• Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 24, No. 3 (Fall 2007)

      Periman, Deborah; Rosay, André B.; Snodgrass, G. Matthew; Evans, Shel L. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2007-09-01)
      The Fall 2007 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on the collateral consequences of criminal conviction in Alaska, results of an Alaska Judicial Council evaluation of the Alaska Court System's three felony-level therapeutic courts, disproportionate minority contact within the juvenile justice system in Fairbanks North Star Borough, and results of a community survey in Matanuska-Susitna Borough.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 25, No. 1-2 (Spring / Summer 2008)

      Wood, Darryl S.; Rosay, André B.; Periman, Deborah; Postle, Greg; TePas, Katherine; Henry, Tara (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2008-03-01)
      The Spring/Summer 2008 double-issue of the Alaska Justice Forum focuses on various aspects of the problem of sexual assault—the nature of the crime, victims and suspects; case prosecution; offender recidivism; public safety and rehabilitation, with articles on case processing of sexual assault cases in rural villages, a description of the sexual assault problem in communities served by the Alaska State Troopers, Sexual assault nurse examinations in Alaska, and Alaska's sex offender registration statute. An additional article looks at national figures on incarcerated parents.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 26, No. 4 (Winter 2010)

      Periman, Deborah; Rosay, André B.; Begich, Thomas S.; Carns, Teresa W. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2010-01-01)
      The Winter 2010 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum leads off with an article on a recent Ninth Circuit decision holding that a Washington state law denying felons the right to vote is a violation of the Voting Rights Act. Other articles include profiles of correctional populations in Alaska and the U.S., an update on the work of the Criminal Justice Working Group, a pilot program aimed at reducing probation revocations rates, a study of juvenile probation officer workloads, and a discussion of the Language Interpreter Center, which works to provide qualified interpreters in legal, medical, social services, and educational settings statewide.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 27, No. 3 (Fall 2010) 

      Myrstol, Brad A.; Rivera, Marny; Periman, Deborah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2010-12)
      The Fall 2010 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on school resource officers (SROs); methamphetamine prevention efforts; and a recent 9th Circuit ruling on felon disenfranchisement.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 27, No. 4 (Winter 2011)

      Periman, Deborah; Parker, Khristy; Daniels, Shea (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011-01-01)
      The Winter 2011 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on the Uniform Collateral Consequences of Conviction Act designed to facilitate offender reentry throughout the United States; the Fairbanks gang assessment — the first structured study of gang activity in Alaska; and a summary of a Bureau of Justice Statistics report on law enforcementn agencies with special gang crime units.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 30, No. 3-4 (Fall 2013 / Winter 2014)

      Periman, Deborah; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-02-19)
      The Fall 2013/Winter 2014 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents articles on offender reentry and the collateral consequences of criminal conviction, the relationship between unemployment and domestic violence, and prison visitation policies. The issue also includes faculty and staff news, and a memorial to retired Justice Center faculty member Dr. Nancy E. Schafer, who died in September 2013.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 32, No 1. (Spring 2015)

      Rivera, Marny; Sidmore, Patrick; Armstrong, Barbara; Periman, Deborah; Myrstol, Brad A.; Payne, Troy C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-15)
      The Spring 2015 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents articles on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and alcohol abuse in adulthood, limiting public access to criminal records, police–public contacts in Anchorage, and officer-involved shootings in Anchorage.
    • Collateral Consequences and Reentry in Alaska: An Update

      Periman, Deborah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-02-19)
      This article describes recent efforts at the national level to ameliorate the public costs of unnecessary collateral consequences, summarizes the array of statutory and regulatory impediments faced by released offenders in Alaska, and highlights legislative efforts in Alaska to improve community safety and public health by facilitating prisoner reintegration and reducing rates of recidivism.
    • Employment Barriers and Domestic Violence

      Periman, Deborah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-02-19)
      Research has found the link between perpetrator unemployment and domestic violence to be so significant that experts conclude any effective domestic violence prevention strategy must address unemployment and male poverty.
    • Expungement and Limiting Public Access to Alaska Criminal Case Records in the Digital Age

