• Narrative Report to Law Reform Commission of Australia on Results of Field Trip to the Northern Territory Pursuant to the Reference on Customary Law

      Conn, Stephen (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1980-07)
      This submission to the Law Review Commission of Australia (later the Australian Law Review Commission) makes recommendations regarding to what extent existing courts or Aboriginal communities themselves should be empowered to apply Aboriginal customary law and practices in the trial, punishment, and rehabilitation of Aboriginal offenders. The report is based on field interviews in six Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory of Australia as well police, magistrates, solicitors, legal aid field officers, the Crown Solicitor of the Northern Territory; and community advisors and staff of the Department of Aboriginal Affairs. The report discusses the relationship between indigenous law and the western law system derived from the British common law system as one of legal pluralism — more than on legal process at work in the same environment at the same time — and draws comparisons between legal pluralism as it exists in Australia with the situation in Alaska.
    • Nature-Based Tourism in Southeast Alaska

      Dugam, Darcy; Fay, Ginny; Griego, Hannah; Colt, Steve (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2009-03)
      In this report we calculate the economic importance of nature-based tourism in Southeast Alaska as measured by business revenue. Our estimates are based on field research conducted during 2005, 2006 and 2007. We define nature-based tourism as those tourism activities for which the natural environment is a significant input.1 Our key findings include the following: • Nature-based tourism generates about $277 million per year of direct business revenues in Sitka, Juneau, Chichagof Island, Prince of Wales Island, Petersburg and Wrangell. This number is most likely an underestimate of total revenues because not all naturebased tourism businesses and business sectors could be included in our estimates. Our numbers do not include tips – which in some businesses might add 25% to revenues – or taxes and fess paid directly to local governments. In addition, the especially rainy weather of 2006 probably caused abnormally low sales for some businesses. • Average revenue per visitor varies considerably among communities and activities; ranging from about $140 per visitor in Juneau to more than $2,600 per visitor on Prince of Wales Island. These differences reflect the range of activities offered -- from half-day excursions to multiple, overnight all-inclusive lodge stays. • Nature-based tourism expenditures create a significant economic ripple effect that keeps money circulating through the economy. This money supports jobs in marketing, support services, food and beverages, accommodations, fuel sales, government, and other sectors. • Communities are clearly striving to differentiate themselves and capitalize on local amenities such as the Stikine River, Anan Creek, the LeConte Glacier, Tracy Arm, Glacier Bay, Pack Creek and exceptional fishing and scenic opportunities. • A large and growing portion of Southeast Alaska’s visitors are cruise ship passengers. Both cruise passengers and independent travelers are similarly interested in nature-based tourism services. The majority of cruise ship shore excursions offer nature-based activities, from hikes and glacier viewing to flightseeing and forest canopy zip lines. • Communities hosting large numbers of cruise passengers are actively developing new and creative tourism products such as forest canopy zip lines and mountain biking while those with fewer visitors tend to be focused on sport fishing. This appears to be the case even if local amenities exist to support a broader range of business and visitor activities. Thus, there appear to be unrealized opportunities in some communities, but these may also reflect an inadequate visitor base upon which to risk additional investment. • There is a complex and competitive system for pre-booking cruise ship shore excursions. Businesses with exclusive cruise line contracts make price and tour information available only to cruise passengers and often agree to sell tours only through the cruise line.• The tourism businesses in cruise ports of call that appear to be most successful either have a cruise ship shore excursion contract or are catering to overnight (non-cruise) guests with high-quality and high-value services. Examples of these types of businesses include sport fishing lodges and multi-day yacht cruises. • It is difficult to compete with established businesses holding existing cruise line contracts. Despite this hurdle, a number of companies are offering creative new products including zip lines through the forest canopy, glass-bottomed boats, and an amphibious “duck” tour. • Some operators attribute the increased interest in adventure activities to a change in cruise ship clientele. In recent years, cruise companies have been catering to a younger crowd, targeting families. In any event, increasing numbers of passengers are interested in more active pursuits. • Competition for cruise passengers exists both within and between communities, as people are booking their shore excursions in advance and look at all the options. Sitka