• A Methodology for the Prioritization of Invasive Plant Management in Alaska

      Blackburn, Brianne N. (University of Alaska Anchorage, Project Management Department, 2014)
      The control of invasive, non-native plants is of increasing concern in ecosystem management as invasive plant species are found to be threatening natural resources through the disruption of biodiversity, habitat structure, and ecosystem processes across the world. State Government leadership in invasive plant management policy is required to ensure efforts are coordinated and cost effective. As resources for managing invasive plants are limited, the need to evaluate and rank non-native species is a primary concern before expensive management is attempted so that the most threatening species may be addressed first. An objective, repeatable and clearly defined methodology for prioritizing invasive plant management within Department of Natural Resources, Division of Agriculture (DOA) was developed. The development process reviewed literature on the philosophy of decision analysis and various case studies in its application to natural resource projects and act as a guide for the development of an initial process framework. Subject matter experts were engaged to develop the decision criteria using a Delphi survey technique to collect information on experts’ current priorities and tolerances for invasive plants. The final product includes a process diagram, a summary worksheet, and a detailed record of the evaluation decision, rationale, and supporting resources.
    • The Political Economics of United States Marine Aquaculture

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2010-10)
      Government leasing and regulatory policies are critically important for the development of marine aquaculture to a scale far below its economic potential. Two extreme examples are the State of Alaska's ban on all finfish farming, and the absence of an enabling regulatory framework for aquaculture in offshore federal waters. This paper suggests five broad reasons for which U.S. policies have been unfavorable towards marine aquaculture: (1) Marine aquaculture is new and small; (2) Fish and marine waters are traditionally public resources; (3) Many Americans perceive potential negative effects of marine aquaculture without offsetting positive effects; (4) MGOs have systematically and effective opposed marine aquaculture; and (5) The governance system for leasing and regulation is structurally biased against U.S. marine aquaculture. The paper suggests four broad strategies for addressing these political challenges: (1) Fix real problems; (2) Demonstrate benefits; (3) Argue effectively; and (4) Reform Governance.