• Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 1 (Spring 1993)

      Dellinger, A. B.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1993-03-01)
      The Spring 1993 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum compares data on criminal justice processing of Alaska rape cases in1986–1991 with similar data for the violent crimes of homicide, rape, robbery, and assault, finding that the percentage of persons arrested, prosecuted, and brought to trial on the original arrest charge is lowest for rape among the four violent crimes. Other differences between dispositions for persons arrested for rape and those arrested within the other three crime categories are also evident. Reforms in rape laws and effects of those reforms over the past two decades are reviewed. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that there were 883,593 prisoners under state or federal jurisdiction at yearend 1992, an increase of 7.2 percent over 1991 figures.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 2 (Summer 1993)

      Morrow, Phyllis; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1993-06-01)
      The Summer 1993 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features an examination, based on courtroom observation, of cultural and linguistic factors that result in miscommunication between English speakers and native Yup'ik speakers in legal and justice contexts. A second article describes findings from the 1992 Annual Survey of Jails, which reported data from 1,113 jails in 795 jurisdictions.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 3 (Fall 1993)

      Carns, Teresa W.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1993-09-01)
      The Fall 1993 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum describes several Alaska Judicial Council studies which document the increased attention to rural justice from 1987, when more than 100 villages throughout the state lacked resident justice services beyond the presence of a Village Police Officer (VPSO) or Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO), to 1993, with more than 100 tribal courts and councils providing services to residents of their communities. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that In 1991, 2.2 percent of federal and state prison inmates were reported to have the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS. Findings from a 1992 assessment review of Alaska criminal history data and Alaska's compliance with the FBI/BJS voluntary reporting standards are described. Statistics from from 1988 to 1992 on murder and nonnegligent manslaughter in Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, and Alaska overall are presented.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 4 (Winter 1994)

      Morrow, Phyllis; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Carns, Teresa W. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-01-01)
      The Winter 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines some of the salient issues surrounding language, interaction, and legal interpretation in Alaska situations. Associated stories describe policies on interpretation in federal and state courts in Alaska and examples of errors in translation between Yup'ik and English in actual courtroom situations. A National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) report finds that more than 2.5 million women in the United States experience violence annually; although are significantly less likely to become victims of violent crime than men, women are more vulnerable to particular types of perpetrators, including intimates such as husbands or boyfriends. An Alaska Judicial Council seminar on alternative sanctions highlights the various reasons that Alaska judges may choose alternative punishments, ranging from an effort to rehabilitate the offender to a decision to hold the offender accountable, recompense the victim, or respond to overcrowding in the local jail.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 11, No. 1 (Spring 1994)

      Carns, Teresa W.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-03-01)
      The Spring 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum summarizes a report prepared for the Alaska Judicial Council which describes existing state criminal justice computer information systems in Alaska and makes recommendations for improved connectivity and coordination between them. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the number of women in state prisons grew 75 percent from 1986 to 1991, with women comprising 5.2 percent of all prisoners (up from 4.7 percent in 1986). Figures on guns and crime nationally and in Alaska are presented based on data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting system.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 11, No. 2 (Summer 1994)

      Trostle, Lawrence C.; Cunningham, Patrick; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-06-01)
      The Summer 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum describes a pilot victim-offender mediation program in Anchorage which involves juveniles accused of certain offenses and the victims of those crimes. The number of prisoners under the jurisdiction of federal or state correctional authorities at the end of 1993 reached a record high of 948,881, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), with Alaska’s system increased by 7.1 per cent in 1993, less than the percentage increase for the nation as a whole. A second BJS report finds that nearly one million individuals each year become victims of violent crime while working or on duty, accounting for 15% of the over 6.5 million acts of violence experienced by Americans age 12 or older. A gift of $200,000 from Cook Inlet Region, Inc. (CIRI) to University of Alaska is intended to address justice issues and problems affecting Alaska Natives.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 11, No. 3 (Fall 1994)

      Curtis, Richard; Schafer, N. E.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Carns, Teresa W.; Josephson, Sarah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-09-01)
      The Fall 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum analyzes the 1,552 juvenile detention events in Alaska in 1993, which involve 1,023 youths who spent a total of 21,452 days in detention. The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), one of two Justice Department measures of crime in the United States (the other being the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports) has been redesigned. Surveys recently conducted by the Joint State-Federal Courts Gender Equality Task Force present an overall picture of gender equality issues in Alaska state courts.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 11, No. 4 (Winter 1995)

