• Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 21, No. 4 (Winter 2005)

      Roberts, Justin; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2005-01-01)
      The Winter 2005 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum focuses on bush justice in Alaska, with a description of the work of the Alaska Rural Justice and Law Enforcement Commission, a review of past studies on improving public safety in rural areas of the state, and a bibliography of reports relevant to the Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO) program. An additional article presents figures on the over $62 million in grant funds from the federal Office of Community Policing Services (COPS) received by Alaska police agencies since 1994.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 26, No. 3 (Fall 2009)

      Rivera, Marny; Rosay, André B.; Wood, Darryl S.; TePas, Katherine (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2009-09-01)
      The Fall 2009 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum focuses on violence against women, with articles on legal resolutions and attrition in domestic violence cases reported to Alaska State Troopers, recent recommendations from Alaska lawmakers and the Governor on reducing violence in Alaska, and the relationship between animal abuse and domestic violence. An additional article details recent data about leading causes of death for Alaska and the U.S.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 28, No. 2-3 (Summer / Fall 2011)

      Moras, Antonia; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Armstrong, Barbara (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011-06-01)
      The Summer/Fall 2011 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on immigration in Alaska, a pilot project for Anchorage probation violators, Alaska's five-year plan for offender reentry, and the impact of Village Public Safety Officers (VPSOs) in violence against women cases.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 3, No. 2 (February 1979)

      UAA Criminal Justice Center; Havelock, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-02)
      The February 1979 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features an article summarizing findings of an evaluation of the Alaska Department of Public Safety's Village Police Training Program; a review of Charles Silberman's 1978 book Criminal Violence, Criminal Justice; and a summary of a petition for review in the case of State v. Sundberg involving the (nonfatal) police shooting of a suspect running from the scene of a burglary. Also included are digests of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions, points brought up in criminal appeals cases, and criminal justice bills proposed in the Alaska State Legislature.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 3, No. 4 (April 1979)

      UAA Criminal Justice Center; Endell, Roger V. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-04)
      The April 1979 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features the first of two article on the major findings of Alaskan Village Justice — the first comprehensive study of public safety and the criminal justice system in the predominately Alaska Native villages of rural or "bush" Alaska — and part 2 of a discussion of police education in the United States. Also included are digests of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions and points brought up in criminal appeals cases, and a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 3, No. 5 (May 1979)

      UAA Criminal Justice Center (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-05)
      The May 1979 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features the second of two article on the major findings of Alaskan Village Justice — the first comprehensive study of public safety and the criminal justice system in the predominately Alaska Native villages of rural or "bush" Alaska — and a summary of the defense reply to a petition for review in the case of State v. Sundberg involving the (nonfatal) police shooting of a suspect running from the scene of a burglary. Also included are digests of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions and points brought up in criminal appeals cases.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 3, No. 6 (June 1979)

      Messick, M. James; UAA Criminal Justice Center (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-06)
      The June 1979 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features a description of the Alaska Department of Public Safety's restructured Village Police Officer (VPO) program, now renamed the Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO) program; a discussion of remarks made by Anchorage Superior Court Judge James K. Singleton at a sentencing hearing in regards to sentencing practices in Alaska; and a digest of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions in criminal appeals cases. The Alaska Justice Forum suspended publication with this issue on expiration of its funding grant. (The Alaska Justice Forum resumed publication with Vol. 4, No. 1 in Spring 1987.)
    • Alaska Village Police Training: An Assessment and Recommendations

