• Toward Universal Broadband in Rural Alaska

      Hudson, Heather E.; Hanna, Virgene; Hill, Alexandra; Parker, Khristy; Sharp, Suzanne; Spiers, Kent; Wark, Kyle (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-11)
      The TERRA-Southwest project is extending broadband service to 65 communities in the Bristol Bay, Bethel and Yukon-Kuskokwim regions. A stimulus project funded by a combination of grants and loans from the Rural Utilities Service (RUS), TERRA-Southwest has installed a middle-mile network using optical fiber and terrestrial microwave. Last-mile service will be through fixed wireless or interconnection with local telephone networks. The State of Alaska, through its designee Connect Alaska, also received federal stimulus funding from the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) for tasks that include support for an Alaska Broadband Task Force “to both formalize a strategic broadband plan for the state of Alaska and coordinate broadband activities across relevant agencies and organizations.” Thus, a study of the impact of the TERRA project in southwest Alaska is both relevant and timely. This first phase provides baseline data on current access to and use of ICTs and Internet connectivity in rural Alaska, and some insights about perceived benefits and potential barriers to adoption of broadband. It is also intended to provide guidance to the State Broadband Task Force in determining how the extension of broadband throughout the state could contribute to education, social services, and economic activities that would enhance Alaska’s future. Results of the research could also be used proactively to develop strategies to encourage broadband adoption, and to identify applications and support needed by users with limited ICT skills.
    • Toward Universal Broadband in Rural Alaska

      Parker, Khristy; Sharp, Suzanne; Hudson, Heather; Spiers, Kent; Wark, Kyle; Hill, Alexandra; Hanna, Virgene (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 11/1/12)
    • Town Law and Village Law: Satellite Villages, Bethel and Alcohol Control in the Modern Era — The Working Relationship and Its Demise

      Conn, Stephen (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1982-11-04)
      In southwestern Alaska the underpinning of the working relationship between official law and village social control was tied to alcohol control. This paper examines the breakdown of this relationship in the 1960s and its impact on village law. It also assesses the role of town liquor policy and town police and treatment resources on alcohol-related violence in the villages in the 1970s. It argues that a recent movement to reinstitute prohibition of importation and sale in many villages must be understood as a desire for renewal of a working relationship between two centers of legal authority.
    • Tracking the Structure of the Alaska Economy: The ISER MAP Database

      Goldsmith, Scott; Hull, Teresa (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1991)
      This document is predominantly tabulated data with no interpretive or contextual information.
    • Tracks and Treks Series #3 Alaskan Authors

      Matthews, Bonnye; Thornton, Stephanie; Helmer, Tiffinie (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2013-08-01)
      Three Alaskan authors discuss their books, works in progress, and their deep connection to Alaska. Bonnye Matthews: Ki'Tis Story 75,000 BC, Stephanie Thornton: The Secret History: A Novel of Empress Theodora and Daughter of the Gods, Tiffinie Helmer: Hooked, DreamWeaver, and Moosed Up, come together to read and discuss their books, life, and writing in Alaska.
    • Traditional Athabascan Law Ways and Their Relationship to Contemporary Problems of "Bush Justice": Some Preliminary Observations on Structure and Function.

      Hippler, Arthur E.; Conn, Stephen (Institute of Social, Economic and Government Research, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1972-08)
      This paper is directed toward helping achieve a better understanding of traditional law ways among Alaska's Athabascan Indians and of the present state of the administration of law in the "bush"-village Alaska. An outgrowth of the 1970 Bush Justice Conference sponsored by the Alaska Judicial Council, the paper's primary purpose is to help facilitate establishment of more appropriate delivery and administration of legal services for ethnically distinct populations of Alaska.
    • Traditional Knowledge and Contaminants Project and Resource Guide Project, Final Report

