• Alaska Fisheries and Regional Economics

      Hull, Dan; Goldsmith, Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1994)
      This report provides profiles for several commercial fisheries and the regional markets in which they are sold within Alaska. Information on five broad fisheries includes harvest, stocks, season, managment, price, ex vessel value, processing, market, market conditions, 'general', and market outlook. Regional markets included here are Duch Harbor/Unalaska, Kodiak, Bristol Bay (Dillingham annd Naknek), Prince William Sound, Kuskokwim/Bethel, Norton Sound, and Southeast Alaska.
    • Alaska Salmon Industry and Japan

      Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1993
      Until the late 1980s, Alaska and Canadian wild salmon were the only significant sources of high-quality salmon available to Japan, and Alaska and Canada accounted for an overwhelming share of Japanese salmon imports. That has changed. Japanese processors and consumers have begun to treat farmed Chilean coho as a viable substitute for sockeye. In the past few years, imports from Chile have grown substantially. Chile and other salmon farming countries have the potential to vastly expand their production and their exports to Japan. Japanese imports of salmon from Russia have also grown rapidly. As a result of these changes, the U.S. import share has fallen substantially, from 85 percent in 1987 to less than 60 percent in 1992. We have suffered a very substantial decline in our market share in just a few years. New patterns of supply are not the only changes in the Japanese salmon market. Changes are also happening in consumer demand Japanese consumers, like consumers all over the world, are increasingly demanding higher quality and more variety in the food products that they eat. They are beginning to eat more meat products. This presentation includes graphical data regarding various aspects of harvests, prices, exports for fresh and frozen salmon. Presented at a forum on the Alaska Fishing Industry and Japan at the Anchorage Museum of History and Art, Thursday, September 23, 1993.
    • Alaska Salmon Markets and Prices

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1992)
      Since 1988, Alaska salmon fishermen have watched the bottom drop out of salmon prices. Between 1988 and 1991, the average price Alaska fishermen received for sockeye salmon fell from $2.35 per pound to $. 77 per pound, and the average price of pink salmon fell from 79 cents per pound to 13 cents per pound. The bust in salmon prices followed an equally dramatic boom in prices between 1985 and 1988. What caused the boom and bust in salmon prices, and what lies ahead for the Alaska salmon industry? This report addresses these questions, and provides basic data needed for informed discussion of policy issues related to salmon prices and markets. This report is part of a series of papers and workshops intended to provide information and encourage fishermen and others to work together to improve the salmon market.
    • Alaska Seafood Industry: Seafood Sector Report and Summary

      Knapp, Gunnar; Smith, Terrence (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1991)
      The Alaska Seafood Industry Sector Report is a comprehensive review of Alaska's seafood harvesting and processing industry through the decade of the 1980s. This report provides an overview of the seafood industry in Alaska. We present basic information on fish and shellfish harvesting, processing,fisheries markets,seafood industry employment and income, publicrevenues and expenditures in support of fisheries,and product prices. Included under eachof these topics are separate data and discussion for salmon, shellfish, herring, halibut and bottornfish. The data presented focus on the last ten years of the fisheries,that is,1980-1989.
    • Alaska Seafood Market Changes and Challenges

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2003)
      This presentation outlines research identifying changes in Alaska seafood markets. Particular focus is given to the impact of globalization, increased development of aquaculture, marketing challenges, and strategies for more effective marketing. Presented to Alaska Fisheries Marketing Board
    • Challenges and Strategies for the Alaska Salmon Industry

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2002)
      The salmon industry is very important to Alaska—in particular to coastal communities.The Alaska salmon industry is facing an economic crisis. One cause of the crisis is competition from farmed salmon, which has severely depressed prices for Alaska salmon, however, farmed salmon is only part of the problem: the salmon industryalso faces other major challenges. The salmon industry is experiencing painful adjustments with severe economic and social consequences for Alaska.There isn’t any way to avoid painful adjustment. The issue is how best to create the conditions for a more profitable industry. This presentation provides an overview of the many complexities of the situation facing the industry in 2002.
    • Chapter 6: Vegetation

