• "Activating" Park Spaces in Anchorage’s Town Square Park (Research Note)

      Payne, Troy C.; Reinhard, Daniel (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-11-06)
      This brief research note describes an intervention designed to increase activity in Anchorage's Town Square Park in an effort to reduce public disorder in the park. An abbreviated evaluation of the intervention is included.
    • AJiC Tableau Dashboard Style Guide

      Payne, Troy C.; Kisarauskas, Yevgenii; Slone, Avram; Gonzalez, Andrew (2020-09-02)
      This document describes the broad design and style conventions of Alaska Justice Information Center (AJiC) Tableau data dashboards. This document is meant as a style guide, and deviations from the general guidelines may be necessary for specific projects. Design goals and styles for every part of a dashboard are presented in the document.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 32, No 1. (Spring 2015)

      Rivera, Marny; Sidmore, Patrick; Armstrong, Barbara; Periman, Deborah; Myrstol, Brad A.; Payne, Troy C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-15)
      The Spring 2015 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents articles on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and alcohol abuse in adulthood, limiting public access to criminal records, police–public contacts in Anchorage, and officer-involved shootings in Anchorage.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 32, No. 2-3 (Summer/Fall 2015)

      Knudsen, Kristin S.; Payne, Troy C.; Reinhard, Daniel; Armstrong, Barbara (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-11-06)
      The Summer/Fall 2015 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents articles on a survey of studies on judicial selection methods used by U.S. states, selected milestones from the UAA Justice Center's 40-year history, an intervention to reduce public disorder in Anchorage's Town Square Park, 2014 institutional populations under authority of the Alaska Department of Corrections, and smart justice initiatives in Alaska.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 34, No. 2 (Fall 2017)

      Myrstol, Brad A.; Cravez, Pamela; Payne, Troy C.; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-10-18)
      The Fall 2017 print edition of the Alaska Justice Forum features two stories on crime rates — in relation to criminal justice reform and in relation to police staffing — that caution using crime rates as a single factor to determine policy. A story on Crisis Intervention Teams shows how specialized responses are helping law enforcement deal with calls from individuals with mental illness and/or substance use disorders. The Fall 2017 online edition includes expanded versions of print stories and a video (with transcript) on property crime rates in Alaska.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 36, No. 1 (Fall 2019) 

      Johnson, Ingrid D.; Breager, Randi; TePas, Katherine H.; Randolph, Henry; Dunham, Barbara; Casto, L. Diane; Trujillo, Angelia; Fortson, Ryan; Payne, Troy C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2019-09-12)
      The Alaska Justice Forum has resumed publication with our Fall 2019 issue. In this issue we explore a study of Alaska sexual assault survivor experiences; recent changes to Alaska sex offense law; an innovative academy that trains health care providers to support victims of interpersonal violence; and how legal representation affects custody determinations in divorce cases.
    • Alaska Police Officer Use of Deadly Force: 2010-2020

      Payne, Troy C.; Kisarauskas, Yevgenii; Henderson, Robert E. (Alaska Justice Information Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2021-04-21)
      The Alaska Department of Law Office of Special Prosecutions (OSP) and the Alaska Justice Information Center (AJiC) partnered to answer two questions regarding police officer use of deadly force. First, to what extent existing OSP investigative casefiles could be used to fully describe the nature of uses of lethal force incidents in Alaska. Second, to describe lethal use of force incidents using the available information. We found that while OSP casefiles files contained sufficient information for OSP’s purpose of determining whether criminal charges are warranted under the circumstances, the OSP casefiles lacked some information of interest to policymakers and the public. AJiC analyzed all OSP casefiles involving officer uses of lethal force from 2010 to October 2020, covering a total of 92 incidents, 100 citizens, and 295 officers. Just over half of citizens died as a result of the incident in which deadly force was used, with another quarter sustaining serious injuries. Nearly every citizen involved displayed or used a weapon. No human officers were killed in the incidents reviewed, but two police dogs were killed, and three officers were seriously injured. Over a third of incidents involved the citizen making statements indicating they wanted to commit suicide-by-cop, and over two-thirds of incidents involved a citizen exhibiting some indication of mental illness during the incident. A third of incidents involved a citizen who had consumed alcohol, and methamphetamine/amphetamine was the most common drug other than alcohol, involved in more than a quarter of incidents. We offer the following recommendations for data collection based on our project: 1. The State of Alaska should develop a comprehensive statewide data collection regarding police officer uses of lethal force housed at an agency that can compile and use the information to drive policy. 2. OSP casefiles can serve as a starting point for data collection, but OSP case files cannot be the sole data source. 3. The development of a comprehensive data collection platform should include mandatory standardized data elements, starting with the FBI’s National Use-of-Force Data Collection Elements. 4. Other data elements should be considered for inclusion by a broad group of stakeholders from inside and outside of the criminal justice system. 5. Detailed use of lethal force incident data should be public where possible — but that may not always be possible or advisable.
    • Alaska State Troopers B Detachment Patrol Staffing Study and Description of Dispatched Police Incidents

