• Bush Justice and Development in Alaska: Why Legal Process in Village Alaska Has Not Kept up with Changing Social Needs [original paper]

      Conn, Stephen (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1984-02-22)
      This paper analyzes the evolution of the working legal process in the predominantly Alaska Native villages of rural Alaska after Alaska statehood. Replacement of territorial government by highly centralized state justice agencies led to a weakening in the working relationship between formal law and extralegal mechanisms such as the village council. This change coincided with development and other changes which demanded more formal legal presence in villages rather than less. The paper reviews the fate of various bush justice reform efforts made by state agencies and efforts by villages to respond to justice needs. The author suggests that the inadequacy of legal process in village Alaska is not due primarily to language problems or Native confusion about Western law; rather, the "bush justice problem" is caused by a lack of resources, a lack of legal planning for development, and the state governmental system's lack of accountability to its rural constituency. The author recommends experimentation at village level, better planning, and greater autonomy for villages.
    • Bush Justice and Development in Alaska: Why Legal Process in Village Alaska Has Not Kept up with Changing Social Needs [revision]

      Conn, Stephen (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1984-06-28)
      This paper analyzes the evolution of the working legal process in the predominantly Alaska Native villages of rural Alaska after Alaska statehood. Replacement of territorial government by highly centralized state justice agencies led to a weakening in the working relationship between formal law and extralegal mechanisms such as the village council. This change coincided with development and other changes which demanded more formal legal presence in villages rather than less. The paper reviews the fate of various bush justice reform efforts made by state agencies and efforts by villages to respond to justice needs. The author suggests that the inadequacy of legal process in village Alaska is not due primarily to language problems or Native confusion about Western law; rather, the "bush justice problem" is caused by a lack of legal planning for development, the state governmental system's lack of accountability to its rural constituency, and a lack of control by villages over the mixture of formal law, extralegal authority and nonlegal social control appropriate to their needs, both present and future.
    • Business Improvement Recommendation

      Youlo, Walter Y. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-05-01)
      The purpose of the ProBrainiac Project Management Plan (PMP) document is to provide the project stakeholders with an approved working guide for how the project will be managed during execution. The PMP outlines how the project work will be managed by the Project Manager (PM), project sponsor throughout the project phases ensuring efficient, timely, execution of the project and deliverable as outlined in the project charter.
    • Bycatch Avoidance Under Amendment 80 in the BSAI Non-Pollock Groundfish Trawl Fishery

      Haynie, Alan; Abbott, Joshua; Reimer, Matthew (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-05-01)
    • Bylaws of the Selawik Parents Committee

      Conn, Stephen (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1985-06)
      These bylaws were drafted on behalf of the Selawik Parent's Committee in the City of Selawik. The Selawik Parent's Committee was formed to work with Selawik children who have broken city or state laws, children in need of aid, and the parents and guardians of such children, seeking to avoid the more extreme remedies of detention (for delinquents) and removal from the home (in cases of children in need of aid) by working out solutions to juvenile and family problems at the village level drawing on the tradition of the elders.
    • Can I Do This

      Forner, Miranda (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2016-04-19)
      Miranda Forner presents Can I Do This, a collection of essays covering her experiences becoming an independent, single mother in Alaska. Born and raised in Alaska, Miranda has lived in Sitka, Ketchikan, Petersburg, and Kodiak. She is a Cub Scout den Leader and has recently graduated UAA with a major in English and a minor in Creative Writing.
    • Can my GPS lead me to a sustainable future? The role of technology and lessons from three remote Arctic communities

      Monz, Chris; Schmidt, Jennifer I.; Hausner, Vera (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2019)
      This presentation outlines research involving 35 residents of Brevig Mission, Noatak, and Noorvik during March 2017 were asked to evaluate values and beliefs regarding technology, climate change, and subsistence. Interviewees indicated that technology was helpful in their hunting and subsistence activities, but it was also expensive and may contribute to taking larger risks. Furthermore, technology was not seen as making up entirely for the impacts arising from changing climate.
    • Cancer Control Continuum Gap Analysis: Inventory of Current Policy and Environmental Strategies

      Frazier, Rosyland; Guettabi, Mouhcine; Cueva, Katie (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013)
      "Comprehensive cancer control (CCC) is a process through which communities and partner organizations pool resources to reduce the burden of cancer. These combined efforts help to reduce cancer risk, find cancers earlier, improve treatments, and increase the number of people who survive cancer. ”This analysis has explored both current policies that have been enacted in Alaska at the state and federal level, and those that are acknowledged at a national level. The gap analysis is designed to inform the State DHSS as it takes steps to develop a policy agenda for comprehensive cancer control that aims to; reduce the risk of developing cancer, identify cancer earlier, improve cancer treatment, and increase the number of cancer survivors."
    • Canyons and Ice: The Wilderness Travel of Dick Griffith

      Griffith, Dick; Johnson, Kaylene (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2013-12-02)
      Dick Griffith journeyed across Alaska, Canada, Mexico, and the American West. According to Jon Krakauer, "Griffith is simply afflicted with an irresistible inclination to attempt what others say can't be done. When asked what possesses a man to repeatedly strike out alone across hundreds of miles of rugged, lonely country, he replies, 'Every so often, it's just time to walk.'" Kaylene Johnson is author of five books about Alaska including her memoir A Tender Distance: Adventures Raising My Son in Alaska.
    • Capping Property Taxes: What's Likely to Happen?

