• Career Exploration in the Anchorage School District

      Daniels, Adele M. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-05)
      Job shadow opportunities for middle and high school students provides valuable exposure to workplace environments as students look at future career choices. This type of career exploration can help to connect students to careers of interest as part of a career pathway. These experiences can help a student recognize the skills that are needed for a particular job, as well as the day-to-day duties for a person working in a given field. Military installations located near local school districts are an untapped resource for the career exploration opportunities that are available. Many military and civilian occupations are very similar in nature, allowing for useful connections to be made by students. Making the connections more simplified, for both partners, could allow for more opportunities to take place. This paper will provide a suggested template to follow when planning an event in any school district located near a military installation.
    • Career Mobility in Criminal Justice: An Exploratory Study of Alaskan Police and Corrections Executives

      Angell, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-03-08)
      This paper provides exploratory research into the career patterns of Alaska police and correctional executives in order to assess career mobility patterns and the variables which may have had a significant influence on success. Basic data for the paper is from biographical descriptions of 78 people who have served during the past ten years in top executive positions of Alaska's police and correctional agencies, including the commissioner of the Alaska Department of Public Safety, police chiefs of the 25 largest municipal police agencies in Alaska, superintendents of Alaska correctional institutions, and directors and assistant directors within the Alaska Division of Corrections.
    • Caregiver Burden and Perceived Health Competence when Caring for Family Members Diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementia

      Bailes, Christine (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-02-01)
      Purpose: To identify if there is a relationship between perceived health competence and burden of care of informal caregivers of family members with Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementia (ADRD). Methods: Informal caregivers 18 years and older who received services from the Alzheimer’s Resource of Alaska were invited to complete a survey. Conclusion: Findings indicate that there was a significant negative correlation between Perceived Health Competence and Burden of Care (N = 64, r = -.54, p <.001). Furthermore, the three subscales of the Modified Montgomery-Borgatta Caregiver Burden Scale: Relationship burden (r = -.29, p = .021), Objective burden (r = -.65, p = < .001) and Stress burden (r = -.41, p = .001) indicated that different types of burden affect informal caregivers’ health competence. Implications for practice: Based on the findings of this study, it is important to ensure that informal caregivers do have time for themselves as well as taking care of their own health needs. Nurse Practitioners can play an important role in early detection and prevention, with periodic screening to help identify current needs and to ensure optimal health for these informal caregivers.
    • Case Attrition of Sexual Violence Offenses: Empirical Findings

      Wood, Darryl S.; Rosay, André B. (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2009-02)
      This report examined the legal resolutions for 1,184 contact sexual violence cases reported to Alaska State Troopers in 2003 and 2004, and excluded results from other law enforcement agencies. We determined whether cases were founded with an identifiable suspect, were referred to the Alaska Department of Law for prosecution, were accepted for prosecution, and if the case resulted in a conviction. We only examined whether any conviction on any charge was obtained. In some cases, the conviction may be for a non-sexual offense. * Seventy-five percent of cases were founded with at least one identifiable suspect, 51% of founded cases were referred to the Alaska Department of Law for prosecution, 60% of referred cases were accepted for prosecution, and 80% of accepted cases resulted in a conviction on at least one charge. The greatest point of attrition was from the founding to the referral decision. * For the most part, cases of Alaska Native victims were as likely, or even more likely, to be processed by the criminal justice system relative to the cases of non-Native victims. * Cases of sexual violence in the most rural portions of Alaska had an equal or greater chance of being subject to legal sanction when compared with cases from Alaska's less rural areas, and were as likely or more likely to receive full enforcement and prosecution. Unfortunately, the percentage of founded cases that resulted in a conviction never exceeded 30%.
    • Case Management Assessment and Course Development

      Patuc, Arlene (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-12-01)
      As health care costs skyrocket, a system of financially responsible health care with a high standard of quality is needed. Case management is a concept conceived over 100 years ago to coordinate care with effective use of services, excellent outcomes and patient satisfaction. This study looked at a needs assessment for a case management/care coordination course at the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) by interviewing 10 key informants in the Anchorage area who are actively involved in case management/care coordination or supervision. The participants were enrolled via the snowball method. Assessments of current UAA and online offerings were also conducted looking at present university level offerings in case management/care coordination both at UAA and at universities in the United States. Questions posed to the interviewed participants included the need for a case management/care coordination course, suggested format: graduate school, undergraduate or continuing education and the suggested course content. All participants felt UAA needed a specific course on case management/care coordination. Sixty percent of the participants felt the course should offer continuing education credits, 1 % felt the course would be most effective in graduate school and 4 % felt it would be best utilized as an undergraduate arena. Analysis also found 18 universities with online programs ranging from master degrees to certificates. All participants strongly voiced a need for ongoing information on statewide resources and a need for connections with other case managers/care coordinators.
    • A Case Study of Evaluating the Impact of Cost of Quality for Civil Engineering Design Services in a Small Corporation