      Longoria, Carrie D.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Fenaughty, Andrea M.; Massey, Holly A.; Fisher, Dennis G. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-01-01)
      The Winter 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines the implementation of Anchorage Police Department’s domestic violence policy, which treats domestic violence cases as criminal offenses and reflects consistent concern for victim safety. During 1993, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, 38 men were executed in the U.S.; at year’s end, 34 states and the federal prison system held 2,716 prisoners under sentence of death, 5.3 percent more than at yearend 1992. As part of an national five-year study of drug users, AIDS, and HIV, researchers at the University of Alaska Anchorage have assembled data measuring the risk perceptions of individuals in Anchorage who are at some actual risk for contracting HIV — data which may have some implications for correctional systems.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 12, No. 2 (Summer 1995)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Miller, Roger C.; Atwell, Cassie (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-06-01)
      The Summer 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents the first of two articles of a 1994 statewide public opinion survey on community and public safety problems (and proposed solutions) in Alaska. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports results from a study of tort cases in state courts, finding that during a one-year period ending in 1992, state courts of general jurisdiction in the nation's 75 largest counties disposed of an estimated 378,000 tort cases involving 1.4 million plaintiffs and defendants. According to 1991–1994 offense and arrest statistics compiled by the Justice Center under the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act (CACSA) of 1990, University of Alaska Anchorage educational and research sites are relatively free from serious crimes.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 12, No. 3 (Fall 1995)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-09-01)
      The Fall 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents the second of two articles reporting results of a statewide public opinion survey on community and public safety problems in Alaska; responses about quality of life, community satisfaction, fear of crime, crime trends, and willingness to help with public safety activities are presented by area (Southeast Alaska, Valdez/Kenai/Mat-Su, Anchorage, Fairbanks, rural Alaska, and total statewide). A Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that, of an estimated 9,600 murder defendants in the nation's 75 most populous counties in 1988, six percent (an estimated 540 defendants) were persons charged with murdering their spouses.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 12, No. 4 (Winter 1996)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Schafer, N. E.; Green, Melissa S. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1996-01-01)
      The Winter 1996 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents the first of two articles examining results of the village component of a statewide public safety project conducted by the Justice Center for the Alaska Department of Public Safety, in which researchers interviewed residents and officials of 28 Alaska villages on characteristics, government, and social control in predominately Alaska Native villages. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on the growing U.S. prison population, which increased 8.8 percent between mid-1994 and mid-1995; a sidebar story compares Alaska with states of similar population in an effort to understand the disparity in its rankings, with racial disparities in Alaska's prison population a possible factor. The Justice Center establishes a website.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 1 (Spring 1996)

      Lerman, Averil; Bureau of Justice Statistics; National Institute of Justice; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1996-03-01)
      The Spring 1996 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents an account based on historical research of the trial and execution for murder of a Native fisherman, Nelson Charles, in Juneau in 1939 — one of the last executions in Alaska, which abolished the death penalty in 1957. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on capital punishment in the U.S. in 1994, during which 13 states executed 31 prisoners. The second of two articles on the village component of a statewide public safety project conducted in 1994 by the Justice Center for the Alaska Department of Public Safety focuses on the information derived from on-site interviews conducted in twenty-eight rural communities with predominately Alaska Native populations; specific, localized arrangements for public safety are described. Research in Germany on the effect of alternative sanctions on juvenile offenders indicates that youthful offenders sent to prison have higher rates of recidivism than those given alternative sanctions.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 2 (Summer 1996)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Rieger, Lisa (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1996-06-01)
      The Summer 1996 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents several articles on legal resources, both criminal and civil, available to Alaskans with low incomes, describing services provided by the Alaska Public Defender's office and Alaska Legal Services Corporation; criteria for determining indigency when assigning public counsel in Alaska; a 1996 amendment to Alaska's Public Defender Act; criminal defense services for low income people throughout the United States; and tort reform efforts in Alaska and nationwide which may result in decreased access to the courts for individuals with low incomes. An additional article describes results of a recidivism study of participants in the Sex Offender Treatment Program at Hiland Mountain Correctional Center from January 1987 to August 1995.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 3 (Fall 1996)