      Berman, Matthew; DeVelice, Robert; Hollingsworth, Teresa Nettleton; Bella, Elizabeth; Carlson, Matthew L.; Clark, Paul; Barrett, Tara; Hayward, Gregory D.; Lundquist, John; Magness, Dawn Robin; et al. (U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, 2016)
      This assessment evaluates the effects of future climate change on a select set of ecological systems and ecosystem services in Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula and Chugach National Forest regions. The focus of the assessment was established during a multi-agency/organization workshop that established the goal to conduct a rigorous evaluation of a limited range of topics rather than produce a broad overview. The report explores the potential consequences of climate change for: (a) snowpack, glaciers, and winter recreation; (b) coastal landscapes and associated environments, (c) vegetation, (d) salmon, and (e) a select set of wildlife species. During the next half century, directional change associated with warming temperatures and increased precipitation will result in dramatic reductions in snow cover at low elevations, continued retreat of glaciers, substantial changes in the hydrologic regime for an estimated 8.5 percent of watersheds, and potentially an increase in the abundance of pink salmon. In contrast to some portions of the Earth, apparent sealevel rise is likely to be low for much of the assessment region owing to interactions between tectonic processes and sea conditions. Shrubs and forests are projected to continue moving to higher elevations, reducing the extent of alpine tundra and potentially further affecting snow levels. Opportunities for alternative forms of outdoor recreation and subsistence activities that include sled-dog mushing, hiking, hunting, and travel using across-snow vehicles will change as snowpack levels, frozen soils, and vegetation change over time. There was a projected 66-percent increase in the estimated value of human structures (e.g. homes, businesses) that are at risk to fire in the next half century on the Kenai Peninsula, and a potential expansion of invasive plants, particularly along roads, trails, and waterways.
    • Comparison of Salmon Prices in Alaska and Canada

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1994)
      Prices for Alaska salmon have declined substantially over the past four years due to lost market share. In most cases market share has been lost to increased farmed salmon production which has market advantage due to year around availability, consistent high quality and consistent pricing. While Canadian wild salmon has also suffered price declines, they have not been as severe as Alaska. Average Canadian ex-vessel and wholesale prices for sockeye and pink salmon are significantly higher than Alaska salmon prices.This report explores the extent of and reasons for price differences between Canadian and Alaska salmon pricing. By identifying the reasons for higher prices paid for Canadian salmon, it is hoped the state and the industry can better identify development policies and market strategies that will increase the value of Alaska salmon.
    • Economics of Sport Fishing In Alaska

      Goldsmith, Scott; Haley, Sharman; Berman, Matthew; Kim, Hong Jin; Hill, Alexandra (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1999)
      Sport anglers reeling in salmon, halibut, and other fish generated—both directly and indirectly—an estimated three percent of jobs and payroll in Alaska in 1993. This is one of the findings of a study of the economics of sport fishing that ISER did for the Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Sport fishing is enormously popular with residents and visitors. The Department of Fish and Game estimates that nearly half a million anglers fished in Alaska in 1997, with numbers of visiting anglers slightly edging Alaskan anglers. Seven out of ten Alaska households have at least one sport angler. Nearly half of Alaska’s households rate hunting and fishing opportunities as important reasons why they live where they do. The department contracted with ISER to do this study because the economics of sport fishing in Alaska is an important consideration for resource managers allocating fish stocks, evaluating fishery projects, and making decisions about land and water management. The analysis is based largely on information we collected in surveys of sport anglers and guide and charter businesses in 1993 and 1994.
    • Effects of the Chignik Cooperative: What the Permit Holders Say

      Hill, Alexandra; Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2003)
      The value to fishermen of the 2002 Alaska salmon harvest was $141 million—less than one-third of the $481 million average value of catches in the first half of the 1990s. Many factors contributed to this decline, including not only competition from farmed salmon, but also lower sockeye salmon harvests, changes in consumer demand, and a worldwide economic slowdown. These changes have created discussions throughout the salmon industry—among fishermen, processors, fishery managers, and government officials—about how to restore profitability to the salmon industry. Part of the discussion has been about options for “restructuring” the management of salmon fisheries to lower costs, increase value, or steer more of the benefits to Alaskans and their communities.
    • ISER Review 2000 - 2002

      Leask, Linda (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2002)
      This report provides summary information from selected research conducted by the Institute of Social and Economic Research between 2000 and 2002. This edition includes challenges to Alaska's salmon fishery, The launch of an online collection of materials on Alaska Native culture, language, and history (Alaskool.org), the economic impact of Anchorage's International Airport, land ownership in Alaska, the contribution of tourism to Alaska's economy, and many more!
    • The Kenai National Wildlife Refuge: Economic Importance, 2004

      Goldsmith, Scott; Hill, Alexandra; Dugan, Darcy (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2005)
      The Kenai National Wildlife Refuge contributes to the borough economy primarily through the tourism and seafood industries. The refuge’s lakes, mountains and forests are home to abundant animals, birds, and fish. They provide sport fishing and hunting opportunities as well as a variety of non-consumptive activities such as hiking, rafting and bird watching. The refuge also contains breeding and rearing habitat for substantial salmon populations that support sport fishing both on and off the refuge as well as commercial fishing in Cook Inlet. Three changes in the significance and impact of the refuge emerge in comparing this report with ISER’s previous estimates published in The Kenai National Wildlife Refuge: Economic Importance (May, 2000). The most striking is the continued decline in the value of Cook Inlet commercial salmon fisheries. Harvest values since 2000 are among the lowest in the last 30 years. Increased competition keeps prices low enough that even years with good returns have low total harvest values. Employment generated by commercial fishing attributable to the refuge has declined by 40 percent and income by almost 70 percent.
    • Long-Term Trends in the Pacific Salmon Industry

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2019)
      Prepared for a symposium on “The Science of Pacific Salmon Conservation: Foundations, Myths, and Emerging Insights” at the Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society in Reno, Nevada on October 1, 2019.
    • The Matanuska-Susitna Borough Community Survey, 2014 and Trends 2009–2014: A Sourcebook of Community Attitudes

      Chamard, Sharon; Barnes, Luke; Fox, Lily; Lyons, Kris; Reinhard, Daniel; Witte, Derek (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-07-07)
      The Matanuska-Susitna Borough Community Survey (Mat-Su Survey), conducted annually since 2006, is a cooperative research effort between the Justice Center at University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) and the Matanuska-Susitna Borough. The survey asks Mat-Su Borough residents to evaluate the quality of Borough services, provide opinions about Borough decision-making, and sum up their perceptions about a range of issues relevant to the present and future of the Mat-Su community. The 2014 survey was distributed to 2,491 adult heads-of-household in the Mat-Su Borough in the winter and spring of 2014; a total of 1,003 surveys were returned, for a response rate of 40.3%. This sourcebook presents both the results from the 2014 Mat-Su Survey and trends from 2009–2014 in five major areas: (1) evaluation of current borough services; (2) use of borough facilities; (3) life in Mat-Su neighborhoods; (4) local government access, policies, and practices; and (5) respondent background information. A set of additional questions focusing on salmon and the environment was added to the 2014 Mat-Su Survey at the request of the Nature Conservancy. Additionally, findings from a derived importance-performance analysis of the survey data are presented, as is a compilation of respondent comments.
    • National Guard Subsistence Survey Reports (2006 and 2007)

      DeRoche, Patricia; Goldsmith, Scott; Killorin, Mary; Schultz, Caroline; Ulran, Uyuriukaraq Lily Anne Andrews; Wilson, Meghan (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2006)
      These reports provides data collected regarding subsistence activities in communities of Alaska's north and south west regions (2006) and in the southeast region including Kenai and Kodiak (2007) . Data is tabulated by community and then by species. No interpretation is provided. Information intended to determine the best times for the National Guard to conduct training exercises in these areas.
    • Salmon Markets 1992

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1992)
      This report was prepared by fisheries specialists from several units of the University of Alaska: the Marine Advisory Program, the Institute of Social and Economic Research, the Alaska Center for International Business, and the University of Alaska Fairbanks Department of Economics. The Alaska Department of Fish and Game, the Alaska Office of International Trade, the Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute, and the University of Washington Fisheries Research Institute also contributed articles and information. This work was funded by the University of Alaska's Natural Resources Fund and the Alaska Sea Grant Program.The articles in the report discuss current salmon market conditions. The appendix presents a variety of regularly published market data showing trends over time. We believe this marks the first time such comprehensive material on Alaska salmon market conditions has been published in one place.
    • Subsistence Use of Renewable Resources by Rural Residents of Southeast Alaska

      Kruse, Jack; Muth, Robert (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1990)
      The Tongass Resource Use Cooperative Survey consists of 1,465 interviews conducted in 30 southeast Alaska communities between October 1, 1987, andMarch 13, 1988. The study was directed by the Institute of Social and Economic Research of the University of Alaska Anchorage. All permanent communities, with the exception of Juneau and Ketchikan, were included in the study. The purpose of this report is to describe the extent of harvest and distribution of renewable natural resources by rural southeast Alaska residents. Eighty-five percent of all households surveyed harvest one or more species of fish, wildlife, or plants. Such resources include deer, salmon, halibut, and other(non-salmon) fin fish, crab, shrimp, clams, other invertebrates, ducks, bear, harbor seal, berries, firewood, and other resources. Forty-one percent of all households report that at least 25 percent of the meat and fish they eat comes from resources harvested by members of their own households or is given to them by family or friends.
    • Trends in Atlantic Salmon Markets and Implications for Bristol Bay Salmon Markets

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2019)
      World salmon markets are dominated by farmed Atlantic salmon. As farmed salmon production has grown, Bristol Bay sockeye salmon has become an ever-smaller share of world salmon supply. Norway and Chile are by far the largest producers of farmed salmon, followed by the UK and Canada. Historically, year-over-year changes in US monthly imports have been inversely correlated with year-over-year changes in prices. What explains changes over time in the price premium or discount of sockeye relative to competing farmed salmon? Looking at the relationship between price and supply changes, we conclude that the market is able to absorb 6-7% more fish at stable prices. As a consequence, we expect a 5% increase in price is 2019 despite 4% supply growth.
    • Trends in Bristol Bay Harvest, Production, and Markets

      Berry, Kevin (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2019)
      This presentation provides graph and chart data related to trends in Bristol Bay harvest, production, and markets for sockeye salmon. Data used is ADFG Commercial Annual Operator Report (COAR) data available through 2017, and Department of Revenue Salmon Price/Production Reports data available through October 2018. Areas covered include harvest volume, ex-vessel price, and ex-vessel value, end markets for Alaska salmon products, wholesale prices for Bristol Bay salmon products.