• Project Delivery Method Study of Civil Projects in Alaska

      May, Julene D. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-04-01)
      Government agencies across Alaska use primarily one project delivery method (PDM), design-bid-build, to complete civil construction projects (roads, landfills, airports, etc.). The problem many agencies encounter is that the method does not appear to provide on-time, within budget projects that encounter complex issues. The purpose of this study was to provide insight into whether an alternative PDM might have provided a more successful outcome for projects undertaken by the Northern Region Alaska Department of Transportation. Evidence of success can be measured in different ways, including on-time completion, staying within budget, and/or the final product meeting requirements. This study assessed only completion timeliness and budget compliance if a different acquisition PDM type had been used. The study used engineers’ estimates, initial bid prices, initial schedule completion dates, final cost, final completion dates, and change orders to assess how a different PDM might have resulted in a more successful project. Proposed Objective Relationships: • assessed whether a PDM selection guide could be created to help select the best PDM to use for different levels of project complexity • used the guide developed for this study to determine which PDM might have provided a more budget compliant project completion • analyzed whether PDM success varied across civil construction projects based on project complexity To specifically help the ADOT Northern Region and provide for consideration of use by other agencies within the state, this study developed a PDM selection process and then used that process to do a case study on three projects, two already complete projects finished under the DBB process, and one project having completed its design and about to go into construction using the PDM process.
    • Project Evaluation: Tundra Women's Coalition (Bethel), A.W.A.I.C. (Anchorage), Male Awareness Project (Anchorage), Kodiak Women's Resource Center and Kodiak Police Department (Kodiak)

      Conn, Stephen; Barry, Douglas; O'Tierney, Daniel (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-11-30)
      This report presents evaluations of three Alaska agencies that deal with domestic violence: Tundra Women's Coalition in Bethel, through its Family Violence Program; Abused Women's Aid in Crisis (AWAIC) in Anchorage, through its programs for battered women as well as its Male Awareness Program; and Kodiak Women's Resource Center, including its relationship to Kodiak Police Department.
    • Project Gate Self-Assurance Review Framework for Major Alaskan Oil and Gas Projects

      Bertus, Anca (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-12-01)
      Major Alaska oil and gas capital projects can fail or have poor outcomes, including significant cost and schedule overruns if the projects are not ready to proceed into subsequent project stages. A comprehensive project gate assurance review ensures their readiness for the next project gate. Internal Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) should be leveraged in the review process to determine whether all design, construction, commissioning, and operational issues have been formally and properly addressed by the project team. A new project gate Self-Assurance Review Framework (SARF) applicable to major Alaskan oil and gas companies to improve project delivery is proposed in this product-related paper. Given the current economic climate, there is a merit in using internal project gate self-assurance, which is premised to be more time and cost efficient. This can be accomplished by using an Alaskan local internal assurance review team rather than a corporate external travel team of reviewers. The assurance protocol is a “cold eyes” review with SMEs at the main approval gates to ensure the project team has considered all aspects of project readiness. This is to assure the project will be successfully and safely executed on budget, on schedule, and within scope. While external consultants are available to conduct such reviews, this process is designed as an internal local assurance review process in order to generate a beneficial improvement cycle employing internal local SMEs who are accustomed and familiar with the execution of Arctic projects. They are familiar with prior project successes and failures. There are both cost and quality efficiencies to be realized with this approach by leveraging local expertise rather than external reviewers. This paper includes a literature review of assurance review practices, followed by a summary and analysis of interviews conducted with local Alaskan project professionals. These professionals are experienced with major projects delivery and were personally interviewed using guidelines written for this project.
    • Project Management Estimating Tool

