• Dancing in the air, standing out at sea: An analysis of Nalukataq, the blanket toss

      Robinson, Elizabeth (2018)
      This paper is a movement analysis of the blanket toss (nalukataq), an event currently manifested at the World Eskimo Indian Olympics (WEIO). First, I examine the tradition’s history and development over time as portrayed in scholarly literature on the Iñupiat whale festival. Then, I examine the blanket toss as one of many Iñupiat and Alaska Native games sharing common characteristics. Finally, I investigate the blanket toss as a WEIO competitive event, now shifted from its original site specificity and traditional context. In particular, I look at the essential components of a successful toss as defined by WEIO criteria, employing a phenomenological approach in my analysis in order to focus on the primacy of realization and reveal the ways in which aspects of the modern competitive performance may embody traditional Alaska Native cultures and values.
    • Data Survey and Sampling Procedures to Quantify Recreation Use of National Forests in Alaska

      Fay, Ginny; Colt, Steve; White, Eric (U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, 2010)
      Estimating visitor numbers and collecting information on visitor attitudes in Alaska national forests is especially challenging because of the dispersed access to the forests by a relatively small number of visitors. The Tongass and Chugach National Forests are each millions of acres with miles of saltwater coastline and numerous lakes that allow almost infinite boat and float plane access points. This study identified a number of methods used by land managers in Alaska and other states to address dispersed recreational access as well as other ongoing data collection processes in Alaska, such as sport fish angler surveys, traveler surveys, and other systematic efforts that generate visitor data. These data may be useful for USDA Forest Service efforts to improve their visitor use monitoring processes.
    • Day Hiking Southcentral Alaska

      Maloney, Lisa (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2019-04-23)
      In the new guidebook Day Hiking Southcentral Alaska, Lisa Maloney explores the most rewarding trails in and around the Mat-Su Valley, Chugach State Park, Skilak and Kenai Lakes, Whittier, Seward, Homer, and more. 100 hikes are featured with detailed route descriptions and color photos to help people get out and enjoy Southcentral. In addition, Lisa Maloney shares the oops, ouches, "brrrr"s and thrills of hiking with lessons she has learned over the years. Lisa Maloney has lived in Alaska for more than 25 years. A former outdoors columnist for The Anchorage Press, she served as senior editor at Alaska magazine and authored the award winning travel guidebook Moon Alaska.
    • Decentralized, Asynchronous Sensor Networks for Arctic Regions

      Cenek, Martin; Devins, Matthew; Leber, Lance; Mobley, Michael (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-29)
    • Decision Management Process Improvement Project

      Dahl, Alina (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-01)
      It has become all too common that questions are raised during the execution of a project pertaining to the decisions that were made early on. Without having maintained a concise, accessible record of project decisions, the project manager and team members would find it difficult to provide hard evidence as to how they got to this point and what impacts specific decisions had on the project’s trajectory. This paper introduces the Decision Management Process Improvement Project (DMPIP), which focuses on improving decision management process throughout the lifecycle of a project with the aim of adding value to project performance and helping obtain project success. This new tool was inspired due to a lack of appropriate methods involving complex projects at a local consulting firm. The process along with the tool is being added to the toolset of a local Consulting Firm. This Firm plans to introduce the tools and techniques to clients that will benefit from an increased Project Management maturity level with improvements to its decision-tracking processes and demonstration of downstream effects of important decisions. The final product is a contribution to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) in the form of creating a Project Decision Management knowledge area in the PMBOK format. A decision log that follows a decision throughout the whole process from problem identification and analysis to the eventual outcome is at the core of the created knowledge area.
    • Decisions Under Uncertainty

      Schwörer, Tobias (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-10-31)
    • Defining Arctic Community Sustainability

      Braund, Stephen; Kofinas, Gary (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1996)
      The question of defining sustainability is a subject of much discussion in the literature, with much of it centering on debates regarding the definition of the more controversial term "sustainable development." Part of this discourse has examined questions of the erosion of natural and social capital, the evolution and diversity of institutions, and the dilemmas associated with achieving a balance between economic growth and maintenance of environmental quality. Through our initial discussions, we recognized the legacy of failures associated with non-locals defining criteria of sustainability (and community well being) for northern peoples. We, in turn, responded to this problem by applying for supplemental funding from NSF to involve communities in our study. As a part of our grant, we proposed that we work with local community members to define appropriate community sustainability goals. In this summary, we present the results of our work – - a the list of the elements which are considered by locals to reflect the conditions for achieving Arctic community sustainability. In the first stage of the research, we worked with the communities of Arctic Village, Aklavik, Old Crow, and Kaktovik. Our effort to define community sustainability goals was completed through meetings of local organizations (e.g., hunters and trappers committee) and at project-sponsored workshops. We also met one-on-one with formal and informal local leaders to discuss the project and with them entered into discussions about the applications of the term sustainability in a northern community context.
    • Defining the economic scope for ecosystem-based fishery management

