• Applying the food–energy–water nexus concept at the local scale

      2021-05-13
      The food–energy–water (FEW) nexus describes interactions among domains that yield gains or trade-offs when analysed together rather than independently. In a project about renewable energy in rural Alaska communities, we applied this concept to examine the implications for sustainability and resilience. The FEW nexus provided a useful framework for identifying the cross-domain benefits of renewable energy, including gains in FEW security. However, other factors such as transportation and governance also play a major role in determining FEW security outcomes in rural Alaska. Here, we show the implications of our findings for theory and practice. The precise configurations of and relationships among FEW nexus components vary by place and time, and the range of factors involved further complicates the ability to develop a functional, systematic FEW model. Instead, we suggest how the FEW nexus may be applied conceptually to identify and understand cross-domain interactions that contribute to long-term sustainability and resilience.
    • APSIN Felony Indicator

      Trostle, Lawrence C. (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 1991-05-24)
      As part of a larger project to improve the quality of Alaska criminal history records, the Alaska Department of Public Safety in 1991 upgraded the Alaska Public Safety Information Network (APSIN) to provide a felony indicator to indicate whether a criminal conviction was for a felony or misdemeanor. This report, intended for APSIN users, reviews how the felony indicator was established in APSIN, discusses record accuracy, and provides sample APSIN screens to familiarize users with the display location of the felony indicator. An appendix presents an overview of the criteria used in establishing the APSIN felony indicator, which were based on Felony Conviction: A White Paper (Rieger 1991) and approved by the Alaska Department of Law.
    • Aquatic Invasive Species Change Ecosystem Services from the World�s Largest Wild Sockeye Salmon Fisheries in Alaska

      Schwoerer, Tobias; Little, Joseph; Adkison, Milo (Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics, 6/3/2019)
      This study combines a multi-method approach to structured expert judgment with market valuation to forecast fisheries damages from introduced invasive species. The method is applied to a case study of Alaska�s first submersed aquatic invasive plant, Elodea spp., threatening Alaska�s salmon fisheries. Assuming that Elodea spp. remains unmanaged, estimated mean damages to commercial sockeye fisheries aggregated across Alaska amount to a potential $159 million annually with a 5% chance of exceeding $577 million annually ($2015 USD). The associated mean loss of natural capital amounts to $5.1 billion cumulatively over the next 100 years reaching $400 million after 10 years. Results from the expert elicitation indicate that there is a 35% chance of positive net benefits associated with the believed positive effects of Elodea spp. on sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). Despite the potential for positive net gains, the magnitude of the most probable damage estimate may justify substantial investment in keeping productive freshwater systems free of aquatic invasive species. The damage estimate for Alaska is significantly larger than similar estimates in the Great Lakes where ecosystems are already impaired by multiple aquatic invasive species, underscoring the value of keeping functioning ecosystems with global market value productive. This study is the first to estimate ecosystem service loss associated with introduction of an aquatic invasive species to freshwater habitat that supports the world�s most valuable wild sockeye salmon fisheries. Important policy implications related to natural resource management and efficient allocation of scarce resources are discussed
    • Arctic Domain Awareness Center DHS Center of Excellence (COE): Project Work Plan

      Wisniewski, Helena S. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-05-06)
      As stated by the DHS Science &Technology Directorate, “The increased and diversified use of maritime spaces in the Arctic - including oil and gas exploration, commercial activities, mineral speculation, and recreational activities (tourism) - is generating new challenges and risks for the U.S. Coast Guard and other DHS maritime missions.” Therefore, DHS will look towards the new ADAC for research to identify better ways to create transparency in the maritime domain along coastal regions and inland waterways, while integrating information and intelligence among stakeholders. DHS expects the ADAC to develop new ideas to address these challenges, provide a scientific basis, and develop new approaches for U.S. Coast Guard and other DHS maritime missions. ADAC will also contribute towards the education of both university students and mid-career professionals engaged in maritime security. The US is an Arctic nation, and the Arctic environment is dynamic. We have less multi-year ice and more open water during the summer causing coastal villages to experience unprecedented storm surges and coastal erosion. Decreasing sea ice is also driving expanded oil exploration, bringing risks of oil spills. Tourism is growing rapidly, and our fishing fleet and commercial shipping activities are increasing as well. There continues to be anticipation of an economic pressure to open up a robust northwest passage for commercial shipping. To add to the stresses of these changes is the fact that these many varied activities are spread over an immense area with little connecting infrastructure. The related maritime security issues are many, and solutions demand increasing maritime situational awareness and improved crisis response capabilities, which are the focuses of our Work Plan. UAA understands the needs and concerns of the Arctic community. It is situated on Alaska’s Southcentral coast with the port facility through which 90% of goods for Alaska arrive. It is one of nineteen US National Strategic Seaports for the US DOD, and its airport is among the top five in the world for cargo throughput. However, maritime security is a national concern and although our focus is on the Arctic environment, we will expand our scope to include other areas in the Lower 48 states. In particular, we will develop sensor systems, decision support tools, ice and oil spill models that include oil in ice, and educational programs that are applicable to the Arctic as well as to the Great Lakes and Northeast. The planned work as detailed in this document addresses the DHS mission as detailed in the National Strategy for Maritime Security, in particular, the mission to Maximize Domain Awareness (pages 16 and 17.) This COE will produce systems to aid in accomplishing two of the objectives of this mission. They are: 1) Sensor Technology developing sensor packages for airborne, underwater, shore-based, and offshore platforms, and 2) Automated fusion and real-time simulation and modeling systems for decision support and planning. An integral part of our efforts will be to develop new methods for sharing of data between platforms, sensors, people, and communities.
    • Arctic Domain Awareness Center Fact Sheet

