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dc.contributor.authorPrevedouros, Panos
dc.contributor.authorBhatta, Kishor
dc.contributor.authorMiah, M. Mintu
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-24T23:16:43Z
dc.date.available2019-04-24T23:16:43Z
dc.date.issued2019-04
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/10041
dc.description.abstractData for this comparative study were collected from the Fatality Analysis and Reporting System (FARS) for the years 2007 to 2016 for the states of Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, and Washington. The rates of roadway fatalities, especially those of American Indians (which include Aleuts and Eskimos), Guamanians, Samoans, and Native Hawaiians (which include part-Hawaiians) were the focus of the study; they are referred to as “CSET Minorities” in this report; all other races are referred to as “All Others.” Three main contributing factors for fatal crashes—alcohol use, speeding, and non-usage of restraint—were analyzed for each population group. CSET states are lagging behind many countries in terms of traffic safety. Significant differences in the involvement of alcohol, speeding, and non-usage of restraint were indicated between CSET Minority fatalities and All Others. For all types of crashes examined, CSET Minorities exhibited statistically significant differences, nearly all of them being higher or worse than All Others, except for motorcycle crashes. In Hawaii, the proportion of Hawaiians in the population is steady at approximately 21%, but their proportion in FARS database is at 28% and rising. Aggregate data analysis of traffic fatalities focused on three rural, indigenous, tribal, and isolated (RITI) communities in Hawaii, the entire Big Island of Hawaii, and the rural communities of Waianae and Waimanalo on the island of Oahu. All three locations are known for their relatively large number of Hawaiians and part-Hawaiians. The percentage of Hawaiians in traffic fatalities was 32% on the Big Island, 50% in Waianae, and 78% in Waimanalo.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectMinoritiesen_US
dc.subjectRaceen_US
dc.subjectFatality Analysisen_US
dc.subjectFARSen_US
dc.subjectHawaiiansen_US
dc.subjectPacific Islandersen_US
dc.subjectAlcoholen_US
dc.subjectSpeedingen_US
dc.subjectRestraint Useen_US
dc.subjectAgeen_US
dc.subjectGenderen_US
dc.subjectUrbanen_US
dc.subjectRuralen_US
dc.title2007–2016 FATAL TRAFFIC CRASHES IN ALASKA, HAWAII, IDAHO, AND WASHINGTON AND CHARACTERISTICS OF TRAFFIC FATALITIES INVOLVING HAWAIIANS AND CSET MINORITIESen_US
dc.typeTechnical Reporten_US
refterms.dateFOA2020-03-06T01:40:45Z


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