• Safe, Affordable, Convenient: Environmental Features of Malls and Other Public Spaces Used by Older Adults for Walking.

      King, Diane (PubMed, 7/14/2015)
      BACKGROUND: Midlife and older adults use shopping malls for walking, but little research has examined mall characteristics that contribute to their walkability. METHODS: We used modified versions of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-Healthy Aging Research Network (HAN) Environmental Audit and the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) tool to systematically observe 443 walkers in 10 shopping malls. We also observed 87 walkers in 6 community-based nonmall/nongym venues where older adults routinely walked for physical activity. RESULTS: All venues had public transit stops and accessible parking. All malls and 67% of nonmalls had way finding aids, and most venues (81%) had an established circuitous walking route and clean, well-maintained public restrooms (94%). All venues had level floor surfaces, and one-half had benches along the walking route. Venues varied in hours of access, programming, tripping hazards, traffic control near entrances, and lighting. CONCLUSIONS: Despite diversity in location, size, and purpose, the mall and nonmall venues audited shared numerous environmental features known to promote walking in older adults and few barriers to walking. Future research should consider programmatic features and outreach strategies to expand the use of malls and other suitable public spaces for walking.
    • Salary & Benefits Schedule and Teacher Tenure Study

      Hirshberg, Diane; Berman, Matthew; DeFeo, Dayna Jean; Hill, Alexandra (Center for Alaska Education Policy Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-11-13)
      House Bill 278, passed by the legislature in spring 2014, instructed the Department of Administration to “present to the legislature a written proposal for a salary and benefits schedule for school districts, including an evaluation of, and recommendations for, teacher tenure” (Sec. 52). In order to meet this mandate, the Alaska Department of Administration contracted with the UAA Center for Alaska Education Policy Research (CAEPR) to produce the following deliverables:  Develop geographic cost differentials for different school districts  Develop base salary and benefit schedules for teachers and principals  Describe superintendent duties, compensation, and responsibilities in Alaska districts  Prepare a list of different benefit options school districts offer their employees and their associated costs  Provide recommendations regarding teacher tenure policy  Describe similarities and differences between the certified and classified labor markets in Alaska Each section of this report responds to a specific task or responsibility from this list.
    • Salary & Benefits Schedule and Teacher Tenure Study

      Berman, Matthew; Hill, Alexandra; Hirshberg, Diane; DeFeo, Dayna (Center for Alaska Education Policy Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-11-01)
    • Satellite Villages: Bethel and State Liquor Policy in the Modern Era

      Conn, Stephen (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979)
      When representatives of eleven villages in the 57-village Bethel region met in Bethel on September 19, 1962, to organize what came to be the Association of Village Council Presidents, they also discussed the interplay between state law and traditional social control meted out by village councils as they dealt with liquor-related problems. This paper examines the breakdown of the working relationship between official Alaska law and village social control in the 1960s and its impact on village law and the role of town liquor policy and town police and treatment resources on alcohol-related violence in the villages in the 1970s.
    • SB21 Sense and Nonsense The More Alaska Production Act (MAPA)

      Goldsmith, Oliver Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-05-01)
    • Scenarios analysis of the geotourism business model in King Salmon, Alaska

      Alfaro, Daisy (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-12-01)
      Alaska’s tourist industry is currently involved in an evolution to make it more responsive to the “international” tourist. To address this opportunity, this project introduces a novel approach to apply for the first time in Alaska the “Geotourism business model” in King Salmon Alaska, by an international tour operator business. The insights gained will give us the chance to relate academic approaches as a practical application, and then analyze the results prior to undertaking the actual investment of real dollars and limited time and when such an endeavor might be feasible. The resulting research shows that King Salmon, Alaska could become in 10 years a viable Geotourism destination in Alaska. Opening a Geotourism tour operator agency, following this step-by-step approach has the potential for both profit and community growth of King Salmon. Alternatively, if no efforts are made to increase the economic base of King Salmon, the area population will continue to decline.
    • School District Assessment for Sudden Cardiac Arrest Preparation

