• How Vulnerable Is Alaska's Economy to Reduced Federal Spending?

      Goldsmith, Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2008)
      About a third of all jobs in Alaska can be traced to federal spending here—and over the past decade the rapid increase in federal spending drove much of the economic growth. Federal spending in Alaska more than doubled between 1995 and 2005, and in 2006 it was $9.25 billion. But now federal spending here has stopped growing, and many Alaskans are worried that the economy is vulnerable to spending cuts as the federal budget tightens. This analysis estimates that Alaska could be vulnerable to federal spending cuts in the range of $450 million to $1.25 billion—which could cost the economy anywhere from about 7,000 to 20,000 jobs in the future. We estimate potential vulnerability as a range, because it’s impossible to predict with any precision how federal spending will actually change. The best we can do is estimate the likely magnitude of reductions, given federal budget problems.
    • How Would a Road Affect Cordova?

      Kruse, Jack (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1995)
      The proposed road to Cordova has created controversy for more than 30 years. Several time work has been started and stopped on what is known as the Copper River Highway. In 1992 the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities hired ISER to study the potential economic and social effects of a road to Cordova. ISER's report provided information for a draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) on the road. That EIS was not released at the time of publication, however, the four volumes of the ISER report were released in 1993. Major findings of the report are outlined in this summary research report.
    • How Would$1,200 Per Person State Payments Compare With Increased Household Costs for Energy Use?

      Colt, Steve; Saylor, Ben (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2008-07-11)
      In the face of sharply rising energy costs, Alaska’s governor, Sarah Palin, has proposed to pay every Alaskan $1,200 to help cover those increased costs. The Alaska Legislature will be considering the governor’s proposal in the special session that began July 9. How would the proposed payments—about $3,300 for the average-size Alaska household—compare with recent increases in energy costs? We looked at that question and present our estimates here. But these truly are estimates, because there’s not much current information about the types and amounts of energy Alaska households use.
    • Human Dimensions of the Arctic System: Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Dynamics of Social Environment Relationships

      Huntington, Henry; Berman, Matthew; Cooper, Lee W.; Hamilton, Larry; Hinzman, Larry; Kielland, Knut; Kirk, Elizabeth; Kruse, Jack; Lynch, Amanda; McGuire, A. David; et al. (National Science Foundation, 200)
      In 1997 the National Science Foundation Arctic System Science (ARCSS) program launched the Human Dimensions of the Arctic System (HARC) initiative. Its goal is to “understand the dynamics of linkages between human populations and the biological and physical environment of the Arctic, at scales ranging from local to global.” ....This section describes several HARC projects to give an idea of the scope of the initiative and the breadth of inquiry that has so far been undertaken.
    • Human Health Impacts of and Public Health Responses to Climate Change

      Ebi, Kristie L. (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2009-02-03)
      Dr. Kristie L. Ebi is an independent consultant (ESS, LLC) who has been conducting research on the impacts of and adaptation to climate change for more than a decade. Dr. Ebi has worked with WHO, UNDP, USAID, and others on implementing adaptation measures and adaptation assessments and has edited four books on aspects of climate change and has published more than 80 papers.
    • Human Resources, Training and Education: A Survey of Alaska Criminal Justice Agencies

      Ring, Peter Smith (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1976-09)
      This report presents results of a survey of Alaska criminal justice agencies. The survey was designed to provide baseline data on the educational levels of criminal justice personnel and existing training programs in Alaska; and to elicit from criminal justice agencies their views on subject areas — both in higher education programs and in continuing professional development programs — which those agencies believed deserved attention. A total of 47 agencies, offices, institutions within agencies, and individuals responded to the survey, out of a total of 78 to whom surveys were sent. Respondents represented the law enforcement agencies, the Alaska Court System, the Alaska Department of Law, the Alaska Public Defender, and correctional agencies including probation/parole.
    • Hunting and Fishing in Southeast Alaska