      Swanson, Brian Kent (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-05-01)
      This project developed a user-friendly spreadsheet cost estimating tool for Public Buildings Service (PBS) project manager use in small construction and leasing projects. It helps users provide their own conceptual and budgetary level estimates for over 50 common tenant improvement tasks in federally owned and leased buildings in Alaska, Washington, Oregon and Idaho. The Project Management Estimating Tool (PMET) will enable project managers to provide many simple estimates in minutes that currently require multiple days using cost estimator resources. PBS leaders consistently receive complaints from customer agencies regarding the long time PBS takes to provide estimates, and often regarding estimate inaccuracy. The PMET addresses both timeliness and accuracy of small, recurring project estimates, freeing cost estimators to focus on timeliness and accuracy of more complex estimates. The PMET incorporates a statistical risk methodology to increase estimate accuracy. Each estimating item contains a dataset combination of commercial estimating guide values and actual bid values from recent federal contracts. Based on user-provided answers to seven risk factor questions, the tool tailors estimates to the risks. The improved accuracy of PBS estimates from this tool will also build the estimating skills and confidence of project managers, another PBS goal toward project management maturity.
    • A Project Management Handbook For Army Officers and NCOS

      Fitzgerald, James (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-05-01)
      While the US Army Engineer Regiment is encouraging leaders to obtain Project Management Professional (PMP) certifications, accepted Project Management tools, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) are not widely practiced, and therefore do not effectively benefit the Engineer Regiment or the Army. There are vast amounts of academic information available on project management concepts; however, there is very little with regards to Army doctrine that addresses this subject. The Project Management Handbook for Officer and NCOs guides Army Leaders in the use of these concepts and TTPs when planning and executing projects. The use of these proven project management processes will enhance the skill set of Army Leaders and planners, resulting in more efficient and successful completion of projects. Army Officers are well trained to plan and execute combat operations using current Army doctrine. However, these models are not always the best framework to use for non-combat missions or “administrative'’ projects. This Project Management Handbook does not replace any current doctrine, but by building on those skills currently trained and used, it provides a framework that in many cases is better suited for the challenges of administrative projects. Use of this handbook will also provide Army leaders and planners a reference that will enhance their operational planning skills through the understanding of industry proven techniques.
    • Project Management Methodology Applied to a Research and Recommendations Study: Understanding Workplace Accidents Involving Equipment "Blind Spots"

      Delaney, Blake (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-01)
      Nearly 25 percent of work vehicle-related deaths take place while the vehicle is moving in reverse. The total cost to employers in 2000 was $60 billion, with two-thirds of the accidents taking place on-the-job. Due to the high number of vehicle blind spot accidents that take place each year, it is critical to ensure current technology is being utilized to prevent future accidents. (“Guidelines for employers to reduce motor vehicle crashes,” 2006) While the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) investigates industrial fatalities, too little information is gathered into general categories to effectively understand the overall effectiveness of U.S. regulations, and if current technology may reduce blind spot incident and accident rates in the workplace. To improve safety performance in the workplace, it is essential to understand the underlying causes of accidents. Researching white papers and gaining an understanding of patterns and contributing factors, recommendations can be made to help improve workplace safety. Data collected from a custom-made questionnaire deployed within the Municipality of Anchorage and Matanuska-Susitna Borough provided insight to many jobsites within the area, in addition to thoughts and considerations of working-class individuals regarding company policy, laws, regulations, technology use and potential, and equipment blind spots.
    • Project Management Methodology Applied to Dall's Sheep Herd Heath Assessments

