• 1989 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act Compliance Monitoring Report

      Read, Emily E.; Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1990-12-03)
      The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) mandates removal of status offenders and nonoffenders from secure detention and correctional facilities, sight and sound separation of juveniles and adults, and removal of juveniles from adult jails and lockups. In Alaska, two instances of a status offender held in secure detention were recorded in 1989; but both satisfied the "valid court order" exception, so were not counted as violations; by comparison, there were 485 violations in the baseline year of 1976. 336 separation violations were recorded in 1989, representing a 60% reduction from the 1976 baseline and 41% from 1988. 249 jail removal violations occurred, representing a 71% reduction from the 1980 baseline and an 39% reduction from 1988.
    • 1990 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act Compliance Monitoring Report

      Read, Emily E.; Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1991-10)
      The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) mandates removal of status offenders and nonoffenders from secure detention and correctional facilities, sight and sound separation of juveniles and adults, and removal of juveniles from adult jails and lockups. In Alaska, no instances of a status offender held in secure detention were recorded in 1990, as compared with 485 violations in the baseline year of 1976. 135 separation violations were recorded in 1990, representing an 84% reduction from the 1976 baseline and 60% from 1989. 99 jail removal violations occurred, representing a 89% reduction from the 1980 baseline and an 60% reduction from 1989.
    • Alaska as a Case Study of OJJDP-Mandated Jail Monitoring

      Schafer, N. E.; Read, Emily E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1990-10-03)
      The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency prevention has mandated that all states monitor jail records for the presence of juveniles and inspect jails and lock-ups in which juveniles might be detained for sight and sound separation. The experience of Alaska in complying with this mandate is instructive. In the largest state in the union 99 facilities in a monitoring universe of 111 (89.1 %) are accessible only by air or water. Alaska's jail monitoring plan accommodated this inaccessibility. The plan and 1989 monitoring activities are explained and discussed. As the largest state in the Union Alaska has had some unique problems complying with the mandate of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Act to monitor secure facilities for the presence of juveniles. In spite of these problems Alaska has produced a model monitoring plan and has successfully completed three years of compliance monitoring activities. The monitoring process and the problems associated with monitoring activities are useful for other states to consider as they review their monitoring plans.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 6, No. 2 (Summer 1989)

      Becker, Dwight; Read, Emily E.; Schafer, N. E.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1989-06)
      The Summer 1989 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on delinquent activity in Southcentral Alaska, which declined from 1984 to 1988, and on criminal cases heard in federal courts from 1980 to 1987.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 6, No. 4 (Winter 1990)

      Schafer, N. E.; Read, Emily E.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Copus, Gary D.; Holmes, Caralyn (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1990-01)
      The Winter 1990 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines the criminal activity of Alaska women by analyzing Uniform Crime Reporting arrest data for 1975–1984. Women do not contribute substantially to the overall rate of violent crime in Alaska, but arrests of female offenders, both adult and juvenile, comprise a substantial proportion of all arrests for alcohol-related offenses. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on adults on federal and state probation and parole in 1988. Analysis of 1988 data on reported crime incidents from seven villages in the North Slope Borough suggests that crime rates for certain offenses may be higher in rural Alaska than in urban Alaska. January 1990 population figures for Alaska Department of Corrections facilities are presented.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 8, No. 1 (Spring 1991)

      Schafer, N. E.; Read, Emily E.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1991-03-01)
      The Spring 1991 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum describes provisions of the federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act of 1974 and discusses the juvenile jail monitoring activities conducted by the Justice Center for 1987–1989 under contract to the Alaska Division of Family and Youth Services. The Bureau of Justice Statistics describes the characteristics, criminal histories, and drug use patterns of women under the jurisdiction of federal and state prison authorities in the U.S. Alaska homicide statistics for 1965–1992 in Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, and Alaska overall are presented; Alaska homicide rates have been below the national average since 1988. Rural justice was the topic of a roundtable discussion featuring Charles Ndlovu of the Community Law Center in Durban, South Africa.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 8, No. 3 (Fall 1991)

      Read, Emily E.; Fay, Ginny; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1991-09-01)
      The Fall 1991 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents results from a study of child support in Alaska, which found that Alaska has made significant progress in standardizing child support orders under Court Rule 90.3, but that proportional disparities in awards exist when examined by community, type of case and type of establishment procedure. The Bureau of Justice Statistics presents estimates of crime victimization experienced in American households from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS).