• Conducting rigorous research with subgroups of at-risk youth: lessons learned from a teen pregnancy prevention project in Alaska

      Hohman-Billmeier, Kathryn; Nye, Margaret; Martin, Stephanie (Taylor and Francis, 2016-12-01)
      In 2010, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) received federal funding to test an evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention program. The grant required a major modification to an existing program and a randomized control trial (RCT) to test its effectiveness. As the major modifications, Alaska used peer educators instead of adults to deliver the program to youth aged 1419 instead of the original curriculum intended age range of 1214. Cultural and approach adaptations were included as well. After 4 years of implementation and data collection, the sample was too small to provide statistically significant results. The lack of findings gave no information about the modification, nor any explanation of how the curriculum was received, or reasons for the small sample. This paper reports on a case study follow-up to the RCT to better understand outcome and implementation results. For this study, researchers reviewed project documents and interviewed peer educators, state and local staff, and evaluators. Three themes emerged from the data: (a) the professional growth of peer educators and development of peer education, (b) difficulties resulting from curriculum content, especially for subpopulations of sexually active youth, youth identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex and/or asexual, pregnant, and parenting youth and (c) the appropriateness of an RCT with subpopulations of at-risk youth. Three recommendations emerged from the case study. First, including as many stakeholders as possible in the program and evaluation design phases is essential, and must be supported by appropriate funding streams and training. Second, there must be recognition of the multiple small subpopulations found in Alaska when adapting programs designed for a larger and more homogeneous population. Third, RCTs may not be appropriate for all population subgroups.
    • Connecting a Disjointed System: A First Look at Aligning Education in Alaska

      McDiarmid, G. Williamson; Hill, Alexandra (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2008-11)
      We’ve heard it before, but it’s still true: too many Alaska students don’t have the skills they need to move on to the next stage of education or to get good jobs. Too many drop out of high school, and too few of those who graduate go on to college or other post-secondary education—and among those who do go on to post-secondary education, many don’t graduate within four or even six years. Employers report that young people entering the work world directly after they graduate from high school (or right after they drop out) don’t have the reading, writing, and math skills necessary for many of today’s jobs, even entry-level ones. Alaska is not alone in these problems, but the high-school dropout rate is higher than the U.S. average and fewer graduates go to college. A third of Alaska’s high-school students don’t even graduate, and only about a third graduate and start college right away (Figure 1).
    • Construction productivity and cost reporting

      Champion, Robert Steven (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-12-01)
      This research report improves the likelihood of meeting construction project and business objectives by implementing self-perform labor productivity and cost reporting process. The overall approach includes a literature review of construction productivity reporting, evaluating existing reporting processes of an operating construction company, evaluating reporting process improvements on a model project, interviewing subject matter experts in cost control, and evaluating model project survey responses. The research approach involves evaluating a construction organization’s existing processes for estimating in standard units of measure, reviewing existing procedures for establishing cost control budgets, researching methods for developing a process for tracking installed material quantities, researching methods for preparing weekly productivity reports, and labor unit rate benchmarking. Additionally, this report includes examining methods for reducing operational rework for projects executed in the construction industry by implementing a proactive corrective action based on verified actual cost and productivity rates. The results of this research demonstrate that utilizing project management methodology as an approach to researching construction cost and productivity reports improves the success of implementing company standardized reporting processes and provides an opportunity to meet business objectives.
    • Contacts Between Anchorage Adults and Police

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-15)
      This article presents selected results from a pilot study of police–citizen contacts conducted in Anchorage, Alaska in May 2013. The pilot study was part of a larger effort to establish a statewide police–public contact survey that will allow for comparison between Alaska-specific and national police–public contact estimates.
    • [Containment] Alaskan Undead Apocalypse Book II