      Cochran, Patricia; Kruse, Jack; Merculieff, Larry (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2004)
      The goal of these projects has been to build capacity among Alaska federally recognized tribes to address their concerns about adverse changes in the environment. The University of Alaska’s Institute of Social and Economic Research and the Alaska Native Science Commission collaborated on both projects. Since the projects are complementary, we have combined the two final reports. There were seven components to the combined projects (component number five reflects the entire scope of work of the Resource Guide project): 1. Develop a traditional knowledge base 2. Develop a science knowledge base 3. Develop an integrated database 4. Develop a web-based resource guide for tribes wishing to act on their concerns 5. Design and implement a pilot program of mini-grants to tribes 6. Based on the mini-grant experience, recommend ways to support tribal actions Unlike many large scale testing projects where the testing laboratory is selected through requests for proposals, in this project several laboratories were integral to the design and implementation of the testing program. A major focus of the team’s activities in the Resource Guide grant was to identify laboratory resources that could meet the needs of Tribes in Alaska. Following consultations with a number of experts, the team decided that the National Institute of Standards and Technology Marine Mammal Quality Assurance Program and the US Fish and Wildlife Service Patuxent Laboratory offer two ongoing methods of identifying laboratories that meet rigorous standards for testing of the types most likely sought by tribes in Alaska. The team visited the NIST and USFWS laboratories and established ongoing relationships with both labs.
    • Transitions of social-ecological subsistence systems in the Arctic

      Fauchald, Per; Hausner, Vera; Schmidt, Jennifer; Clark, Douglas A. (Utrecht University Library Open Access Journals, 2017-01-01)
      Transitions of social-ecological systems (SES) expose governance systems to new challenges. This is particularly so in the Arctic where resource systems are increasingly subjected to global warming, industrial development and globalization which subsequently alter the local SES dynamics. Based on common-pool resource theory, we developed a dynamic conceptual model explaining how exogenous drivers might alter a traditional subsistence system from a provisioning to an appropriation actions situation. In a provisioning action situation the resource users do not control the resource level but adapt to the fluctuating availability of resources, and the collective challenge revolve around securing the subsistence in the community. An increased harvest pressure enabled by exogenous drivers could transform the SES to an appropriation action situation where the collective challenge has changed to avoid overuse of a common-pool resource. The model was used as a focal lens to investigate the premises for broad-scale transitions of subsistence-oriented SESs in Arctic Alaska, Canada and Greenland. We synthesized data from documents, official statistics and grey and scientific literature to explore the different components of our model. Our synthesis suggests that the traditional Arctic subsistence SESs mostly comply with a provisioning action situation. Despite population growth and available technology; urbanization, increased wage labor and importation of food have reduced the resource demand, and we find no evidence for a broad-scale transition to an appropriation action situation throughout the Western Arctic. However, appropriation challenges have emerged in some cases either as a consequence of commercialization of the resource or by severely reduced resource stocks due to various exogenous drivers. Future transitions of SESs could be triggered by the emergence of commercial local food markets and Arctic warming. In particular, Arctic warming is an intensifying exogenous driver that is threatening many important Arctic wildlife resources inflicting increased appropriation challenges to the governance of local harvest.
    • Translating the Novel Wake in Winter by Russian Author Nadezhada Belenkaya

      Gregovich, Andrea (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2017-02-07)
      Wake In Winter is set in the provincial town of Rogozhin, which is a driving distance from Moscow. It is a story about a talented graduate student, Nina Koretskaya, who finds an opportunity to earn money by translating and interpreting Spanish by working for an adoption agent named Ksenia. As Nina gets herself more and more involved in the adoption process, she becomes emotionally disturbed by the children she attempts to help, and finds herself involved in what looks more and more like an adoption mafia. Andrea Gregovich earned a MFA in Creative Writing from University of Nevada Las Vegas. Her translation of USSR, Diary of a Perestroika Kid, by Vladimir Kozlov has been widely acclaimed. Russian author Nadezhda Belenkaya, born in Moscow, has a degree in Hispanic studies and literary translation from the Gorky Literary Institute. Wake In Winter is her fist novel.
    • Traversing Monstrosity: Power and Peril upon Shakespeare’s Roads

