• ANILCA and the Seward Economy

      Goldsmith, Scott; Martin, Stephanie (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2001)
      The Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act of 1980 (ANILCA) established the Kenai Fjords National Park and the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge on the doorstep of Seward, a small community on Resurrection Bay in the Kenai Peninsula of south central Alaska. The community originally opposed both, primarily because citizens felt they would preclude economic development through restrictions on the use of the natural resources of the region. In the first decade after statehood, Seward had lost a large share of its economic base virtually overnight as a result of the Good Friday earthquake in 1964. It struggled through the rest of the decade, but was never able to recover its role as the transportation gateway into south central Alaska, which shifted to the port at Anchorage. In the 1970s growth in the seafood and timber industries, the pipeline construction boom, and state government spending combined to help the economy grow. Still, Seward never was a partner in the oil and gas development that stimulated growth in the western half of the Kenai Peninsula, and market driven fluctuations in both the seafood and timber industries were a continuing source of economic instability. As a result when ANILCA became law, Seward residents saw it as another obstacle to development rather than an opportunity. In fact since ANILCA the Seward economy has expanded and strengthened. Annual average employment has increased at a rate of 3.7 percent per year. The economy hasbecome less dependent on the unstable harvesting and processing of seafood and timber. Through the 1980s the seafood and timber industries did expand, but their economic contributions to the community have fallen in the 1990s. The opening of a state prison in 1988 added another source of stable employment and income. Most of the economic growth, particularly since 1990, has been driven by the visitor industry. Although there is no direct way to track this industry, employment in trade, services, and transportation—the sectors that provide the most visitor-related jobs—grew at an annual rate of 5.9 percent. Retail sales from summer visitors have grown at an 9.9 percent annual rate (inflation adjusted) since 1987.
    • Application of Project Management to Optimize Logistics and Reduce Risks for a Do-t-Yourself Personal Vehicle Bumper Replacement in Alaska

      Stokes, Leslie Thomas (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2020-12-01)
      In Alaska, coordinating logistics is regularly a disadvantageous factor that can lead to unsuccessful projects. Improper schedules and the impacts of unplanned risks can severely affect proper completion of a vehicle modification, especially in the do-it-yourself arena where project documentation is almost non-existent. Insufficient risk and response planning can delay or cause the termination of a venture. In the Application of Project Management to Optimize Logistics and Reduce Risks for a Do-It- Yourself Personal Vehicle Bumper Replacement in Alaska Project, the risks of selecting an appropriate replacement bumper, performing a factory bumper removal, and completing a replacement bumper installation were identified and analyzed in order to create a living toolkit of threats and opportunities. The potential or actual effects of the risks on the schedule, as well as mitigation and response measures taken were recorded. The overall project schedule includes a timeline from developing the project management plan through the replacement process. Risk and logistics management documents are strictly related to the procurement and replacement processes. Manuals comprised of procurement analysis and instructions for product installation that supplement the manufacturer’s instructions have been produced as deliverables. Final deliverables will be presented to the committee along with follow-on operational tasks continuing to contribute additional procedures or tools deemed prudent by the organization.
    • Application of Revolving Door Technology in Reducing Energy Loss in Anchorage, Alaska

      Ballard, Raymond A. C. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-01)
      Arctic entryways (vestibules) are an important building feature in Alaska for energy savings. Vestibules and revolving doors are often designed to reduce air infiltration rates and ultimately reduce building energy costs. In Anchorage, most buildings utilize vestibule technology for building entrances but revolving door technology is also a viable option to consider. In Anchorage, Alaska, reduction of energy consumption is necessary for long-term sustainability of most buildings and businesses. The project included a review of relevant literature publications to select methods to predict air infiltration rate due to vestibules versus revolving doors; calculations for energy usage of various Anchorage public buildings with existing doorways versus with revolving doors; and an analysis of the energy savings. The case study selected six Anchorage public buildings for evaluation based on differences in building size, utility, and availability of energy data. The study found that while revolving door technology can technically save some energy costs, the additional cost was not justifiable in most of the buildings selected for study due to lack the occupancy throughput, building height, and quantity of wind. One exception was East High School (East entrance) where a vestibule or revolving door should be added. It was observed that sufficient space exists for most Anchorage public buildings to install vestibules, and that in existing revolving door locations the adjacent sliding doors are often preferred by users. A case study for restaurants and strip malls in Alaska would be beneficial as these building types may be more energy efficient with revolving doors due to higher user throughput.
    • Applying the food–energy–water nexus concept at the local scale