      Kruse, Jack; Holleman, Marybeth (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1991)
      In most southeast Alaska towns, households that don't hunt and fish are unusual. A recent survey of 30 southeast communities found that about 85 percent of households get at least some of their food by hunting and fishing. But among the thousands of households that hunt and fish, there are significant differences. Figure 1 shows that while 34 percent of survey households annually harvest just 1 to 80 pounds of fish and game per household member, nearly 10 percent harvest more than 500 pounds per household member. And while some households do not eat any wild fish and game, nearly a third of survey households get half or more of their total meat and fish by hunting and fishing. These are among the findings of the Tongass Resource Use Cooperative Study (TRUCS), a 1988 survey carried out jointly by the Institute of Social and Economic Research, the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, and the U.S. Forest Service. The study documents hunting and fishing for household use in all permanent southeast Alaska communities except the largest, Juneau and Ketchikan. This Review presents the findings of that survey. It also discusses how this kind of information could be useful to state policymakers trying to define who should be classified as subsistence users, and to federal and state land managers charged with protecting subsistence uses on public lands.
    • Hydrology, Arctic Health, Resource Economics, Geo Visualization

      James, Alexander; Reeves, Matt; Amstalavski, Philippe; Witmer, Frank (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2014-12-02)
      Matt Reeves, Geological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, is interested in starting a successful Hydrogeology program at UAA. Philippe Amstalavski, Public Health, College of Health, is interested in Arctic environmental health, effects of changes in hydrology on circumpolar health, and the fate of contaminants in the environment. Alexander James, Economics, College of Business and Public Policy, is interested in environmental and resource economics and in analyzing a variety of economic problems using experimental methods, especially those related to non-market valuation and public policy. Frank Witmer, Computer Science, School of Engineering, is interested in studying human-environment interactions using satellite imagery, spatial statistical analysis, geographic information systems, and geovisualization.
    • Idea to Invention Project Report

      Aicher, Dan (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-12-17)
      The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) estimates that 1-3% of patented inventions produce profits for the inventor. The cost of filing and examination for a non-provisional patent can range from $2,000 to $10,000 and beyond. ATC Company understands this uncertainty and will undertake a project to invent a new shelter product and determine its marketability, prior to investing in a non-provisional patent. The Idea to Invention project objective is to apply Project Management principles and develop a process for inventing an idea, measuring the idea’s utility and commercial viability as a product, conducting a patent search and producing a thorough Provisional Patent Application. Specifically, the project will deliver both a product line of ATC’s and a process for establishing first to invent rights to patenting the ATC’s function and method of operation. Unlike most recreational tent products available, ATCs do not require a flat or suitable site for setup; rather, ATCs deliver ultralightweight, highly adaptable weather protection and concealment nearly anywhere in the field.
    • Identification and Comparison of Gray Literature in Two Polar Libraries: Australian Antarctic Division and Scott Polar Research Institute

      Carle, Daria O. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2009-09-15)
      Gray literature collections were investigated and compared at the libraries of the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) and the Scott Polar Research Institute (SPRI) in order to improve accessibility. These collections are important to Arctic and Antarctic researchers, but are problematic because they are not well documented, often have limited access, and are arranged by subject using a classification system specific to polar libraries. Tangible results of the project include estimates of the number of gray literature items in the polar subject categories for the two libraries, along with a template of a user’s finding aid to these collections. In addition, 172 sources from four Antarctic expeditions in the early part of the 20th century were selected as a representative sample; 64 from AAD and 108 from SPRI. While small, the sample was a focused topic with enough variety of materials to provide good examples for accessibility issues. Inquiries are continually received at AAD and SPRI for information related to these four expeditions, so improved access will be beneficial for both researchers and the two institutions. Making the material more available is also very timely, anticipating renewed interest from the public with the approaching centennial celebrations of two of the expeditions coming up in 2010 and 2011. Despite the similar subject nature of the collections, only ten items were duplicated in the two libraries. Solutions for improving access, such as linking the gray literature collections to broader initiatives are addressed in more detail in the final report. Providing the references in a metadata format to include in an online catalog or linked to a website will increase visibility and use of the materials. Suggestions for improving the arrangement of the materials and reducing duplication within the collections are also discussed in the final report available on my blog. http://www.consortiumlibrary.org/blogs/dcarle/sabbatical/
    • Identifying the Potential for Cross-Fishery Spillovers: A Network Analysis of Alaskan Permitting Patterns, Working Paper, Resources for the Future

