Compiled 'Presence Only' data for Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii) in Western Nepal, Himalya

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Kandel, K, Subedi P., Acharya, R., Singh, P.B and Budhathapa, B.
Publication_Date: 20121231
Title:
Compiled 'Presence Only' data for Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii) in Western Nepal, Himalya
Edition: 1
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
Series_Information:
Series_Name: 1
Issue_Identification: 1
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Kathmandu, Nepal
Publisher: Global Primate Network
Online_Linkage: NA
Description:
Abstract:
This data set consist of 35 compiled geo-referenced 'presence only' locations for the Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii;Taxonomic Serial Number TSN 176118) in mid-western Nepal. The data cover the time period 2003 til 2008 and are collected by 4 observers throughout May and June of the mentioned years. Sightings are derived from transect surveys as well as from opportunistic surveys. Sighting records are based on call, call and sighting, and nest records. The geo-referencing is done with a eTREX 12 channel GPS and recorded decimal degrees, the WGS84 geographic datum is used. Additional sightings were compiled from the literature and from the published references of Budhathapa (2006), Singh and KC (2008), Acharya (2004), Singh et al (2011), Subedi (2003) and Singh et al (2006). The bounding coordinates are latitude North 29.536389 to 28.358333, and longitude East 86.664778 to 82.042500. Some sightings include elevation ranging from c. +2310 to +3071 meters above sea level. The surveyed regions include a variety of land types, including regions of Rara National Park, Kaligandaki Valley and Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve. The actual locations sampled consist of Salleri, Chuga, Lamichur, Bamichur, Rara, Murma, Kowang, Kunjo, Titi kunjo, Tangtung, Kunjo, Pudhar Kharka, Lete,Tikabang, Phagune, Surtibang, Bobang, Muri, Chhentung, Bhartan Chhaur, Lamakhoriya, Pakhatar, Uttarganga, Sayalpakhe, Nabi Thumko, Kande Danda, Lamathan, Lumbakharka, Kanga, Kunde, Masa, Bhuji, Adhikarichaur.
Purpose:
To provide a solid data source for the Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii;Taxonomic Serial Number TSN 176118) in Nepal and for distribution, mapping and predictions for a sustainable conservation management.
Supplemental_Information:
The following references were used to provide additional data records, but they also serve as entry reading for this data set and the subject: Budthapa B. 2006. Status and Distribution of Cheer Pheasant (Caterus wallichii) in Rara National Park, Nepal. A research report submitted to World Pheasant Association U.K. and Oriental Bird Club UK. Singh P.B. and S. KC 2008. Study on Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii in Botamalika Grassland, Rara National Park (RNP), Mid-Western Nepal. Report submitted to Pheasant Specialist Group (PSG), Oriental Bird Club (OBC), and World Pheasant Association (WPA), UK. Unpublished. Acharya, R. 2004. Survey of Cheer Pheasant in Lower Kaligandaki Valley, Mustang, Nepal. A final report submitted to King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation (KMTNC), Annapurna Conservation Project, World Pheasant Association, UK and School of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development, Nepal. Unpublished. Singh P.B., P. Subedi, P.J. Garson and L. Poudyal 2011. Status, habitat use and threats of cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii in and around Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Nepal. International Journal of Galliformes Conservation, 2:22-30. Subedi P 2003. Status and Distribution of Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii) in Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Nepal. Report Submitted to World Pheasant Association ; Oriental Bird Club, UK. Unpublished. Singh P.B., L.P. Poudyal and S. Sharma. 2006. Survey of Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichi in and around Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Western Nepal. Report submitted to the World Pheasant Association and Oriental Bird Club, UK. Unpublished.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 200701
Ending_Date: 201112
