• Alaska Correctional Master Plan: Proposed Funding Strategy

      Endell, Roger V. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1980-03-18)
      In 1978, the State of Alaska committed itself to the development of a comprehensive master plan for its correctional system based on a philosophy consistent with the mandate of the Alaska Constitution (Article 1, Section 12): "Penal administration shall be based upon the principle of reformation and upon the need for protecting the public." A fundamental goal of the recommendations of the Alaska Corrections Master Plan is the provision of the most adequate corrections system for Alaska at the least possible cost. The single most effective means of accomplishing this is to avoid unnecessary incarceration of offenders, thereby avoiding the capital cost of constructing new facilities to accommodate growing inmate populations. Avoidance of unnecessary incarceration in turn requires development of a full range of community-based corrections programs, including pre-trial release, probation, pre-release, and parole supervision. This report recommends administrative and statutory changes for a proposed funding strategy.
    • Alaska Corrections Master Plan: A Preliminary Draft Summary

      Endell, Roger V. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-07-11)
      In 1978, the State of Alaska committed itself to the development of a comprehensive master plan for its correctional system based on a philosophy consistent with the mandate of the Alaska Constitution (Article 1, Section 12): "Penal administration shall be based unon the principle of reformation and upon the need for protecting the public." This summary of the Alaska Corrections Master Plan was prepared to facilitate an overview of the various sections of the plan prior to the final meeting of the joint Master Plan Advisory Committee. As the plan itself was not yet in final approved form, this summary reflects the plan as it existed prior to finalization.
    • The Alaska Corrections Master Plan: Legislative Implications

      Endell, Roger V. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-11-08)
      This paper provides to members of the Alaska State Legislature a summary of those areas of the Alaska Corrections Master Plan which have obvious legislative implications. It includes recommendations for (1) statutory changes, (2) operational funding (personnel), and (3) capital improvements above and beyond the "normal" correctional budgetary process. It is not an all-inclusive narrative summary of the Master Plan. The summary provides page reference numbers to the Master Plan, general topics, and a brief description of the recommendations under the three major topical headings listed above.
    • The Alaska Division of Corrections: An Institutional Population and Space Utilization Study

      Endell, Roger V. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-04-15)
      The Legislative Interim Committee on Corrections, Alaska State Legislature, requested identification and assessment of the differing segments of institutional populations and their relationships to present space utilization practices of the Alaska Division of Corrections (later Department of Corrections). The basic questions for which solutions were sought related to development of reasonable options for relief of overcrowding in some institutions, to ensure more effective use of bed space in others, and to provide interim short-term solutions to system-wide overcrowding through modifications to existing facilities and through policy changes. The Committee emphasized that long-term facility planning should be properly left to the correctional master plan to be completed by early 1979. This report surveys correctional populations and space utilization practices within the eleven principal correctional centers managed by the Alaska Division of Corrections as of 1977–1978.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 1, No. 7 (November 1977)

      Endell, Roger V.; Stern, Barry; Moeller, Kim; Havelock, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1977-11)
      A $183,000 LEAA grant will enable the Alaska Division of Corrections to develop a correctional master plan for improving the statewide correctional system; and the staff counsel of the Alaska Criminal Code Revision Subcommission describes the circumstances in which the use of force, or threat to use force, is justifiable and not a criminal offense under the proposed Revised Alaska Criminal Code. Other articles in the November 1977 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines the North Slope Borough Department of Public Safety's initiation in January 1977 of apprehension and short-term detention of intoxicated persons; and highlights the Alaska Supreme Court's concern with the effect of mounting caseloads. Also included are a digest of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions, announcements of upcoming conferences and seminars, and a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 2, No. 3 (March 1978)

      Endell, Roger V.; Huston, William H.; Ring, Peter Smith (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-03)
      The March 1978 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features the text of an address by William H. Huston, director of the Alaska Division of Corrections, touching on Phase II of the correctional master plan, growing prison populations and overcrowding, alternatives to incarceration, and risk management. Other articles include an exploration of the possibilities of developing prison industries within Alaska's correctional system and the third of six-part series on the law on confessions, focusing on decisions of the Alaska Supreme Court in the area of criminal law on Miranda warnings, interrogations, and confessions. Also included is a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 2, No. 4 (April 1978)

      Ring, Peter Smith; Naito, Lisa; UAA Criminal Justice Center (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-04)
      The April 1978 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features an examination of the Alaska Supreme Court's controversial decision on search and seizure in Zehrung v. State of Alaska (569 P.2d 189 (1977); 573 P.2d 858 (1978)). A history of the Hawaii correctional master plan is offered as a comparison with the Alaska correctional master plan. The Community Crime Prevention Program, operating under a grant by the Governor's Commission on the Administration of Justice, is described. The fourth in a six-part series on the law on confessions focuses on custody and waivers as they are affected by the decisions of the Alaska Supreme Court. The Criminal Justice Center reports on the seminars and conferences offered by the Criminal Justice Center, which have been attended by ~700 criminal justice professionals between February 1977 and February 1978. HB 661, the proposed Revised Alaska Criminal Code, has been approved by the Alaska House of Representatives and awaits action in the Alaska Senate. This issue also includes an announcement of upcoming law enforcement seminar, the summer schedule of justice courses offered in Anchorage, and a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 2, No. 6 (July 1978)