      Addicott, Ethan T.; Kroetz, Kailin; Reimer, Matthew; Sanchirico, James N.; Lew, Daniel K.; Huetteman, Justine (Resources for the Future, 2016-12-01)
      Many fishermen own a portfolio of permits across multiple fisheries, creating an opportunity for fishing effort to adjust across fisheries and enabling impacts from a policy change in one fishery to spill over into other fisheries. In regions with a large and diverse number of permits and fisheries, joint-permitting can result in a complex system, making it difficult to understand the potential for cross-fishery substitution. In this study, we construct a network representation of permit ownership to characterize interconnectedness between Alaska commercial fisheries due to cross-fishery permitting. The Alaska fisheries network is highly connected, suggesting that most fisheries are vulnerable to cross-fishery spillovers from network shocks, such as changes to policies or fish stocks. We find that fisheries with similar geographic proximity are more likely to be a part of a highly connected cluster of susceptible fisheries. We use a case study to show that preexisting network statistics can be useful for identifying the potential scope of policy-induced spillovers. Our results demonstrate that network analysis can improve our understanding of the potential for policy-induced cross-fishery spillovers.
    • Immigrants to the Pure Land

      Ama, Michihiro (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2011-04-11)
      Michihiro Ama's new book is called Immigrants to the Pure Land: The Modernization, Acculturation, and Globalization of Shin Buddhism, 1898-1941. In it his "investigation of the early period of Jodo Shinshu in Hawai'i and the United States sets a new standard for investigating the processes of religious acculturation and a radically new way of thinking about these processes." At this event, Michihiro Ama examines the concept of acculturation as a dual process of both "Japanization" and "Americanization." Michihiro Ama currently teaches at UAA in the Department of Languages.
    • The Impact of Anchorage's 2000 and 2007 Smoke-Free Policies on Select Restaurants and Bars

      Guettabi, Mouhcine; Frazier, Rosyland; Cueva, Katie; Wheeler, John; Nye, Peggy (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-01)
      The American Lung Association in Alaska (ALAA) asked the Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER) to investigate the impact of the Anchorage 2000 and 2007 Clean Indoor Air (CIA) municipal ordinances on selected restaurants and bars. As previous U.S. studies have been conducted that speak to the economic and health impacts of CIA laws, ALAA also requested that ISER synthesize results of these existing studies and conduct a survey on restaurant and bar representatives’ perceptions of the impact of the ordinances.
    • Impacts of Fish Waste Piles in Alaska

      Martich, Tara (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-12-01)
      The goal of this practicum project was to complete a meta-analysis and identify the location, size, and impact of fish waste piles on waterbodies in Alaska in one comprehensive report. Data collection for this project included obtaining secondary data from publicly available sources. Alaskan shorebased seafood processing facilities discharge water mixed with fish waste from an outfall(s). Once discharged, buoyant fish waste enters the water column and floats to the surface, while denser fragments sink. Fish waste accumulates on the seafloor and creates fish waste piles. A persistent fish waste pile depletes the oxygen from the water column, smothers benthic invertebrates, alters benthic habitat and creates dead zones, all which lead to changes in the overall ecosystem. As the deposited material breaks down, it produces hydrogen sulfide and ammonia, which may be released into the environment and affect aquatic ecosystem health. Less than fifty percent of the facilities in the data set are in compliance with the requirement to monitor their fish waste piles. At least 115 acres of the Alaska seafloor is covered by fish waste piles and the impacts of these 115 acres are not widely known. The recovery process of benthic communities is typically different than a simple reverse of the pattern observed during its decline. It is unlikely that any benthic community impacted by these fish waste piles will recover to its original state, even if the organic loading ceases.
    • The Impacts of the “Hunker Down” order in Anchorage

      Berry, Kevin (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-05-21)
      This brief models the COVID-19 epidemic in Anchorage Alaska to better understand the impact of the Municipality of Anchorage (MOA) “Hunker Down” order and provide insight into the potential benefit of the State of Alaska (SOA) “Stay at Home” order. The economic benefits of the hunker down order are measured in avoided mortality, based on the EPA value of a statistical life of $7.5 million. The benefits are for the epidemic to date based on confirmed cases and a simulation of an Anchorage epidemic based on epidemiological parameters from the scientific literature. Modeling suggests ~5400 deaths were avoided to date. Using a value of a statistical life of $7.5 million, the hunker down order is estimated to have avoided $40.5 billion in mortality due to COVID-19 to date. The economic costs of the shutdown are estimated based on the expected loss of GDP in Alaska, at roughly $4 billion to date. The long run economic costs are not estimated in this report, and will be heavily influenced by efforts by individuals to avoid infection. The estimates of the economic cost are also an upper bound estimate, as many of the costs may have happened regardless of the hunker down order as individuals avoided public spaces to protect themselves.
    • Implementation and Evaluation of a Prescribed Exercise Program Led by a Nurse Practitioner