      Pearson, Isaac (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-12-01)
      This case study evaluated the cost of quality (CoQ) for Civil Engineering Design Services (CEDS) in an Alaska based firm. The firm currently lacks a mature Quality Management System (QMS), which is needed to control and measure CoQ. As a means to justify the implementation of a QMS Feigenbaum quality costs were captured from historical job data and used to develop a Juran and Gryna Optimum Quality Cost Model. During the model development non-parametric testing was performed to determine the following; does the overall job budget size have an effect on quality cost, is there a correlation between appraisal and failure cost, and is the firms CoQ performing at an optimum level as defined by the quality models constructed. The non-parametric testing indicated that budget size did not have an effect on CoQ, appraisal cost are related to failure cost, and the firms CoQ was not optimized in its current state. The firms CoQ, per job, without an active QMS was determined to be 8.9% of the job cost with failure cost accounting for 5.2% of the total cost. By implementing a QMS such as ISO 9001 the firms CoQ, per job, is predicted to reduce to 6.1% of the job cost. This reduction could be achieved by increasing appraisal cost to 4.5% of the total budget, which is predicted to decrease the failure rate to 0.5% of total job cost.
    • Centralization to Consolidation: Some Historical Antecedents of Unified Correctional Systems

      Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-10)
      Autonomous prisons in the nineteenth century were often inefficient and highly political. Many state legislatures and governors attempted to move toward centralized control of their state facilities. In the twentieth century the Federal Bureau of Prisons was seen by the Wickersham Commission as a model for institutional centralization. Consolidation of all correctional services was recommended by the National Advisory Commission in 1973. Today only a few states – Alaska, Delaware, Rhode Island, and Vermont – have fully unified adult correctional systems; each is described.
    • The Changing Economic Status of Alaska Natives, 1970-2007

      Martin, Stephanie; Hill, Alexandra (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2009-07)
      Forty years ago—when the discovery of North Slope oil was about to transform Alaska’s economy— Alaska Natives had among the lowest income, employment, and education levels in the U.S. Today their economic conditions are better, but they still fall considerably below averages among other Alaskans and other Americans. This note first reports how current economic conditions among Alaska Natives compare with U.S. averages, and then looks at changes since 1970 in poverty, employment, income, and education levels among Alaska Natives. We relied mainly on data from federal censuses in 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000 and from the annual American Community Survey for 2005 to 2007. We also used the most recent population estimates from the Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development.1
    • The Changing Legal Environment and ICWA in Alaska: A Regional Study

      Rieger, Lisa; Brown, Caroline (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2001-11)
      By 1974, according to the Association of American Indian Affairs, approximately 25 to 35 percent of all Indian children were separated from their families and placed in foster homes, adoptive homes, or institutions.The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) was passed in 1978 in response to this overwhelming evidence that Native children were being adopted out of tribes at alarming rates. ICWA mandates that tribes and Alaska Native villages have jurisdiction over their child welfare cases, and mandates certain rules when Native children's cases are heard in state courts, including permitting the tribe to intervene in the state case at any time, higher levels of proof, and special evidentiary requirements. This report describes the current implementation status of ICWA in Interior and Southcentral Alaska, with an analysis of the changing legal environment and its significance for Alaska Native villages. In Alaska, recent changes in state law and state court acceptance of the tribal role in ICWA proceedings has legally eliminated state resistance to tribes transferring cases from state court to their own forums, and may lead to a change in the numbers of cases heard in tribal courts in Alaska.
    • Changing Urban Police: Practitioners' View

      Igleburger, Robert M.; Angell, John E.; Pence, Gary (U.S. Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, 1973-06)
      Police administrators are responsible for providing a police operation that serves the public needs. On the surface, this responsibility appears to be simple enough; however, the realities encountered in operationalizing it are enormously complex. It is the purpose of this paper to review and analyze urban policing and suggest methods that police administrators can use to improve the effectiveness of their police organizations.
    • Child Welfare and Alaska Native Tribal Governance: A Pilot Project in Kake, Alaska — Report of Findings

      Rieger, Lisa; Kandel, Randy (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 1999-10-22)
      This report details research on child welfare decision-making in Kake in the context of a proposed ordinance for the establishment of an organized tribal court in the village. The tribal court did not, in fact, come into being at that time, but the researchers were able to follow the development of a different local decision-making approach — circle sentencing. The research revealed that welfare issues and problems were handled through a variety of informal and formal methods that reflected Tlingit cultural emphases. Ideas arising from outside, such as circle sentencing, were selectively adapted.
    • Chronic Pain Management With Opioids: An Assessment of Alaska Nurse Practitioner Practices

