• Safe Landing: A Fiscal Strategy for the 1990s

      Goldsmith, Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1992)
      Alaska is poised for either a safe landing or a nose dive. Whether we land safely or crash depends on how Alaskans deal with declining oil revenue. Since oil began flowing from the Prudhoe Bay field 15 years ago, Alaska’s government and economy have come to depend on state taxes and royalties from oil production. Oil revenue makes up 85 percent of the state’s general revenue, and it creates 30 percent of Alaskans’ personal income. But North Slope production is now declining as the giant Prudhoe Bay field ages. Luckily, Alaska has the resources it needs to make the difficult transition. This paper outlines a comprehensive but flexible strategy for moving Alaska through the 1990s with a minimum of economic damage and into the next century with a government that is smaller but still able to provide essential services and support a healthy economy.
    • Safe Landing: Charting a Flight Path Through the Clouds

      Goldsmith, Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1999)
      Everybody’s got an idea about where to find the roughly $1 billion we’ll need to balance the state budget every year from now on. It’s hard to evaluate these proposals, because the budget is complicated—and it’s hard to imagine how much $1 billion really is. This paper looks first at why some popular ideas can’t raise $1 billion a year, although they can certainly help. Then, in the foldout, we try to help Alaskans see through the clouds obscuring the “Safe Landing” strategy, which we first talked about in 1992. This strategy says that dealing with such a big deficit requires using a combination (and there are a number of possible combinations) of budget cuts, windfalls, Permanent Fund earnings, new taxes, and economic development.
    • Safe, Affordable, Convenient: Environmental Features of Malls and Other Public Spaces Used by Older Adults for Walking.

      King, Diane (PubMed, 7/14/2015)
      BACKGROUND: Midlife and older adults use shopping malls for walking, but little research has examined mall characteristics that contribute to their walkability. METHODS: We used modified versions of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-Healthy Aging Research Network (HAN) Environmental Audit and the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) tool to systematically observe 443 walkers in 10 shopping malls. We also observed 87 walkers in 6 community-based nonmall/nongym venues where older adults routinely walked for physical activity. RESULTS: All venues had public transit stops and accessible parking. All malls and 67% of nonmalls had way finding aids, and most venues (81%) had an established circuitous walking route and clean, well-maintained public restrooms (94%). All venues had level floor surfaces, and one-half had benches along the walking route. Venues varied in hours of access, programming, tripping hazards, traffic control near entrances, and lighting. CONCLUSIONS: Despite diversity in location, size, and purpose, the mall and nonmall venues audited shared numerous environmental features known to promote walking in older adults and few barriers to walking. Future research should consider programmatic features and outreach strategies to expand the use of malls and other suitable public spaces for walking.
    • Salary & Benefits Schedule and Teacher Tenure Study

      Hirshberg, Diane; Berman, Matthew; DeFeo, Dayna Jean; Hill, Alexandra (Center for Alaska Education Policy Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-11-13)
      House Bill 278, passed by the legislature in spring 2014, instructed the Department of Administration to “present to the legislature a written proposal for a salary and benefits schedule for school districts, including an evaluation of, and recommendations for, teacher tenure” (Sec. 52). In order to meet this mandate, the Alaska Department of Administration contracted with the UAA Center for Alaska Education Policy Research (CAEPR) to produce the following deliverables:  Develop geographic cost differentials for different school districts  Develop base salary and benefit schedules for teachers and principals  Describe superintendent duties, compensation, and responsibilities in Alaska districts  Prepare a list of different benefit options school districts offer their employees and their associated costs  Provide recommendations regarding teacher tenure policy  Describe similarities and differences between the certified and classified labor markets in Alaska Each section of this report responds to a specific task or responsibility from this list.
    • Salary & Benefits Schedule and Teacher Tenure Study

      Berman, Matthew; Hill, Alexandra; Hirshberg, Diane; DeFeo, Dayna (Center for Alaska Education Policy Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-11-01)
    • Salmon Fish Traps in Alaska: An Economic History Perspective

      Colt, Steve (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1999)
      Salmon return faithfully to their stream of birth and can be efficiently caught by fixed gear. But since the introduction at the turn of the century of fish traps to the emerging Alaska commercial salmon fishery, most territorial residents fought for their abolition even while admitting to their technical efficiency. The new State of Alaska immediately banned traps in 1959. I estimate the economic rents generated by the Alaska salmon traps as they were actually deployed and find that they saved roughly $4 million (1967 dollars) per year, or about 12% of the ex-vessel value of the catch. I also find strong evidence that the fishermen operating from boats earned zero profits throughout the 20th century. Thus the State's ban on fish traps did allow 6,000 additional people to enter the fishery, but did nothing to boost average earnings.
    • Salmon Industry: Twenty-seven Predictions for the Future