      Wisniewski, Helena (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-29)
      Mission: To develop and transition technology solutions, innovative products, and educational programs to improve situational awareness and crisis response capabilities related to emerging maritime challenges posed by the dynamic Arctic environment.
    • Arctic Domain Awareness Center: Biographies

      University of Alaska Anchorage (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-29)
    • Arctic Education: Implementing the Arctic Strategy in Training

      Blackwood, Victoria; Pundt, Ralph (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-29)
    • Arctic Policy, Sustainability, and Governance

      Konkel, Steven (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2017-04)
      Changes in environmental conditions have accelerated coastal and riverine erosion, melting permafrost, black carbon deposition, and ocean acidification, changes in subsistence patterns, food insecurity, and severe winter storms in the Northwest Arctic Borough. At this event, Dr. Steve Konkel discusses progress and challenges in environmental stewardship and sustainable development through various Arctic governing bodies. Dr. Steve Konkel holds a bachelor's degree in architectural engineering from the University of Colorado, a master's degree in city planning from Harvard, and a PhD in environmental policy development from MIT. He is teaching PADM A671, Arctic Policy, Sustainability, and Governance this summer at UAA.
    • Arctic Valley Trails Feasibility Assessment and Master Planning Support

      Naciuk, Anthony (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2022-05-01)
      This project conducted a feasibility assessment to determine whether it is feasible to implement new trails at Arctic Valley. This assessment was executed by reviewing literature, collecting primary and secondary data, organizing data into tables, maps, interview logs, and documents. The data was analyzed and presented in summary reports elaborating on data collected, analysis performed, and findings. Findings were organized into six product packages for knowledge transfer to Anchorage Ski Club (ASC). These included a Stakeholder Feedback Report, Historical Infrastructure Analysis Report, Literature Review, Chugach State Park Regulation Change Process Model, Trail Mapping and Models Analysis, and Feasibility Assessment Report. Upon conclusion of the research and reports, the feasibility of trails implementation was affirmed. It is tenable to build trails within ASC’s Concession Contract area in accordance with regulatory guidelines, modern trail construction best practices, and ASC’s financial capabilities. The data collected, analysis performed, and products created were transferred to the project sponsor and advisory committee. ASC was recommended to utilize the results conveyed and perform alternatives analysis of their proposed projects and investment opportunities.
    • Are Healthy Sustainable Alaskan Communities Attainable? Change and Innovation in Northwest Alaska Communities

      Konkel, Steven (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2018-04-16)
      Environmental conditions have accelerated in northwest Alaska communities creating a host of problems, from coastal erosion to melting permafrost. Facing these challenges, Dr. Steve Konkel offers a refreshing analysis of how Arctic governing bodies in northwest Alaska communities can take hold of their future.
    • Arrests for Drug Offenses in Alaska: 2000–2011

      Parker, Khristy (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-09-09)
      This fact sheet presents data for 2000–2011 on arrests for drug offenses made by Alaska police agencies. The report presents drug offense arrest information for both adults and juveniles for the 12-year period, including number of drug offense arrests, drug offense arrests as a percentage of all arrests, drug offense arrest rate, and drug offense types. Data is drawn from the annual Crime in Alaska report of the Alaska Department of Public Safety, which represents the State of Alaska's contribution to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) program.
    • Arrests for Drug Offenses in Alaska: 2000-2011

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-09-01)
      This fact sheet presents data on arrests for drug offenses made by Alaska police agencies for the period 2000 through 2011. The report presents drug offense arrest information for both adults and juveniles for the 12-year period, including number of drug offense arrests, drug offense arrests as a percentage of all arrests, drug offense arrest rate, and drug offense types. Data is drawn from the annual Crime in Alaska report of the Alaska Department of Public Safety, which represents the State of Alaska's contribution to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) program.
    • Arrests for Violent Crimes in Alaska, 1980-2012

      Parker, Khristy; Armstrong, Barbara (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-12-01)
      This fact sheet presents data from the Alaska Department of Public Safety’s annual report Crime in Alaska for the years 1980 through 2012 (the last year for which data are available) on violent crime arrests in Alaska. Crime in Alaska represents the State of Alaska’s contribution to the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s national Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) program. The UCR program collects data from law enforcement agencies across the United States. (In 2012 more than 18,000 agencies participated in the UCR program.) The UCR includes in its count of arrests all arrests, citations, and summonses for 28 different offenses. Presented here are Alaska arrest data for four offenses known as Part I violent offenses: murder and nonnegligent manslaughter (homicide), forcible rape (rape), robbery, and aggravated assault.
    • The art at the University of Alaska Anchorage : an inventory. Part I: art of the Art in Public Places program

