Year-round Urban Raven Surveys in Fairbanks, Interior Alaska 2004-2006

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Falk Huettmann
Publication_Date: 20061217
Title:
Year-round Urban Raven Surveys in Fairbanks, Interior Alaska 2004-2006
Online_Linkage: <http://science.nature.nps.gov/nrdata>
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Description:
Abstract:
This dataset presents Raven (Corvus corax) survey data carried out for app. two years at a supermarket parking lot (app. 300m*600m), strip mall, in Fairbanks, interior Alaska located app. 120 miles south of the arctic circle. Seventy-three surveys were done. Data were collected bi-weekly, or with a higher frequency, on Sundays or Saturdays between 8 AM and 11 AM by driving on the parking lot for 15 minutes; detectability is believed to be 100 % for the survey area (app. 200m radius). These car-based surveys result into virtually unbiased surveys providing a representative snap shot in time. Other opportunistic surveys were included as well, e.g. collected during the week or from locations nearby. The parking lot represents a typical situation of Ravens in an urban habitat. Week-end surveys were done in order to assess any temporal regularities within the week, and whether there was a link with Ravens and the fastfood left-overs from Friday and Saturday nights. Ravens were scanned for bands and marks, but none were found. Moult and age were also noted when possible. Basic Raven behaviour is also reported, as well as the state of the parking lot in regards to parked trucks and cars, food items, garbage, fast food left-overs and snow/climate. All other bird species were recorded as well, e.g. common gulls (Larus canus) in summer (but almost no other species were seen). Bird abundance seems to be driven by food items on the parking lot, e.g. provided by an adjacent fast food restaurant and by left-overs from parties and gatherings at the parking lot from the previous night. The numbers of Ravens at this study site are relatively small (app. 15 birds in winter and basically none in summer) and consistent patterns of abundance are shown throughout the two years. With few exceptions, opportunistic observations of Ravens in the wider region indicate that the described situation would apply to many other supermarket parking lots in the vicinity as well. These 2 years of data are unique and contribute to baseline information relevant for Ravens in the interior of Alaska; they are a simple but powerful snapshot in time and when put into an overall ecological context.
Purpose:
To provide basic information on Raven abundance, behaviour and related information throughout the year in a quantitative fashion for interior Alaska.
Supplemental_Information:
Heinrich, B. Ravens in winter. Vintage Publishers, 400 pages. See as well ITIS website references
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: Unknown
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference: Current
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency:
Currently no maintenance. Future publication planned and in progress.
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -147.7200
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -147.7200
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 64.8400
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 64.8400
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Viewshed of "Fred Meyer and Taco Bell parking lot", Airport Way, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: Urban Ecology
Theme_Keyword: Strip Mall
Theme_Keyword: Raven
Theme_Keyword: Corvids
Theme_Keyword: Winter
Theme_Keyword: Fall
Theme_Keyword: Summer
Theme_Keyword: Spring
Theme_Keyword: Year round surveys
Theme_Keyword: Alaska
Theme_Keyword: Interior Alaska
Theme_Keyword: Supermarkets
Theme_Keyword: Baseline data
Theme_Keyword: Opportunistic Surveys
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: National Park Service Theme Category Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Urban Ecology
Theme_Keyword: Strip Mall
Theme_Keyword: Raven
Theme_Keyword: Corvids
Theme_Keyword: Winter
Theme_Keyword: Fall
Theme_Keyword: Summer
Theme_Keyword: Spring
Theme_Keyword: Year round surveys
Theme_Keyword: Alaska
Theme_Keyword: Interior Alaska
Theme_Keyword: Supermarkets
Theme_Keyword: Baseline data
Theme_Keyword: Opportunistic Surveys
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: Urban Ecology
Theme_Keyword: Strip Mall
Theme_Keyword: Parking Lot
Theme_Keyword: Raven
Theme_Keyword: Corvids
Theme_Keyword: Winter
Theme_Keyword: Fall
Theme_Keyword: Summer
Theme_Keyword: Spring
Theme_Keyword: Year round surveys
Theme_Keyword: Alaska
Theme_Keyword: Interior Alaska
Theme_Keyword: Supermarkets
Theme_Keyword: Baseline data
Theme_Keyword: Opportunistic Surveys
Theme_Keyword: Ecology off Fast Food Restaurants
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Fairbanks
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Interior Alaska
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: National Park System Unit Name Thesaurus
Place_Keyword: Fairbanks
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Interior Alaska
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: National Park System Unit Code Thesaurus
Place_Keyword: Fairbanks
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Interior Alaska
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Temporal_Keyword: bi-weekly
Temporal_Keyword: year round
Access_Constraints: Available by arrangement with data owner.
Use_Constraints:
Interpretation only possible within framework of data protocol. Intimate knowledge about Raven and the study is highly suggested. Contact data owner for details
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Falk Huettmann
Contact_Organization:
EWHALE lab, Inst. of Arctic Biology, Biology & Wildlife Dept., University of Alaska-Fairbanks
Contact_Address:
Address: 419 IRVING 1
City: Fairbanks
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99775
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 907 474 7882
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: fffh@uaf.edu
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Falk Huettmann
Publication_Date: Unknown
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fairbanks, Alaska
Publisher: University of Alaska-Fairbanks
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Taxonomic_Keywords: Raven
Taxonomic_Keywords: Corvids
Taxonomic_Keywords: Corvus corax
Taxonomic_Keywords: Common Raven
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Classification_System_Modifications: ITIS USDA
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vertebrata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aves
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Passeriformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Corvidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Corvus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Corvus corax
Applicable_Common_Name: grand corbeau
Data_Set_Credit: Falk Huettmann
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Field notes, Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
High, animals were detected 100%, biases are low since surveys were done without biases, e.g. from a car/truck. Several observers contributed to the dataset: F. Huettmann, N. Coutsobos, D. Holcomb, J. and S. Linke, J. Ritter, E. Craig. H. and T. Gundersen.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Methodology is consistent throughout. One principle data collector Falk Huettmann; sometimes other fieldworkers collected data with the same protocol (see attribute accuracy for details). Some additional data are not collected consistently but can be inferred, e.g. snow coverage. Behavioral classification is done descriptive.