      2021-05-13
      The food–energy–water (FEW) nexus describes interactions among domains that yield gains or trade-offs when analysed together rather than independently. In a project about renewable energy in rural Alaska communities, we applied this concept to examine the implications for sustainability and resilience. The FEW nexus provided a useful framework for identifying the cross-domain benefits of renewable energy, including gains in FEW security. However, other factors such as transportation and governance also play a major role in determining FEW security outcomes in rural Alaska. Here, we show the implications of our findings for theory and practice. The precise configurations of and relationships among FEW nexus components vary by place and time, and the range of factors involved further complicates the ability to develop a functional, systematic FEW model. Instead, we suggest how the FEW nexus may be applied conceptually to identify and understand cross-domain interactions that contribute to long-term sustainability and resilience.
    • APSIN Felony Indicator

      Trostle, Lawrence C. (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 1991-05-24)
      As part of a larger project to improve the quality of Alaska criminal history records, the Alaska Department of Public Safety in 1991 upgraded the Alaska Public Safety Information Network (APSIN) to provide a felony indicator to indicate whether a criminal conviction was for a felony or misdemeanor. This report, intended for APSIN users, reviews how the felony indicator was established in APSIN, discusses record accuracy, and provides sample APSIN screens to familiarize users with the display location of the felony indicator. An appendix presents an overview of the criteria used in establishing the APSIN felony indicator, which were based on Felony Conviction: A White Paper (Rieger 1991) and approved by the Alaska Department of Law.
    • Aquatic Invasive Species Change Ecosystem Services from the World�s Largest Wild Sockeye Salmon Fisheries in Alaska

      Schwoerer, Tobias; Little, Joseph; Adkison, Milo (Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics, 6/3/2019)
      This study combines a multi-method approach to structured expert judgment with market valuation to forecast fisheries damages from introduced invasive species. The method is applied to a case study of Alaska�s first submersed aquatic invasive plant, Elodea spp., threatening Alaska�s salmon fisheries. Assuming that Elodea spp. remains unmanaged, estimated mean damages to commercial sockeye fisheries aggregated across Alaska amount to a potential $159 million annually with a 5% chance of exceeding $577 million annually ($2015 USD). The associated mean loss of natural capital amounts to $5.1 billion cumulatively over the next 100 years reaching $400 million after 10 years. Results from the expert elicitation indicate that there is a 35% chance of positive net benefits associated with the believed positive effects of Elodea spp. on sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). Despite the potential for positive net gains, the magnitude of the most probable damage estimate may justify substantial investment in keeping productive freshwater systems free of aquatic invasive species. The damage estimate for Alaska is significantly larger than similar estimates in the Great Lakes where ecosystems are already impaired by multiple aquatic invasive species, underscoring the value of keeping functioning ecosystems with global market value productive. This study is the first to estimate ecosystem service loss associated with introduction of an aquatic invasive species to freshwater habitat that supports the world�s most valuable wild sockeye salmon fisheries. Important policy implications related to natural resource management and efficient allocation of scarce resources are discussed
    • Arctic Domain Awareness Center DHS Center of Excellence (COE): Project Work Plan