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1998)
      What does the future hold for the salmon industry? The past decade has brought dramatic change. What further changes might we expect in the coming decade, and beyond? This paper was prepared for submission to the Alaska Fisherman's Journal. It is a revised version of a paper prepared originally for a presentation to the Northwest Salmon Canners Association in October of 1997. I have offered a brief discussion of the reasoning underlying each prediction. A far more detailed discussion of the arguments for and against each prediction would be possible--and preferable--but space here does not permit that. A stronger case can be made for some predictions than for others. Keep in mind that these are not predictions for what will happen this year or next year, but rather for changes that are likely to occur gradually over the next decade and beyond.
    • Salmon Markets 1992

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1992)
      This report was prepared by fisheries specialists from several units of the University of Alaska: the Marine Advisory Program, the Institute of Social and Economic Research, the Alaska Center for International Business, and the University of Alaska Fairbanks Department of Economics. The Alaska Department of Fish and Game, the Alaska Office of International Trade, the Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute, and the University of Washington Fisheries Research Institute also contributed articles and information. This work was funded by the University of Alaska's Natural Resources Fund and the Alaska Sea Grant Program.The articles in the report discuss current salmon market conditions. The appendix presents a variety of regularly published market data showing trends over time. We believe this marks the first time such comprehensive material on Alaska salmon market conditions has been published in one place.
    • Salmon Restructuring: Changing Alaska's Salmon Harvesting System: What are the challenges?

      Knapp, Gunnar; Ulmer, Fran (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2005)
      The Chignik fishing co-op is a cautionary tale about why restructuring in Alaska’s salmon fisheries is so hard and so controversial—and why it’s unlikely to happen until Alaskans clarify their goals for the fisheries and establish ways to achieve those goals. It won’t be easy to make changes in Alaska’s salmon harvesting system. Not everyone will benefit; some people could end up worse off. But the costs of doing nothing are also high. Thousands of Alaskans have already seen severe losses in fishing income and in boat and permit values, and many have had to quit fishing for salmon. Salmon is no longer Alaska’s dominant resource industry. But it remains a mainstay of many communities, and if the industry is to become and remain profitable, we need to face—and find ways of addressing—the complex, difficult issue of restructuring. This summary is based upon a longer paper by the same authors, "Challenges in Restructuring Alaska’s Salmon Fisheries" (2004).
    • Satellite Villages: Bethel and State Liquor Policy in the Modern Era

      Conn, Stephen (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979)
      When representatives of eleven villages in the 57-village Bethel region met in Bethel on September 19, 1962, to organize what came to be the Association of Village Council Presidents, they also discussed the interplay between state law and traditional social control meted out by village councils as they dealt with liquor-related problems. This paper examines the breakdown of the working relationship between official Alaska law and village social control in the 1960s and its impact on village law and the role of town liquor policy and town police and treatment resources on alcohol-related violence in the villages in the 1970s.
    • SB21 Sense and Nonsense The More Alaska Production Act (MAPA)

      Goldsmith, Oliver Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-05-01)
    • SBIRT Utilization and Billing among Prenatal Providers in Hawaii

      Tanner, Stacy; Porter, Rebecca; Hanson, Bridget (Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, 2018)
      This report presents findings from key informant interviews that were conducted to understand Hawaii prenatal providers’ use of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) in everyday practice. Five prenatal providers who practice in Hawaii participated in the interviews. Although participants acknowledged the importance of utilizing SBIRT in prenatal care, SBIRT appeared to be underutilized. Most did not have standard SBIRT procedures incorporated within their practice. Participants’ primary concerns regarding routine use of SBIRT included time constraints, lack of technology within the electronic health record, and stigma. Recommendations from prenatal providers regarding SBIRT decision-making, billing process improvements, and provider incentives to enhance reimbursement practices are discussed.
    • Scandal of the Military

      Dunegan, Linda (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2015-04-14)
      Linda Dunegan was a Medical Administrative Officer, the Medical Readiness Officer, Credentials Manager, Safety Officer, and Chief of Administrative Services in the Alaska Air National Guard. During her 27-year military career, she became one of the highest ranking female officers in the Alaska Air National Guard. Her job was to make reports and investigate potential violations of law within the Air Force. Because she reported deficiencies in the Alaska Air National Guard Executive Management Committee, she encountered a hostile workplace and chose to retire. At this event, Linda explains the Whistleblower Act, describes what happened to her career, and encourages people to continue to stand up for what is right.
    • Scenarios analysis of the geotourism business model in King Salmon, Alaska