      Armstrong, Barbara; Periman, Deborah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-15)
      A criminal record results in a number of different barriers to reentry into the community for former offenders. These barriers — also called collateral consequences — can be mitigated by reducing the extent to which criminal records are visible to employers, landlords, and others. This article provides an overview of the complexity involved in limiting public access to criminal records, processes adopted in other states, and recent legislative proposals and current options in Alaska.
    • The Hidden Impact of a Criminal Conviction: A Brief Overview of Collateral Consequences in Alaska

      Periman, Deborah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2007-12)
      Collateral consequences, a term used in this paper to refer generally to the effect of any measure that might increase the negative consequences of a criminal conviction, fall roughly into three categories: impaired access to, or enjoyment of, the ordinary rights and benefits associated with citizenship or residency, such as voting or driving; impaired economic opportunity, primarily through reduction of the range of available employment; and increased severity of sanctions in any subsequent criminal proceeding brought against the offender. These indirect but significant consequences of a felony or misdemeanor conviction are receiving increasing attention from policy makers, ethicists, and the bar. Setting aside issues of constitutional or statutory rights, the growing web of civil disabilities triggered by a criminal conviction raises fundamental questions about what makes sense as a matter of public policy. This paper examines policy considerations of collateral consequences and provides a preliminary effort to list all of the provisions of Alaska state law that may diminish in some respect the opportunities available to an individual with a criminal conviction in his or her background.
    • Revisiting Alaska's Sex Offender Registration and Public Notification Statute

      Periman, Deborah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2008-10)
      This paper provides a look at the parameters of the Alaska’s sex offender registration statute. At the time of its enactment in 1994, the Alaska Sex Offender Registration Act was one of the most stringent in the U.S., far exceeding the miniumum requirements imposed on the states by the federal Jacob Wetterling Act. The federal Adam Walsh Child Protection Act, signed into law in 2006, has the net effect of bringing all the states closer to Alaska’s registration and publication requirements. However, Alaska’s statute and its federal counterpart were based on assumptions about sex offender recidivism and the effectiveness of sex offender treatment which are contradicted by much of the research conducted since creation of Alaska’s sex offender registry. Empirical evidence also shows that Alaska’s sex offender registration and notification system and others like it do not demonstrably serve their stated purpose of increasing public safety. The severity of the registration requirements may prohibit the rehabilitation of offenders and their reintegration into the community, and the increasing burden on law enforcement to monitor and maintain very broad registries may prevent police from focusing on the more serious sexual predators.
    • Revisiting Alaska's Sex Offender Registration and Public Notification Statute

      Periman, Deborah (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2009-03)
      This article examines the background and judicial interpretation of Alaska's sex offender registration and public notification statute, the new federal requirements for state sex offender registries and public notice under the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act, and weaknesses in both Alaska's existing system and the enhanced requirements of the new federal legislation. These weaknesses include: * Absence of incentives for offenders to seek therapy or treatment; * Failure to provide for individualized risk assessment that would differentiate between those offenders who pose a negligible or very low risk of re-offending from those who pose a continuing public risk — a failure that causes unwarranted marginalization of low risk offenders and diminishes the overall effectiveness of the public notification system; * Public notice provisions so broad as to substantially impede offenders' reintegration into their families, their community, and the workforce, and potentially chilling family reporting; * Internet posting requirements associated with severe stigmatization and public harassment, and concomitant emotional destabilization and isolation of offenders — factors that may actually increase the risk of recidivism and community harm. * Because the Walsh Act conditions state receipt of Byrne Grant funds on compliance with its enhanced registration and notice requirements, there is little Alaska can do to remedy the above weaknesses and still remain eligible for Byrne funds. However, the article concludes with a recommendation for limited changes to our statute that would minimize, to the extent possible, its adverse effect on offenders' ability to find employment; omit the lowest risk offenders from internet posting requirements; and provide those incentives for treatment permissible under the Walsh Act.
    • Sex Offender Registries and Notification Programs

      Periman, Deborah (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2009-05-01)
      Presents a brief history of sex offender registries and notification programs nationally and in Alaska; describes provisions of Alaska's registry/notification laws; and discusses recent research findings about the effectiveness of such laws and their impact on offenders.