      Wisniewski, Helena S. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-05-06)
      As stated by the DHS Science &Technology Directorate, “The increased and diversified use of maritime spaces in the Arctic - including oil and gas exploration, commercial activities, mineral speculation, and recreational activities (tourism) - is generating new challenges and risks for the U.S. Coast Guard and other DHS maritime missions.” Therefore, DHS will look towards the new ADAC for research to identify better ways to create transparency in the maritime domain along coastal regions and inland waterways, while integrating information and intelligence among stakeholders. DHS expects the ADAC to develop new ideas to address these challenges, provide a scientific basis, and develop new approaches for U.S. Coast Guard and other DHS maritime missions. ADAC will also contribute towards the education of both university students and mid-career professionals engaged in maritime security. The US is an Arctic nation, and the Arctic environment is dynamic. We have less multi-year ice and more open water during the summer causing coastal villages to experience unprecedented storm surges and coastal erosion. Decreasing sea ice is also driving expanded oil exploration, bringing risks of oil spills. Tourism is growing rapidly, and our fishing fleet and commercial shipping activities are increasing as well. There continues to be anticipation of an economic pressure to open up a robust northwest passage for commercial shipping. To add to the stresses of these changes is the fact that these many varied activities are spread over an immense area with little connecting infrastructure. The related maritime security issues are many, and solutions demand increasing maritime situational awareness and improved crisis response capabilities, which are the focuses of our Work Plan. UAA understands the needs and concerns of the Arctic community. It is situated on Alaska’s Southcentral coast with the port facility through which 90% of goods for Alaska arrive. It is one of nineteen US National Strategic Seaports for the US DOD, and its airport is among the top five in the world for cargo throughput. However, maritime security is a national concern and although our focus is on the Arctic environment, we will expand our scope to include other areas in the Lower 48 states. In particular, we will develop sensor systems, decision support tools, ice and oil spill models that include oil in ice, and educational programs that are applicable to the Arctic as well as to the Great Lakes and Northeast. The planned work as detailed in this document addresses the DHS mission as detailed in the National Strategy for Maritime Security, in particular, the mission to Maximize Domain Awareness (pages 16 and 17.) This COE will produce systems to aid in accomplishing two of the objectives of this mission. They are: 1) Sensor Technology developing sensor packages for airborne, underwater, shore-based, and offshore platforms, and 2) Automated fusion and real-time simulation and modeling systems for decision support and planning. An integral part of our efforts will be to develop new methods for sharing of data between platforms, sensors, people, and communities.
    • Arctic Domain Awareness Center Fact Sheet

      Wisniewski, Helena (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-29)
      Mission: To develop and transition technology solutions, innovative products, and educational programs to improve situational awareness and crisis response capabilities related to emerging maritime challenges posed by the dynamic Arctic environment.
    • Arctic Domain Awareness Center: Biographies

      University of Alaska Anchorage (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-29)
    • Arctic Education: Implementing the Arctic Strategy in Training

      Blackwood, Victoria; Pundt, Ralph (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-29)
    • Arctic Policy, Sustainability, and Governance

      Konkel, Steven (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2017-04)
      Changes in environmental conditions have accelerated coastal and riverine erosion, melting permafrost, black carbon deposition, and ocean acidification, changes in subsistence patterns, food insecurity, and severe winter storms in the Northwest Arctic Borough. At this event, Dr. Steve Konkel discusses progress and challenges in environmental stewardship and sustainable development through various Arctic governing bodies. Dr. Steve Konkel holds a bachelor's degree in architectural engineering from the University of Colorado, a master's degree in city planning from Harvard, and a PhD in environmental policy development from MIT. He is teaching PADM A671, Arctic Policy, Sustainability, and Governance this summer at UAA.
    • Are Healthy Sustainable Alaskan Communities Attainable? Change and Innovation in Northwest Alaska Communities

      Konkel, Steven (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2018-04-16)
      Environmental conditions have accelerated in northwest Alaska communities creating a host of problems, from coastal erosion to melting permafrost. Facing these challenges, Dr. Steve Konkel offers a refreshing analysis of how Arctic governing bodies in northwest Alaska communities can take hold of their future.
    • Arrests for Drug Offenses in Alaska: 2000–2011