      Payne, Troy C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-03-23)
      This study provides a workload-based staffing model for police patrol in B Detachment of the Alaska State Troopers and describes the pattern of police incidents in B Detachment over the study period of 2009 to 2015. Alaska State Troopers provide service in unincorporated areas of the state. B Detachment, headquartered in Palmer with additional posts in Wasilla and Glennallen, serves a large part of the Matanuska-Susitna Borough and portions of the Valdez-Cordova Census Area along the Richardson Highway, — an area of about 20,000 square miles containing 2,250 miles of roadways. According to the study, Troopers in B Detachment are chronically over-utilized, which causes operational problems. From 2009 to 2015, Alaska State Troopers and Alaska Wildlife Troopers in B Detachment responded to an average of 48,000 incidents per year.
    • Alaska State Troopers C Detachment Patrol Staffing Study Final Report and Description of Police Incidents

      Payne, Troy C.; Kisarauskas, Yevgenii (Alaska Justice Information Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-07-07)
      This report provides a workload-based staffing estimate for the Alaska State Troopers C Detachment sworn staff, including troopers and court service officers. The report begins by examining incidents serviced by C Detachment for meaningful changes over years, seasonal variation, and variation by incident type. Next, we describe challenges of creating a workload- based model for staffing C Detachment, followed by summaries of interviews with sergeants in C Detachment and a description of C Detachment’s stated goals. The model is specified next, including a post-by-post staffing recommendation for C Detachment based on the 75th percentile of the number of reports, adjusted for leave and other factors.
    • Criminogenic Features of Apartment Complexes: Preliminary Findings

      Payne, Troy C.; Scherer, Heidi L.; Eck, John E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011-07-19)
      This study used epidemiological methods to compare high crime apartment complexes to low crime apartment complexes along multiple dimensions, including management practices and the immediate spatial context of the complexes.
    • Does Changing Ownership Change Crime? An Analysis of Apartment Ownership and Crime in Cincinnati

      Payne, Troy C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2010-11-19)
      This Powerpoint slide presentation examines the question of changes in level of crime when ownership of an apartment building changes. Examination of data from Cincinnati, Ohio, shows that ownership change, size of apartment complex, and past crime all have some effect on crime counts. In particular, when the apartments that are sold are high-crime apartments, change in ownership tends to worsen the crime problem.
    • Green Bay Chronic Nuisance Notification Evaluation, 2006–2010

      Payne, Troy C.; Arneson, Michelle (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2012-09-04)
      Green Bay City Ordinance Chapter 28 allows the City of Green Bay, Wisconsin to recover the cost of providing police services for chronic nuisances. Enforcement of Chapter 28 began in October 2006 and continues as of this writing. This report examined calls for service at properties with chronic nuisance enforcement to determine if enforcement was associated with a reduction in calls for service. Enforcing the chronic nuisance ordinance is associated with reduced calls for service but is costly in terms of officer and analyst hours. The best use of the chronic nuisance ordinance may be as a credible threat to entice property owners to partner with the Green Bay Police Department on crime prevention and nuisance abatement efforts.
    • How Do You Determine the Right Size of a Police Department? Don’t Look to Crime Rates.

      Payne, Troy C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-10-18)
      Studies have shown that changing the number of police officers has no effect on crime rates. This article explains why and describes alternative measures. An accompanying chart compares rates of violent crime in Alaska for 1986–2015 with the number of police officers per 1,000 residents for the same period.
    • Legal Representation and Custody Determinations

      Fortson, Ryan; Payne, Troy C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2019-09-12)
      Do lawyers matter in case outcomes, and can this be shown empirically? A recently published study of initial custody disputes suggests that having an attorney can result in a more favorable outcome for the client, but only if the other side is not also represented by an attorney.
    • Officer-Involved Shootings in Anchorage 1993-2013

      Payne, Troy C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-15)
      This article presents findings from the December 2013 report Officer-Involved Shootings in Anchorage 1993–2013, which describes shootings involving officers of the Anchorage Police Department (APD) for the period January 1, 1993 through May 11, 2013.
    • Officer-Involved Shootings in Anchorage 1993–2013

      Payne, Troy C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-12-11)
      This report describes situational, officer, and citizen characteristics of the 45 officer-involved shootings in Anchorage for the period 1 Jan 1993 through 11 May 2013 as recorded in Anchorage Police Department (APD) criminal investigation files. An “officer-involved shooting” is defined as an incident in which a sworn APD employee purposefully discharged a firearm with the intent of stopping a human being while acting under color of law, including firing at vehicles when the intent is to stop the vehicle. A total of 45 officer-involved shootings occurred during the 20-year study period. APD policy with regard to use of force and investigation of officer-involved shootings is also described.
    • Research Perspectives on the Use and Control of Police Force

      Payne, Troy C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-11-09)
    • Section 8 Housing & Crime: Screwed or Skewed?

      Gallagher, Kathleen; Payne, Troy C.; Eck, John E.; Frank, James (School of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, 2010-11-18)
      This poster presentation examines the claim that Section 8 tenants in a small midwestern city in Ohio are consuming too many police resources. Based on previous research regarding public housing projects and perceptions of public housing and crime, the city has become concerned that the level of police services that are dedicated to residents with housing vouchers is in excess of the average residential tenant.
    • 'Stand Your Ground': History and Effects

      Payne, Troy C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-11-07)
      This slide presentation discusses Stand Your Ground laws in other states and available research on the impact of these laws. The presentation was presented as part of a community forum at Clark Middle School in Anchorage on "Stand Your Ground Law in Alaska" sponsored by the Anchorage Community Police Relations Task Force and the Anchorage Equal Rights Commission.