      Erlich, Richard; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Cravez, Pamela (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1996-09-01)
      The Fall 1996 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum leads with a discussion of the particularities of justice system issues in the Northwest Arctic Borough based on historical evidence, research and personal observations made from Judge Richard Erlich’s experience as a long-term resident and Superior Court judge in Kotzebue. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on criminal victimization in the United States in 1994. The Joint State-Federal Courts Gender Equality Task Force reports on its three-year investigation into gender bias in Alaska state and federal courts, finding that sex-related bias affects not only litigants, witnesses, lawyers, employees, and judges with regard to process, but also with regard to the substantial outcome of cases.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 4 (Winter 1997)

      Claus, Haydee; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1997-01-01)
      In the Winter 1997 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum, a certified interpreter for the federal and California court systems corrects misunderstandings about the nature of language interpretation in legal proceedings, observing that accurately interpreting to and from English in proceedings requires a language proficiency often misunderstood by participants in the court proceedings, and that lack of proficient interpretation can give rise to errors which threaten the integrity of the justice process. An accompanying sidebar describes the legal interpretation practice in Alaska courts and other Alaska justice agencies. A related article highlights two committees working on the problems presented by language interpretation and court proceedings in state and federal courts in Alaska. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on noncitizens in U.S. federal courts and prisons; sidebar stories describe background figures and information on noncitizens in Alaska and efforts of the Immigration and Naturalization Service to identify, apprehend, and deport criminal aliens. Dr. John E. Angell retires from his position as Director of the UAA Justice Center after over twenty years of service at the University of Alaska Anchorage.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 14, No. 1 (Spring 1997)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1997-03-01)
      The Spring 1997 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents from 1975 to 1995 on murder and nonnegligent manslaughter in Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, and Alaska overall; compares Alaska rates with homicide rates nationwide; discusses weapons used and the relationship between victim and offender in Alaska homicides; and compares the murder rate with the rate of other causes of death in Alaska. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that sixteen states executed 56 prisoners during 1995, the largest number of prisoners executed in a year in the U.S. since 1960; and the use of capital punishment by nations worldwide is examined.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 15, No. 2 (Summer 1998)

      Moras, Antonia; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-06-01)
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 15, No. 3 (Fall 1998)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-09-01)
      A study of Alaska prisoners, described in the Fall 1998 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum, finds that long-term inmates in Alaska prisons show evidence of having experienced a high rate of abuse during their childhoods; the study examined the issue of a “cycle of violence” and sought out correlates of abuse which may have an impact on offense patterns or inmate behavior. A Bureau of Justice Statistics report finds that the number of prisoners under the jurisdiction of federal or state correctional systems grew 5.2 percent during 1997. An Alaska Judicial Council study of felony probation revocation cases found that the reasons for revocation of probation status for Alaska Natives did not differ from those underlying revocation for non-Native offenders, but did find some difference by ethnicity for the original conditions of probation.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 15, No. 4 (Winter 1999)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1999-01-01)
      The Winter 1999 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents Alaska and U.S. figures on correctional populations over an eleven-year period from 1988 to 1998, during which time Alaska's prison population grew by 57 percent and its rate of incarceration grew by 18 percent, while the overall state population grew by only 16 percent. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that over 570,000 of the nation's prisoners (51%) reported the use of alcohol or drugs while committing their offense. Uniform Crime Reports statistics show that the overall rate of reported crime in Alaska grew by 7 percent from 1988 through 1997.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 16, No. 1 (Spring 1999)

      Atwell, Cassie; Trostle, Lawrence C.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1999-03-01)
      The Spring 1999 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents findings from a study of the effectiveness of the Brady Act in Alaska, focusing on procedures used by Alaska law enforcement agencies to determine eligibility of applicants for handgun purchases and looking at handgun purchase applications denied by the Anchorage Police Department; a related article presents views on problems with the Brady Act's implementation. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on capital punishment in the U.S. in 1997, and the use of the death penalty in by other nations is examined.