      Parker, Khristy (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-09-09)
      This fact sheet presents data for 2000–2011 on arrests for drug offenses made by Alaska police agencies. The report presents drug offense arrest information for both adults and juveniles for the 12-year period, including number of drug offense arrests, drug offense arrests as a percentage of all arrests, drug offense arrest rate, and drug offense types. Data is drawn from the annual Crime in Alaska report of the Alaska Department of Public Safety, which represents the State of Alaska's contribution to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) program.
    • Arrests for Drug Offenses in Alaska: 2000-2011

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-09-01)
      This fact sheet presents data on arrests for drug offenses made by Alaska police agencies for the period 2000 through 2011. The report presents drug offense arrest information for both adults and juveniles for the 12-year period, including number of drug offense arrests, drug offense arrests as a percentage of all arrests, drug offense arrest rate, and drug offense types. Data is drawn from the annual Crime in Alaska report of the Alaska Department of Public Safety, which represents the State of Alaska's contribution to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) program.
    • Arrests for Violent Crimes in Alaska, 1980-2012

      Parker, Khristy; Armstrong, Barbara (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-12-01)
      This fact sheet presents data from the Alaska Department of Public Safety’s annual report Crime in Alaska for the years 1980 through 2012 (the last year for which data are available) on violent crime arrests in Alaska. Crime in Alaska represents the State of Alaska’s contribution to the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s national Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) program. The UCR program collects data from law enforcement agencies across the United States. (In 2012 more than 18,000 agencies participated in the UCR program.) The UCR includes in its count of arrests all arrests, citations, and summonses for 28 different offenses. Presented here are Alaska arrest data for four offenses known as Part I violent offenses: murder and nonnegligent manslaughter (homicide), forcible rape (rape), robbery, and aggravated assault.
    • The art at the University of Alaska Anchorage : an inventory. Part I: art of the Art in Public Places program

      Environmental and Natural Resources Institute, 1999
      An inventory of artworks owned by the University of Alaska Anchorage, done in 1998-1999. Part 1: Art acquired as part of the Art in Public Places program.
    • The art at the University of Alaska Anchorage : an inventory. Part II: donated and purchased art

      Environmental and Natural Resources Institute, 1999
      An inventory of artworks owned by the University of Alaska Anchorage, done in 1998-1999. Part 1: Donated and purchased art.
    • The Art of Myth-Busting: Barthes' "Plastic" and the Gyre Art Exhibit

      Wagner-Lawlor, Jennifer (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2014-02-06)
      Roland Barthes' essay "Plastic" (1957) offers a framework for "reading" the stunning display of eco-artwork feature in GYRE: The Plastic Ocean exhibit coming to the Anchorage Museum. At this event, guest speaker Jennifer Wagner-Lawlor traces Barthes' admiration and skepticism about plastic, a then-new material, and links his insights to themes seen in the genre of found-plastic art. Jennifer Wagner-Lawlor is an associate professor of Women's Studies and English at Penn State. Her most recent book is Postmodern Utopias and Feminist Fictions.
    • Assassinations of Abraham Lincoln and Malcolm X.

      Nabors, Forrest (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2015-04-23)
      Political Science professor Forrest Nabors discusses two assassinations that changed American history. April 15, 1856: the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (150 years ago) and February 21, 1965: Malcolm X killed (50 years ago). Dr. Forrest Nabors is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Alaska. He teaches American government and has just completed a book on Reconstruction after the American Civil War. dr. Nabors received his undergraduate education at Claremont McKenna College and the University of Chicago and he earned his PhD at the University of Oregon. Between undergraduate and graduate studies, he was a high technology business executive in the internet sector, but his love of studying Lincoln and American Government drew him back to graduate school.
    • Assaults Committed against Alaska Police Officers, 2002–2011

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-03)
      This fact sheet presents information reported to the Alaska Department of Public Safety (DPS) by Alaska police agencies on the frequency of assaults committed against police officers for the period 2002–2011. Data were extracted from DPS's annual Uniform Crime Reporting publication Crime in Alaska. Aspects of assaults on police examined include rates of assault, percentage of assaults resulting in injury, weapons used in assaults, and officers killed in the line of duty (1960–2011).