      Hill, Alexandra (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2000)
      On November 7, Alaskans will vote on whether to cap property taxes at 1 percent of assessed value—which would cost local governments 20 percent of property tax collections in the first year and 40 percent as time passed. Supporters of the tax cap say property taxes are too high, property owners pay an unfair share of local government costs, and government is inefficient. Yet local spending in Anchorage and elsewhere hasn’t changed much in recent years, if you take inflation and population growth into account. And Anchorage’s local government employs fewer workers per resident than almost any U.S. metropolitan area. So what’s going on? Like most fiscal matters in Alaska, it relates to the rise and fall of oil wealth.
    • Capstone Phase I Interim Safety Study, 2000/2001

      Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2002
      The FAA Alaska Region’s Capstone program is a joint initiative with industry to improve aviation safety and efficiency in Alaska, by using new tools and technology to provide infrastructure and services. The first phase of Capstone is in southwest Alaska, primarily in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta (Y-K Delta). This technology is most likely to help prevent mid-air collisions and controlled-flight-into- terrain (CFIT) accidents, which make up only a small part of the small-plane accidents in southwest Alaska but are the most likely to cause deaths. Aside from helping prevent accidents, the technology is designed to make it easier for pilots to fly—by making it easier to navigate, by providing more current weather information, and by making instrument landings possible when weather deteriorates. To learn the benefits and limitations of these new tools and technologies, the Capstone program contracted with the University of Alaska Anchorage’s Institute of Social and Economic Research and the Aviation Technology Division to evaluate aviation safety changes in the Capstone area. This Capstone Interim Safety Report describes those changes through the end of 2001.
    • Career Exploration in the Anchorage School District

      Daniels, Adele M. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-05)
      Job shadow opportunities for middle and high school students provides valuable exposure to workplace environments as students look at future career choices. This type of career exploration can help to connect students to careers of interest as part of a career pathway. These experiences can help a student recognize the skills that are needed for a particular job, as well as the day-to-day duties for a person working in a given field. Military installations located near local school districts are an untapped resource for the career exploration opportunities that are available. Many military and civilian occupations are very similar in nature, allowing for useful connections to be made by students. Making the connections more simplified, for both partners, could allow for more opportunities to take place. This paper will provide a suggested template to follow when planning an event in any school district located near a military installation.
    • Career Mobility in Criminal Justice: An Exploratory Study of Alaskan Police and Corrections Executives

      Angell, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-03-08)
      This paper provides exploratory research into the career patterns of Alaska police and correctional executives in order to assess career mobility patterns and the variables which may have had a significant influence on success. Basic data for the paper is from biographical descriptions of 78 people who have served during the past ten years in top executive positions of Alaska's police and correctional agencies, including the commissioner of the Alaska Department of Public Safety, police chiefs of the 25 largest municipal police agencies in Alaska, superintendents of Alaska correctional institutions, and directors and assistant directors within the Alaska Division of Corrections.
    • Caregiver Burden and Perceived Health Competence when Caring for Family Members Diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementia

      Bailes, Christine (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-02-01)
      Purpose: To identify if there is a relationship between perceived health competence and burden of care of informal caregivers of family members with Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementia (ADRD). Methods: Informal caregivers 18 years and older who received services from the Alzheimer’s Resource of Alaska were invited to complete a survey. Conclusion: Findings indicate that there was a significant negative correlation between Perceived Health Competence and Burden of Care (N = 64, r = -.54, p <.001). Furthermore, the three subscales of the Modified Montgomery-Borgatta Caregiver Burden Scale: Relationship burden (r = -.29, p = .021), Objective burden (r = -.65, p = < .001) and Stress burden (r = -.41, p = .001) indicated that different types of burden affect informal caregivers’ health competence. Implications for practice: Based on the findings of this study, it is important to ensure that informal caregivers do have time for themselves as well as taking care of their own health needs. Nurse Practitioners can play an important role in early detection and prevention, with periodic screening to help identify current needs and to ensure optimal health for these informal caregivers.
    • Case Attrition of Sexual Violence Offenses: Empirical Findings