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Nepal; The bounding coordinates are latitude North 29.53639 to 28.35833, and longitude East 83.66478 to 82.04250. Some sightings include elevation ranging from c. +2310 to +3071 meters above sea level. The surveyed regions include a variety of land types, including regions of Rara National Park, Kaligandaki Valley and Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve. The actual locations sampled consist of Salleri, Chuga, Lamichur, Bamichur, Rara, Murma, Kowang, Kunjo, Titi kunjo, Tangtung, Kunjo, Pudhar Kharka, Lete,Tikabang, Phagune, Surtibang, Bobang, Muri, Chhentung, Bhartan Chhaur, Lamakhoriya, Pakhatar, Uttarganga, Sayalpakhe, Nabi Thumko, Kande Danda, Lamathan, Lumbakharka, Kanga, Kunde, Masa, Bhuji, Adhikarichaur.
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 83.664778
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 82.042500
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 29.536389
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 28.35833
Bounding_Altitudes:
Altitude_Minimum: 2310.000
Altitude_Maximum: 3071.000
Altitude_Distance_Units: meters
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword:
Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii;Taxonomic Serial Number TSN 176118)
Theme_Keyword: west Nepal
Theme_Keyword: Nepal
Theme_Keyword: Himalaya
Theme_Keyword: Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH)
Theme_Keyword: Asia
Theme_Keyword: Presence Only Data
Theme_Keyword: Opportunistic Surveys
Theme_Keyword: Transects
Theme_Keyword: Nest
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: National Park Service Theme Category Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword:
Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii;Taxonomic Serial Number TSN 176118)
Theme_Keyword: west Nepal
Theme_Keyword: Nepal
Theme_Keyword: Himalaya
Theme_Keyword: Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH)
Theme_Keyword: Asia
Theme_Keyword: Presence Only Data
Theme_Keyword: Opportunistic Surveys
Theme_Keyword: Transects
Theme_Keyword: Nest
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword:
Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii;Taxonomic Serial Number TSN 176118)
Theme_Keyword: west Nepal
Theme_Keyword: Nepal
Theme_Keyword: Himalaya
Theme_Keyword: Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH)
Theme_Keyword: Asia
Theme_Keyword: Presence Only Data
Theme_Keyword: Opportunistic Surveys
Theme_Keyword: Transects
Theme_Keyword: Nest
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Nepal
Place_Keyword: west Nepal
Place_Keyword: mid-west Nepal
Place_Keyword: Himalaya
Place_Keyword: Hindu-Kush Himalayas
Place_Keyword: HKH
Place_Keyword: Rara National Park
Place_Keyword: Kaligandaki Valley
Place_Keyword: Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
Place_Keyword: Salleri
Place_Keyword: Chuga
Place_Keyword: Lamichur
Place_Keyword: Bamichur
Place_Keyword: Rara
Place_Keyword: Murma
Place_Keyword: Kowang
Place_Keyword: Kunjo,
Place_Keyword: Titi kunjo
Place_Keyword: Tangtung Kunjo
Place_Keyword: Pudhar Kharka
Place_Keyword: Lete,
Place_Keyword: Tikabang
Place_Keyword: Phagune
Place_Keyword: Surtibang
Place_Keyword: Bobang
Place_Keyword: Muri
Place_Keyword: Chhentung
Place_Keyword: Bhartan Chhaur
Place_Keyword: Lamakhoriya
Place_Keyword: Pakhatar
Place_Keyword: Uttarganga
Place_Keyword: Sayalpakhe
Place_Keyword: Nabi Thumko
Place_Keyword: Kande Danda
Place_Keyword: Lamathan
Place_Keyword: Lumbakharka
Place_Keyword: Kanga
Place_Keyword: Kunde
Place_Keyword: Masa
Place_Keyword: Bhuji
Place_Keyword: Adhikarichaur
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Taxonomic_Keywords:
Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii;Taxonomic Serial Number TSN 176118)
Taxonomic_Keywords: single species
Taxonomic_Keywords: animals
Taxonomic_Keywords: vertebrates
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Classification_System_Modifications: ITIS
Taxonomic_Procedures:
Species and presence records were identified by the 5 observers + the contributors of the literature references cited in the Methods.
Taxonomic_Completeness: Data are complete
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vertebrata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aves
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Galliformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phasianidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phasianinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Catreus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Catreus wallichii
Applicable_Common_Name: Cheer Pheasant
Access_Constraints: None, suggested to contact authors
Use_Constraints:
None, please use as 'presence only'. Suggested to contact authors for details.
Data_Set_Credit:
The following references should be credited and beyond the authors: Budthapa B. 2006. Status and Distribution of Cheer Pheasant (Caterus wallichii) in Rara National Park, Nepal. A research report submitted to World Pheasant Association U.K. and Oriental Bird Club UK.

