• Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 14, No. 3 (Fall 1997)

      Schafer, N. E.; Curtis, Richard (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1997-09-01)
      The Fall 1997 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum summarizes major findings of the final report of the Alaska Supreme Court Advisory Committee on Fairness and Access, reporting that the committee received few complaints of intentional racial or cultural bias by the court system, but learned about areas of unintentional bias, cultural misunderstandings, inadequate services, and lack of accessibility. Many of the committee's findings have relevance to justice system agencies beyond the court system. A Justice Center study of 28,618 referrals to the Alaska juvenile justice system found considerable disparity between white and minority youth in the rate at which they were referred, the frequency of their referrals, and the types of offenses which brought them to the attention of juvenile justice personnel.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 14, No. 4 (Winter 1998)

      Riley, John; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-01-01)
      The Winter 1998 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features several articles on juvenile justice, including figures on juvenile arrests in Alaska over from 1987 to 1996, during which the Alaska juvenile arrest rate actually declined; the provisions under Alaska Statutes for juveniles to be waivered into the adult justice system; and procedures and laws regarding the disclosure of records of juvenile offenders in Alaska and nationally. Research on the informal conversational patterns of correctional officers at Spring Creek Correctional Center, a maximum security prison in Seward, Alaska, shows how practices of cultural interpretation common to all work groups may pose particular public relations challenges to correctional officers and those who supervise them.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 1998)

      King, Rachel; Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-03-01)
      In the Spring 1998 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum, an assistant public defender who served from 1991 to 1994 in three jurisdictions in rural Alaska — Ketchikan, Kodiak, and Kotzebue — focuses on the situation of rural Alaska Natives to describe how several structural aspects of the criminal justice may contribute to the overrepresentation of Alaska Natives in the Alaska prison system. The second phase of a Justice Center study of racial disproportionality in juvenile referrals in Alaska looks at 33 youth who had five or more referrals, examining individual criminal histories and family backgrounds as revealed in the files, and notes noted that juveniles from rural communities sometimes received referrals for behavior that would have been handled informally in urban settings.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 17, No. 3 (Fall 2000)

      Giblin, Matthew; Morrow, Phyllis; Riley, John (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2000-09-01)
      The Fall 2000 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on the Anchorage Coordinated Agency Network (CANS) program, designed to enhance supervision and services provided to juvenile probationers; continuing efforts in the Alaska judicial system to improve access to justice in cases involving speakers of language other than English; and a review essay on the book “Newjack,” which describes how the prison experience influences the lives and relationships of correctional officers. The Justice Center celebrates its 25th year as a research, academic, and public education institution.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 2, No. 1 (January 1978)

      Alaska Judicial Council; Neff, Ben L.; Bardonski, Phyllis; Warden, Arlene; Ring, Peter Smith (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-01)
      The January 1978 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum opens with a findings of an Alaska Judicial Council study on domestic violence and the Council's proposal to establish a citizen dispute center in Anchorage for the resolution of domestic disputes where injured parties are unwilling to press criminal charges. Other articles describe an experimental diversion program in Ketchikan for juvenile status offenders intended to minimize the entry of youth into the criminal justice system; a pilot project of the Alaska Judicial Council to involve and inform citizens about the criminal justice system; and the first of a six-part series designed to provide a working knowledge of the basic issues surrounding interrogation and confessions. Also included is a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 2, No. 10 (November 1978)

      Bruce, Kevin; Lederman, Sema; UAA Criminal Justice Center (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-11)
      The November 1978 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum leads with a description of Project PROSECUTOR (PROSecutor's Enhanced Charging Using Tested Options and Research), a project of the Alaska Department of Law and the UAA Criminal Justice Center to improve prosecutor screening and legal advising to police and to establish a pretrial intervention program. Standing Together Against Rape (STAR), a 24-hour crisis intervention and advocacy service for victims of sexual assault, opened in Anchorage in May 1978. The state of Washington has adopted a sweeping new juvenile justice code, which went into effect July 1, 1978, replacing the original code adopted in 1913. Also included are digests of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions and points brought up in criminal appeals cases, the winter 1978–1979 schedule of classes offered by the Justice B.A. program at UAA, announcement of an upcoming police education symposium, and a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 2, No. 5 (June 1978)

      Havelock, John E.; White, Teresa J.; Ring, Peter Smith; UAA Criminal Justice Center (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-06)
      The June 1978 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents a subjective analysis of future criminal justice trends in Alaska; based on population shifts, increases in property ownership, and increased reporting, the author predicts that crime will rise in rural areas and decrease in urban areas in upcoming years. Preliminary results of a two-year evaluation by the Alaska Judicial Council of the effects of Alaska's plea bargaining ban are reported. A study prepared for the Governor's Commission on the Administration of Justice determined that the pretrial detention rate for juveniles in Fairbanks was eight times higher than nationally recommended standards. The fifth in a six-part series on the law on confessions discusses voluntary statements and the problems caused by multiple confessions by a defendant. Also included is a digest of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions in criminal appeals cases, a book review, and a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 2, No. 6 (July 1978)

