• Criminal Justice Reform and Recidivism Reduction

      Myrstol, Brad A.; Armstrong, Barbara (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-04-01)
      This article briefly examines evidence-based approach to policymaking in criminal justice and the two conceptual pillars that serve as the foundation of this strategy: effectiveness and efficiency. The article also describes the Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative, a “smart justice” approach to reducing recidivism under the auspices of The Pew Charitable Trusts and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, that is being led in Alaska by the Alaska Justice Information Center (AJiC), housed in the UAA Justice Center.
    • Criminal Justice Reform: A Discussion of Senate Bill 91 — Reducing the Prison Population While Enhancing Public Safety

      Dunham, Barbara; Valle, Araceli (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2016-12-08)
      This slideshow, presented at a public discussion on criminal justice reform, presents data on the growth of correctional populations in Alaska and information on criminal justice reform efforts culminating in the passage in July 2016 of Senate Bill 91 (SB91), "Omnibus Criminal Law & Procedure; Corrections," which incorporated recommendations of the Alaska Criminal Justice Commission. Presenters were Barbara Dunham of the Alaska Criminal Justice Commission and Dr. Araceli Valle of the Alaska Justice Information Center (AJiC).
    • Criminal Offending Among Homeless Drug-Using Male Arrestees, Anchorage, 2000–2003

      Myrstol, Brad A. (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2009-08-01)
      Looks at homelessness and criminal offending among adult drug-using male arrestees using data collected in Anchorage from 2000 to 2003 as part of the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program.
    • Criminally Committed Mental Patient Services: A Task Force Report

      Endell, Roger V.; Havelock, John E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1980-06-20)
      Until 1980, criminal defendants found incompetent to stand trial or not guilty by reason of insanity were committed under contract, at the discretion of the Alaska Division of Mental Health, to Atascadero State Hospital in California, a facility suitable to longer-term care of persons needing a secure setting. Changes in California state policy foreclosed this option. The most likely facility in Alaska that could accommodate this class of patients was Alaska Psychiatric Institute (API) in Anchorage; however, introduction of a few new patients with special security needs would have impacts on existing programs of the Institute. This report presents recommendations of the Task Force on Criminally Committed Mental Patient Services for placement and treatment of criminal committed mental patients at Alaska Psychiatric Institute.
    • Criminogenic Features of Apartment Complexes: Preliminary Findings

      Payne, Troy C.; Scherer, Heidi L.; Eck, John E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011-07-19)
      This study used epidemiological methods to compare high crime apartment complexes to low crime apartment complexes along multiple dimensions, including management practices and the immediate spatial context of the complexes.
    • Crisis Intervention Teams Assist Law Enforcement

      Cravez, Pamela (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-10-18)
      The Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) is a police-based, first responders’ pre-arrest jail diversion model for individuals with mental illness and/or substance abuse disorder. A new CIT coalition is being developed in Matanuska-Susitna Borough. The online version of the article also includes additional information about specialized police responses.
    • Crisis Intervention: The Challenge of Stress

      Angell, John E. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1980-10)
      Most people agree that the stress connected with police work affects the way police officers relate to the people they contact and serve. While many assume the primary source of stress on police officers lies in factors related to police job activities, the author argues that the primary factors creating stress for police officers are related to traditional police organizational and management philosophy and related practices.
    • Cross Cultural Issues in Village Administration: Observations on Water and Sanitation Operations and Management in Western Alaska

      Haley, Sharman; Brelsford, Taylor (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1999)
      The villages of Western Alaska are in various stages of transition from hauling water and human waste by hand, to technologically sophisticated Arctic design piped systems. The transition involves not only technological change and adaptation, but also the development of new institutions and work relations appropriate to the administration and management of complex systems. The implicit norms of these new institutional relations and culture of work are based in Anglo-Saxon Protestant culture; in very many respects these norms are alien to traditional Yup'ik Eskimo people. Bi-cultural Natives are in a unique position to meet these challenges and facilitate the transition by modeling an adaptive synthesis of the two cultures, providing culturally sensitive leadership, and facilitating relations between villages and outside agencies.
    • Cryo-Recovery Business Plan

      Lopez, Jason (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-12-01)
      As Anchorage, Alaska continues to grow and sports athletes continue to flourish here in Alaska, a new body recovery system will be needed. A cryo-recovery or “cryosauna” machine is a new technology and an alternative to some forms of physical therapy. It helps the body heal from soreness and inflammation by cooling the body and increasing the blood flow by use of liquid nitrogen gas. A person is exposed for two to three minutes at a temperature of minus 240 degrees Fahrenheit causing the blood to flow from the extremities to the core. When the blood goes through the cardiovascular system, it is cleansed of toxins and supplied with oxygen, nutrients, and enzymes. As the body stays exposed to the cold temperatures, the blood continues to cycle through the cardio vascular system and organs in a continuous loop. When the person exits the cryo-chamber, the oxygenated blood with nutrients and enzymes return to the extremities reducing pain and inflammation. The research project provided a construction of a business plan tailored for an up and coming “new to Alaska” small business. The conducted market analysis was to help target and attract customers and to visualize Anchorage’s competitive landscape. The designed business plan assembles the individual pieces and elements of a business plan to which it includes a business model, marketing plan, operations plan, location requirements and financial plan. This document will help the sponsors of the project make informed decisions on what to look for when starting a cryo-recovery business in Anchorage, Alaska. As of winter 2016, there are no companies in Alaska that have this kind of technology; the closest being in Washington State. This project will be a stepping-stone in bringing Alaska a technology that has existed in the 48 contiguous states and in other foreign countries for multiple years.
    • Crystal River Properties - Rental Property Acquisition Guide