Completeness_Report: Consistent methods. See methods
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
Data were collected bi-weekly, or with a higher frequency, on Sundays or Saturdays between 8 AM and 11 AM by driving on the parking lot for 15 minutes; detectability is believed to be 100 %. This results into unbiased surveys providing a snap shot in time. Other opportunistic surveys were included as well, e.g. collected during the week or from locations nearby. The parking lot represents a typical situation of Ravens in an urban habitat. Ravens were scanned for bands and marks, but none were found. Moult and age was also noted. Basic Raven behaviour is also reported, as well as state of the parking lot in regards to parked trucks and cars, food items, garbage, fast food left-overs, snow and climate. All other bird species were recorded as well, e.g. gulls in summer.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Field notes recorded in notebook and inserted into Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Time: 1 month
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Falk Huettmann
Contact_Organization: Falk Huettmann
Contact_Address:
Address: EWHALE lab, 419 Irving I, University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF)
City: Fairbanks
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99775
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference:
Fred Myers Parking Lot, off Taco Bell Fast Food Restaurant on Airport Way in Fairbanks, Alaska, USA
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 64.8400
Longitude_Resolution: 0
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: ravendataFairbanks 20042006_FalkHuettmann1
Entity_Type_Definition: Excel Sheet that consists of Raven Survey Information
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Falk Huettmann
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Month of the year when observation was carried out
Attribute_Definition: Month when survey was carried out
Attribute_Definition_Source: Defined by Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: August, text field
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: year
Attribute_Definition: year when Raven survey was carried out
Attribute_Definition_Source: Defined by Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: 4 digit number
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: datestring
Attribute_Definition: Date when observation was carried out
Attribute_Definition_Source: Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: month/day/yearyearyearyear
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Observer
Attribute_Definition: Observername doing the field observations
Attribute_Definition_Source: Defined by Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: name (firstname and lastname) as text
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Location
Attribute_Definition: Name of the location where study was carried out
Attribute_Definition_Source: Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: official site name
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Latdec
Attribute_Definition: Latitude in decimal degrees, 4 decimals, North positive
Attribute_Definition_Source: Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: coordinate
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Londec
Attribute_Definition: Longitude in decimal degrees, 4 decimals, west negative
Attribute_Definition_Source: Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: coordinate
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Ravennumberobserved
Attribute_Definition: Name from where observation was exactly done
Attribute_Definition_Source: Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Maximum number of Ravens that were in the viewshed, and from which behaviors were described
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Numbersinmoult
Attribute_Definition: How many birds showed signs of moult
Attribute_Definition_Source: Defined by Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Numbers
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Behavior
Attribute_Definition: Specific Behavior of Raven
Attribute_Definition_Source: Defined by Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unclassified behavior categories
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Carsatparkinglot
Attribute_Definition:
Additional Habitat Information: Description or Index of how many cars are occupying the parking lot
Attribute_Definition_Source: Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Visual assessment
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: RavensinFairbanks
Attribute_Definition:
Have any Ravens been seen in Fairbanks; are birds around ? Opportunistic information from other locations at that day
Attribute_Definition_Source: Defined by Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: verbal descriptions, some numbers
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Otherbirds
Attribute_Definition: What other birds have been observed at the study area
Attribute_Definition_Source: Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Common bird names in English
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Snowonground
Attribute_Definition:
Habitat descriptor: Was there any snow on the ground, and how much ?
Attribute_Definition_Source: Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Verbal description
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Location
Attribute_Definition: Name of the location where study was carried out
Attribute_Definition_Source: Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: official site name
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Comments
Attribute_Definition:
Additional information that helps to analyse and to understand the data and observed behaviors
Attribute_Definition_Source: Falk Huettmann
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Text descriptions

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Falk Huettmann
Contact_Organization:
EWHALE lab, University of Alaska, Institute of Arctic Biology, Biology and Wildlife Department
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
419 IRVING I - EWHALE lab, University of Alaska, Institute of Arctic Biology, Biology and Wildlife Department
City: Fairbanks
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99775-7000
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907 474-7882
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 907 474-6967
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: fffh@uaf.edu
Distribution_Liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the University of Alaska, no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the accuracy or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. This disclaimer applies both to individual use of the data and aggregate use with other data. It is strongly recommended that these data are directly acquired from a server, and not indirectly through other sources which may have changed the data in some way. It is also strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data. The Universities of Alaska (U.S.) and others shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Excel
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20061206
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Falk Huettmann
Contact_Organization:
EWHALE lab, University of Alaska, Institute of Arctic Biology, Biology and Wildlife Department
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 419 IRVING I - EWHALE lab
City: Fairbanks
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99775-7000
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907 474-7882
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 907 474-6967
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: fffh@uaf.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name:
Content Standard for National Biological Information Infrastructure Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://nrdata.nps.gov/profiles/NPS_Profile.xml>
Profile_Name: NPS NR and GIS Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.8.25 on Thu Apr 26 14:38:58 2007