      Johnson, Jeffrey (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-12-01)
      Assessing Dali's sheep herd health is the first step to monitoring and management. Currently Alaska does not have a baseline disease presence and prevalence data set; therefore, the Alaska Department of Fish and Game will conduct health testing to develop a baseline of wildlife diseases within south-central Alaska. This project consists of three to seven years of work where 30-40 sheep are sampled annually. These samples will be analyzed to determine what types of disease, bacterial and viral, currently exist in the population. This knowledge base will build a foundation for study of Alaska's Dali’s sheep population. If there is an all-age die off, the Alaska Department of Fish and Game will refer to the samples previously collected and determine if the disease previously existed or if there was an external introduction. Though the Alaska Department of Fish and Game conducts projects regularly, project management methodologies are not explicitly applied to their plans. An execution plan was produced for the Project Management Methodology Applied to Dali's Sheep Herd Health Project, incorporating project management methodologies that can be used to conduct their study. This execution plan documents current best practices, allowing a project manager to execute this plan or use it as a template to build a customized plan. This tool will effectively allow biologists to focus their time on research by optimizing their project plan, allowing for more robust and effective project documentation.
    • Project Risk Identification for Government Projects in Anchorage and Palmer

      Banks, August R. (2014-12-08)
      This study reflects the research and analysis associated with identification of risk classifications and potential risks (both positive and negative) for use in project risk analyses in government projects managed via contract. Relying on literature reviews and surveys, a risk breakdown structure (RBS) and risk register with mitigation strategies are developed for use as a checklist by the organizations participating in the project; the General Services Administration (GSA) and the Plant Materials Center of the Alaska Department of Natural Resources (DNR/PMC). The survey findings support the original objective of establishing a common core of risks among the participating organizations. The 50 percent commonality among the top risks identified by both organizations was quite an unexpected result. These results, along with the substantial pool of risks and risk response strategies can serve as a foundation for the development of a risk management process for the participating agencies.
    • The Project Safe Neighborhoods Household Survey (PSNHS): Part I: PSN — Alaska Program Evaluation Baseline Data

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-01-01)
      This document reports on a March 2004 public survey of Anchorage residents about the Alaska Project Safe Neighborhoods (PSN) intitative and public safety concerns at the neighborhood level. A year and a half into Alaska's PSN initiative, Anchorage residents were more aware of the specific penalties under federal law for illegal possession of a firearm than the programmatic effects of local, state, and federal law enforcement officials to reduce the level of gun crime in the city. Relatively few respondents recognized either of the PSN slogans of the Hard Time for Gun Crime message disseminated by PSN. Anchorage residents do not perceive much disincentive for engaging in prohibited conduct with weapons, indicating that there is a low level of deterrence to prevent people from committing gun crimes, particularly illegal possession offenses. There appears to be little community concern about violent crimes (general and gun-related), youth misbehavior, or racial ethnic conflict at the neighborhood level; nevertheless, most respondents reported believing that gun crime was on the rise in Anchorage as a whole.
    • Promoting Reunification through Family Focused Collaborative Treatment Services and System Change

      Rivera, Marny (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2010-11-17)
      This Powerpoint presentation presents preliminary results of a study on the use of family-focused collaborative treatment to promote family reunification in families with substance abuse and child maltreatment problems.
    • Propane from the North Slope: Could It Reduce Energy Costs in the Interior?

      Goldsmith, Oliver Scott; Szymoniak, Nick (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2009-10)
      Could propane from the North Slope cut energy costs in Fairbanks and other Interior communities that heat buildings or generate electricity with fuel oil or naphtha? The Alaska Natural Gas Development Authority (ANGDA) thinks it could. That’s because a North Slope producer has agreed to sell ANGDA propane for considerably less than what it might otherwise cost, if there were a natural gas pipeline. Propane is a component of North Slope natural gas—and right now there’s no way to get that gas to market.* Naphtha and fuel oil, by comparison, are refined from oil—so their prices are closely tied to the volatile price of crude oil. ANGDA hopes getting a price break on propane could make it cheaper, at least until a pipeline is built—and it asked ISER to analyze the potential effects of one idea.
    • Property Crime in Alaska 1985–2017