      Keefer, Leigh Aurora (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-01)
      Insufficient physical exercise contributes to many disease processes and increases mortality and morbidity rates worldwide. If the world population were to adhere to recommended levels of physical activity, health outcomes would improve. To that end, clinical practices need to consider exercise interventions to improve patient self-efficacy to adhere to recommended physical activity guidelines. A family nurse practitioner led such an intervention in a primary care clinic in Anchorage, Alaska. It evaluated a prescriptive-exercise program using the Exercise is Medicine® (EIM) guidelines of the American College of Sports Medicine. This pilot targeted healthy adults between 18 and 64 years old who were not exercising at least 150 minutes per week. From 20 applicants, eight participants qualified and entered into a 12-week prescribed exercise program. Seven completed the intervention and the subsequent post self-efficacy survey and measurement collection. Measured outcomes were self-efficacy, blood pressure, body mass index and participant’s commitment to follow through with continued exercise. Significant findings from this exercise intervention included (1) increased self-efficacy from “sense of accomplishment”, (2) reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure and (3) indications that participants would continue physical activity level per recommended guidelines. It is conclusive that implementation of a prescription-exercise guideline in clinical practice can improve the population’s self-efficacy to adhere to the recommended levels of physical activity, and lower blood pressure. Meeting adequate physical activity levels mitigates disease development, improves health outcomes and reduces health care system costs.
    • Implementation of Nudges at a Food Pantry in Anchorage, Alaska

      Holland, Kiana (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
      Food pantry clients experience many health disparities, including elevated incidence of diabetes, heart disease, and other nutrition-related conditions. Nutrition education interventions in the form of a nudge can be an effective method to increase nutrition knowledge and to positively influence nutrition-related behaviors and attitudes surrounding healthful eating. Attitudes refer to the emotions, or beliefs towards something, whereas behaviors are the actions taken. The goal of this project was to develop a nutrition intervention in the form of a nudge to increase the selection of nutritious foods by pantry clients. Objectives included creating a guidebook for the pantry to utilize when implementing the nutrition education materials that were developed in this project. The nutrition education materials include nudges, extended nudges, client handouts, and recipe cards. This intervention will be implemented at the St. Francis House Food Pantry, which is a part of Catholic Social Services in Anchorage, Alaska. This food pantry serves a broad demographic of clients on a monthly basis, in a client-choice distribution model. The intervention includes nudges, extended nudges, client handouts, recipe cards, and a guide binder. These will be reusable so the pantry can utilize the materials repeatedly in the future. There is limited existing research on implementing nudges in the food pantry setting. Therefore, in order to determine the efficacy of implementing a nudge intervention in Anchorage, Alaska food pantries further research is needed.
    • An Implementation of Remote Alcohol Monitoring in Alaska

      McKelvie, Alan R. (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2005-07)
      The Secure Continuous Remote Alcohol Monitoring (SCRAM) system is an ankle bracelet monitoring device implemented for use in 2003–2005 in Anchorage, Palmer, Fairbanks, Bethel, and Kotzebue. The SCRAM devices monitor the wearers' consumption of alcohol through transdermal analysis. By July 2005 there were 130 units in operation in Alaska, with 202 clients participating in the program in 2003 and 2004, and 176 clients in the first half of 2005, when this evaluation took place. Results showed that the devices functioned effectively in Alaska, including in rural areas (using the Alaska satellite telecommunications network), in extreme cold, and under other inclement conditions.
    • Implementation of Shared Medical Appointments to Address Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Patients With Metabolic Syndrome

      Rife, Jill (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-01)
      Metabolic syndrome is a condition in which the components – central adiposity, insulin resistance, atherogenic dyslipidemia, and elevated blood pressure - confer increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A pilot clinical practice improvement project was developed and implemented using shared medical appointments to address cardiovascular disease risk in adult patients at a rural health care clinic on the southern Kenai Peninsula, Alaska who met the diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome. Statistically significant improvement in self-reported minutes of exercise was demonstrated for the nominal group of participants. Participants were at least as satisfied or more satisfied with shared medical appointments compared to traditional medical appointments. Limitations aside, the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project demonstrated the feasibility of using shared medical appointments to address cardiovascular disease risk in this patient population. There is need for additional research into the “physiology,” or curricular and other structural and procedural elements of shared medical appointments for patients with metabolic syndrome that would afford decreased cardiovascular disease risk. The Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project goals were in accordance with the overarching aims of the National Quality Strategy that build on the Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Triple Aim – cost-effective, patient-centered, quality care that improves health.