companies mentioned they were carefully tracking zip line activity in Juneau and Ketchikan, dogsled tours on the Mendenhall Glacier, and other activities to see which market niche they could capture. • There is some evidence that visitors are willing to pay premium prices for higher quality experiences in more pristine environments. However, it is not clear what specific attributes (seclusion, fishing experience, food, services, perceived exclusivity, and environmental amenities) are the key components of this higher market value. • It is possible to design a community-based tourism program that provides employment to local residents as is occurring in Hoonah. However, Elfin Cove appears to bring in more in gross revenues than Hoonah with about one-eighth as many visitors because Hoonah’s operation relies on volume while Elfin Cove businesses rely on higher-priced fishing lodge experiences. Day trips seem to be relatively higher cost, lower profit operations. • Independent travelers appear to try to avoid crowds and many are repeat visitors. Most tend to stay longer and have more open itineraries than those on cruise ships or organized tours. These characteristics make independent travelers more difficult to contact. • Independent travelers also appear to seek communities with fewer visitors and those that they perceive to be more “authentic,” such as Petersburg, Wrangell, and communities on Chichagof Islands. A lack of transportation capacity, whether on scheduled jets or on ferries, may be limiting the opportunities for these smaller communities. Less marketing may also be a factor limiting visits by independent travelers. • The primary marketing mechanisms for smaller, non-cruise related businesses are the internet and word of mouth. In addition, many customers return to the same fishing lodge, yacht tour, or charter business year after year. • Wildlife viewing is highly attractive to visitors due to spectacular scenery and abundant wildlife including whales and other marine mammals. Companies in several communities expressed a desire to move toward more wildlife viewing and sightseeing and away from sport fishing. These operators preferred wildlife viewing as it was less stressful due to less pressure to catch fish. Some operators were making this shift, while others thought they would not be able to match the revenue generated by sport fishing. • Weather has a significant impact on business for companies whose tours are not prebooked on cruise ships. Operators noted a marked difference between the sunny, dry summer of 2004 and the remarkably wet summer of 2006. Visitors walking off a ship in the rain were much less likely to go on marine tours or hikes in soggy conditions, and seasonal revenues were down. Businesses with cruise contracts did not experience this setback as passengers are not reimbursed for pre-sold tours when weather conditions are poor. The one exception was flightseeing, where companies had to cancel tours due to unsafe weather conditions. • Promoting wildlife watching is an important marketing strategy for Southeast Alaska communities. Visitors bureaus currently produce pamphlets with charismatic large animals, such as whales and bears. Bureau staff cited studies showing the desire to see wildlife was attracting a large portion of out-of-state visitors. • A significant policy question emerging from this research is how the public lands might be managed to increase the economic returns from tourism to residents of Southeast Alaska communities, especially the smaller communities that can only accommodate smaller numbers of visitors at one time. Bear viewing is one example of a high-value activity that depends on controlled access to specific infrastructure.
    • Navigation Paths to Adoption Through the Alaska Foster Care System: A Resource Guide for Potential Adoptive Parents

      Duttle, Tashina (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-01)
      Alaska has a higher than national average rate of adoption from foster care. While just over 20% of children in foster care nationally are discharged from state custody through adoption Alaska has nearly 30% of foster children discharged from state custody through adoption. There are a number of programs and resources available for foster parents and families interested in adopting through foster care in Alaska. However, there lacks a comprehensive single-point reference guide to explore the various paths. This research was conducted to identify resources available for families interested in learning about paths to adopt from foster care in Alaska as well as what gaps are perceived by families who have begun the process of adopting through foster care. A literature review was conducted and specific adoption program information was reduced to a synopsis or flowchart to generally outline each path to adoption through foster care. The final outcome of the project was a resource guide that outlines basic requirements to adopt through foster care and a number of programs to do so. The paths covered by this guide are the ACRF Adoption Learning Path, Legal-Risk Adoptions, OCS Recruitment of Legally Free Children, Wendy’s Wonderful Kids, ACRF PARKA Program, Alaska Adoption Exchange, and Tribal and ICWA Adoption.
    • Needs Assessment for a Patient Centered Medical Home Model of Care at the Providence Alaska Cancer Center