      Angell, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-12)
      The nature and effectiveness of such traditional social control methods in Alaska Native cultures is difficult to evaluate because of their displacement by methods introduced by fur traders, the Revenue Cutter Service, and U.S. Marshals. Territorial and state police continued the practice of establishing in Native communities the justice models with which they were familiar. The Alaska State Police began to organize formal training programs for Alaska Native people who would serve as police officers in Fairbanks (1964) and Juneau (1965), with more extensive police training programs financed by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Nome in 1966 and the U.S. Department of Labor in 1968 (conducted by the Alaska State Troopers). Beginning in 1971, the Alaska Department of Public Safety received action grants from the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) for the initiation of a broadly conceived program for developing crminal justice services in Alaska Native villages statewide — the Alaska Village Police Training program. A total of approximately $542,000 of LEAA was ultimately invested in continuing the program over a period of seven years (1971–1978). The present study evaluates the Alaska Village Police Training program over the seven-year period on program purpose and goals, program achievements and impacts, and program costs. A final section contains recommendations for future programs to improve training for Alaska police in rural villages. Of 292 people trained since the program's inception, only 70 were still serving in their villages as of late 1978.
    • Alaskan Village Justice: An Exploratory Study

      Angell, John E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-02)
      Initiated by the Alaska Criminal Justice Planning Agency, this is the first comprehensive study of public safety and the administration of justice in the predominately Alaska Native villages of rural or "bush" Alaska. Researchers visited 56 communities within seven of the twelve Alaska Native corporation regions in the state as part of an exploratory effort to collect crime and justice information for use by the State of Alaska in criminal justice policy development in rural areas of the state. Information was gathered in three ways: (1) review of available documents related to each of the communities; (2) direct observations of the communities and justice operations within them; and (3) structured interviews with community residents to elict both object and subjective information about operation of public safety and social control systems. The 175 interviewees included community officials, village police officers, health aides, and magistrates. The report addresses customs, law, and crime in village Alaska; context on justice services in Native communities; police services; legal and judicial services; prisoner detention and corrections; and recommendations for improving the delivery of justice services to rural communities. The study concluded that bush residents do not receive equal protection regarding public safety and justice services in comparison with their counterparts in larger Alaska communities; that the State of Alaska does not have have adequate data needed to identify and address public safety and justice problems in bush areas; and that bush villages and rural Natives are not homogeneous entities and hence require varied and particularized responses by the state.
    • A Brief Look at VPSOs and Violence against Women Cases

      UAA Justice Center (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2011-11)
      This study examined sexual assault and sexual abuse of a minor cases that were reported to Alaska State Troopers in 2003 and 2004, and assault cases involving domestic violence that were reported to Alaska State Troopers in 2004. All analyses were restricted to cases that included only one victim and only one adult suspect. From Alaska Department of Law records, we examined whether cases were referred for prosecution, whether cases were accepted for prosecution, and whether cases resulted in a conviction. We also examined if these legal resolutions were different when the first responder was a local paraprofessional police officer (i.e., a Village Public Safety Officer, a Village Police Officer, or a Tribal Police Officer). • Overall, local paraprofessional police significantly increased the probability of referral for sexual assault cases, had no effect on the probability of referral for sexual abuse of a minor cases, and decreased the probability of referral for assault cases involving domestic violence. (Cases are referred for prosecution by the Alaska State Troopers to the Alaska Department of Law.) • For all three offenses (sexual assault, sexual abuse of a minor, and assault involving domestic violence), local paraprofessional police significantly increased the probability that cases would be accepted for prosecution. • Local paraprofessional police did not impact the probability of conviction in sexual assault cases, but significantly increased the probability of conviction in sexual abuse of minor cases and in assault cases involving domestic violence. Cases that resulted in a conviction may have been plea bargained to reduced charges.
    • Crime and the Justice System in Rural Alaskan Villages

      Angell, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-03-15)
      Approximately 20 percent of Alaska's population live in small remote Native villages. Very little factual data regarding contemporary criminal justice operations has been compiled. For example, comprehensive data concerning present crime rates, policing methods, and local deviancy control mechanisms in rural Alaska simply do not exist. The research underlying this paper was an exploratory effort to begin the collection of crime and justice information which can be used in criminal justice policy development in rural areas of the state by the State of Alaska.