• Promoting a Coordinated Multi-Site Evaluation for Community-Based Opioid Prevention Programs

      Hanson, Bridget; Barnett, Jodi (Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, 2019)
      The effectiveness of substance use prevention efforts is often difficult to measure over short grant cycles, especially for emerging issues such as prescription opioid misuse where data is less available and evidence-based strategies are not well understood. Coordinating state and community level evaluation efforts adds further complexity. Since 2016, six communities in Alaska, through a single federal funding stream, have worked to prevent opioid misuse among youth and young adults using policy, system, and environmental strategies. The project is focused on three key intervening variables to reduce prescription opioid misuse.The Alaska Partnerships for Success Project is funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services (Grant #SP020783) through the State of Alaska, Division of Behavioral Health.
    • Promoting Reunification through Family Focused Collaborative Treatment Services and System Change

      Rivera, Marny (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2010-11-17)
      This Powerpoint presentation presents preliminary results of a study on the use of family-focused collaborative treatment to promote family reunification in families with substance abuse and child maltreatment problems.
    • Propane from the North Slope: Could It Reduce Energy Costs in the Interior?

      Goldsmith, Oliver Scott; Szymoniak, Nick (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2009-10)
      Could propane from the North Slope cut energy costs in Fairbanks and other Interior communities that heat buildings or generate electricity with fuel oil or naphtha? The Alaska Natural Gas Development Authority (ANGDA) thinks it could. That’s because a North Slope producer has agreed to sell ANGDA propane for considerably less than what it might otherwise cost, if there were a natural gas pipeline. Propane is a component of North Slope natural gas—and right now there’s no way to get that gas to market.* Naphtha and fuel oil, by comparison, are refined from oil—so their prices are closely tied to the volatile price of crude oil. ANGDA hopes getting a price break on propane could make it cheaper, at least until a pipeline is built—and it asked ISER to analyze the potential effects of one idea.
    • Propane from the North Slope: Could It Reduce Energy Costs in the Interior?

      Goldsmith, Scott; Szymoniak, Nick (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2009)
      Could propane from the North Slope cut energy costs in Fairbanks and other Interior communities that heat buildings or generate electricity with fuel oil or naphtha? The Alaska Natural Gas Development Authority (ANGDA) thinks it could....We analyzed how fuel prices in Fairbanks might compare, under those assumptions and at different crude oil prices. We estimated the price of propane delivered to Fairbanks, the wholesale price of fuel oil in Fairbanks, and the price of the naphtha that Golden Valley Electric Association (the Fairbanks utility) burns to generate electricity. These aren’t prices residential customers would pay. The propane price doesn’t include costs of storing and distributing propane in Fairbanks, and we tried to make the fuel oil price comparable to that. This analysis is intended just to show relative fuel prices, given ANGDA’s assumptions.
    • Propellers, Politics, and People: Chuck Sassara's Alaska

      Sassara, Chuck (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2015-12-12)
      Chuck Sassara, a longtime Alaskan, former legislator, pilot, and businessman, shares his life and adventures in the book Chuck Sassara's Alaska: Propellers, Politics, and People. From his arrival in 1955 with his wife Ann, through Alaska statehood and resource development, Chuck's story is told with excitement, adventure, and daring. As Andy Hall states, "Alaska bustled with postwar momentum then, a place where a man with the right mix of enthusiasm and tenacity could make his mark. For Chuck, Alaska was the right place at the right time."
    • Property Crime in Alaska 1985–2017

      Kisarauskas, Yevgenii (Alaska Justice Information Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2019-03-07)
      This fact sheet describes Alaska property crime trends from 1985 through 2017, with a focus on motor vehicle theft rate trends. Overall property crime in Alaska increased by 28.6% from 2011 to 2017. Burglary and larceny theft increased moderately, but motor vehicle theft rates tripled from the lowest recorded rate 2011 to the highest recorded rate in 2017. Data is drawn from the annual Crime in Alaska report of the Alaska Department of Public Safety, which represents the State of Alaska's contribution to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) program.
    • Property Crime Reported in Alaska, 1986–2015