      Reimer, Matthew (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 3/5/2019)
      The emergence of ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) has broadened the policy scope of fisheries management by accounting for the biological and ecological connectivity of fisheries. Less attention, however, has been given to the economic connectivity of fisheries. If fishers consider multiple fisheries when deciding where, when, and how much to fish, then management changes in one fishery can generate spillover impacts in other fisheries. Catch-share programs are a popular fisheries management framework that may be particularly prone to generating spillovers given that they typically change fishers� incentives and their subsequent actions. We use data from Alaska fisheries to examine spillovers from each of the main catch-share programs in Alaska. We evaluate changes in participation�a traditional indicator in fisheries economics�in both the catch-share and non�catch-share fisheries. Using network analysis, we also investigate whether catch-share programs change the economic connectivity of fisheries, which can have implications for the socioeconomic resilience and robustness of the ecosystem, and empirically identify the set of fisheries impacted by each Alaska catch-share program. We find that cross-fishery participation spillovers and changes in economic connectivity coincide with some, but not all, catch-share programs. Our findings suggest that economic connectivity and the potential for cross-fishery spillovers deserve serious consideration, especially when designing and evaluating EBFM policies.
    • Denali Expedition 2016, The West Buttress

      Ramsey, Justin P. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-05-01)
      During the summer of 2016 the project team will conduct an expedition to climb the West Buttress of Denali. Denali is the highest peak in North America, with an elevation of 20,320 feet above sea level. The West Buttress is the most commonly climbed route starting at the Kahiltna Glacier and ascending to the summit. The three-week expedition requires robust planning prior to step-off since there will be no external support once started. Current expedition planning typically consists of ad hoc methods of planning, consisting of subject matter expert opinion and best guesses. The average summit rate for the past ten years on Denali hovers around 52% and the fatality rate hovers at three climbers a year. Unsuccessful attempts are often attributed to bad weather, injury, lack of fitness and lack of mountaineering knowledge. Can following systematic planning guidelines and establishing preexpedition go/no-go criteria for expeditions on Denali significantly increase safety and increase summit success? This project encompassed all pre-expedition planning and support. The project produced an itinerary for the threeweek expedition, researched and procured equipment for the team, researched high altitude nutrition and procured food items, developed a comprehensive physical fitness training plan for expedition members, and developed an expedition risk management plan. Will these deliverables ensure a more successful and safer expedition? Additionally, the detailed approach to expedition planning will allow the expedition team to establish a balance between unacceptably sparse and excessively burdensome equipment and supplies.
    • Density of Police Calls-for-Service, 2003: Alcohol-Related Incidents

      Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-11)
      This issue of Anchorage Community Indicators maps the density of Anchorage Police Department calls for service in 2003 for alcohol-related incidents in Anchorage.
    • Density of Police Calls-for-Service, 2003: Domestic Violence

      Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-11)
      This issue of Anchorage Community Indicators maps the density of Anchorage Police Department calls for service in 2003 for domestic violence in Anchorage.
    • Density of Police Calls-for-Service, 2003: Drug-Related Incidents

      Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-11)
      This issue of Anchorage Community Indicators maps the density of Anchorage Police Department calls for service in 2003 for drug-related incidents in Anchorage.
    • Density of Police Calls-for-Service, 2003: Serious Property Crime

      Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-11)
      This issue of Anchorage Community Indicators maps the density of Anchorage Police Department calls for service in 2003 for serious property crime in Anchorage.
    • Density of Police Calls-for-Service, 2003: Serious Violent Crime

      Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-11)
      This issue of Anchorage Community Indicators maps the density of Anchorage Police Department calls for service in 2003 for serious violent crime in Anchorage.
    • Density of Police Calls-for-Service, 2003: Weapons Offenses

      Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-11)
      This issue of Anchorage Community Indicators maps the density of Anchorage Police Department calls for service in 2003 for serious weapons offense in Anchorage.
    • Department of Corrections Personnel Survey: Final Report

      Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1985-05)
      Education, experience, and training of personnel are frequently used as measures of quality in correctional agencies. This survey of Alaska Department of Corrections (DOC) personnel, conducted in 1984, revealed that employees in all classifications tended to have more than the minimum education or experience required for their positions. Approximately 66 percent of all DOC personnel (N=636) participated in the survey. Of this number, 47.8 percent reported having at least a two-year college degree and 35.1 percent had a four-year degree. Of the corrections-specific respondents to the survey (N=475), more than 40 percent had prior experience in other justice agencies. A comparison of survey responses with position descriptions showed that a substantial proportion of DOC employees had more than the minimum qualifications required. Overall, survey results indicated that Alaska DOC ranked high nationally in measures of personnel quality.
    • Describing Barriers to Healthcare Access in the Homer Area, Alaska

      Zatz, Lisa M. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-05-01)
      Data on healthcare access barriers are lacking for any location in the state of Alaska. The current project set out to describe the barriers to healthcare access experienced by people living in the rural Homer Area of southcentral Alaska. Of the 124 surveys returned 50 (46%) of the respondents identified cost, lack of specialists, transportation, time, and mistrust/dislike of providers as barriers that had kept them from accessing local heathcare in the previous 12 months. Improving healthcare access for this rural population will require a paradigm shift in how we think about healthcare. Novel approaches to when, where, and how healthcare is delivered will need to be considered if healthcare access is to be improved in the region.
    • Describing the Patient Care Experience: Quality Improvment in Federally Qualified Health Centers in Alaska

      Cooke, Shawna (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-05-01)
      The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate whether the quality assurance/performance improvement (QAPI) plan at a federally qualified health center (FQHC) provided a valid mechanism for assessing the overall patient experience or if implementing a multimodal approach to evaluating the patient experience provided a more accurate depiction on which to base operational decisions. The project used the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) framework to examine the efficacy of a multimodal approach to assessment of the patient care experience. The aims were to describe the patient care experience in a FQHC located in a small community in Alaska using a qualitative descriptive approach; and to examine the qualitative findings in relation to those derived from the aggregate FQHC survey data in order to make recommendations for a sustainable approach to evaluating the patient care experience in this FQHC environment. Provider relationships greatly influenced satisfaction and the perception of care. Participants long for a community clinic connection, to feel valued and connected to the FQHC and the community. Participants were satisfied with interagency coordination and communication, but struggled with understanding the inner workings of the health care system within the community. Participants were eager for community-based opportunities for learning and engagement. The results derived from the focus groups added important information in describing the patient care experience, supported the premise that a qualitative descriptive approach would add additional information not previously derived from the quantitative data, provided an opportunity to engage the community, and elicited a more accurate depiction of the care experience.
    • Descriptive Analysis of Assaults in Domestic Violence Incidents Reported to Alaska State Troopers: 2004

      Rivera, Marny; Rosay, André B.; Wood, Darryl S.; Postle, Greg; TePas, Katherine; The Alaska Department of Law; The Alaska State Troopers (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2008)
      This project examined the characteristics of assaults in domestic violence incidents reported to the Alaska State Troopers. Assaults are only one type of criminal offense defined in Alaska statutes as a crime involving domestic violence. This report is not inclusive of all crimes involving domestic violence reported to AST, because it only includes assaults. In addition, this report is not inclusive of assaults in domestic violence incidents that were reported to municipal police departments across Alaska. Only assaults in domestic violence incidents reported to AST are described in this report. The term assault will be used throughout this report to define assault cases that are crimes involving domestic violence incidents; this includes felony and misdemeanor assaults. The sample utilized for this analysis included all assaults in domestic violence incidents reported to AST in 2004. It included information from 1,281 reports on 1,803 assault charges, 1,356 suspects, 1,523 victims, and 1,283 witnesses. This descriptive analysis documents the characteristics of these reports, charges, suspects, victims, witnesses, and legal resolutions.
    • Descriptive Analysis of Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Incidents Closed by the Alaska State Troopers: 2008–2011 — Final Report

      Myrstol, Brad A.; Parker, Khristy L. (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-07)
      This report presents a descriptive analysis of sexual assault and domestic violence incidents closed by the Alaska State Troopers for the period January 1, 2008 through December 31, 2011, as part of an effort to systematically document the formal processing of sexual assault (SA), sexual abuse of a minor (SAM), and domestic violence incidents reported to law enforcement agencies in Alaska.