      Wareham, Andrew J. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-11-21)
      Crystal River Properties is a privately owned small business started in 2011 whose sole revenue stream relies upon rental income from company owned small multifamily (duplex and triplex) real property assets. In order for the business to expand, additional properties need to be acquired to increase revenue. Current real-estate market conditions make it financially impractical to purchase new construction properties. The most feasible alternative is to consider pre-existing properties which, if not done correctly, could expose the company to considerable financial risk. This project will research and identify methods to select prospective existing rental income properties with the greatest potential for maximum, sustainable net income based on operations and maintenance costs, marginal revenue, turnover rate and vacancy rates. The underlying objectives will used to best meet the expectations of the potential occupant segment of stakeholders. Assessment criteria will be based upon price (anticipated return on investment), location, size, age, type of construction, property condition (recent renovations), insurance and tax rates, lessons learned from past property procurements and risk analysis considerations. Consolidated results of gathered information and research will be packaged into a step-by-step user guide for income property acquisition. The guide will available in electronic PDF and hard copy format. The methodology depicted in the guide will enable a thorough evaluation of property selection alternatives against likely risks and key success criteria providing the tools necessary to acquire additional business assets in the most economical fashion while simultaneously exposing the company to the least amount of financial risk.
    • Cuba in Poetry, History, and Images

      Ball, Rachael; Streff, Caroline (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2018-08-03)
      Caroline Streff and Professor Ray Ball discuss their experiences conducting archival and library research in Havana and writing historically informed poetry. Caroline Streff's poetry focuses on the complex issues related to the Revolution's redistribution of physical space. Dr. Ball's poetry concerns the ways the history of colonialism intersects with how history is told and retold on the island. Caroline Streff majored in English and International Studies at UAA. She plans to study Latin American rhetoric in graduate school. Ray Ball is Associate Professor of History at UAA. She is a published poet and author of Treating the Public: Charitable Theater and Civic Health in the Early Modern Atlantic World.
    • Cultural Awareness as an Essential Business Practice

      Reep, Yelena (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-05-01)
      Many organizations conducting business in Alaska realize the necessity for robust cultural awareness training methods, tools and resources as means to managing risks and building positive relationships with stakeholders. This paper investigates the concept of cultural intelligence and its role in improving organizational performance and mitigating risks. Data collected through surveys and interviews showed that cultural awareness training focused on Alaska Native cultures was conducted by a significant number of Alaska organizations. The training is used as a risk mitigation and stakeholder management tool. Data analysis includes a description of the most common methods used to deliver cultural awareness training. The paper lists recommendations for stakeholder identification and engagement, offers considerations for choosing an appropriate cultural awareness training method and developing a training evaluation process. The Alaska Cultural Awareness Guide (see Appendix D) was developed to serve as a training aid and a single source of reference about Alaska and Alaska Native cultures for the project sponsor’s organization. Key Words: cultural awareness training, culture, cultural intelligence, cross-cultural communication, community liaison, training evaluation, training effectiveness, training methods, training life cycle, stakeholder engagement, risk management, mindful coexistence
    • Cultural Continuity and Communities and Well-Being

      Martin, Stephanie (Rural Development Institute, Brandon University., 2012)
      This paper describes a household survey of Inuit in northern Alaska and how the survey data were used to better understand the relative importance of jobs, wild food harvesting, and social ties for life satisfaction. It emphasizes the importance of non-material measures for life satisfaction. It builds on other research showing the importance of harvesting wild food and the persistence of a mixed economy—one that combines cash income and wild food harvests. An empirical model estimates the relationship between people's choices to work, and/or hunt and fish, and individual satisfaction with life. The model includes economic and non-economic measures of well-being as well as community characteristics and shows that what matters most for satisfaction are family ties, social support and opportunities to do things with other people. Jobs, income, housing, and modern amenities—are less important among arctic Inuit. This research addresses the purpose for the original survey project—to give a more realistic picture of life in the Arctic by showing why people who live in remote, isolated, communities, with low incomes, and substandard housing are very satisfied with their lives. It also contributes to public policy in remote regions and efforts to understand how people are adapting in a rapidly changing environment.
    • Cultural Roots in Lithuanian and Jewish History

