• TAAV Program Evaluation: Key Findings

      Parker, Khristy (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2015-10-23)
      Teens Acting Against Violence (TAAV) is a violence prevention and youth empowerment program at the Tundra Women’s Coalition (TWC) for teenagers living in Bethel, Alaska. Participation is voluntary and open for any interested teens aged 12-18. TWC and TAAV partnered with the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) Justice Center to conduct an evaluation of the TAAV program through a one-time survey of former and current adult members (over 18 years of age) of TAAV. Pursuant to TAAV objectives, the focus of the evaluation was placed on examining efforts in the areas of domestic violence and sexual assault prevention, building healthy relationships, encouraging sobriety, and suicide prevention.
    • TAPS at 35: Accounting for the Oil Revenues

      Goldsmith, Oliver Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-07)
      Thirty-five years ago, on June 20, 1977, oil from state-owned land on the North Slope began flowing through the trans-Alaska pipeline. Since then, the state has collected $170 billion in oil revenues, in today’s dollars.i Petroleum (both oil and gas) still in the ground might generate another $100 billion for the state.ii What has Alaska done with its oil wealth so far?
    • Task 1 and 2 Reports to the Regulatory Commission of Alaska: Affordability Factors and Affordability Standards

      Tuck, Bradford; Schwartzberg, Lisa (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2006)
      Because affordability is essentially an issue of fairness, or equity, it is ultimately the task of the public policymaker to define “affordability” and to indicate factors to be considered in measuring “affordability.” We look first at factors that might be considered in discussing affordability. The FCC has addressed the issue of affordable universal service in some detail and has suggested principles that should be taken into account when policymakers attempt to determine affordable rates for telephone service. Major portions of that discussion are incorporated into Section II of the Task 1 report. Identification of potential variables that might be used to measure the factors influencing affordability is contained in Section III, and is organized around identified factors. Additional material is included in the appendix. Consideration of alternative affordability standards is incorporated in the present report, as well as suggestions we received from carriers in Section IV. Summary comments and observations are presented in Section V. Task 2 collected and analyzed a broad range of data, including extensive information from the 2000 U.S. Decennial Census and other U.S. sources, data from the Regulatory Commission of Alaska, survey results from Alaska Local Exchange Carriers, and other state sources.
    • Tax Cap 2000: Five Economic Studies

      Goldsmith, Scott; Hill, Alexandra (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2000)
      Passage of the tax cap would result in a substantial shift in purchasing power away from local government toward households, the federal government, state government, certain businesses, and non-residents. It would reduce the cost of owning property and impact the price of real estate. It would change the way local government finances public services. It would change the quality of life. Whether one views these economic changes as positive or negative depends on them perspective of the viewer. Clearly the tax cap would have far reaching economic effects that should be carefully considered before deciding whether it would be good or bad for the economy.
    • Teaching Food Systems in Alaska

      Beam, Jessika (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-08-01)
      The health of Alaska’s food systems relies on the maintenance of food availability, food access, and food utilization overtime to ensure that food security exists. The Teaching Food Systems in Alaska educational modules were created to offer an opportunity to provide expert information and education to Alaska youth on the importance of food systems literacy in Alaska. The educational modules were created to engage youth in the food system. The goal is to inform and educate Alaska youth about food systems in Alaska through the development of a series of educational learning modules organized to address the three primary components of the food system: food availability, food access and food utilization. The modules created could potentially serve as a foundation for the development of future modules, the creation of a formal food systems literacy course or certification program, and/or to seek future funding to support the creation of a future program.
    • A Teaching Life

      Nunnally, Clay; Richardson, Chris; Gregory, Vince; Pierce, Patty (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2015-04-24)
      A Teaching Life: Clay Nunnally interviewed by Chris Richardson, Vince Gregory, and Patty Pierce. This event is a celebration of Professor Clay Nunnally's long and distinguished teaching career at UAA and his devotion to Romantic and Victorian literature. UAA students Chris Richardson, Vince Gregory, and Patty Pierce interview Professor Nunnally and faculty members share their memories of him.
    • Technical Memorandum: Site Assessment and Site Evaluation [Fire Island Prison Feasibility Study]