      Alfaro, Daisy (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-12-01)
      Alaska’s tourist industry is currently involved in an evolution to make it more responsive to the “international” tourist. To address this opportunity, this project introduces a novel approach to apply for the first time in Alaska the “Geotourism business model” in King Salmon Alaska, by an international tour operator business. The insights gained will give us the chance to relate academic approaches as a practical application, and then analyze the results prior to undertaking the actual investment of real dollars and limited time and when such an endeavor might be feasible. The resulting research shows that King Salmon, Alaska could become in 10 years a viable Geotourism destination in Alaska. Opening a Geotourism tour operator agency, following this step-by-step approach has the potential for both profit and community growth of King Salmon. Alternatively, if no efforts are made to increase the economic base of King Salmon, the area population will continue to decline.
    • School Costs and the Foundation Program

      Berman, Matthew; Larson, Eric (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1991)
      Alaska's public school system today is a much different and costlier system than it was 20 years ago. This summary provides an overview of an examination undertaken by ISER on behalf of the Alaska Legislature. The aim of this investigation was to assess how the state's Public School Foundation Program could be more equitable for taxpayers and school districts. We studied changes in the major categories of school operating costs over the past two decades. Those costs recur year after year and account for most of total school district spending. They include costs of instruction and pupil support (libraries for instance); general support (administrative functions); and operations and maintenance of school buildings. We did not analyze capital costs, which normally make up a small part of total school costs and are different each year. This summary is based on "Education Equity and Taxpayer Equity: A Reveiw of the Alska Public School Foundation Funding Program" by Matthew Berman and Eric Larson.
    • School District Assessment for Sudden Cardiac Arrest Preparation

      Dahlen, Paula (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-06-25)
      A literature review on pediatric sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) suggests that school nurses nationwide are well supported in their responsibilities to manage SCA in school children, despite budget and equipment challenges. In this Masters project, school nurses in a district in the Pacific Northwest completed an online survey to assess their perceptions of personal and organizational preparedness to respond to SCA. As described by the AHA, best practices include: an effective and efficient communication system; coordination, practice, and evaluation of a response plan; risk reduction; training and equipment for CPR and first aid; and in some schools, establishment of an automated external defibrillator (AED) program. Forty-four percent of respondents reported that they have received an adequate amount of resources, support, training and preparation in their school to manage a sudden cardiac arrest event.
    • School Resource Officers: Public Perspectives and Perceptions

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2010-02-10)
      This Powerpoint slide presentation presents an overview of school resource officer (SRO) programs, which place police officers in schools, and provides results of a preliminary analysis of perceptions of the SRO program in Anchorage School District. Currently 16 officers plus two supervisors of Anchorage Police Department are assigned to the Anchorage SRO program, which was established in 2003.
    • Sea Travels: Memoirs of a 20th Century Master Mariner

      Sherman, Vaughn (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2013-04-15)
      Sea Travels is the story told to Vaughn Sherman by J. Holger Christensen, a mariner and sea captain who sailed the ocean seas and the "unforgiving waters of the Bering Sea and Gulf of Alaska." Vaughn Sherman was a fisheries biologist, ahs worked fro the CIA, and is the author of 3 books. His presentation includes a slide show with fascinating historical photos for everyone to see.
    • Sealaska Plaza Wood Pellet Boiler Benefit-Cost and Sensitivity Analysis

      Pathan, Sohrab (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-09)
      Executives at Sealaska Corporation's headquarters, Sealaska Plaza, in Juneau decided to replace existing oil fired boilers with a wood pellet boiler for heating as a part of the Corporation's green initiative.1 By introducing green energy, the Corporation hopes to reduce its carbon footprint, encourage other business entities in Southeast Alaska to use green energy, help to establish a local wood pellet industry in Southeast Alaska, increase local employment, and reduce the impacts of oil price volatility. Currently there is no wood pellet industry in southeast Alaska and Sealaska Corporation is assuming the leading role to develop the demand for wood pellets by promoting this renewable technology and using the Corporation's building as a demonstration location. The wood pellet boiler that the Sealaska Plaza building is using to heat the building is a Viessmann PYROT boiler that is powered by KÖB biomass technology. The publicly visible silo in front of the Corporation’s headquarters in downtown Juneau is an indication that this is a signature project to increase the public awareness about biomass technology. This paper provides a technical summary of benefit-cost ratios and sensitivity analyses of the biomass project given different fuel price projections and estimates of the social costs of carbon. The costs driving the benefit-cost ratios of this 20-year project are calculated by using the data provided by the Sealaska Corporation. In order to conduct these analyses, some economic assumptions were made and are presented below.
    • Seasonal Use of Marijuana and Cocaine by Arrestees in Anchorage, Alaska

      Langworthy, Robert H.; McKelvie, Alan R. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2005-05-20)
      This paper explores the relation between season (fall, winter, spring and summer) and drug use among arrestees. The analysis examines seasonal differences of proportions of drug tests positive for marijuana or cocaine among recently arrested and booked suspects in Anchorage, Alaska. The study is based on Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) data collected in Anchorage during the period between 1999 and the third quarter of 2003.