      Environmental and Natural Resources Institute, 1999
      An inventory of artworks owned by the University of Alaska Anchorage, done in 1998-1999. Part 1: Art acquired as part of the Art in Public Places program.
    • The art at the University of Alaska Anchorage : an inventory. Part II: donated and purchased art

      Environmental and Natural Resources Institute, 1999
      An inventory of artworks owned by the University of Alaska Anchorage, done in 1998-1999. Part 1: Donated and purchased art.
    • The Art of Myth-Busting: Barthes' "Plastic" and the Gyre Art Exhibit

      Wagner-Lawlor, Jennifer (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2014-02-06)
      Roland Barthes' essay "Plastic" (1957) offers a framework for "reading" the stunning display of eco-artwork feature in GYRE: The Plastic Ocean exhibit coming to the Anchorage Museum. At this event, guest speaker Jennifer Wagner-Lawlor traces Barthes' admiration and skepticism about plastic, a then-new material, and links his insights to themes seen in the genre of found-plastic art. Jennifer Wagner-Lawlor is an associate professor of Women's Studies and English at Penn State. Her most recent book is Postmodern Utopias and Feminist Fictions.
    • Assassinations of Abraham Lincoln and Malcolm X.

      Nabors, Forrest (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2015-04-23)
      Political Science professor Forrest Nabors discusses two assassinations that changed American history. April 15, 1856: the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (150 years ago) and February 21, 1965: Malcolm X killed (50 years ago). Dr. Forrest Nabors is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Alaska. He teaches American government and has just completed a book on Reconstruction after the American Civil War. dr. Nabors received his undergraduate education at Claremont McKenna College and the University of Chicago and he earned his PhD at the University of Oregon. Between undergraduate and graduate studies, he was a high technology business executive in the internet sector, but his love of studying Lincoln and American Government drew him back to graduate school.
    • Assaults Committed against Alaska Police Officers, 2002–2011

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-03)
      This fact sheet presents information reported to the Alaska Department of Public Safety (DPS) by Alaska police agencies on the frequency of assaults committed against police officers for the period 2002–2011. Data were extracted from DPS's annual Uniform Crime Reporting publication Crime in Alaska. Aspects of assaults on police examined include rates of assault, percentage of assaults resulting in injury, weapons used in assaults, and officers killed in the line of duty (1960–2011).
    • Assaults in Domestic Violence Incidents Reported to Alaska State Troopers

      Rivera, Marny; Rosay, André B.; Wood, Darryl S.; Postle, Greg; TePas, Katherine (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2009-02)
      This study examined 1,281 cases with an assault charge involving domestic violence reported to Alaska State Troopers in 2004, and excluded any cases reported to local or municipal departments. * Eighty-two percent of reports were handled by three detachment areas: 32% in C — “ Western Alaska, 29% in D — “ Interior Alaska, and 22% in B — “ Southcentral Alaska. Troopers received 80% of the reports, while 20% were received by Village Police Officers, Village Public Safety Officers, or Tribal Police Officers. Eighty-one percent of the assault charges were in the fourth degree. Eighty-four percent of assaults were reported within 24 hours, and 89% of victims and 81% of suspects were interviewed on the day of the report. * Seventy-six percent of suspects were male and 24% were female. On average, suspects were 33 years old and victims were 32 years old. The majority of assaults in domestic violence incidents (86%) were intra-racial. Fifty-seven percent of suspects and 32% of victims used alcohol. Overall, alcohol was involved in 59% of domestic violence incidents reported to Troopers. * Most assaults in domestic violence incidents (75%) occurred between victims and suspects who were staying or living together. The most common forms of violence (disclosed by victims and documented by officers) included pushing, grabbing, or shoving the victim (in 48% of incidents), punching the victim (in 29%), and slapping or hitting the victim (in 28%). Weapons such as knives or guns were rarely used. The most common injuries included bruising (for 38% of victims), lacerations or bite marks (for 27%), bloody nose or lips (for 10%), and black or swollen eyes (for 10%). Forty-three percent of incidents occurred in the presence of children. * Eighty percent of cases were referred to the Alaska Department of Law for prosecution, 68% were accepted for prosecution, and 54% resulted in a conviction. Overall conviction rates were slightly lower for female suspects, but conviction rates were generally not affected by victim gender or victim-suspect relationship.
    • Assaults in Domestic Violence Incidents: Descriptive Statistics and Predictors of Legal Resolutions

      Rivera, Marny (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2010-03-09)
      This slideshow presents descriptive statistics on all assaults in domestic violence incidents (N=1,281) reported to Alaska State Troopers in 2004 that were closed by the time of the study, and describes predictors of prosecution based on the data and correlates of injury and cultural factors in the described incidents.