• Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 17, No. 2 (Summer 2000)

      Wood, Darryl S.; Araji, Sharon (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2000-06-01)
      The Summer 2000 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features findings from a study of officer turnover in Alaska's Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO) program, a review essay of the book "A Natural History of Rape" by Randy Thornhill and Craig T. Palmer, and national data on rape rates in the U.S. from 1973 to 1999 based on figures from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS).
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 21, No. 4 (Winter 2005)

      Roberts, Justin; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2005-01-01)
      The Winter 2005 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum focuses on bush justice in Alaska, with a description of the work of the Alaska Rural Justice and Law Enforcement Commission, a review of past studies on improving public safety in rural areas of the state, and a bibliography of reports relevant to the Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO) program. An additional article presents figures on the over $62 million in grant funds from the federal Office of Community Policing Services (COPS) received by Alaska police agencies since 1994.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 26, No. 3 (Fall 2009)

      Rivera, Marny; Rosay, André B.; Wood, Darryl S.; TePas, Katherine (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2009-09-01)
      The Fall 2009 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum focuses on violence against women, with articles on legal resolutions and attrition in domestic violence cases reported to Alaska State Troopers, recent recommendations from Alaska lawmakers and the Governor on reducing violence in Alaska, and the relationship between animal abuse and domestic violence. An additional article details recent data about leading causes of death for Alaska and the U.S.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 28, No. 2-3 (Summer / Fall 2011)

      Moras, Antonia; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Armstrong, Barbara (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011-06-01)
      The Summer/Fall 2011 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on immigration in Alaska, a pilot project for Anchorage probation violators, Alaska's five-year plan for offender reentry, and the impact of Village Public Safety Officers (VPSOs) in violence against women cases.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 3, No. 2 (February 1979)

      UAA Criminal Justice Center; Havelock, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-02)
      The February 1979 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features an article summarizing findings of an evaluation of the Alaska Department of Public Safety's Village Police Training Program; a review of Charles Silberman's 1978 book Criminal Violence, Criminal Justice; and a summary of a petition for review in the case of State v. Sundberg involving the (nonfatal) police shooting of a suspect running from the scene of a burglary. Also included are digests of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions, points brought up in criminal appeals cases, and criminal justice bills proposed in the Alaska State Legislature.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 3, No. 4 (April 1979)

      UAA Criminal Justice Center; Endell, Roger V. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-04)
      The April 1979 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features the first of two article on the major findings of Alaskan Village Justice — the first comprehensive study of public safety and the criminal justice system in the predominately Alaska Native villages of rural or "bush" Alaska — and part 2 of a discussion of police education in the United States. Also included are digests of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions and points brought up in criminal appeals cases, and a justice training calendar.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 3, No. 5 (May 1979)

      UAA Criminal Justice Center (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-05)
      The May 1979 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features the second of two article on the major findings of Alaskan Village Justice — the first comprehensive study of public safety and the criminal justice system in the predominately Alaska Native villages of rural or "bush" Alaska — and a summary of the defense reply to a petition for review in the case of State v. Sundberg involving the (nonfatal) police shooting of a suspect running from the scene of a burglary. Also included are digests of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions and points brought up in criminal appeals cases.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 3, No. 6 (June 1979)

      Messick, M. James; UAA Criminal Justice Center (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-06)
      The June 1979 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features a description of the Alaska Department of Public Safety's restructured Village Police Officer (VPO) program, now renamed the Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO) program; a discussion of remarks made by Anchorage Superior Court Judge James K. Singleton at a sentencing hearing in regards to sentencing practices in Alaska; and a digest of recent Alaska Supreme Court opinions in criminal appeals cases. The Alaska Justice Forum suspended publication with this issue on expiration of its funding grant. (The Alaska Justice Forum resumed publication with Vol. 4, No. 1 in Spring 1987.)
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 34, No. 4 (Spring 2018)  

      Myrstol, Brad A.; Cravez, Pamela; UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-04-02)
      The Spring 2018 print edition of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on Village Public Safety Officers (VPSOs) as first responders in sexual abuse of a minor and sexual assault cases, findings from the 2014–2015 Alaska Victimization Survey for the Aleutian and Pribilof Islands, Alaska's progress on the Sexual Assault Kit Initiative, and a review of a book on the Sequential Intercept Model, which offers conceptual points at which a person with serious mental illness could be diverted from the criminal justice system. The Spring 2018 online edition includes expanded versions of print stories.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 8, No. 2 (Summer 1991)

      Marenin, Otwin; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Barnes, Allan R.; Criminal Justice Statistics Association (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1991-06-01)
      The Summer 1991 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents data from a study of crime in five unnamed Athabascan villages in central Alaska from 1985 through 1990; extracts from Village Public Safety Officer and Alaska State Trooper reports provide concrete details of individual incidents and a sense of context. The Offender-Based Transaction Statistics (OBTS) program of the Bureau of Justice Statistics, which tracks adult offenders from the point of entry into the criminal justice system through final disposition; OBTS data from eight U.S. states, including Alaska, indicate that for every 100 persons arrested for a felony in 1988, 81 were prosecuted, 59 were convicted, 39 were sentenced to incarceration, and 10 were committed to a state prison, usually for more than a year. Key provisions of the federal Violent Crime Control Act of 1991, awaiting final passage, are described.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 8, No. 4 (Winter 1992)