      Emmerichs, Sharon (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2018-12-08)
      Sharon Emmerichs examines how Shakespeare uses roads not only as a means to get from one place to another, but also as a means to go from one state of being to another. Using references from As You Like It, Titus Andronicus, and Twelfth Night, Sharon Emmerichs explores how in Shakespeare comedies women change from "natural" to "monstrous” and then are able to recover from this change. However, in Shakespeare tragedies such changes lead women to their death, on a road that cannot be diverted. Dr. Sharon Emmerichs teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in Shakespeare, Renaissance literature, and poetry in the UAA English Department. She received her B.A. in English literature from the University of Oregon and her M.A. and PhD. D. from the University of Missouri.
    • Treatment of Petroleum Refining and Other Energy-Intensive and Trade-Sensitive Industries in Pending National Climate Legislation

      Berman, Matthew (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2010-02-03)
      One of the major issues confronting Congress as it deliberates about legislation to limit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions is the effect on international trade. If the U.S. implements a cap and trade program, the cost of emissions rights becomes a new business cost for domestic establishments that foreign establishments do not face. This puts domestic industry at a competitive disadvantage in export markets as well as against imported goods. Over time, investments in U.S. industries decline, taking jobs oversees and undermining progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The concern, often called “carbon leakage,” is most acutely felt in trade-sensitive, energy-intensive manufacturing industries. The main climate bills that Congress is currently considering include H.R. 2454 and S. 1733, commonly termed the Waxman-Markey and Kerry-Boxer bills, respectively, in reference to their original sponsors. H.R. 2454 passed the House on June 26, 2009 with a recorded vote of 219-212. The companion Senate bill was filed on September 30, 2009, and is at this writing (11/06/09) under markup in the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. S.1733 incorporates many sections of HR 2454 verbatim, but differs in some respects in the way it treats energy-intensive and tradesensitive industries. This policy brief analyzes the way that both bills approach the issue of carbon leakage, with particular attention to the petroleum processing industry. The next section outlines the general treatment of energy-intensive and trade-sensitive industries that is common to both bills. Then, the brief discusses the specific treatment of refined petroleum products. Following that comes an analysis of the limitations and deficiencies in the approach that Congress is taking. The brief concludes with a discussion of potential modifications -- an outline of proposed amendments -- that could address the deficiencies consistent with the overall approach of H.R. 2454 and S. 1733.
    • Tree Selection, Planting, and Maintenance in South Central Alaska.

      Terry, Gregg (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2015-04-07)
      Gregg Terry is passionate about trees and is an International Society of Arboriculture Certified Arborist. He teaches for UAA Continuing Education and at UAA Chugiak-Eagle River campus. His continuing education courses include: Landscape design for the homeowner, Greenhouse design and operation, Sustainable gardening, Pruning for the homeowner plus a one credit hour Organic gardening class at Chugiak Eagle River campus.
    • Trends in Age, Gender, and Ethnicity Among Children in Foster Care in Alaska

      Vadapalli, Diwakar; Hanna, Virgene; Passini, Jessica (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-11-01)
      In Alaska, as in every other state, people who suspect children are being abused or neglected can contact the designated child protection agency. In Alaska, that agency is the Office of Children Services (OCS). It is responsible for investigating all reported incidents and determining the level of risk to the health, safety, and welfare of children. In a number of instances, children will be removed from their families and homes due to unsafe conditions, and they are often placed in foster care. 1 Being taken away from their families is of course traumatizing for children. The number of American children in foster care at any time, and the length of time they spend in foster care, has been closely watched over the last several decades. Several changes in policy and practice were introduced in the last 20 years, at national and state levels, to reduce both the number of children in foster care and the length of time they stay in foster care. These changes caused some dramatic trends at the national level: the number of children in foster care in the U.S. declined by almost a quarter (23.7%) between 2002 and 2012, with the decline being most pronounced among AfricanAmerican children (47.1%). As of 2012, African-American children made up 26% of all children in foster care nationwide, down from 37% a decade earlier. But during the same period, the proportion of children in foster care classified as belonging to two or more races almost doubled. And American Indian/Alaska Native children are the highest represented ethnic group among foster children—13 of every 1,000 American Indian/Alaska Native children in the U.S. were in foster care in 2012. In contrast, no such dramatic changes happened in Alaska in recent years. This paper reports on foster children in Alaska by age, gender, race, and region over the period 2006-2013. This information is important for state policymakers working to better protect abused and neglected children. At the end of the paper we discuss questions the data raise and describe additional data needed to better help children in foster care in Alaska. We compiled data for this analysis from monthly reports of key indicators on foster children in the state. OCS publishes monthly data on select indicators (Alaska State Statutes 2011, Monthly reports concerning children, AK. Stat. § 47.05.100), in PDF format on its website (http://dhss.alaska.gov/ocs/Pages/statistics/default.aspx). Data presented here are snapshots in time and do not follow unique children over time.
    • Trends in Alaska and World Salmon Markets

