user to use the data appropriately and consistent within the limitations of geospatial data in general and these data in particular. The related graphics are intended to aid the data user in acquiring relevant data; it is not appropriate to use the related graphics as data. The authors give no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of these data. It is strongly recommended that these data are directly acquired from an project server and not indirectly through other sources which may have changed the data in some way. Although these data have been processed successfully on computer systems at the University, no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the utility of the data on other systems for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. This disclaimer applies both to individual use of the data and aggregate use with other data.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: EXCEL IBM PC
ASCII_File_Structure:
Number_Header_Lines:
Orientation:
Case_Sensitive: false
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20070421
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Aerin Jacob, Falk Huettmann
Contact_Organization: University of Alaska, Fairbanks
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:
Address: 419 Irving 1
Address: University of Alaska Fairbanks
City: Fairbanks
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99775-7000
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 907 4747882
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: aerin.jacob@ahoo.ca,fffh@uaf.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name:
FGDC Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999

Generated by mp version 2.8.25 on Sun Apr 29 03:12:32 2007