• Alaska Felony Sentencing Patterns: Selected Findings

      Carns, Teresa White (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-23)
      This article describes selected findings from the Alaska Judicial Council's recently released report Alaska Felony Sentencing Patterns: 2012–2013. The report examines factors associated with felony sentences under new presumptive ranges set by the Alaska Legislature in 2005 and 2006. The study has been used by the Alaska Criminal Justice Commission (ACJC), established by the legislature in 2014 to make recommendations about criminal justice reform and sentencing.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 1, No. 3 (July 1977)

      Rubinstein, Michael L.; Hill, Judy; Angell, John E.; Ring, Peter Smith; Havelock, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1977-07)
      The July1977 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum leads with a presentation of salient findings from the Alaska Judicial Council's interim report of the Alaska attorney general's ban on plea bargaining. Other articles include a history of the Alaska Criminal Justice Planning Agency (CJPA), which serves as staff to the Governor's Commission on the Administration of Justice, a description of the newly developed two-year and four-year Justice degree programs at the University of Alaska, and a critical look at the misuse of public opinion surveys to address criminal justice issues. The third of a six-part series on the history of the law of search and seizure is accompanied by a review of U.S. case law on search and seizure. Upcoming meetings and seminars are announced.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 3 (Fall 1993)

      Carns, Teresa W.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1993-09-01)
      The Fall 1993 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum describes several Alaska Judicial Council studies which document the increased attention to rural justice from 1987, when more than 100 villages throughout the state lacked resident justice services beyond the presence of a Village Police Officer (VPSO) or Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO), to 1993, with more than 100 tribal courts and councils providing services to residents of their communities. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that In 1991, 2.2 percent of federal and state prison inmates were reported to have the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS. Findings from a 1992 assessment review of Alaska criminal history data and Alaska's compliance with the FBI/BJS voluntary reporting standards are described. Statistics from from 1988 to 1992 on murder and nonnegligent manslaughter in Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, and Alaska overall are presented.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 4 (Winter 1994)

      Morrow, Phyllis; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Carns, Teresa W. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-01-01)
      The Winter 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines some of the salient issues surrounding language, interaction, and legal interpretation in Alaska situations. Associated stories describe policies on interpretation in federal and state courts in Alaska and examples of errors in translation between Yup'ik and English in actual courtroom situations. A National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) report finds that more than 2.5 million women in the United States experience violence annually; although are significantly less likely to become victims of violent crime than men, women are more vulnerable to particular types of perpetrators, including intimates such as husbands or boyfriends. An Alaska Judicial Council seminar on alternative sanctions highlights the various reasons that Alaska judges may choose alternative punishments, ranging from an effort to rehabilitate the offender to a decision to hold the offender accountable, recompense the victim, or respond to overcrowding in the local jail.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 11, No. 1 (Spring 1994)

      Carns, Teresa W.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-03-01)
      The Spring 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum summarizes a report prepared for the Alaska Judicial Council which describes existing state criminal justice computer information systems in Alaska and makes recommendations for improved connectivity and coordination between them. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the number of women in state prisons grew 75 percent from 1986 to 1991, with women comprising 5.2 percent of all prisoners (up from 4.7 percent in 1986). Figures on guns and crime nationally and in Alaska are presented based on data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting system.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 12, No. 1 (Spring 1995)

      Schafer, N. E.; Curtis, Richard; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995-03-01)
      The Spring 1995 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines detention data collected during Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act compliance monitoring to describe juvenile detentions in Alaska for the five years from 1989 to 1993, with particular attention given to repeat offenders, defined as individuals detained six or more times during the five-year period. The Alaska Judicial Council and Alaska Court of Appeals have further expanded the computerized case management system designed by the Alaska Judicial Council.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 14, No. 3 (Fall 1997)

      Schafer, N. E.; Curtis, Richard (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1997-09-01)
      The Fall 1997 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum summarizes major findings of the final report of the Alaska Supreme Court Advisory Committee on Fairness and Access, reporting that the committee received few complaints of intentional racial or cultural bias by the court system, but learned about areas of unintentional bias, cultural misunderstandings, inadequate services, and lack of accessibility. Many of the committee's findings have relevance to justice system agencies beyond the court system. A Justice Center study of 28,618 referrals to the Alaska juvenile justice system found considerable disparity between white and minority youth in the rate at which they were referred, the frequency of their referrals, and the types of offenses which brought them to the attention of juvenile justice personnel.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 15, No. 3 (Fall 1998)

      UAA Justice Center; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-09-01)
      A study of Alaska prisoners, described in the Fall 1998 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum, finds that long-term inmates in Alaska prisons show evidence of having experienced a high rate of abuse during their childhoods; the study examined the issue of a “cycle of violence” and sought out correlates of abuse which may have an impact on offense patterns or inmate behavior. A Bureau of Justice Statistics report finds that the number of prisoners under the jurisdiction of federal or state correctional systems grew 5.2 percent during 1997. An Alaska Judicial Council study of felony probation revocation cases found that the reasons for revocation of probation status for Alaska Natives did not differ from those underlying revocation for non-Native offenders, but did find some difference by ethnicity for the original conditions of probation.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 16, No. 2 (Summer 1999)

      Riley, John; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1999-06-01)
      The Summer 1999 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum opens with an article presenting figures on the use of firearms in the commission of violent crimes in Alaska and in the U.S. as a whole from 1980 to 1997. A recent book on the growth of mass incarceration is reviewed. Major findings from an Alaska Judicial Council report on a 15-month pilot probation program for misdemeanor domestic violence offenders in Palmer are summarized.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 17, No. 4 (Winter 2001)