      Rosiecki, Jeremy (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-12-01)
      In order to better understand the needs of cancer patients and allocate resources, the Providence Alaska Cancer Center requested a needs assessment for an oncology focused patient centered medical home (PCMH). A PCMH allows for coordinated and comprehensive care through the use of a teamwork model that centers on the primary care physician. The Providence Alaska Cancer Center staff randomly selected the records of 200 cancer patients between 2010 and 2011, using the cancer tumor registry. Data were analyzed to answer four specific questions that addressed the 1) presence of a Primary Care Physician (PCP), 2) number and type of comorbidities, 3) cancer diagnosis and 4) insurance status impacted emergency room utilization. Individuals tended to utilize the emergency room more if they 1) had a PCP, 2a) had three or more comorbidities, 2b) were diagnosed with hyperlipidemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or hypertension, 3) were diagnosed with an “other” cancer as opposed to breast, lung or gynecological cancers or 4) had federal insurance. These data in particular show expected trends such as patients who have more medical complications have higher emergency room utilization rates than patients with less complicated medical history and that certain comorbidities (hyperlipidemia, hypertension and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) may be predictors of emergency room utilization. These trends may allow providers to create more specialized treatment and care plans for patients at greater risk of emergency room utilization.
    • Needs Assessment for an Adult Day Service Center in Sitka Alaska

      Knuth, Carole L. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-08)
      An adult day service center (A.D.S.C.) provides a coordinated program of professional and compassionate services for adults in a community-based safe group setting primarily during day-time hours. The Senior population (those age 60 and older) in Sitka, Alaska is growing. Options for functionally impaired Seniors wishing to remain home are limited. It was unknown if an A.D.S.C. would be a desirable resource to support the growing Senior population as data did not exist. In collaboration with community partners, a needs assessment for an A.D.S.C. in Sitka was undertaken. Surveys of Seniors, family caregivers and health care providers were administrated from May 2013 through January 2014. The results showed that most people are aware of A.D.S.C. and desire one in Sitka; Seniors wish to remain at home; Seniors and family caregivers would use the service; health care providers would refer to an A.D.S.C.; and most Seniors have funds for services.
    • Needs Assessment Survey Result for Alaska State Victim Assistance Academy

      Rosay, André B.; Victims for Justice (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2009-07-01)
      State Victim Assistance Academies (SVAA’s) offer coursework and training in victimology, victims’ rights, and victim services in order to meet the needs of victim service providers and allied professionals (Office for Victims of Crime). With state and federal funding, Victims for Justice began the development of a State Victim Assistance Academy for Alaska in 2008. An important first step in the development of a State Victim Assistance Academy is to conduct a needs assessment survey to identify the most important topics to include in coursework and training. This brief report highlights the results of the Alaska needs assessment survey conducted by the UAA Justice Center in 2009.
    • Neurowhat? Neurorhetoric: The Marriage of Rhetoric and Neuroscience