      Parker, Khristy (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-02-06)
      This fact sheet presents data on property crime in Alaska from 1986 to 2015 as reported in the Alaska Department of Public Safety publication Crime in Alaska. "Property crime" is an aggregate category that includes burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft crimes. From 1986 to 2015 the property crime rate in Alaska decreased as the overall crime rate decreased. On average, property crime accounted for two-thirds of all crime in Alaska over the thirty-year period.
    • Prospective Development of a Mobile Farmers Market in Mountain View, Anchorage, Alaska

      Seidner, Shaina (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-08)
      The goal of this project practicum was to provide information to help improve food security in Mountain View, a neighborhood located in Anchorage, Alaska, by facilitating increased access to fresh, healthy, and affordable food for low income populations. A mobile farmers market in Anchorage could help achieve this goal. Mobile markets are effectively farmers markets on wheels, allowing food to meet consumers where they live. Such markets are gaining popularity in the Lower 48 and data documenting their successes have been emerging. This project aimed to compile information for a mobile farmers market that could: 1) increase access to, and utiliza-tion of, fresh, healthy, and affordable food for Mountain View, and 2) create positive relation-ships between local food and disadvantaged populations. Data from key informant interviews, surveys and existing research on local foods, financial and business considerations were utilized to characterize how to best serve the identified populations through a mobile market. Key in-formant interviews stressed the importance of consistency, convenience and reliability in any new business as the Mountain View community has a history of businesses not following through on promises. Surveys from potential market customers showed strong interest in the market selling locally grown foods such as root vegetables, greens, corn and berries. Grants from federal and state sources could provide funding needed for the market, including grants which cover EBT machines, which are essential when providing access to customers on federal assistance programs. It was found a successful mobile farmers market in Mountain View could improve food security by increasing community access to food, much locally grown. Increased purchasing of local foods could help develop local food systems, allowing consumers’ money to stay in state, supporting local economies and link local markets.
    • Protecting the Right to Exist as a People: Intellectual Property as a Means to Protect Traditional Knowledge and Indigenous Culture

      Collin, Sean; Collin, Yvette; Koskey, Michael (2018)
      The dominant Western culture has created a legal system premised upon an individualistic and commercial foundation for intellectual property rights (IPR). This system necessarily excludes the protection of traditional knowledge and other components of Indigenous cultures, as well as concepts of communal responsibility for the keeping and transfer of such ideas and knowledge. These concepts are foundational to Indigenous knowledge systems in Alaska, as well as throughout the world. Today, a focus on this issue is critical to the preservation of indigenous cultures and their ways of knowing. We examine where national and international intellectual property rights systems are in addressing Indigenous cultural and intellectual property rights (Indigenous CIPR). We also examine opportunities for expansion of such rights in Alaska and around the world.
    • Protective Custody Holds in Alaska's Community Jails

      Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2000-10)
      A presentation of data from fifteen Alaska community jails (Barrow, Cordova, Craig, Dillingham, Haines, Homer, Bristol Bay Borough, Kodiak, Kotzebue, Petersburg, Seward, Sitka, Unalaska, Valdez and Wrangell) regarding protective custody holds — essentially detention of public inebriates. The report describes the jails and the procedures for such holds under state statute and presents figures on protective custody holds: number per jail, number by season, number by time of day, ages of those held, duration of hold.
    • A Prototype Construction of Adjustable Bicycle Handlebars

      Bryant, W. Anthony (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-01)
      The riding position of a bicycle is determined by the type of handlebars used. The higher the relationship of the handlebars are to the saddle, the more the rider sits erect and has less stress on the neck, arms and hands. Conversely, the lower the handlebars the more stress forces are felt on those same areas. To manage discomfort and fatigue, the cyclist may stop to rest or sit erect without holding onto the handlebars while still riding. By not holding the handlebars, the rider has little control over steering and no control over braking or changing gears. A solution is to adjust the handlebars from the lower to higher position and still allow access to the hand controls. This project designed and produced a prototype for compound or adjustable bicycle handlebars. The handlebar assembly provides the rider with the ability to change from a mountain bike posture to that of the more comfortable city and classic bike positions while still retaining complete control of steering, braking, and changing gears. Pending positive results from structural testing, the expectation is that the availability of these handlebars will add to the enjoyment of cycling for a larger audience with diverse cycling needs.
    • Proud Raven, Panting Wolf: Carving Alaska’s New Deal Totem Parks