      Schubert, Sean (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2012-12-06)
      "Anchorage, once Alaska's largest city, has fallen. Now a threatening maze of death, the city is firmly in the cold grip of a growing zombie horde." Containment is the sequel to the zombie thriller Infection. Everyone is encouraged to come and be scared at the future that awaits. Containment is published by Permuted Press.
    • Contract Award No. UAA 1514

      University of Alaska Anchorage (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-12-15)
    • A Contrastive Analysis of Chinese and English Emotional Metaphor

      Wei, Zaijiang (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2012-04-19)
      The UAA Confucius Institute sponsored this presentation by Dr. Zaijiang Wei. His talk is titled “A Contrastive Analysis of Chinese and English Emotional Metaphor.”
    • The Contribution of ANILCA to Alaska's Economy

      Colt, Steve (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2005)
      This paper presents an assessment of the economic contribution of ANILCA and ANILCA-protected ecosystems to Alaska’s economy. I consider the links between the conservation units designated by the Act and a healthy Alaska economy. The paper consists largely of synthesis and application of existing data and research. It does not consider global ecosystem services or other values that are not currently captured within the Alaska economy. ANILCA was a one-time “natural experiment.” It is not possible, therefore, to observe how the Alaska economy would have evolved absent ANILCA. This makes it difficult if not impossible to say that the Act itself “caused” much of anything. Instead, the best we can do is to say that the data are consistent – or inconsistent -- with certain broad hypotheses and conclusions.
    • Contribution of Land Conservation and Freshwater Resources to Residential Property Values in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough

      Berman, Matthew; Armagost, Jeffrey (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-02)
      Growing interest in quantifying values of ecosystem services has generated numerous studies attempting to measure the contribution of neighborhood environmental amenities to urban and suburban property values. Proximity to freshwater resources -- lakes and streams -- has also figured prominently in many of these studies. Alaska’s Matanuska-Susitna (Mat-Su) Borough, analogous to a county under state law, is a large and rapidly urbanizing local government jurisdiction adjacent to Anchorage, the state’s largest metropolitan area. As the population of the borough grows, and more land becomes subdivided and developed, an important question arises regarding the contribution of remaining undeveloped land and natural amenities to the economy of the borough. Visitors who are attracted to the scenery and recreation opportunities of the borough capture some of that value, and contribute to the borough economy through local purchases of goods and services. Private owners of borough real estate, who are willing to pay more for property located close to natural areas and recreation sites, also appropriate a portion of the value, however. This study focuses on this latter component of value of ecosystem services. It provides estimates of the enhanced value of private residential property and undeveloped land in the Mat-Su borough created by local protected open space and outdoor recreation opportunities. After briefly describing the Mat-Su Borough region, we summarize the valuation methods and the data available for the study. Then we present statistical results, followed by a discussion of the implications of the findings for valuing ecosystem services in the Borough. We conclude with suggestions for future research to improve the estimates.
    • Contribution of Land Conservation and Freshwater Resources to Residential Property Values in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough

      Armagost, Jeffrey; Berman, Matthew (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2/1/13)
    • Converging Science and Practice in Analyzing Evaluation Data

      Johnson, Knowlton W. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1983-03)
      A strategy is presented for converging science and practice which focuses on the needs of scientists and policymakers in analyzing evaluation data. Emphasis is placed on employing powerful statistical techniques that maximize the evaluators' confidence in their results. Attention is also drawn to the need for producing results which can be easily communicated to and interpreted by policymakers. In regard to these requirements, the discussion concerns application of four statistical techniques: factor analysis, Guttman scalogram analysis, multiple classification analysis and cross-break analysis. Each statistical analysis technique is described as to its value in evaluation research for dealing with problems known to inhibit the convergence of science and practice. The application of these techniques is demonstrated by illustrations taken from previous evaluation studies. The paper concludes with implications for stimulating the extent and quality of evaluation use.
    • Conversions: Rural Alaska Energy Supply Chains