      Hall, Emily S. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-04-17)
      In 1990 president George Bush senior made an official proclamation that the 1990s would be the “Decade of the Brain.” But interest in the brain did not stop after 1999, it only continued to grow. In 2013 president Barack Obama proposed the BRAIN initiative, Brain Research Through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies. Bush and Obama state that advances in neuroscience are getting science closer to creating better treatments and cures for brain disease and mental illness, like Parkinson’s, epilepsy, schizophrenia, and PTSD. But neuroscience advancements have become of interest to more than the presidents and the medical community. The media and the public have caught the brain craze as well. Magazines feature articles about neuroscience reports, and more nutritional supplements are showing up to help maintain and improve the brain. Books and games advertise their ability to train your brain and exercise your mind. It is not only the presidents and the public that have a growing investment in neuroscience. New fields in academics are starting to show up, like neurolaw, neuroeconomics, neuroeducation, and neurorhetorics. The growing field of neurorhetorics has much to offer to academia. Neurorhetoric can look at the growing persuasive appeal of neuroscience and neuroimages, but it is also a versatile field for interdisciplinary discussion. Neurorhetoric looks at neuroscience research to see what new perspectives can be gained to create and add to conversations in rhetoric and rhetorical theories. In collaboration with neuroscientists, rhetoricians in neurorhetoric can look at the language and structures in neuroscience to provide new insight to scientists in how they rhetorically frame their research, bringing about new questions for neuroscience research. Hall 2 Neurorhetoric can add to a number of different rhetorical fields, such as feminist and gender studies, animal studies, and the rhetoric of disability. In 2010 Rhetoric Society Quarterly published a special issue on neurorhetoric, featuring Jordynn Jack and Gregory Appelbaum’s “’This is Your Brain on Rhetoric’: Research Directions for Neurorhetorics,” which has since become the cornerstone of neurorhetoric research. I will be using it to look at the methodology taking shape for neurorhetoric, and the conversations that have started in neurorhetoric about the appeal of neuroscience. I will then look at some of the ways neurorhetoric is interacting with the rhetoric of disability to display one of the ways neurorhetoric is being used. Neurorhetoric as a field of rhetoric inquiry sounds harrowing as an undergraduate, and I will recount my experience in looking into this field.
    • New Students in the Anchorage School District: Where Are They From?

      Lowe, Marie E.; DeRoche, Patricia; Sharp, Suzanne; Wilson, Meghan (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2009-11)
      In September 2008, the superintendent of the Anchorage School District and the mayor of Anchorage sent a letter to the governor of Alaska, reporting what they thought might be an influx of students into Anchorage from rural communities. Enrollment in the school district was higher than expected, and it coincided with the largest-ever Alaska Permanent Fund dividend and with a one-time payment of $1,200 the state made per person, to help offset high energy costs. Researchers at the Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER) at UAA have a longstanding interest in migration patterns in Alaska and the Arctic, and they saw the increased enrollment in Anchorage schools as a potential opportunity to better understand: • If rural Alaskans are moving to Anchorage • Where they are coming from • Why they are moving So with the cooperation of the Anchorage School District, ISER conducted a survey of the parents or guardians of students who had enrolled in Anchorage in the 2007-2008 or 2008-2009 school years and who had transferred in from other Alaska school districts. Besides finding out where students were coming from—and why—another purpose of the study was to provide the Anchorage School District and the Municipality of Anchorage with information about what they could do to help students and families who are new to the city. To our knowledge, this may be the first survey ever conducted to find out why people move to Anchorage from other areas of Alaska.
    • NO MORE: Raising Awareness of Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault

      Fortson, Ryan; Gerdts, Simona (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2014-04-11)
      This Powerpoint slide presentation describes the "NO MORE at UAA" campaign to increase greater awareness and action to end domestic violence and sexual assault. The campaign, co-branded with the "NO MORE" national campaign, was launched at University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) during the week of March 17, 2014 as a precursor to National Sexual Assault Awareness Month. The campaign was part of a degree capstone project initiated and coordinated by Justice B.A. students Simona Gerdts and Kristen Speyerer through the UAA Center for Community Engagement and Learning (CCEL).
    • NO MORE: Silence in the Dark