      Klein, Stephanie (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-05-01)
      The purpose of this project was to determine chronic opioid pain management practices of Alaskan Nurse Practitioners (NPs) in primary care, compare them to best practices, and describe perceived barriers to evidence-based guideline use. Participants included NPs in Alaska who work in primary care and currently have an active Alaska NP license and Alaska mailing address. This project answered the questions of to what extent primary care NP practices are consistent with current Federation of State Medical Boards (2013) guidelines when managing chronic non-cancer pain with opioid therapy as well as identified the perceived barriers to guideline use. A cross sectional, descriptive design was used. The principal investigator mailed a paper survey to a convenience sample of NPs in Alaska. Nurse practitioners in Alaska follow guidelines when initiating opioid therapy most of the time, with all but three guidelines being followed ‘very frequently’ by at least 50% of respondents. Respondents follow guidelines less often when managing opioid therapy with only one guidelines being followed ‘very frequently’ by at least 50% of respondents. Two major barriers to guideline use include resource and knowledge barriers. The findings of this project were used to make clinical recommendations for improved practice.
    • Climate Change: Some Basic Economics

      Colt, Steve (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2008-05-29)
    • Cognitive behavioral therapy in primary care

      Zimmerman, Lisa (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-05-01)
      Background: Chronic pain is prevalent, costly and commonly treated in primary care. Current evidence supports the use of integrated therapies that address the physiological and psychosocial factors in the pain experience. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has proven efficacy in the treatment of chronic pain conditions. However, psychological therapies, like CBT, are underutilized in chronic pain management. This may be the result of lack of mental health providers and typical delivery methods of individual therapy in private practice behavioral health settings. Objective: To review the evidence for the use of CBT techniques by health care professionals other than specialist in psychiatrics or psychology, for the management of chronic pain in primary care and community settings. Methods: The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medline, PsycInfo, PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases were searched to identify qualitative and quantitative research involving CBT techniques used by non-mental health professionals in outpatient settings for adults with chronic non-cancer pain. Results: The search yielded 253 relevant records, and 11 met final selection criteria. CBT-based interventions delivered by non-mental health professionals were effective in reducing physical disability and pain severity in individuals with chronic non-cancer pain. Conclusions: Access to CBT-based interventions should be expanded to include delivery through health care professionals other than specialists in psychiatrics or psychology for the management of chronic pain in primary care.
    • Collateral Consequences and Reentry in Alaska: An Update

      Periman, Deborah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-02-19)
      This article describes recent efforts at the national level to ameliorate the public costs of unnecessary collateral consequences, summarizes the array of statutory and regulatory impediments faced by released offenders in Alaska, and highlights legislative efforts in Alaska to improve community safety and public health by facilitating prisoner reintegration and reducing rates of recidivism.
    • Collective Efficacy and Firearms Violence in Anchorage, Alaska: Preliminary Findings

      Evans, Shel Llee; Langworthy, Robert H. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2007-02)
      This paper seeks to advance the discussion of the utility of collective efficacy, as captured by Sampson, Raudenbush and Earls, in understanding community levels of crime by exploring the relation between community structure, collective efficacy, and in this case firearms violence, in Anchorage, Alaska. The specific aims of this paper are to report the results of a test of the collective efficacy thesis, modeled loosely after the test presented in the 1997 Science paper by Sampson, Raudenbush and Earls, as an explanation of neighborhood rates of firearms violence in Anchorage.
    • A College Student's Guide to Landlord/Tenant Relations in Alaska

      Fortson, Ryan (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-01-01)
      This guide for Alaska students preparing to rent an apartment gives answers to essential questions about renting an apartment, tenant rights, and landlord/tenant law in Alaska. The guide, structured in a question and answer format, covers renting an apartment, leases and subleases, living in the apartment, problems with the apartment, landlord powers, evictions, moving out, and public housing. The guide expands upon the "Housing" chapter (https://www.alaskabar.org/servlet/content/entering_the_real_world.html#Housing) for the Alaska Bar Association web publication Alaska Youth Law Guilde: A Handbook for Teens and Young Adults (https://www.alaskabar.org/servlet/content/youth_law_guide.html).
    • Commentary on the Alaska Revised Criminal Code (Ch. 166, SLA 1978) and Errata to the Commentary

      Alaska Criminal Code Revision Subcommission (Alaska Legislative Affairs Agency, 1978-07)
      This pamphlet contains the Commentary on the Alaska Revised Criminal Code, which was passed by the Alaska State Legislature in June 1978 with an effective date of January 1, 1980. The revision followed four years of work by the Alaska Criminal Code Commission and Subcommission from 1975 to 1978. The Revised Criminal Code represents the first comprehensive revision of Alaska's criminal laws, which from 1899 to 1979 were primarily based on Oregon criminal statutes as they existed at the close of the nineteenth century. Earlier drafts of the commentary on the Revised Criminal Code may be found in the six-part Tentative Draft of the Code prepared by the Alaska Criminal Law Revision Subcommission during 1977 and 1978.
    • Commentary: Collaborative Problem Solving with Liquor Stores

      Chamard, Sharon (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-07-14)
      This article recounts the history of a successful community-based collaborative problem-solving process in the Fairview neighborhood in Anchorage to resolve a seemingly intractable public disorder problem associated with two area liquor stores. The story is an example of the "co-production of public safety" — residents actively working together with police and others to solve neighborhood problems, rather than waiting passively for police or other government officials to find solutions. The author is a member of the leadership of the Fairview Community Council and an academic and researcher with expertise in using community partnerships to address public safety concerns.