      Colt, Steve (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2002)
      This presentation explores three questions regarding electricity issues in Alaska. In answering these questions, the presentation provides data relevant to where electricity is generate, what it costs, and what can be done to reduce costs. Steve Colt presented this material to the Rural Alaska Energy Conference in September 2002.
    • Cook Inlet Sediment Budget and Water Quality Model

      Wagner, Natalie (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2021-05-01)
      The topic that is being addressed is whether the sediment load into Cook Inlet increasing as the glacier melt rate has increased in the last 50 years? This is important since regional watershed understanding of the sediment balance and potential changes in sediment erosion and deposition rates in areas and along the coast may impact infrastructure like pipelines, bridges and roads, or communities. The scope includes a discussion on over fifty (50) years of related research, river water and sediment inputs, and an assessment of existing models. Data from USGS and other available sources were gathered, a large scale, high-level statistical assessment was conducted to determine if the riverine discharge data showed any significant increases in flow and sedimentation. The initial results showed that flow was increasing in time, and sediment transport could be as well. A more comprehensive review of the riverine discharge data shows a trend that the rivers are experiencing larger flows. There is not sufficient, comparable data yet to determine if the sediment load has also increased. The research efforts helped to create a basic sediment budget for the Cook Inlet Watershed. The most important results are that the glaciers are melting at a faster rate and the data show that the river discharge volumes are increasing, while sediment rates remain constant or are decreasing. The question this thesis is attempting to answer is whether there is also an increase in the sediment transport. Based on the available data reviewed, the river sediment load appears to be decreasing while the river water content appears to be steady or increasing.
    • Cooperative Cross-Cultural Instruction: The Value of Multi-cultural Collaboration in the Coteaching of Topics of Worldview, Knowledge Traditions, and Epistemologies

      Arevgaq, Theresa John; Koskey, Michael (2016-03-06)
      For four years (2011, 2013, 2014, 2015) two faculty members of the University of Alaska Fairbanks’ Center for Cross-cultural Studies have collaborated to co-teach a course entitled Traditional Ecological Knowledge (CCS 612). This course examines the acquisition and utilization of knowledge associated with the long-term habitation of particular ecological systems and the adaptations that arise from the accumulation of such knowledge. Intimate knowledge of place—culturally, spiritually, nutritionally, and economically for viability—is traditional ecological knowledge, and this perspective is combined with the needs of an Indigenous research method to better understand and more effectively explore the proper role of traditional knowledge in academic, cross-cultural research. This presentation and paper explores the strategies tested and lessons learned from teaching students from a wide variety of academic and cultural backgrounds including the social and life sciences, and the humanities, and from Indigenous and non-Indigenous cultural origins. The instructors, too—and most importantly for this endeavor—come from an Indigenous (John) and non-Indigenous (Koskey) background, and though hailing from very different cultures and upbringings work collaboratively and with genuine mutual respect to enable an understanding of variations of traditions of knowledge and their application to academic research.
    • Cooperative Solutions to Wicked Problems

      Haley, Sharman (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011-03-03)
    • The Copper Mountain Project: Financial Analysis and Sustainability Plan for the Copper Mountain Foundation a 501(C)

      Totemoff, Angela (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-12-01)
      The Copper Mountain Foundation (herein referred to as CMF) is a 501 (c) 3 non-profit that is fully funded, fully operated, and established by The Tatitlek Corporation (herein referred to as TTC). CMF currently has a program that provides scholarships and career grants for original enrollees and descendants of original enrollees of TTC. To be eligible to receive funding, a student must be an original enrollee of TTC or a lineal descendant of an original enrollee (by birth or adoption). Original enrollees of TTC either resided in the Native Village of Tatitlek or their families resided in Tatitlek at the time of enrollment in TTC. Today, scholarship applicants very often continue to come from a rural area within Alaska such as the Village of Tatitlek. The college graduation rate of rural students continues to be one of the lowest in the state. To address this problem, CMF created the scholarship program to offer financial assistance for education and career certificates for the enrollees. The CMF Board of Directors have expressed an interest in creating a Financial Analysis and Sustainability Plan to gain financial sustainability. The financial health of TTC has enabled the programs in CMF to be fully funded. However, securing additional funds diversifies CMF’s financial portfolio making them more financially stable, securing scholarships and career grants for the shareholder and descendants of the TTC. The goal of financial sustainability ensures that the programs will continue at the same rate of funding. The purpose of the Copper Mountain Project was to provide a robust Financial Analysis and Sustainability Plan that would provide the Board of Directors a clear understanding of the financial state of CMF and a guide as they pursued funding endeavors. This final report contains the project methodology used to produce the product, the research methodology used to conduct the research, conclusions about the product and research, and recommendations for further research.
    • Copper River Salmon Habitat Management Study