      Wood, Darryl S.; Rosay, André B. (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2009-02)
      This report examined the legal resolutions for 1,184 contact sexual violence cases reported to Alaska State Troopers in 2003 and 2004, and excluded results from other law enforcement agencies. We determined whether cases were founded with an identifiable suspect, were referred to the Alaska Department of Law for prosecution, were accepted for prosecution, and if the case resulted in a conviction. We only examined whether any conviction on any charge was obtained. In some cases, the conviction may be for a non-sexual offense. * Seventy-five percent of cases were founded with at least one identifiable suspect, 51% of founded cases were referred to the Alaska Department of Law for prosecution, 60% of referred cases were accepted for prosecution, and 80% of accepted cases resulted in a conviction on at least one charge. The greatest point of attrition was from the founding to the referral decision. * For the most part, cases of Alaska Native victims were as likely, or even more likely, to be processed by the criminal justice system relative to the cases of non-Native victims. * Cases of sexual violence in the most rural portions of Alaska had an equal or greater chance of being subject to legal sanction when compared with cases from Alaska's less rural areas, and were as likely or more likely to receive full enforcement and prosecution. Unfortunately, the percentage of founded cases that resulted in a conviction never exceeded 30%.
    • The Case for Strengthening Education in Alaska

      Hill, Alexandra; Gorsuch, Lee; Cravez, Pamela (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2006)
      Alaska’s public education system has been transformed since Alaska became a state. Opportunities for education have been expanded in many ways and many places. But at every level, from pre-school on up, the education systems in Alaska and the U.S. have serious troubles. Many American children don’t have access to early education; can’t do math and science as well as those in other countries; can’t pass basic reading, writing, and math tests; and don’t finish high school. Boys are less likely than girls to go on to college. And in Alaska, there are fewer early-education programs than nationwide. Elementary and high-school students— especially Alaska Natives and those from low-income families—are falling below U.S. averages. Since statehood, Alaska’s education system has grown and improved enormously. But the remaining challenges are also very big. Alaska has the resources to deal with those challenges, and some efforts are in fact already underway. The question now for all Alaskans—not only educators and parents—is this: how do we come together to create what our state and our children need?
    • Case Management Assessment and Course Development

      Patuc, Arlene (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-12-01)
      As health care costs skyrocket, a system of financially responsible health care with a high standard of quality is needed. Case management is a concept conceived over 100 years ago to coordinate care with effective use of services, excellent outcomes and patient satisfaction. This study looked at a needs assessment for a case management/care coordination course at the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) by interviewing 10 key informants in the Anchorage area who are actively involved in case management/care coordination or supervision. The participants were enrolled via the snowball method. Assessments of current UAA and online offerings were also conducted looking at present university level offerings in case management/care coordination both at UAA and at universities in the United States. Questions posed to the interviewed participants included the need for a case management/care coordination course, suggested format: graduate school, undergraduate or continuing education and the suggested course content. All participants felt UAA needed a specific course on case management/care coordination. Sixty percent of the participants felt the course should offer continuing education credits, 1 % felt the course would be most effective in graduate school and 4 % felt it would be best utilized as an undergraduate arena. Analysis also found 18 universities with online programs ranging from master degrees to certificates. All participants strongly voiced a need for ongoing information on statewide resources and a need for connections with other case managers/care coordinators.
    • A Case Study of Evaluating the Impact of Cost of Quality for Civil Engineering Design Services in a Small Corporation

      Pearson, Isaac (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-12-01)
      This case study evaluated the cost of quality (CoQ) for Civil Engineering Design Services (CEDS) in an Alaska based firm. The firm currently lacks a mature Quality Management System (QMS), which is needed to control and measure CoQ. As a means to justify the implementation of a QMS Feigenbaum quality costs were captured from historical job data and used to develop a Juran and Gryna Optimum Quality Cost Model. During the model development non-parametric testing was performed to determine the following; does the overall job budget size have an effect on quality cost, is there a correlation between appraisal and failure cost, and is the firms CoQ performing at an optimum level as defined by the quality models constructed. The non-parametric testing indicated that budget size did not have an effect on CoQ, appraisal cost are related to failure cost, and the firms CoQ was not optimized in its current state. The firms CoQ, per job, without an active QMS was determined to be 8.9% of the job cost with failure cost accounting for 5.2% of the total cost. By implementing a QMS such as ISO 9001 the firms CoQ, per job, is predicted to reduce to 6.1% of the job cost. This reduction could be achieved by increasing appraisal cost to 4.5% of the total budget, which is predicted to decrease the failure rate to 0.5% of total job cost.
    • Celebrating Earth Day

      Riley, Julie; Ellsworth, Cecil (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2014-04-22)
      Celebrating Earth Day with horticulturist Julie Riley, water farmer Cecil Ellsworth, and master gardeners.
    • Celebrating Shakespeare Four Hundred Years On

      Widdicombe, Toby; Emmerichs, Sharon (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2016-04-23)
      English professors Toby Widdicombe and Sharon Emmerichs, UAA students, and staff share favorite Shakespeare sonnets.