      Stern, Barry; Cobb, Chris; Robinson, Elliott H.; Ring, Peter Smith (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-07)
      In the July 1978 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum, the staff counsel of the Alaska Criminal Code Revision Subcommission describes the major provisions of the Revised Alaska Criminal Code as approved by the Alaska Legislature in June 1978, and highlights changes from the draft revised code proposed by the subcommission. The Anchorage Pretrial Intervention Project, which became operational in early 1978, is described. An offender reentry program of the Alaska Division of Corrections to help ex-offenders adjust to life after prison is described. The concluding installment of a six-part series on the law of confessions discusses the use of evidence obtained from defendants which is inadmissible under Miranda guidelines or for other reasons related to violation of defendants' Fifth or Sixth Amendment rights. Additional articles discuss a national survey indicating the need for sex offender treatment programs and a report on more efficient police patrol procedures. Also included are digests of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions and points brought up in criminal appeals cases, announcements of upcoming courses and seminars, and a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 3, No. 3 (March 1979)

      Endell, Roger V.; UAA Criminal Justice Center (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-03)
      The March 1979 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features the first of two articles reporting on a national symposium on police higher education; the final order of Anchorage Superior Court Judge James K. Singleton in the case of Moseley v. Beirne, a class action suit attacking conditions and overcrowding in the Southcentral Correctional Center Annex (Sixth Avenue Jail) in Anchorage; the appointment of Bill Nix as Commissioner of Public Safety; the appointment of Charles F. Campbell as Director of the Alaska Division of Corrections; and a bill to establish an intermediate court of appeals as proposed by the Alaska Court System. Also included are digests of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions, points brought up in criminal appeals cases, and proposed legislation, and the announcement of an upcoming judicial conferences.
    • Career Mobility in Criminal Justice: An Exploratory Study of Alaskan Police and Corrections Executives

      Angell, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-03-08)
      This paper provides exploratory research into the career patterns of Alaska police and correctional executives in order to assess career mobility patterns and the variables which may have had a significant influence on success. Basic data for the paper is from biographical descriptions of 78 people who have served during the past ten years in top executive positions of Alaska's police and correctional agencies, including the commissioner of the Alaska Department of Public Safety, police chiefs of the 25 largest municipal police agencies in Alaska, superintendents of Alaska correctional institutions, and directors and assistant directors within the Alaska Division of Corrections.
    • The Correctional Master Plan: Some Legislative Options

      Endell, Roger V. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-11-30)
      This testimony before the House Judiciary Committee of the Alaska State Legislature lays out potential future scenarios for corrections in Alaska. The author urges legislators to pay attention to the results of over half a million dollars worth of research on correctional problems in Alaska over the past three years in its decisionmaking on how to implement recommendations of the Alaska Corrections Master Plan.
    • Legislative Implementation for the Corrections Master Plan, State of Alaska

      Havelock, John E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1980-01-01)
      In 1978 and 1979 the State of Alaska committed itself to the development of the first master plan for corrections in the state's history. The Alaska Corrections Master Plan included some 576 pages of recommendations plus appendixes. Faced with the task of implementing this plan, the House Committee on Finance of the Alaska State Legislature requested the Justice Center to (1) extract those elements of the master plan which had legislative implications (see "The Alaska Corrections Master Plan: Legislative Implications" by Roger V. Endell, 1979); and (2) to commit to legislative language those proposals which embodied suggestions for legislative change. This report is the product of that second phase study, providing comments and action recommendations for each of eleven recommendations of the Alaska Corrections Master Plan.
    • Potential Impact of Mandatory Minimum Sentencing on Existing Division of Corrections Adult Offender Inmate Capacity

      Ring, Peter Smith (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1976-04)
      This report was prepared for the Alaska Criminal Code Revision Commission to provide its members with an assessment of the potential impact on the Alaska Division (later Department) of Corrections adult offender inmate capacity likely to result from enactment of mandatory minimum sentencing provisions. The study projected that DOC would need at least 200 more secure units by 1981 if mandatory minimum sentencing was applied to second or subsequent felony offenders for a limited number of felony violent crimes. Application of mandatory minimums for such offenders to ALL felonies would likely result in DOC's entire capacity being used up within three years after enactment of minimum sentencing guidelines.
    • Potentially Discriminatory Criminal Justice Agency Policies

      Angell, John E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1980-11)
      This report describes potential sources of discrimination in the Alaska criminal justice system related to agency policies and procedures. The study relied on policy and procedural manuals and other written materials describing operational practices and organizational and management information about criminal justice operations. The report identifies policy areas in law enforcement, the legal and judicial system , corrections, and systemwide which provide the highest potential for discrimination on the basis of race, sex, economic condition, or other characteristics.
    • Rural Alaska Corrections Plan (A Summary)

      Angell, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1980-02-12)
      Efforts to improve correctional services in the rural, predominantly Native communities of Alaska have been going on since before statehood. Complete implementation of plans developed by the Alaska Criminal Justice Planning Agency during the 1970s have been hampered by a number of factors: (1) the scope of the planning has tended to be confined to correctional facilities; (2) the problems faced by corrections in Alaska are complicated by diversity of communities served; (3) financial requirements have exceeded available resources; (4) the authority and responsibility for achieving the plans' objectives were unclear. This document offers proposals for a rural corrections plan which offers a comprehensive, systemic — rather than purely correctional — approach for improving public safety and corrections in rural Alaska. It describes the existing situation, philosophy, coordination and planning, organizational proposals, financing, and implementation.
    • Social Services and Corrections: Some Impressions of the North Slope Borough of Alaska

      Endell, Roger V. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1980-06-04)
      Justice services formerly provided by the State of Alaska to residents of the North Slope Borough have been withdrawn in recent years. For example, there is no longer either an Alaska State Trooper or a Divisions of Corrections probation officer based in the borough capital, Barrow. This report presents observations and recommendations addressing the borough government's questions about the planning and development of borough correctional services, relations with the North Slope Borough Department of Public Safety, Alaska Court System, Alaska Division of Corrections, and Inpuiat University (later known as Iḷisaġvik College), issues related to alcohol offenders, probation services, and other issues related to borough correctional services.