Singh P.B. and S. KC 2008. Study on Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii in Botamalika Grassland, Rara National Park (RNP), Mid-Western Nepal. Report submitted to Pheasant Specialist Group (PSG), Oriental Bird Club (OBC), and World Pheasant Association (WPA), UK. Unpublished.

Acharya, R. 2004. Survey of Cheer Pheasant in Lower Kaligandaki Valley, Mustang, Nepal. A final report submitted to King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation (KMTNC), Annapurna Conservation Project, World Pheasant Association, UK and School of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development, Nepal. Unpublished.

Singh P.B., P. Subedi, P.J. Garson and L. Poudyal 2011. Status, habitat use and threats of cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii in and around Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Nepal. International Journal of Galliformes Conservation, 2:22-30.

Subedi P 2003. Status and Distribution of Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii) in Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Nepal. Report Submitted to World Pheasant Association & Oriental Bird Club, UK. Unpublished.

Singh P.B., L.P. Poudyal and S. Sharma. 2006. Survey of Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichi in and around Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Western Nepal. Report submitted to the World Pheasant Association and Oriental Bird Club, UK. Unpublished.

The following organisations should be credited: Global Primate Network-Nepal GPO Box 26288, Kathmandu, Nepal Tel +977 1 4334784 info@primatelife.org www.primatelife.org

Rufford Small Grants Foundation, UK (www.ruffordsmallgrants.org)

Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: NA
Security_Classification: Unclassified
Security_Handling_Description: NA
Native_Data_Set_Environment: MS Excel IBM PC
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
The following references were used to provide additional data records, but they also serve as entry reading for this data set and the subject:
Originator:
Budthapa B. 2006. Status and Distribution of Cheer Pheasant (Caterus wallichii) in Rara National Park, Nepal. A research report submitted to World Pheasant Association U.K. and Oriental Bird Club UK.
Originator:
Singh P.B. and S. KC 2008. Study on Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii in Botamalika Grassland, Rara National Park (RNP), Mid-Western Nepal. Report submitted to Pheasant Specialist Group (PSG), Oriental Bird Club (OBC), and World Pheasant Association (WPA), UK. Unpublished.
Originator:
Acharya, R. 2004. Survey of Cheer Pheasant in Lower Kaligandaki Valley, Mustang, Nepal. A final report submitted to King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation (KMTNC), Annapurna Conservation Project, World Pheasant Association, UK and School of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development, Nepal. Unpublished.
Originator:
Singh P.B., P. Subedi, P.J. Garson and L. Poudyal 2011. Status, habitat use and threats of cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii in and around Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Nepal. International Journal of Galliformes Conservation, 2:22-30.
Originator:
Subedi P 2003. Status and Distribution of Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii) in Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Nepal. Report Submitted to World Pheasant Association & Oriental Bird Club, UK. Unpublished.
Originator:
Singh P.B., L.P. Poudyal and S. Sharma. 2006. Survey of Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichi in and around Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Western Nepal. Report submitted to the World Pheasant Association and Oriental Bird Club, UK. Unpublished.
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Analytical_Tool:
Analytical_Tool_Description: Excel data sheet; data can be mapped with ArcGIS
Tool_Access_Information:
Online_Linkage: NA
Tool_Access_Instructions: NA
Tool_Computer_and_Operating_System: Excle MSDOC PC IBM

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: NA; data should be good quality and checked for errors.
Logical_Consistency_Report: Data are consistent.
Completeness_Report: Dataset is complete as delivered and described.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Data are obtained with a GPS and accuracies reflect GPS technology, e.g. +- 15meters for location.
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Identifier:
Methodology_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Methodology_Keyword: see observers and literature references
Methodology_Description:
The following 4 observers collected parts of the data: Bharat Bahadur Budhathapa Paras Bikram Singh Raju Acharya Purneshwor Subedi

Additional data were obtained from following reports and the literature:

Budthapa B. 2006. Status and Distribution of Cheer Pheasant (Caterus wallichii) in Rara National Park, Nepal. A research report submitted to World Pheasant Association U.K. and Oriental Bird Club UK.

Singh P.B. and S. KC 2008. Study on Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii in Botamalika Grassland, Rara National Park (RNP), Mid-Western Nepal. Report submitted to Pheasant Specialist Group (PSG), Oriental Bird Club (OBC), and World Pheasant Association (WPA), UK. Unpublished.

Acharya, R. 2004. Survey of Cheer Pheasant in Lower Kaligandaki Valley, Mustang, Nepal. A final report submitted to King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation (KMTNC), Annapurna Conservation Project, World Pheasant Association, UK and School of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development, Nepal. Unpublished.

Singh P.B., P. Subedi, P.J. Garson and L. Poudyal 2011. Status, habitat use and threats of cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii in and around Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Nepal. International Journal of Galliformes Conservation, 2:22-30.

Subedi P 2003. Status and Distribution of Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii) in Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Nepal. Report Submitted to World Pheasant Association & Oriental Bird Club, UK. Unpublished.