      Dahlen, Paula (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-06-25)
      A literature review on pediatric sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) suggests that school nurses nationwide are well supported in their responsibilities to manage SCA in school children, despite budget and equipment challenges. In this Masters project, school nurses in a district in the Pacific Northwest completed an online survey to assess their perceptions of personal and organizational preparedness to respond to SCA. As described by the AHA, best practices include: an effective and efficient communication system; coordination, practice, and evaluation of a response plan; risk reduction; training and equipment for CPR and first aid; and in some schools, establishment of an automated external defibrillator (AED) program. Forty-four percent of respondents reported that they have received an adequate amount of resources, support, training and preparation in their school to manage a sudden cardiac arrest event.
    • School Resource Officers: Public Perspectives and Perceptions

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2010-02-10)
      This Powerpoint slide presentation presents an overview of school resource officer (SRO) programs, which place police officers in schools, and provides results of a preliminary analysis of perceptions of the SRO program in Anchorage School District. Currently 16 officers plus two supervisors of Anchorage Police Department are assigned to the Anchorage SRO program, which was established in 2003.
    • Sealaska Plaza Wood Pellet Boiler Benefit-Cost and Sensitivity Analysis

      Pathan, Sohrab (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-09)
      Executives at Sealaska Corporation's headquarters, Sealaska Plaza, in Juneau decided to replace existing oil fired boilers with a wood pellet boiler for heating as a part of the Corporation's green initiative.1 By introducing green energy, the Corporation hopes to reduce its carbon footprint, encourage other business entities in Southeast Alaska to use green energy, help to establish a local wood pellet industry in Southeast Alaska, increase local employment, and reduce the impacts of oil price volatility. Currently there is no wood pellet industry in southeast Alaska and Sealaska Corporation is assuming the leading role to develop the demand for wood pellets by promoting this renewable technology and using the Corporation's building as a demonstration location. The wood pellet boiler that the Sealaska Plaza building is using to heat the building is a Viessmann PYROT boiler that is powered by KÖB biomass technology. The publicly visible silo in front of the Corporation’s headquarters in downtown Juneau is an indication that this is a signature project to increase the public awareness about biomass technology. This paper provides a technical summary of benefit-cost ratios and sensitivity analyses of the biomass project given different fuel price projections and estimates of the social costs of carbon. The costs driving the benefit-cost ratios of this 20-year project are calculated by using the data provided by the Sealaska Corporation. In order to conduct these analyses, some economic assumptions were made and are presented below.
    • Seasonal Use of Marijuana and Cocaine by Arrestees in Anchorage, Alaska

      Langworthy, Robert H.; McKelvie, Alan R. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2005-05-20)
      This paper explores the relation between season (fall, winter, spring and summer) and drug use among arrestees. The analysis examines seasonal differences of proportions of drug tests positive for marijuana or cocaine among recently arrested and booked suspects in Anchorage, Alaska. The study is based on Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) data collected in Anchorage during the period between 1999 and the third quarter of 2003.
    • Section 8 Housing & Crime: Screwed or Skewed?

      Gallagher, Kathleen; Payne, Troy C.; Eck, John E.; Frank, James (School of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, 2010-11-18)
      This poster presentation examines the claim that Section 8 tenants in a small midwestern city in Ohio are consuming too many police resources. Based on previous research regarding public housing projects and perceptions of public housing and crime, the city has become concerned that the level of police services that are dedicated to residents with housing vouchers is in excess of the average residential tenant.
    • Seizing Opportunities for Energy Efficiency: How Are we Doing

      Colt, Steve (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-05-01)
    • Selected Results from Local Evaluation of Reclaiming Futures, Anchorage, AK

      Henjum, Barb; Schaff, Karin; Moffitt, Linda; Begich, Thomas S.; Rosay, André B. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2007-04)
      This Powerpoint presentation briefly reports on results of an evaluation of Reclaiming Futures Anchorage, which is one of 10 founding Reclaiming Futures projects funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to create new approaches to help teens in trouble with drugs, alcohol and crime. It partners with courts, treatment facilities, detention facilities, and community to promote new opportunities and standards of care in juvenile justice to improve the improvement of drug and alcohol treatment, expand and coordinate services, and find jobs and volunteer work for young people in trouble with the law.
    • Selective Return of Criminal Law Activity to Alaska Native Villages: Neocolonialism or Revitalization of Tribal Sovereignty?