      Rieger, Lisa; Atwell, Cassie; Kelley, Pamela (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2001-01-01)
      The Winter 2001 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum opens with an article on the restorative justice practice of circle peacemaking in the Southeast Alaska village of Kake. This issue also reports on Alaska's progress in achieving compliance with the federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, describes a learning project which gives Justice Center paralegal students working experience in the Anchorage Legal Services office, and summarizes major findings of an Alaska Judicial Council report on civil cases heard in Alaska courts.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 18, No. 4 (Winter 2002)

      Carns, Teresa W.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2002-01-01)
      The Winter 2002 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum focuses on mental health and the justice system, with two articles about Anchorage Mental Health Court, one of the first four mental health courts in the U.S.; a description of several therapeutic court projects being implemented by the Alaska Court System; and a discussion of the mentally ill in correctional institutions in Alaska and nationwide where, in 2000, one in every eight state prisoners was receiving some mental health therapy or counseling services. An additional article presents figures from the Bureau of Justice Statistics on justice system expenditures in Alaska and the nation.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 2, No. 1 (January 1978)

      Alaska Judicial Council; Neff, Ben L.; Bardonski, Phyllis; Warden, Arlene; Ring, Peter Smith (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-01)
      The January 1978 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum opens with a findings of an Alaska Judicial Council study on domestic violence and the Council's proposal to establish a citizen dispute center in Anchorage for the resolution of domestic disputes where injured parties are unwilling to press criminal charges. Other articles describe an experimental diversion program in Ketchikan for juvenile status offenders intended to minimize the entry of youth into the criminal justice system; a pilot project of the Alaska Judicial Council to involve and inform citizens about the criminal justice system; and the first of a six-part series designed to provide a working knowledge of the basic issues surrounding interrogation and confessions. Also included is a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 2, No. 5 (June 1978)

      Havelock, John E.; White, Teresa J.; Ring, Peter Smith; UAA Criminal Justice Center (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-06)
      The June 1978 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents a subjective analysis of future criminal justice trends in Alaska; based on population shifts, increases in property ownership, and increased reporting, the author predicts that crime will rise in rural areas and decrease in urban areas in upcoming years. Preliminary results of a two-year evaluation by the Alaska Judicial Council of the effects of Alaska's plea bargaining ban are reported. A study prepared for the Governor's Commission on the Administration of Justice determined that the pretrial detention rate for juveniles in Fairbanks was eight times higher than nationally recommended standards. The fifth in a six-part series on the law on confessions discusses voluntary statements and the problems caused by multiple confessions by a defendant. Also included is a digest of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions in criminal appeals cases, a book review, and a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 20, No. 4 (Winter 2004)

      Rosay, André B.; Moras, Antonia (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-01-01)
      The Winter 2004 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on forcible rapes and sexual assaults reported to Anchorage Police Department in 2000–2001, the growth of prison populations in the U.S., a review of an Alaska Judicial Council study of felony case process, options for indigent defense in Alaska, and dispositions of sexual assault cases in Alaska.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 21, No. 3 (Fall 2004)

      Moras, Antonia; Carns, Teresa W.; Kelley, Pamela; Rosay, André B. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-09-01)
      The Fall 2004 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum featured articles on judicial selection in Alaska and other state courts in the U.S.; civil cases in Alaska and other state courts in the U.S.; gender equality in justice professions; and volunteers in Alaska youth courts and other justice agencies.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 22, No. 1 (Spring 2005)

      Chamard, Sharon; Carns, Teresa W.; Langworthy, Robert H.; McKelvie, Alan R. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2005-03-01)
      The Spring 2005 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on youth violence in Anchorage, the Alaska Judicial Council's evaluation of three therapeutic courts, the relationship between drug use and arrest offenses in Anchorage, and Bureau of Justice Statistics figures on the high rates of criminal victimization experienced by Alaska Natives and Native Americans.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 22, No. 3 (Fall 2005)

      UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2005-09-01)
      The Fall 2005 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents articles about an Alaska Judicial Council evaluation of two new Alaska Court System programs focused on the domestic violence protective order process and results from the Anchorage Community Survey on public attitudes about the justice system.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 23, No. 4 (Winter 2007)

      Riley, John; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2007-01-01)
      The Winter 2007 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents articles on Alaska justice system operating expenses (FY 1984–2006), a review essay of a recent book about terrorism and the constitution, a study by the Alaska Judicial Council of offender recidivism in Alaska, and U.S. and Alaska incarceration rates in 2005.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 24, No. 3 (Fall 2007)

      Periman, Deborah; Rosay, André B.; Snodgrass, G. Matthew; Evans, Shel L. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2007-09-01)
      The Fall 2007 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on the collateral consequences of criminal conviction in Alaska, results of an Alaska Judicial Council evaluation of the Alaska Court System's three felony-level therapeutic courts, disproportionate minority contact within the juvenile justice system in Fairbanks North Star Borough, and results of a community survey in Matanuska-Susitna Borough.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 25, No. 4 (Winter 2009)

      Chamard, Sharon; Carns, Teresa W.; Green, Melissa S. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2009-01-01)
      The Winter 2009 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on capital punishment in the U.S. and internationally, as well as a brief history of the death penalty in Alaska; violent deaths in Alaska and nationwide; an exploration of the relationship fear of crime and collective efficacy, social ties, and community disorder in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough; and findings of the Alaska Judicial Council's 2008 report on judicial selection and retention from 1984 to 2007.