      Murphy, Curtis; Oblath, Rabbi; Minkstimas, Edvinas; Fried, Leslie; Worthington, Svaja (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2015-02-03)
      Lithuanian history, music, poetry and culture will be highlighted at this special event. Guest speakers include classical pianist Edvinas Minkstimas, Rabbi Michael Oblath (Congregation Beth Sholom), Curtis Murphy (UAA Department of History), Leslie Fried (Alaska Jewish Museum) and Svaja Worthington (Honorary Consul of the Republic of Lithuanian). This event is sponsored by the Honorary Consul from the State of Alaska to the Republic of Lithuania, Congregation Beth Sholom, UAA Campus Bookstore, UAA Department of Music, UAA Department of History, Alaska Jewish Museum, Chilkoot Charlie's and others.
    • Culturally-Relevant Online Education Improves Health Workers' Capacity and Intent to Address Cancer

      Cueva, Katie; Dignan, Mark; Revels, Laura; Cueva, Melanie (Springer, 2018-01-24)
    • Culture Change and Identity Among Alaska Natives: Retaining Control

      Fienup-Riordan, Ann (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1992)
      To date, Alaska Natives have changed in some respects and remained the same in other as a result of exposure to and interaction with the non-Native world.Like other Native Americans, they have been much more motivated to preserve what they can of their traditional view of the world in their reactions to missionaries ad agents of change in general than has been appreciated. This paper gives a general outline of culture change and changes in personal and group identity among Alaska Natives. It draws from the recent history of the Yup'ik-speaking residents of western Alaska, an area of the state where this process has been relatively recent and where social problems associated with rapid culture change are at present particularly intense.
    • Current and Future Demand for Distance Education

      McDiarmid, Williamson, G.; Hill, Alexandra; Hull, Teresa; Goldsmith, Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1998)
      “Distance education” means education or training where the instructor is not in the same room with the students. It doesn’t necessarily mean, as the attached maps and figures show, that all students live far from campuses (although many do). In this summary we first highlight our findings and then list questions raised and recommendations made by provosts in Anchorage, Fairbanks, and Juneau after they reviewed a draft of this report. A third of distance education students in the Fall 1997 semester, for instance, lived in Anchorage, Fairbanks, and Juneau. Distance education courses are offered over television, through audio or video conferencing, by mail, over the Internet, and through combinations of those methods. During the Fall 1997 semester, 4,115 students in 178 Alaska locations (and a few places outside Alaska) were enrolled in 293 distance education courses offered through the University of Alaska. ISER also interviewed representatives of 33 organizations that operate primarily in rural Alaska—because in many remote places, distance education courses are among the few sources of postsecondary education and training available locally. We asked rural employers whether they were satisfied with current distance education offering and what kinds of job openings they foresaw.
    • Current and Future Medical Costs of Childhood Obesity in Alaska

      Guettabi, Mouhcine (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-04)
      This study examines the medical costs of childhood obesity in Alaska, today and in the future. We estimate that 15.2% of those ages 2 to 19 in Alaska are obese. Using parameters from published reports and studies, we estimate that the total excess medical costs due to obesity for both adults and children in Alaska in 2012 were $226 million, with medical costs of obese children and adolescents accounting for about $7 million of that total. And those medical costs will get much higher over time, as today’s children transition into adulthood. Aside from the 15.2% currently obese, another estimated 20% of children who aren’t currently obese will become obese as adults, if current national patterns continue. We estimate that the 20-year medical costs—discounted to present value—of obesity among the current cohort of Alaska children and adolescents will be $624 million in today’s dollars. But those future costs could be decreased if Alaskans found ways to reduce obesity. We consider how reducing obesity in several ways could reduce future medical costs: reducing current rates of childhood obesity, rates of obese children who become obese adults, or rates of non-obese children and adolescents who become obese adults. We undertake modest reductions to showcase the potential cost savings associated with each of these channels. Clearly the financial\ savings are a direct function of the obesity reductions and therefore the magnitude of the realized savings will vary accordingly. Also keep in mind that these figures are only for the current cohort of children and adolescents; over time more generations of Alaskans will grow from children into adults, repeating the same cycle unless rates of obesity decline. And finally, remember that medical costs are only part of the broader range of social and economic costs obesity creates.
    • Current Issues Regarding Alaska Tribal Court Jurisdiction

      ; Fortson, Ryan (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-12-17)
      This article examines some of the unresolved issues that will shape tribal court jurisdiction in Alaska in coming years.
    • Curriculum Relationships within the University of Alaska, Anchorage: A Report on the School of Justice

      Havelock, John E. (Justice Center, School of Justice, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1983-12)
      This report, commissioned by the Office of Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs, is a preliminary inquiry into the relationship that the curriculum of the School of Justice bears to the curriculum of the College of Arts and Sciences and the other schools of UAA. In particular, the inquiry was initiated to identify "service course" needs of the College of Arts and Sciences and other Schools of the University, that might be met by the Justice faculty and the extent to which other units of the University meet the "service" needs of the School of Justice.