Singh P.B., L.P. Poudyal and S. Sharma. 2006. Survey of Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichi in and around Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Western Nepal. Report submitted to the World Pheasant Association and Oriental Bird Club, UK. Unpublished.

Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20070101
Ending_Date: 20111231
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
Source_Contribution: These are presence only data
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Published literatures and unpublished project reports were reviewed to compile the cheer pheasant presence only points in Nepal. Most of the points are the actual field points taken by the authors during call count surveys form the survey stations and some (a few) are the extracted points based on the presence information provided by the reports.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Literature is provided in the Excel sheet
Process_Date: Unknown
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: Contact authors for details
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: contact authors
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:
City:
State_or_Province:
Postal_Code:
Contact_Voice_Telephone:

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference:
Nepal, Himalaya: The survey locations include variety of land types, including the regions of Rara National Park, Kaligandaki Valley and Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve. The actual locations sampled consist of Salleri, Chuga, Lamichur, Bamichur, Rara, Murma, Kowang, Kunjo, Titi kunjo, Tangtung, Kunjo, Pudhar Kharka, Lete,Tikabang, Phagune, Surtibang, Bobang, Muri, Chhentung, Bhartan Chhaur, Lamakhoriya, Pakhatar, Uttarganga, Sayalpakhe, Nabi Thumko, Kande Danda, Lamathan, Lumbakharka, Kanga, Kunde, Masa, Bhuji, Adhikarichaur.
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Ellipsoid_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.25722210088
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Altitude_System_Definition:
Altitude_Datum_Name: North American Vertical Datum of 1988
Altitude_Distance_Units: meters
Altitude_Encoding_Method: Attribute values

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Presence only data Cheer Pheasant
Entity_Type_Definition: Excel sheet MS office
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Kamal Kandel, Nepal
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: year
Attribute_Definition: Year of sighting
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Month
Attribute_Definition: Month of sighting
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Day
Attribute_Definition: Day of sighting
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Region
Attribute_Definition: Region
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Location
Attribute_Definition: Location
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Observer
Attribute_Definition: Observer
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Survey Type
Attribute_Definition: Survey type (Point Transect or Opportunistic)
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sign type
Attribute_Definition: Sign type (call, sighting or nesting site)
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Long
Attribute_Definition: Decimal Longitude (East; WGS84)
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Geographic Datum
Attribute_Definition: Geographic Datum WGS84 (taken from GPS)
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Elevation
Attribute_Definition: Elevation (in meters; taken from GPS)
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Remarks
Attribute_Definition: Remarks
Attribute_Definition_Source: K. Kandel

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Kamal Kandel, Ganga Ram Regmi
Contact_Organization: Global Primate Network-Nepal
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: GPO Box 26288
City: Kathmandu
State_or_Province: Nepal
Postal_Code:
Country: Nepal
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +977 14334784
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: www.primatelife.org
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: info@primatelife.org
Resource_Description: Excel sheet with presence Only data
Distribution_Liability: None
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: XML
Format_Version_Number: see Format Specification
Format_Specification: Excel file that follows Darwin Core
ASCII_File_Structure:
Record_Delimiter: comma
Number_Header_Lines: 1
Description_of_Header_Content: see MS Excel sheet
Orientation: columnmajor
Case_Sensitive: N
Authentication: see files and ask authors
Quote_Character: "
Data_Field:
Data_Field_Name: Darwin Core (basic format)
Data_Field_Width: 1
Format_Information_Content: Regular basic Darwin Core, in MS Excel
File_Decompression_Technique: No compression applied
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: CD-ROM
Recording_Format: Latest Standard
Compatibility_Information: latest formats and standards
Fees: none
Ordering_Instructions: Phone, email and regular mailing, office visit
Turnaround: office days
Technical_Prerequisites: IBM PC compatible, Excel or Open office

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20120129
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Falk Huettmann, Kamal Kandel
Contact_Organization: EWHALE lab; Kamal Kandel
Contact_Position: Uni of Alaska-Fairbanks
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 419 Irving 1; GPO Box 26288
City: Fairbanks-Alaska, Kathmandu-Nepal
State_or_Province: Alaska, Nepal
Postal_Code: 99775,
Country: USA, Nepal
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 907 474 7882;+97714334784
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: fhuettmann@alaska.edu; kamal@primatelife.org
Hours_of_Service: Business hours
Contact_Instructions:
Contact via phone, email or regular mail and visit during business hours.
Metadata_Standard_Name:
FGDC Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System: NA
Metadata_Security_Classification: Unclassified
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description: Na

Generated by mp version 2.8.25 on Sun Apr 22 19:55:31 2012