      Rivera, Marny; Breager, Randi; Street, Rhonda; DeLesline, Dave; Eddy, Shannon; Trujillo, Angelia; Fortson, Ryan (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2014-04-10)
      The podcast of the March 19 event "NO MORE Silence in the Dark" about domestic violence and sexual assault is now on the Justice Center website. Click here for the podcast. Speakers included Dr. Marny Rivera, Justice faculty; Randi Breager, Alaska State Troopers Program Coordinator; Officer Rhonda Street and Officer Dave DeLesline, Anchorage Police Department; Shannon Eddy, Alaska Network on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (ANDVSA) Legal Project Staff Attorney; Dr. Angelia Trujillo, UAA School of Nursing, Forensic Nurse Examiner. Dr. Ryan Fortson, Justice Center faculty, was the moderator. The program was sponsored by the UAA Justice Center and Alpha Phi Sigma, Omega Xi chapter, national criminal justice honor society. Senior Justice majors/Legal Studies minors Simona Gerdts and Kristen Speyerer planned and coordinated this event as part of their capstone project through the UAA Center for Community Engagement & Learning (CCEL). The students made contact with the "NO MORE" national campaign which has the goal of increasing greater awareness and action to end domestic violence and sexual assault.
    • No Need of Gold — Alcohol Control Laws and the Alaska Native Population: From the Russians through the Early Years of Statehood

      Conn, Stephen; Moras, Antonia (School of Justice, University of Alaska, Anchorage, 1986)
      Based on two earlier works by the author — "Alcohol Control in Village Alaska and Town Law" and "Town Law, Village Law" — this history traces the use of legal resources to control alcohol consumption among the Alaska Native population from the period of Russian domination through Alaska statehood in 1959 and makes a detailed examination of alcohol-related issues in Bethel in the decade immediately following statehood.
    • Non-profit Fundraising Event Plan

      Forner, Carolyn S. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-05-01)
      This project conducts applied research through a fundraising project for the Alaska Institute for Justice (AIJ). Founded in 2005, AIJ is a non-profit agency that provides legal services to immigrants and refugees. It represents people fleeing persecution in their home countries as well as domestic violence and human trafficking crime victims. It provides the only low-fee services of its kind in the state, helping community members who are often isolated, low-income, vulnerable to abuse, and with few other avenues to gain legal representation. AIJ also operates a statewide language interpreter center that provides immigrant and refugee expertise to numerous state and federal agencies dedicated to health care, social services, and law enforcement. The AIJ fundraising project will analyze the effectiveness of project management tools used during planning and execution of a new fundraiser event plan. The project will also apply literature reviews and interviews to assess AIJ’s and other mature Anchorage area non-profits’ familiarity with project management tools and to provide recommended project management tools to improve organizational efficiency. The project’s products include an event plan that consists of immigrant speaker performances and a silent auction. The deliverables are an event checklist and continuity documents to help AIJ repeat this fundraising event annually. In addition, the project will deliver publicity tasks designed to increase awareness of the AIJ mission, expand AIJ’s donor base, and increase its annual donor revenue.
    • North Slope Department of Public Safety Community Survey

      ; University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 1994-03-23)
      This report presents the results of a public opinion survey of North Slope Borough residents conducted in summer 1993 regarding crime and public safety issues and attitudes toward and satisfaction with the North Slope Borough Department of Public Safety. The survey comprised a fifty-seven item questionnaire which was administered to 165 residents of the North Slope communities of Point Hope, Point Lay, Kaktovik, Anaktuvuk Pass, Wainwright, Nuiqsut, Atqasuk, and Barrow. Some conclusions can be drawn from the data; however, because the overall number of responses is low, individual figures should be viewed with caution.
    • Northeast Community Survey 2008: Final Report

      Chamard, Sharon; Myrstol, Brad A. (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2008-10)
      East Anchorage is currently the only site in Alaska under the nationwide Weed and Seed initiative, which is intended to “weed out” criminals who undermine quality of life for community residents in high-crime neighborhoods and to “seed in” positive practices, programs and institutions that contribute to a better quality of life for neighborhoods. The East Anchorage Weed and Seed site, located in a racially and ethnically diverse neighborhood in the northeast part of Anchorage, had an estimated population in 2005 of more than 37,000 people living in about 14,000 households. On behalf of East Anchorage Weed and Seed, the Justice Center conducted a community survey designed to evaluate Northeast community residents’ level of satisfaction with their neighborhood as a place to live, specifically with regards to residents' feelings about neighborhood safety, neighborhood crime levels, criminal victimization, police activity in the neighborhood, and the availability of social services. This report presents results of the survey, to which a total of 209 respondents in the Northeast community responded, and compares its results to those of an identical mailed community survey conducted in the same area in 2002.
    • Northeast Community Survey: Final Report