      Kisarauskas, Yevgenii (Alaska Justice Information Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2019-03-07)
      This fact sheet describes Alaska property crime trends from 1985 through 2017, with a focus on motor vehicle theft rate trends. Overall property crime in Alaska increased by 28.6% from 2011 to 2017. Burglary and larceny theft increased moderately, but motor vehicle theft rates tripled from the lowest recorded rate 2011 to the highest recorded rate in 2017. Data is drawn from the annual Crime in Alaska report of the Alaska Department of Public Safety, which represents the State of Alaska's contribution to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) program.
    • Property Crime Reported in Alaska, 1986–2015

      Parker, Khristy (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-02-06)
      This fact sheet presents data on property crime in Alaska from 1986 to 2015 as reported in the Alaska Department of Public Safety publication Crime in Alaska. "Property crime" is an aggregate category that includes burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft crimes. From 1986 to 2015 the property crime rate in Alaska decreased as the overall crime rate decreased. On average, property crime accounted for two-thirds of all crime in Alaska over the thirty-year period.
    • Prospective Development of a Mobile Farmers Market in Mountain View, Anchorage, Alaska

      Seidner, Shaina (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-08)
      The goal of this project practicum was to provide information to help improve food security in Mountain View, a neighborhood located in Anchorage, Alaska, by facilitating increased access to fresh, healthy, and affordable food for low income populations. A mobile farmers market in Anchorage could help achieve this goal. Mobile markets are effectively farmers markets on wheels, allowing food to meet consumers where they live. Such markets are gaining popularity in the Lower 48 and data documenting their successes have been emerging. This project aimed to compile information for a mobile farmers market that could: 1) increase access to, and utiliza-tion of, fresh, healthy, and affordable food for Mountain View, and 2) create positive relation-ships between local food and disadvantaged populations. Data from key informant interviews, surveys and existing research on local foods, financial and business considerations were utilized to characterize how to best serve the identified populations through a mobile market. Key in-formant interviews stressed the importance of consistency, convenience and reliability in any new business as the Mountain View community has a history of businesses not following through on promises. Surveys from potential market customers showed strong interest in the market selling locally grown foods such as root vegetables, greens, corn and berries. Grants from federal and state sources could provide funding needed for the market, including grants which cover EBT machines, which are essential when providing access to customers on federal assistance programs. It was found a successful mobile farmers market in Mountain View could improve food security by increasing community access to food, much locally grown. Increased purchasing of local foods could help develop local food systems, allowing consumers’ money to stay in state, supporting local economies and link local markets.
    • Protecting the Right to Exist as a People: Intellectual Property as a Means to Protect Traditional Knowledge and Indigenous Culture

      Collin, Sean; Collin, Yvette; Koskey, Michael (2018)
      The dominant Western culture has created a legal system premised upon an individualistic and commercial foundation for intellectual property rights (IPR). This system necessarily excludes the protection of traditional knowledge and other components of Indigenous cultures, as well as concepts of communal responsibility for the keeping and transfer of such ideas and knowledge. These concepts are foundational to Indigenous knowledge systems in Alaska, as well as throughout the world. Today, a focus on this issue is critical to the preservation of indigenous cultures and their ways of knowing. We examine where national and international intellectual property rights systems are in addressing Indigenous cultural and intellectual property rights (Indigenous CIPR). We also examine opportunities for expansion of such rights in Alaska and around the world.
    • Protective Custody Holds in Alaska's Community Jails

      Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2000-10)
      A presentation of data from fifteen Alaska community jails (Barrow, Cordova, Craig, Dillingham, Haines, Homer, Bristol Bay Borough, Kodiak, Kotzebue, Petersburg, Seward, Sitka, Unalaska, Valdez and Wrangell) regarding protective custody holds — essentially detention of public inebriates. The report describes the jails and the procedures for such holds under state statute and presents figures on protective custody holds: number per jail, number by season, number by time of day, ages of those held, duration of hold.
    • A Prototype Construction of Adjustable Bicycle Handlebars