      UAA School of Engineering (School of Engineering, University of Alaska, Anchorage, 1986-01)
      This report provides a preliminary assessment and evaluation of a site on Fire Island for a proposed correctional facility. Fire Island is an island in Cook Inlet lying off the western coast of Anchorage, Alaska. The report includes photos of aerial and surficial views of the island and discusses physical and environmental factors on the island including climate, topography, geology and soils, seismicity, and slide potentials; facility site evaluation; utility availability including water, wastewater and solid waste disposal, electricty, and communications; transportation and site access, legal factors including potential constitutional violations (cruel and unusual punishment), prison security, and access to prisons; and estimated facility and project costs. A bibliography of land and facility studies of Fire Island is included.
    • Technology or Incentives? Bycatch Avoidance in the BSAI Groundfish Fishery

      Abbott, Joshua; Wilen, Jim; Reimer, Matthew (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-05-01)
    • Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport: Economic Significance 2000

      Goldsmith, Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2001)
      Employment at the Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport in 2000 is estimated at 9,119 ( annual average), generating an annual payroll of $367 million. This represents about 7% of all the wage and salary jobs in Anchorage and 8% of total payroll. Adding the offsite jobs generated by airport businesses making purchases and workers spending their earnings within the community, the total economic significance of the airport grows to 14,750 jobs with a payroll of $515 million. If the airp01i were a separate community it would be the 5th largest economy in the state. The airport is about 5 times the size one would expect for a community of 260 thousand, but only partly because most of the travel between Anchorage and the rest of the US is by air. Most of the activity at the airport is associated with international air cargo, nonAlaska visitors, and non-Anchorage residents of Alaska. Together these activities at the airport, which bring new money into the economy and contribute directly to the economic base of Anchorage, account for 6,443 jobs and $259 million of payroll. Adding the off site activity generated by these onsite jobs results in a total impact of these basic activities of 10,352 jobs and $361 million of payroll. By way of comparison, the headquarters activity of the oil and gas industry in Anchorage directly employed 3,515 in 1999 with a payroll of $316 million. Viewed this way it is clear that the basic activities at the airport are an important part of the economic base of the community.
    • Teens Acting against Violence (TAAV) and the 40 Developmental Assets

      Parker, Khristy (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-23)
      Teens Acting Against Violence (TAAV) is a student-led anti-violence education group formed in 1996 by Tundra Women’s Coalition (TWC) in Bethel, Alaska. This article looks at the program in light of the 40 developmental assets defined by the Search Institute, a nonprofit research program whose framework of strengths and supports for youth development has become an international benchmark. While the developmental assets were not intentionally incorporated in the design of the TAAV program, they are reflected in the program's outcomes.
    • Teens Acting Against Violence (TAAV) Program Evaluation

      Parker, Khristy; Rosay, André B.; DeWitt, Michelle; Arnold, Eileen (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-10)
      Teens Acting Against Violence (TAAV) is a violence prevention and youth empowerment program at the Tundra Women’s Coalition (TWC) for teenagers living in Bethel, Alaska. Participation is voluntary and open for any interested teens aged 12-18. TWC and TAAV partnered with the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) Justice Center to conduct an evaluation of the TAAV program through a one-time survey of former and current adult members (over 18 years of age) of TAAV. Pursuant to TAAV objectives, the focus of the evaluation was placed on examining efforts in the areas of domestic violence and sexual assault prevention, building healthy relationships, encouraging sobriety, and suicide prevention.
    • Telecommunication Reliability

      Ayers, Mark (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2012-12-05)
      Mark Ayers is the author of the book Telecommunications System Reliability Engineering, Theory and Practice (2012) and currently teaches at UAA. At this event, he explains the field of telecommunications system reliability analysis which includes fiber optic, microwave, satellite, and mobile wireless networks as well as facility design, power systems (including battery backup) and software/firmware. Having a more sophisticated approach to reliability and availability prediction in telecommunications systems will also be discussed.
    • Telehealth Business Models: An Assessment Tool for Telehealth Business Opportunities in Remote Rural Communities

      Berman, Matthew; Foster, Mark; Frazier, Rosyland (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2006)
      The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of when the potentially offsetting considerations favor telehealth investments. To that end, we provide users with a financial template to assist them with the business model question of “how is value delivered to my customer and at what cost?” – assuming that the customer(s) may include a primary care provider, a specialist, an insurance company, a health care system, the entity paying for travel, and patients. The financial template allows users to enter their site specific estimates regarding changes in referral patterns with and without telehealth and the revenues and costs that result from the changes in referral patterns. In addition, we provide a spreadsheet to enable the user to estimate the potential value of patients’ time saved by avoiding travel and the value to patients of reduced wait time in the queue for specialty care. In addition, we provide a number of illustrative business cases primarily designed to show the potential complexity of the inter-relationship of parameters and assist users with understanding how they might use the template to build business cases for their particular circumstance. We also provide several examples of sensitivity analysis to assist users with understanding how they might use the template to develop “break-even” analyses and identify when the changes in referral patterns and case mix might trigger a need for increased staff or result in longer queues.
    • A Telemedicine Follow Up Program to Improve Glycemic Outcomes For Patients With Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes

      Beatty, Jonathan R. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
      Type 2 Diabetes is responsible for a global public health burden and affects an estimated 30 million people in the United States, many of whom have difficulty reaching glycemic targets. Approximately 15 percent of the diabetic patients in the Family Health Clinic have an A1C above 8.0. Telemedicine shows promise in improving glycemic control and enhancing access to care. Current literature supports the use of telemedicine to improve glycemic outcomes. The purpose of this project was to assess the acceptability and effectiveness of a provider implemented intense telephonic follow-up program on glycemic outcomes and self-management of patients with uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes. This quality improvement project used a pre-test post-test design using laboratory and survey data collection methods to measure hemoglobin A1C, diabetes self-care, and a post-test provider satisfaction survey. Over a 3-month period, patients meeting criteria for the intervention were provided with telephonic provider follow-up visits at 2-3 week intervals including education on lifestyle changes, medication management and self-care. The mean change in A1C was statistically and clinically significant. The mean change in total self-care survey score was also significant. The data indicated that utilization of telemedicine follow-up improved clinical outcomes for Type 2 Diabetics.
    • Telling Them What They Want to Hear: Involvement with the Indigenous Populations as a Lawyer-Legal Anthropologist in Alaska and Canada

      Conn, Stephen (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1989-04)
      For some purposes — most notably when the legal question of tribal sovereignty is pursued — Alaska has held firm to the principle that all Alaskans are subject to a single law and that village tribes lack legal authority. Yet in practice the history of Alaska bush justice has been to employ informal, extralegal approaches until formal law could muster sufficient resources to intervene and displace informal law.This paper describes the tension between official and unofficial approaches to solving problems such as alcohol, gasoline sniffing, and substance abuse and the attendant social disorder in rural Alaska villages where the structures of formal law and law enforcement are largely absent, and explores the role lawyers can play to improve the legal system within villages.
    • Testing a Methodology for Estimating the Economic Significance of Saltwater Charter Fishing in Southeast Alaska

      Wilson, Meghan; Fay, Ginny; Dugan, Darcy; Fay-Hiltner, Ian; Colt, Steve (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2007)
      In May 2004, the Alaska legislature established new licensing requirement for sport fishing guide business owners and sport fishing guides on a statewide basis. As part of this new registration process, a registered guide vessel must display an ADF&G guide decal on both sides of the vessel along with a current year tag provided when the logbook is issued. The vessel registration portion of the logbook distribution does not collect all the information that CFEC previously collect; the primary mission at Sport Fish Division is monitor fishing pressure on fish stocks by tracking the number of vessels used in the guide industry including the number of vessels used by an individual business. Since a logbook is issued to a unique business, it is possible to determine how many vessels are being used by that given business. The new licensing requirements initiated in 2005, require that a business maintain current Occupational License and Liability Insurance. A guide is also required to have a current sport fish license, first aid certificate and a Coast Guard license if they plan to operate a motorized vessel with clients on board.The purposes of this study are 1) to estimate the economic significance of saltwater charter sport fishing in Southeast Alaska and 2) to test a new methodology for developing these estimates. In addition, this study lays the groundwork for additional spatial analysis relating fishing activity to spawning habitat and to local economies. By making these spatial associations we hope to generate a clearer picture of the economic values generated by riparian ecosystems and captured by anglers and captains from specific communities. "
    • Therapeutic Courts in the Alaska Court System

      Armstrong, Barbara (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-23)
      Therapeutic courts — often called “problem-solving courts” or “wellness courts” — have been a growing component of the U.S. court system since the 1990s. This article provides an overview of the development of Alaska Court System therapeutic courts, and describes the 12 therapeutic courts currently operating in Alaska as well as proposed pilot project courts. Includes a bibliography.
    • Thermal modeling of Anchorage driveway culvert with addition of insulation to prevent frost heaving