      Stern, Barry; Cobb, Chris; Robinson, Elliott H.; Ring, Peter Smith (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-07)
      In the July 1978 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum, the staff counsel of the Alaska Criminal Code Revision Subcommission describes the major provisions of the Revised Alaska Criminal Code as approved by the Alaska Legislature in June 1978, and highlights changes from the draft revised code proposed by the subcommission. The Anchorage Pretrial Intervention Project, which became operational in early 1978, is described. An offender reentry program of the Alaska Division of Corrections to help ex-offenders adjust to life after prison is described. The concluding installment of a six-part series on the law of confessions discusses the use of evidence obtained from defendants which is inadmissible under Miranda guidelines or for other reasons related to violation of defendants' Fifth or Sixth Amendment rights. Additional articles discuss a national survey indicating the need for sex offender treatment programs and a report on more efficient police patrol procedures. Also included are digests of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions and points brought up in criminal appeals cases, announcements of upcoming courses and seminars, and a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 27, No. 4 (Winter 2011)

      Periman, Deborah; Parker, Khristy; Daniels, Shea (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011-01-01)
      The Winter 2011 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on the Uniform Collateral Consequences of Conviction Act designed to facilitate offender reentry throughout the United States; the Fairbanks gang assessment — the first structured study of gang activity in Alaska; and a summary of a Bureau of Justice Statistics report on law enforcementn agencies with special gang crime units.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 30, No. 1 (Spring 2013)

      Rosay, André B.; Rivera, Marny; Williams, Dean; Comeau, Carol; Hitchcock, William D.; Armstrong, Barbara (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-03-01)
      The Spring 2013 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum is devoted primarily to issues related to school discipline and the juvenile justice system, and features three articles on "zero tolerance" policies by Dean Williams, who was the Superintendent of the McLaughlin Youth Center; Carol Comeau, who was the Superintendent of the Anchorage School District; and William Hitchcock, who was the Master of the Anchorage Children’s Court. Background is provided through an examination of recent data on juvenile delinquency and school suspensions and expulsions for Alaska. A fifth article describes StepUp, a diversion program for expelled or long-term suspended students which has operated for the past four years in the Anchorage School District. The issue also includes updates on Alaska Victimization Survey data releases, faculty and staff news, and a memorial to retired Justice Center faculty member Dr. Lawrence C. Trostle, who died in May 2013.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 4, No. 2 (Summer 1987)

      Parry, David L.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Lee, Nella (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1987-06)
      The Summer 1987 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on juvenile offense patterns in Alaska in 1985; the lifetime likelihood of victimization; crime definitions from the National Crime Survey; and a reviews two recent studies on runaway children in Alaska. April 1987 population figures for Alaska Department of Corrections facilities are presented.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 6, No. 2 (Summer 1989)

      Becker, Dwight; Read, Emily E.; Schafer, N. E.; Bureau of Justice Statistics (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1989-06)
      The Summer 1989 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on delinquent activity in Southcentral Alaska, which declined from 1984 to 1988, and on criminal cases heard in federal courts from 1980 to 1987.
    • Bylaws of the Selawik Parents Committee

      Conn, Stephen (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1985-06)
      These bylaws were drafted on behalf of the Selawik Parent's Committee in the City of Selawik. The Selawik Parent's Committee was formed to work with Selawik children who have broken city or state laws, children in need of aid, and the parents and guardians of such children, seeking to avoid the more extreme remedies of detention (for delinquents) and removal from the home (in cases of children in need of aid) by working out solutions to juvenile and family problems at the village level drawing on the tradition of the elders.
    • A Comparison by Race of Juvenile Referrals in Alaska

      Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-03)
      A data set comprised of all juveniles referred to Alaska youth corrections in the fiscal years 1992–1996 shows disproportionate referral of Alaska Native and African American youth when compared to their proportions in the general population. Minorities also appear more likely than white youth to accumulate multiple referrals. Random samples selected within each racial group are used to seek extra-legal factors which may account for some of the disparity. Information on family and home life, school, personal problems, and the details of each referrals and each referral outcome were extrapolated from the files of the sample which included 39 white youth, 35 Alaska Native youth, and 37 African American youth. Special attention was paid to youth who accumulated multiple referrals.
    • Comparison by Race of Juvenile Referrals in Alaska: Phase II Report

      Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-05)
      Phase I of this study analyzed data on over 28,000 referrals to the Alaska Division of Family and Youth Services (DFYS) for 1992–1995 to provide comparative information on referrals of Alaska Native, African American, and white youth to the Alaska juvenile justice system. In Phase II, a stratified sample of 112 individual files was examined in an attempt to identify factors, such as race, residence in rural or urban locations, alcohol involvement, age at first referral, family and living situations, and local priorities which might be associated with the decision to refer a child to DFYS. This examination supported the previous finding that minority youth, including Alaska Natives, were more likely than white youth to accumulate referrals. Native youth were also more likely to accumulate alcohol-related referrals, particularly at the village level, Alaska Native juveniles may be receiving referrals in rural areas for behaviors that would be ignored or dealt with more informally by urban police. Furhter, youth who had multiple referrals tended to have more unstable home lives than those with fewer referrals, regardless of racial or ethnic identities.
    • Courts and Trials: Teacher's Manual

      Balnave, Richard; Anchorage School District (Anchorage School District; Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1976-08)
      In 1976, Anchorage School District (ASD) and the Criminal Justice Center at University of Alaska, Anchorage, collaborated to develop a law-related curriculum for 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th-grade classrooms, with teacher's manuals written to supplement the basic texts chosen for the program, the "Law in Action" series by Linda Riekes and Sally Mahe Ackerly (West Publishing Company, 1975). This teacher's manual for the unit taught to seventh-graders, ""Courts and Trials," focuses on the judicial system in America and in Alaska. The teacher's manual reflects improvements to the original lessons, supplementary classroom activities, supplementary media, and inclusion of Alaska-specific content such as local news articles about Alaska courts and Alaska community resources. Supplementary material in this teacher's manual does not cover every lesson in the original "Law in Action" unit.
    • Disproportionate Minority Contact in Anchorage

      Rosay, André B.; Everett, Ronald (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2006-06-10)
      This slide show presentation presents recently collected data on disproportionate contact with the juvenile justice system of minority youth in Anchorage, Alaska. The data examine minority contact with local law enforcement and juvenile justice authorities at McLaughlin Youth Center. Disproportionate minority contact (DMC) occurs when the rate of referral for minority youth exceeds the rate of referral for white youth. DMC occurs for almost all non-white minority groups in Anchorage; it is more prevalent for Pacific, Native, and Black youth, both males and females, and more prevalent for referrals for probation/conduct violations, especially for females.
    • Disproportionate Minority Processing of Females: A Comparison of Native, Black and White Juveniles

      Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998-11)
      An examination of four years of statewide female juvenile referral data showed that Native girls are referred in disproportionate numbers and tend to have lengthier records. Underage drinking was one of the most frequent referral reasons. Because many of the Native females were from rural communities, the disproportionate referrals may be a factor of the smallness of the communities, in which misbehavior is more readily noticed. Examination of a subset of files for girls with multiple referrals showed that the actual behavior was often not particularly grave and that many of the girls with multiple referrals came from very unstable backgrounds.
    • Disproportionate Representation of Minorities in the Alaska Juvenile Justice System: Phase I Report

      Schafer, N. E.; Curtis, Richard; Atwell, Cassie (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1997-09)
      The disproportionate processing of minorities in the justice system has been noted with growing concern nationally as well as at the state level. In Alaska, as in other states, the primary basis for concern is that minorities are overrepresented among the adult prison population. The realization that this disproportionality appears in other justice system venues has led nationally to a number of research initiatives with a focus on the overrepresentation of juveniles. This report analyzes referral data from the Alaska Division of Family and Youth Services (DFYS) for 1992-1995 to provide a statistical overview of disproportionate minority contact in the Alaska juvenile justice system, providing comparative data for referrals of Alaska Native, African American, and white youth.
    • Evaluation of the Boys & Girls Clubs of America Targeted Re-Entry Initiative: Final Report

      Barton, William H.; Jarjoura, G. Roger; Rosay, André B. (Indiana University School of Social Work; Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2008-12)
      In 2003 and early 2004 the Boys and Girls Clubs of America (BGCA) introduced Targeted Re-Entry (TR), a juvenile aftercare approach derived from the Intensive Aftercare Program (IAP) model (Altschuler & Armstrong) into four sites, partnering with state juvenile correctional facilities in Mobile, Alabama; Anchorage, Alaska; Benton, Little Rock, and North Little Rock, Arkansas; and Milwaukee and Wales, Wisconsin. The Targeted Re-entry approach builds closely upon the IAP model, with local Boys & Girls Clubs providing community leadership, case management functions, and close linkages with the correctional system. A key element in all four sites is the introduction of a Boys & Girls Club providing recreational and other programming inside the juvenile correctional facility. By introducing the youths to the Boys & Girls Clubs’ philosophy and activities while they are incarcerated, providing (or participating in) the overarching case management prescribed by the IAP model, and connecting the youths to Boys & Girls Clubs back in the community as part of the reentry plan, TR staff hope to provide continuity and a positive youth development framework for more successful reentry. This study reports on an evaluation of TR for the four states, with a sample derived from all youth who had been identified since the beginning of the programs who were released from the institutions to the community phase no later than December 31, 2006, allowing recidivism and other outcome data to be collected for a 12-month post-release follow-up period.