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-04-05)
      Outline of this Presentation 1. Trends in salmon markets • Catches • Production • End-markets • Prices • Value • Permit prices • World salmon supply • Farmed salmon prices 2. Factors affecting Alaska salmon markets 3. Future outlook for Alaska salmon markets 4. Data sources
    • Trends in Alaska Salmon Markets

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-04-12)
    • Trends in Alaska's Health-Care Spending

      Frazier, Rosyland; Guettabi, Mouhcine; Passini, Jessica (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2018)
      All Americans spend a lot to get health care—but Alaskans spend the most per resident, face the highest insurance premiums, and have seen overall spending grow much faster. Here we highlight some trends in Alaska’s health-care spending since the 1990s, based on existing publicly available data that allow us to compare changes in Alaska and nationwide. A chart book with much more detail is available on ISER’s website. We hope this broad information on trends in health-care spending will help Alaskans better understand what happened, consider possible reasons why, and think about potential ways to change the upward spiral.
    • Trends in Alaska's People and Economy

      Martin, Stephanie; Killorin, Mary; Leask, Linda (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2001)
      This 16 page document outlines expected trends for Alaska's people and economy between 2001 and 2020. It was prepared for the Alaska Humanities Forum in October 2001 under the theme of "Alaska 20/20 Partnership - Bringing Alaskans Together to Chart Our Future".
    • Trends in Allegations and Investigations of Child Abuse and Neglect in Alaska

      Vadapalli, Diwakar; Hanna, Virgene (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-08)
      Rates of child abuse and neglect in Alaska have been high for years, compared with national averages and under various measures. To find ways of better protecting children in our state, it’s important for Alaskans to understand more about child maltreatment —which includes neglect, mental injury, physical abuse, and sexual abuse. Neglect is by far the most common type of maltreatment, in Alaska and across the country. This is the first in a series of papers that will examine child abuse and neglect in Alaska, to focus more attention on this very serious problem and uncover potential reasons why rates are so high. Here we discuss trends in allegations of child abuse and neglect and subsequent investigations, from 2006 through 2012. We use publically available data from the Office of Children’s Services (OCS), the state agency that deals with most reported child maltreatment in Alaska.
    • Trends in Atlantic Salmon Markets and Implications for Bristol Bay Salmon Markets

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2019)
      World salmon markets are dominated by farmed Atlantic salmon. As farmed salmon production has grown, Bristol Bay sockeye salmon has become an ever-smaller share of world salmon supply. Norway and Chile are by far the largest producers of farmed salmon, followed by the UK and Canada. Historically, year-over-year changes in US monthly imports have been inversely correlated with year-over-year changes in prices. What explains changes over time in the price premium or discount of sockeye relative to competing farmed salmon? Looking at the relationship between price and supply changes, we conclude that the market is able to absorb 6-7% more fish at stable prices. As a consequence, we expect a 5% increase in price is 2019 despite 4% supply growth.
    • Trends in Bristol Bay Harvest, Production, and Markets

      Berry, Kevin (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, 2019)
      This presentation provides graph and chart data related to trends in Bristol Bay harvest, production, and markets for sockeye salmon. Data used is ADFG Commercial Annual Operator Report (COAR) data available through 2017, and Department of Revenue Salmon Price/Production Reports data available through October 2018. Areas covered include harvest volume, ex-vessel price, and ex-vessel value, end markets for Alaska salmon products, wholesale prices for Bristol Bay salmon products.