      Banzhaf, Clinton J. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-05-01)
      A predominate problem in cold regions, and specifically in Anchorage, Alaska, is frost heaving pavement above culverts in residential driveways. The culvert increases heat loss in the subgrade materials during winter months and allows the soils below the culvert to freeze, which is not an issue if the underlying soils are non-frost susceptible material. However, there are numerous locations in Anchorage and other parts of Alaska where the underlying soils are frost susceptible which result in frost heaving culverts under driveways that cause damaged pavement and culvert inverts that are too high. The seasonal heave and settlement of culverts under driveways accelerates pavement deterioration. A model of this scenario was developed and several insulation configurations were considered to determine a suitable alternative for preventing pavement damage from heaving culverts. The model used material properties for typical Anchorage area silty sand. The model showed that insulation could be used below culverts to prevent differential frost heave at the culvert. In addition, this technique uses typical construction materials and is reasonable for a typical residential dwelling contractor to complete during the construction of the home.
    • Thirty Years Later: The Long-Term Effect of Boarding Schools on Alaska Natives and Their Communities

      Sharp, Suzanne; Hirshberg, Diane (Center for Alaska Education Policy Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2005-09-01)
      In 2004 and 2005 we gathered information on how boarding school and boarding home experiences affected individual Alaska Natives, their families, and communities. From the early 1900s to the 1970s Alaska Natives were taken from rural communities that lacked either primary or secondary schools and sent to boarding schools run by the federal Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), by private churches or, later, by Alaska’s state government. Some were also sent to boarding homes to attend school in urban places. We interviewed 61 Alaska Native adults who attended boarding schools or participated in the urban boarding home program from the late 1940s through the early 1980s, as well as one child of boarding-school graduates. Their experiences, some of which are shared in this report, reveal a glimpse of both the positive and negative effects of past boarding schools. Many of those we interviewed spoke with ambivalence about their boarding school experience, finding both good and bad elements. Some of the good experiences included going to schools that had high expectations of the students; educators and other school personnel who developed personal relationships with students; individualized support for students who were struggling; and discipline and structure that was supportive, not punitive. For many of those we interviewed, boarding school offered an opportunity to learn about the world beyond village boundaries and to develop lasting friendships. But these good experiences came at a cost. The cost for some was abuse; interviewees reported physical and sexual abuse at the Wrangell Institute. At that school, children were forbidden to speak their native languages and were even beaten for speaking them. The goal of many educators at the time of mandatory boarding schools was to assimilate people of different cultures and ethnicities into the dominant culture. This cost many students not only the loss of their language, but also their culture and identity. These practices had lasting effects on individual students, their families, and communities. Those we interviewed told of finding it difficult to return home and be accepted. They felt that by being sent to boarding school they had missed out on learning important traditional skills and had a harder time raising their own children. For communities, the loss of children to boarding schools created a tremendous void, one that interviewees said was filled by alcohol and a breakdown in society. Drugs, alcohol, and suicide are some of the effects interviewees spoke of as coming from boarding home experiences and the loss of cultural identity and family. In 1976, the State of Alaska agreed to build schools in rural communities having eight (later ten) or more school-age children. When these schools were built, it was no longer necessary to send Native children to boarding schools. However, there is now an ongoing policy debate over the cost and quality of these local schools and whether Native children might be better off attending schools outside their communities. We hope that policymakers consider Alaska Natives’ past experiences with boarding schools reported here and learn from them. A journal article based on this research can be found in the Journal of American Indian Education Vol. 47, No. 3 (2008), pp. 5-30 (26 pages)
    • Tidal Estuary Morphodynamics of the Knik Arm

      Lewis, Steven E. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-05-01)
      A three-dimensional unsteady flow numerical model was developed to study sediment transport due to tidal circulation within Knik Arm, a dynamic well mixed macro-tidal sub-estuary of Cook Inlet in Alaska. The model was developed to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that are creating the Point MacKenzie Shoal, located approximately 4 kilometers south of Port MacKenzie. Hydrodynamic conditions within the estuary are very complex in that ebb-and-flood tides, freshwater mixing, and wetting/drying of tidal mud flats significantly effects sediment transport within the estuary. A Mike 3 numerical model was applied to simulate the sediment transport within the estuary under the action of tidal currents in the vicinity of the shoal. The computational domain of this simulation includes four sediment laden freshwater sources; Matanuska, Knik, Susitna, and Twenty-Mile Rivers as well as an open ocean boundary. The spatial resolution of the triangulated flexible mesh model is 0.00045 degrees2 with a coupled fine resolution model of 0.000045 degrees2. The results of the numerical model are in agreement with previously collected field data. Simulation results indicate the shoal formation is the result of turbid tidal flows and deposition is occurring naturally.