• Reorganizing Corrections: Revisiting the Recommendations of the National Advisory Commission

      Schafer, N. E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1993-09)
      In 1973 the National Advisory Commission on Standards and Goals recommended that correctional services be consolidated under a single state agency, arguing that cost efficiencies, improved communication, and greater employee professionalism would result. The National Advisory Commission advocated state rather than local control of probation, and executive rather than judicial branch control of probation services. It encouraged development of regional rather than local jails and recommended that states assume the operation and control of all local detention and correctional functions. This paper examines some of the arguments for consolidation of correctional services and attempts to determine the kinds of reorganization that have occurred since 1973.
    • Uniform Juvenile Intake Procedures

      Horn, Elizabeth R. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1980-12-11)
      As noted in the Alaska Corrections Master Plan, intake screening for juvenile offenders for detention and petition is performed in some communities by Alaska Court System employees and in others by employees of the Alaska Department of Corrections. This circumstance, as well as differing community standards, results in divergent practices in different parts of the state. Legislation will be recommended to the 1981 Alaska legislature to unify the administration of intake services in the new Division of Youth Services, and to set forth criteria and standards for decisions with respect to the preadjudication detention of youth and the petitioning of youth to the juvenile court. This report examines the development nationally of standards for secure detention of juveniles and disposition of juvenile cases, and presents recommendations for the administration of intake services, secure detention, and judicial and nonjudicial handling of cases at intake in Alaska.