      Conn, Stephen (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1990-03)
      As Alaska struggles with criminal justice delivery to Alaska Native villages, many experiments have been undertaken or postulated which would reinvigorate criminal law activity in these rural places. Initial enthusiasm for alleviation of burdens on the formal system has been replaced with a state concern that village activity will be viewed as tribal activity. The author isolates areas where the needs of the state and villages can be met without feeding the flames of the conflict between state sovereignty and village tribal sovereignty.
    • Senate Bill 64 - Omnibus Crime Bill

      Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-09-22)
      This brief article describes provisions of SB 64, the omnibus crime bill enacted during the 2013–2014 session of the Alaska Legislature. Sidebar accompanying the article "The Alaska Criminal Justice Commission: A Legislative Call for Action."
    • Senate Bill 91: Summary of Policy Reforms

      UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-09-21)
      This article highlights provisions of Senate Bill 91, "Omnibus Criminal Law & Procedure; Corrections Act," related to the recommendations of the Alaska Criminal Justice Commission. SB91 was signed into law on July 11, 2016.
    • Sentencing Issues: A Summary

      Ring, Peter Smith; Erwin, Robert C.; Israel, Jerold (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1977-02)
      This document contains three summaries prepared as an introduction for members of the Alaska Legislature to criminal sentencing issues: (1) A paper on presumptive sentencing reviews the study "Fair and Certain Punishment: Report of the Twentieth Century Fund Task Force on Criminal Sentencing" (McGraw-Hill, 1976), and presents a guide for legislative action prior to the enactment of a presumptive sentencing system. (2) A report on sentencing standards in Alaska presents excerpts from Alaska Supreme Court Justice Robert C. Erwin's article "Five Years of Sentence Review in Alaska" (5 U.C.L.A. Law Review 1 (1975)). (3) A final paper, "An Introduction to Basic Sentencing Issues" – an edited version of a memorandum by Jerold Israel of University of Michigan Law School, discusses a series of proposals that acknowledged experts have advanced concerning the reform of the laws governing sentencing.
    • Sequential Intercept Model: Framework for a ‘Wicked Problem’

      Cravez, Pamela (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-04-02)
      The Sequential Intercept Model offers conceptual points at which a person with serious mental illness could be diverted from the criminal justice system and into community-based treatment. This article reviews the 2015 book "The Sequential Intercept Model and Criminal Justice" (New York: Oxford University Press), which looks at the success of programs along the intercept continuum. A workshop on the model sponsored by the Alaska Department of Corrections will be held in Anchorage in May 2018.
    • Seven Years of Individualized Training: An Examination of Specialized Training Grants Funded by the Alaska Criminal Justice Planning Agency, 1973 through 1979

      Endell, Roger V. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1980-04-15)
      Prior to the establishment of the Criminal Justice Center at the University of Alaska (renamed the Justice Center in 1979), no program has attempted to train and educate Alaska justice practitioners on a continuing basis and at all agency levels. The Alaska Criminal Justice Planning Agency, through the Governor's Commission on the Administration of Justice, has attempted to deal with this training problem on an interim basement through the Specialized Training Grant program, which enables "state and local police officers, correctional officers, prosecutors, public defenders, and court personnel [to obtain] specialized training sponsored by other agencies and institutions," often involving travel out-of-state for programs largely unavailable in Alaska. This study examines individualized grants funded for the years 1973–1979 as a means of measuring the effectiveness of the Specialized Training Grant program as on approach to the continuing professionalization of Alaska's criminal justice personnel.
    • Sex Offender Registries and Notification Programs

      Periman, Deborah (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2009-05-01)
      Presents a brief history of sex offender registries and notification programs nationally and in Alaska; describes provisions of Alaska's registry/notification laws; and discusses recent research findings about the effectiveness of such laws and their impact on offenders.