      Moore, Emily (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2019-08-02)
      In Proud Raven, Panting Wolf: Carving Alaska's New Deal Totem Parks, Ketchikan-native Emily Moore examines the origins of totem parks at Saxman, Totem Bight, Wrangell and Prince of Wales Island. Built between 1938 and 1942 as part of a Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) program, Alaska's totem parks arose out of a controversial set of compromises between New Deal efforts to preserve "American heritage" and Tlingit and Haida efforts to assert their own heritage and claims to the Tongass National Forest. Emily Moore is currently assistant Professor of art history at Colorado State University. Proud Raven, Panting Wolf: Carving Alaska's New Deal Totem Parks is published by University of Washington Press.
    • The Provisional Government and 1917: The Legitimacy Paradox

      Nickols, Aaron (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-05-01)
      The significance of the Russian revolution has been a hitter ongoing argument for historians and political scientists alike. Couched within that debate is the significance and meaning of I bl 7. For some, the significance of 1917 is based around the rise of the Bolsheviks to power and the centrality of class struggle. For others, it is a critical moment of hard political power wielded by Lenin and the Bolsheviks.1 But, behind that debate, lays the meaning of 1917 and the Provisional Government. In the simplest of terms, there was a crisis of legitimacy. To understand the meaning of 1917 it must be recognized that, while the Russian Provisional Government was perceived as a legitimate government externally, internally it was considered almost wholly illegitimate. The events of 1917, and thus the events of the revolution and civil war that followed, hinged upon the legitimacy and sovereignty of the Provisional Government. Thus the Provisional Government represents a critical factor; the understanding of 1917. One must recognize that the Provisional Government failed to survive, at least in part, because its leaders assumed its legitimacy, while the Russian population increasingly rejected it. The leadership utterly failed to obtain a sovereign and legitimate mandate, either through legislation, by the popular consent of the Russian people, or by investit ure of authority through institutional succession. The purpose of this paper is to illuminate some of the points which caused the Provisional Government to fail. In particular there appear three critical reasons for this failure; the internal politics of the Provisional Government, its relation to the Army, and its relation to the Russian population.
    • Public and Private Sector Earnings in Alaska

      Bibler, Andrew; Guettabi, Mouhcine (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-12-01)
      We compare earnings in the Alaska public and private sector labor markets from 2001 -2016. Public sector laborers are older and more likely to be female, suggesting that taking these differences into consideration will be important in our comparisons. We also focus on the public-private sector earnings gaps for men and women separately, as the magnitude and even direction of the gap depends on this distinction. We go about this in three ways: unconditional comparisons, conditional earnings gaps, and comparing the earnings and growth of individuals who remain with the same employer. Below are the main findings: • The unconditional average public-private earnings gaps for men and women are of opposing signs (see Table 1). – Men in the public sector earn about $2,129 less in quarterly wages than men in the private sector, on average. – Women in the public sector earn about $498 more in quarterly wages than women in the private sector, on average. • On average, across all occupations, men and women have higher initial earnings in the private sector at the beginning of a job spell. – For men, the difference is $3113 in quarterly earnings. – For women, the difference is $760 in quarterly earnings. • Among workers who remain with the same employer, earnings growth is 1% and 2% higher in the public sector for men and women, respectively. • For men, despite the faster growth, they don’t catch up to the earnings of private sector employees within 10 years of tenure in most occupations (See Tables 9 and 11, and Figure 12). 1 • Women in the public sector earn more than their private sector counterparts within a few years of tenure, on average. • There is substantial heterogeneity in the earnings gap across occupations (See Tables 10 and 12, and Figure 13).
    • Public Health Research in Alaska: Applying Quality Research and Evaluation to Alaska's Public Health Challenges