      Trostle, Lawrence C.; McShea, Darren; Perras, Russell; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Schafer, N. E.; Tubbs, Michael P.; Rieger, Lisa (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1992-01-01)
      The Winter 1992 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features findings from a study on the nonenforcement role of Village Public Safety Officers (VPSOs), figures from the Bureau of Justice Statistics on crime victimization experienced by students aged 12 to 19 in U.S. schools, an analysis of residents of a community corrections center in Anchorage, and a summary of findings from the Alaska Sentencing Commissions 1991 annual report.
    • Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 9, No. 1 (Spring 1992)

      Trivette, Samuel H.; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Trostle, Lawrence C. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1992-03-01)
      The Spring 1992 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features findings from a study of 67 parole violators who appeared before the Alaska Parole Board in the summer of 1990, figures from the Bureau of Justice Statistics on prosecutors in state courts in 1990, and a further look at the the nonenforcement role of Village Public Safety Officers (VPSOs), which was also discussed in the previous (Winter 1992) issue of the Alaska Justice Forum.
    • Alaska Village Police Training: An Assessment and Recommendations

      Angell, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-12)
      The nature and effectiveness of such traditional social control methods in Alaska Native cultures is difficult to evaluate because of their displacement by methods introduced by fur traders, the Revenue Cutter Service, and U.S. Marshals. Territorial and state police continued the practice of establishing in Native communities the justice models with which they were familiar. The Alaska State Police began to organize formal training programs for Alaska Native people who would serve as police officers in Fairbanks (1964) and Juneau (1965), with more extensive police training programs financed by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Nome in 1966 and the U.S. Department of Labor in 1968 (conducted by the Alaska State Troopers). Beginning in 1971, the Alaska Department of Public Safety received action grants from the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) for the initiation of a broadly conceived program for developing crminal justice services in Alaska Native villages statewide — the Alaska Village Police Training program. A total of approximately $542,000 of LEAA was ultimately invested in continuing the program over a period of seven years (1971–1978). The present study evaluates the Alaska Village Police Training program over the seven-year period on program purpose and goals, program achievements and impacts, and program costs. A final section contains recommendations for future programs to improve training for Alaska police in rural villages. Of 292 people trained since the program's inception, only 70 were still serving in their villages as of late 1978.
    • Alaskan Village Justice: An Exploratory Study

      Angell, John E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-02)
      Initiated by the Alaska Criminal Justice Planning Agency, this is the first comprehensive study of public safety and the administration of justice in the predominately Alaska Native villages of rural or "bush" Alaska. Researchers visited 56 communities within seven of the twelve Alaska Native corporation regions in the state as part of an exploratory effort to collect crime and justice information for use by the State of Alaska in criminal justice policy development in rural areas of the state. Information was gathered in three ways: (1) review of available documents related to each of the communities; (2) direct observations of the communities and justice operations within them; and (3) structured interviews with community residents to elict both object and subjective information about operation of public safety and social control systems. The 175 interviewees included community officials, village police officers, health aides, and magistrates. The report addresses customs, law, and crime in village Alaska; context on justice services in Native communities; police services; legal and judicial services; prisoner detention and corrections; and recommendations for improving the delivery of justice services to rural communities. The study concluded that bush residents do not receive equal protection regarding public safety and justice services in comparison with their counterparts in larger Alaska communities; that the State of Alaska does not have have adequate data needed to identify and address public safety and justice problems in bush areas; and that bush villages and rural Natives are not homogeneous entities and hence require varied and particularized responses by the state.
    • A Brief Look at VPSOs and Violence against Women Cases

      UAA Justice Center (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2011-11)
      This study examined sexual assault and sexual abuse of a minor cases that were reported to Alaska State Troopers in 2003 and 2004, and assault cases involving domestic violence that were reported to Alaska State Troopers in 2004. All analyses were restricted to cases that included only one victim and only one adult suspect. From Alaska Department of Law records, we examined whether cases were referred for prosecution, whether cases were accepted for prosecution, and whether cases resulted in a conviction. We also examined if these legal resolutions were different when the first responder was a local paraprofessional police officer (i.e., a Village Public Safety Officer, a Village Police Officer, or a Tribal Police Officer). • Overall, local paraprofessional police significantly increased the probability of referral for sexual assault cases, had no effect on the probability of referral for sexual abuse of a minor cases, and decreased the probability of referral for assault cases involving domestic violence. (Cases are referred for prosecution by the Alaska State Troopers to the Alaska Department of Law.) • For all three offenses (sexual assault, sexual abuse of a minor, and assault involving domestic violence), local paraprofessional police significantly increased the probability that cases would be accepted for prosecution. • Local paraprofessional police did not impact the probability of conviction in sexual assault cases, but significantly increased the probability of conviction in sexual abuse of minor cases and in assault cases involving domestic violence. Cases that resulted in a conviction may have been plea bargained to reduced charges.
    • Crime and the Justice System in Rural Alaskan Villages

      Angell, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-03-15)
      Approximately 20 percent of Alaska's population live in small remote Native villages. Very little factual data regarding contemporary criminal justice operations has been compiled. For example, comprehensive data concerning present crime rates, policing methods, and local deviancy control mechanisms in rural Alaska simply do not exist. The research underlying this paper was an exploratory effort to begin the collection of crime and justice information which can be used in criminal justice policy development in rural areas of the state by the State of Alaska.
    • High Referral Rate for VPSO-Assisted Sex Assault Cases

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-04-02)
      This article reports findings from a recent study examining the impact of Alaska’s Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO) program on the criminal justice response to sexual abuse of a minor (SAM) and sexual assault (SA) cases closed by the Alaska State Troopers (AST) between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2011 in western Alaska. The study found that the likelihood that a sexual assault or sexual assault of a minor case will be accepted for prosecution in western Alaska is enhanced when VPSOs are first responders. [This article also appeared on p. 1–4 of the Spring 2018 print edition.]