      Myrstol, Brad A. (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2002-09-01)
      East Anchorage is currently the only site in Alaska under the nationwide Weed & Seed initiative, which is intended to “weed out” criminals who undermine quality of life for community residents in high-crime neighborhoods and to “seed in” positive practices, programs and institutions that contribute to a better quality of life for neighborhoods. The East Anchorage Weed & Seed site, located in a racially and ethnically diverse neighborhood in the northeast part of Anchorage, had an estimated population in 2001 of more than 20,000 people living in nearly 7,600 households. On behalf of East Anchorage Weed & Seed, the Justice Center conducted a community survey designed to evaluate Northeast community residents’ level of satisfaction with their neighborhood as a place to live, specifically with regards to residents' feelings about neighborhood safety, neighborhood crime levels, criminal victimization, police activity in the neighborhood, and the availability of social services. This report present results of the survey, to which a total of 275 respondents in the Northeast community responded.
    • Northern Eskimo Law Ways and Their Relationship to Contemporary Problems of "Bush Justice": Some Preliminary Observations on Structure and Function

      Hippler, Arthur E.; Conn, Stephen (Institute of Social, Economic and Government Research, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1973-07)
      This paper describes the how the basic values, personality, and culture of Northern (Inupiat) Eskimos contribute to attitudes toward conflict and their society’s capacity to resolve conflict. The paper analyzes the influence of Anglo-American agents of change on that capacity and, especially, the legal system and procedures that developed in the post-contact use of the village council to resolve disputes. It discusses the formal intervention of state law through the magisterial system and its interaction with Eskimo law ways that the village council encouraged. A comparison of village councils and magistrate courts points out the apparent success of the councils due to their unique fit with Eskimo values and expectations. Finally, shortcomings of .the current magistrate system are analyzed with recommendations for policy adaptations.
    • Notes on Representation of Native Clients

      Conn, Stephen; Hippler, Arthur E. (Institute of Social, Economic and Government Research, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, 1972-09-07)
      Native people, whether influenced by traditional approaches to dispute resolution or by their pragmatic experience with local courts and dispute resolution or by their pragmatic experience with local courts and law enforcement, do not see justice as being done within the forum offered by the state. In search of an authoritative locale for rational dispute resolution, they find arbitrary and apparently irrational treatment in magistrate courts. Conversely, they have found in conciliation before the village council a forum where misconduct is measured against the world that the defendant immediately affects. They find a comprehensible forum in the village to solve their problems or no forum at all. Can participation in a functioning advocacy and adversary system be taught and utilized along with continued functioning of a sub-legal conciliatory system that handles de minimus matters effectively? This paper offers guidance to public defenders and legal services attorneys in representing Alaska Native clients.
    • Notice and Intervention in ICWA CINA Cases 1992

      Rieger, Lisa (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 1994-04-15)
      This study is a preliminary investigation of the relationship between the notice requirement and intervention in a sample of Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) Child in Need of Aid (CINA) cases in Alaska in 1992. A randomized sample by geographic district of all active Alaska Native children cases drawn from the "Prober" computerized database of the Alaska Division of Family and Youth Services (DFYS) constituted the study population. Data collection occurred through review of social workers' case files in Juneau, Fairbanks, Bethel, and Anchorage.
    • Observations on Alaska’s Economy and Economic Implications of Alaska’s Fiscal Choices

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-03-30)
    • Officer Drug- and Alcohol-Related Workload Daily Activity Log: User's Guide

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2002-08)
      This guide provides instructions to officers of the Anchorage Police Department for recording daily log forms as part of a study of the extent to which Anchorage patrol officer activities are the result of, or are in some way associated with, drugs and/or alcohol. Data collection was conducted over a seven-day period in August 2002.