      Lowe, Marie (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2007)
      In 2006, Ecotrust commissioned the Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER) at the University of Alaska Anchorage to conduct a study on land managers’ perceptions of salmon habitat management in the Copper River Watershed (CRW). ISER interviewed 20 managers from 10 organizations representing Federal agencies (BLM, USACE, USFS, USFWS), State of Alaska agencies (ADFG, DEC, DNR) and Alaska Native Corporations (AHTNA, EYAK). The study was conducted to examine managers’ perceptions about the current status of watershed management with regard to health of salmon populations. By interviewing resource managers, the research was conducted to determine threats to salmon habitat and to expose the most vulnerable geographic areas of the watershed, examine potential goals for long-term management, isolate the identities of key individuals who can influence the success of long-term management and enforcement of regulations, ascertain possible changes that could be made to current management plans, and identify the most effective political tools for effective management of salmon habitat within the watershed. The research was conducted to answer the following questions: 1. What are the economic, political and social impediments to the immediate and long-term effective management of wild salmon and their habitat from the perspective of fishery managers? 2. How can these impediments be mitigated in the future?
    • Cordova Psychrophiles Bio-Digester Benefit-Cost and Sensitivity Analysis

      Pathan, Sohrab; Meléndez, Alejandra Villalobos; Fay, Ginny (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-12)
      Cordova is located in southcentral part of Alaska, 150 miles southeast of Anchorage, and can be accessed only by boat or plane. The average winter temperature1 varies from 17⁰ F to 28⁰ F (-8⁰ C to -2⁰ C) and the average summer temperature varies from 49⁰ F to 63⁰ F (9⁰ C to 17⁰ C).2 To support Cordova’s ongoing energy independence efforts , the Denali Commission approved a science project for the Science Club students at Cordova High School using Emerging Energy Technology Funds to develop a bio-digester that uses psychrophiles, a cold climate bacteria, that can reproduce in very cold temperatures, as low as 19⁰ F (-7.5⁰ C).3 Use of psychrophiles in a bio-digester in Cordova is a new technology that aims to produce low cost biogas for Alaskans who live in extreme cold temperatures. The production of biogas varies significantly depending on ambient temperatures. The cold climate application of this technology is in its research and development (R&D) phase, which makes in-depth economic analysis challenging as there is little cost information and many parts for the application of the technology have to be custom build. This paper describes a preliminary economic analysis of the Cordova project. In order to provide a study at this early stage in technology development, the analysis was prepared using a combined benefit-cost and sensitivity analysis to show the impacts of variations in methane output, and diesel fuel and propane prices. For this preliminary analysis we compared the bio-digester technology against diesel and propane fuel alternatives.
    • The Correctional Master Plan: Some Legislative Options

      Endell, Roger V. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1979-11-30)
      This testimony before the House Judiciary Committee of the Alaska State Legislature lays out potential future scenarios for corrections in Alaska. The author urges legislators to pay attention to the results of over half a million dollars worth of research on correctional problems in Alaska over the past three years in its decisionmaking on how to implement recommendations of the Alaska Corrections Master Plan.