      Guettabi, Mouhcine (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-01-01)
    • Public Perceptions of School Resource Officer (SRO) Programs

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2010-11)
      This Powerpoint slide presentation gives background on school resource officer (SRO) programs, which place police officers in schools, and presents analysis of public perceptions of the SRO program in Anchorage School District, which was established in 2003.
    • Public Safety and Policing in Alaska Native Villages: Component Three of Alaska Public Safety Project

      University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 1995-10)
      One hundred and seventy-five residents in 28 predominately Alaska Native communities throughout the state were interviewed on-site to obtain information for assessing and improving public safety operations and services in rural villages of Alaska. Throughout the communities surveyed, state justice system personnel were viewed as being unconcerned about local governance arrangements, practices, and problems, and insensitive to values, feelings, and priorities of village residents and officials. Many villages surveyed were found to have established, without support from the Alaska justice system, their own policies and methods for dealing with crime and social control problems. Despite the importance of these extralegal local practices to villages, in general they seem to be unrecognized or ignored by justice system employees serving in the communities.
    • Public School Finance Programs for the United States and Canada: 1998-99

      Berman, Matthew (National Center for Education Statistics, 2001)
      This publication was undertaken by NCES in partnership with two private entities, the The Association for Education Finance and Policy, which contracted for the information collection, and the National Education Association (NEA), which funded the effort. This publication of expert authors' descriptions of each state or province funding system was compiled by education finance researchers from the University of Georgia and the University of Ottawa....The compilers sought to balance the simplicity of the descriptions to make them understandable to a wide audience and, at the same time, technically correct. Some of the terms and concepts might be new to the reader who is unfamiliar with the arcane art of education state aid formulas. To true finance sophisticates, however, these descriptions may lack the abstruse detail to deploy similar formulas in other venues.... The papers in this publication were requested by the National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education. They are intended to promote the exchange of ideas among researchers and policymakers, no official support by the U.S. Department of Education or NCES is intended or should be inferred.
    • The Public's Perspective— Justice Administration 1980: A Survey of Public Opinion

      Havelock, John E.; Ring, Peter Smith; Bruce, Kevin (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1980-08)
      This public opinion survey was commissioned by the Alaska Criminal Justice Planning Agency, Governor's Commission on the Administration of Justice, to help people interested in justice administration in planning, predicting, and educating with respect to the future design and administration of the justice system in Alaska. The survey was conducted during November and December 1979 and included 676 respondents from throughout Alaska. The survey elicited public opinion in four major areas: (1) the climate of public safety, including perceptions of crime rates, public safety, gun ownership, victimization, and family violence; (2) images of the justice professional, including professional skills, professionalism, educational qualifications, discretionary judgments, and discriminatory practices; (3) changes in the law, including the role of public opinion in revision of law, strictness and leniency of laws, perceptions of revisions (including recent revisions in sentencing, the Alaska criminal code, alcohol regulations, and drug laws), perceptions of laws relating to alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs, criminality of gambling and sex offenses, and election of justice officials; and (4) public attitudes toward selected decisions regarding the administration of justice, including law enforcement and corrections priorities, justice services in rural Alaska, consolidation of public safety services, police use of firearms, sentencing, and public education in justice.
    • Punishment in Pre-Colonial Indigenous Societies in North America [chapter]

      Conn, Stephen (De Boeck Université, 1991)
      Using northern Athabascan villages as examples, the author discusses how punishment in indigenous societies was traditionally interwoven with other societal functions. The influence of alcohol and the western legal process changed post-colonial societies and their methods of punishment because punishment decisions in indigenous societies were traditionally arrived at through group deliberation, whereas the western legal system works in a hierarchical fashion. The author concludes that imposition of western-style decision-making disrupted tradtional law ways in post-colonial society.