      Bryant, W. Anthony (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-01)
      The riding position of a bicycle is determined by the type of handlebars used. The higher the relationship of the handlebars are to the saddle, the more the rider sits erect and has less stress on the neck, arms and hands. Conversely, the lower the handlebars the more stress forces are felt on those same areas. To manage discomfort and fatigue, the cyclist may stop to rest or sit erect without holding onto the handlebars while still riding. By not holding the handlebars, the rider has little control over steering and no control over braking or changing gears. A solution is to adjust the handlebars from the lower to higher position and still allow access to the hand controls. This project designed and produced a prototype for compound or adjustable bicycle handlebars. The handlebar assembly provides the rider with the ability to change from a mountain bike posture to that of the more comfortable city and classic bike positions while still retaining complete control of steering, braking, and changing gears. Pending positive results from structural testing, the expectation is that the availability of these handlebars will add to the enjoyment of cycling for a larger audience with diverse cycling needs.
    • The Provisional Government and 1917: The Legitimacy Paradox

      Nickols, Aaron (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-05-01)
      The significance of the Russian revolution has been a hitter ongoing argument for historians and political scientists alike. Couched within that debate is the significance and meaning of I bl 7. For some, the significance of 1917 is based around the rise of the Bolsheviks to power and the centrality of class struggle. For others, it is a critical moment of hard political power wielded by Lenin and the Bolsheviks.1 But, behind that debate, lays the meaning of 1917 and the Provisional Government. In the simplest of terms, there was a crisis of legitimacy. To understand the meaning of 1917 it must be recognized that, while the Russian Provisional Government was perceived as a legitimate government externally, internally it was considered almost wholly illegitimate. The events of 1917, and thus the events of the revolution and civil war that followed, hinged upon the legitimacy and sovereignty of the Provisional Government. Thus the Provisional Government represents a critical factor; the understanding of 1917. One must recognize that the Provisional Government failed to survive, at least in part, because its leaders assumed its legitimacy, while the Russian population increasingly rejected it. The leadership utterly failed to obtain a sovereign and legitimate mandate, either through legislation, by the popular consent of the Russian people, or by investit ure of authority through institutional succession. The purpose of this paper is to illuminate some of the points which caused the Provisional Government to fail. In particular there appear three critical reasons for this failure; the internal politics of the Provisional Government, its relation to the Army, and its relation to the Russian population.
    • Public and Private Sector Earnings in Alaska

      Bibler, Andrew; Guettabi, Mouhcine (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-12-01)
      We compare earnings in the Alaska public and private sector labor markets from 2001 -2016. Public sector laborers are older and more likely to be female, suggesting that taking these differences into consideration will be important in our comparisons. We also focus on the public-private sector earnings gaps for men and women separately, as the magnitude and even direction of the gap depends on this distinction. We go about this in three ways: unconditional comparisons, conditional earnings gaps, and comparing the earnings and growth of individuals who remain with the same employer. Below are the main findings: • The unconditional average public-private earnings gaps for men and women are of opposing signs (see Table 1). – Men in the public sector earn about $2,129 less in quarterly wages than men in the private sector, on average. – Women in the public sector earn about $498 more in quarterly wages than women in the private sector, on average. • On average, across all occupations, men and women have higher initial earnings in the private sector at the beginning of a job spell. – For men, the difference is $3113 in quarterly earnings. – For women, the difference is $760 in quarterly earnings. • Among workers who remain with the same employer, earnings growth is 1% and 2% higher in the public sector for men and women, respectively. • For men, despite the faster growth, they don’t catch up to the earnings of private sector employees within 10 years of tenure in most occupations (See Tables 9 and 11, and Figure 12). 1 • Women in the public sector earn more than their private sector counterparts within a few years of tenure, on average. • There is substantial heterogeneity in the earnings gap across occupations (See Tables 10 and 12, and Figure 13).
    • Public Health Research in Alaska: Applying Quality Research and Evaluation to Alaska's Public Health Challenges

      Guettabi, Mouhcine (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-01-01)