• Feasibility of Thermosyphons to Impede the Progress of Coastal Permafrost Erosion Along the Norther Coastline of Alaska

      Zottola, Jason (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-05-01)
      This study seeks to investigate the feasibility of installing thermosyphons at Drew Point, Alaska to mitigate thermally-induced coastline erosion. Portions of the northern Alaska coastline have been receding at increasing rates and putting in peril infrastructure, environmental habitats, and small villages. Slowing or eliminating the erosion would prevent emotional village relocations and costly infrastructure maintenance and relocations. Climate and soil data from Drew Point and Barrow, Alaska are used as input variables in a numerical modeling software program to determine accurate soil thermal properties to be used in a thermosyphon design. Generalized cost considerations are presented and it is determined that thermosyphons may be an effective mitigation strategy to combat coastal erosion, however, future additional modeling could optimize a design and provide for refinements in the cost analysis.
    • Federal Spending in Alaska: Running Out of Steam?

      Goldsmith, Oliver Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-05)
      After nearly a decade of explosive growth, federal spending in Alaska has turned flat, except for the temporary boost from the stimulus package—the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act—that pumped more than $2.2 billion into the state economy in 2009 and 2010. (Shown in black in the figure below.) Total federal spending in Alaska was $11.2 billion in 2009 and $10.9 billion in 2010, compared with about $9.4 billion in 2008. But without the stimulus funds, federal spending in 2009 and 2010 would have been no higher than in the previous four years. Alaska was first among the states in per capita stimulus funds, with more than $3,000 per capita, or nearly four times the national average. Spending is no longer growing for either defense or grants—the largest categories of federal dollars coming into the state. Still, the special characteristics that have historically kept Alaska near the top of the state rankings for federal funds per capita will continue to guarantee a strong role for federal dollars in the economy. Here we discuss the composition of federal spending in Alaska, comparing it with spending in other states, and also review stimulus spending and provide examples of the importance of federal funds to particular sectors of the state economy. In an appendix, we correct a serious reporting error in data from the U.S. Department of Commerce on federal spending in Alaska. Because of the difficulties in sorting out temporary stimulus spending in 2009 and 2010—and because of errors in federal data for those years—2008 spending provides the best picture of recent federal spending in Alaska.
    • Felony Definition: A White Paper

      Rieger, Lisa (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 1991-02-01)
      As part of a larger project to improve the quality and timeliness of Alaska criminal history records, the Alaska Department of Public Safety intends to upgrade the Alaska Public Safety Information Network (APSIN) to provide an indicator to show whether a conviction is for a felony or a misdemeanor. This white paper presents an operational definition of felony which accommodates the limits of APSIN by referring to data fields currently available and makes recommendations to alleviate ambiguity about the category of offense for convictions which can be either felony or misdemeanor.
    • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Competency I - Foundation

      UAA Center for Behavioral Health Research & Servcies (University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services, 2015-01-01)
      This PowerPoint was created by the University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services’ CDC-funded Arctic FASD Regional Training Center in 2010 and revised in 2013. The content is based primarily on materials and resources available in CDC’s Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice (2009). This guide was revised in 2015 and is available from www.frfasd.org/Comp_Guide.html. If you are using elements of this PowerPoint in another presentation, please credit the Arctic FASD Regional Training Center and the 2009 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice. Questions about this PowerPoint or its contents should be addressed to the Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services at the University of Alaska Anchorage – www.uaa.alaska.edu.
    • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Competency II - Screening and Brief Interventions for Alcohol Use

      UAA Center for Behavioral Health Research & Servcies (University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services, 2015-01-01)
      This PowerPoint was created by the University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services’ CDC-funded Arctic FASD Regional Training Center in 2010 and revised in 2013. The content is based primarily on materials and resources available in CDC’s Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice (2009). This guide was revised in 2015 and is available from www.frfasd.org/Comp_Guide.html. If you are using elements of this PowerPoint in another presentation, please credit the Arctic FASD Regional Training Center and the 2009 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice. Questions about this PowerPoint or its contents should be addressed to the Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services at the University of Alaska Anchorage – www.uaa.alaska.edu.
    • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Competency III - Models of Addiction

      UAA Center for Behavioral Health Research & Servcies (2015-01-01)
      This PowerPoint was created by the University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services’ CDC-funded Arctic FASD Regional Training Center in 2010 and revised in 2013. The content is based primarily on materials and resources available in CDC’s Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice (2009). This guide was revised in 2015 and is available from www.frfasd.org/Comp_Guide.html. If you are using elements of this PowerPoint in another presentation, please credit the Arctic FASD Regional Training Center and the 2009 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice. Questions about this PowerPoint or its contents should be addressed to the Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services at the University of Alaska Anchorage – www.uaa.alaska.edu.
    • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Competency IV - Biological Effects on the Fetus

      UAA Center for Behavioral Health Research & Servcies (University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services, 2015-01-01)
      This PowerPoint was created by the University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services’ CDC-funded Arctic FASD Regional Training Center in 2010 and revised in 2013. The content is based primarily on materials and resources available in CDC’s Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice (2009). This guide was revised in 2015 and is available from www.frfasd.org/Comp_Guide.html. If you are using elements of this PowerPoint in another presentation, please credit the Arctic FASD Regional Training Center and the 2009 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice. Questions about this PowerPoint or its contents should be addressed to the Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services at the University of Alaska Anchorage – www.uaa.alaska.edu.
    • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Competency V - Screening, Assessment, and Diagnosis

      UAA Center for Behavioral Health Research & Servcies (University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services, 2015-01-01)
      This PowerPoint was created by the University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services’ CDC-funded Arctic FASD Regional Training Center in 2010 and revised in 2013. The content is based primarily on materials and resources available in CDC’s Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice (2009). This guide was revised in 2015 and is available from www.frfasd.org/Comp_Guide.html. If you are using elements of this PowerPoint in another presentation, please credit the Arctic FASD Regional Training Center and the 2009 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice. Questions about this PowerPoint or its contents should be addressed to the Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services at the University of Alaska Anchorage – www.uaa.alaska.edu.
    • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Competency VI - Treatment Across the Life Span

      UAA Center for Behavioral Health Research & Servcies (University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services, 2015-01-01)
      This PowerPoint was created by the University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services’ CDC-funded Arctic FASD Regional Training Center in 2010 and revised in 2013. The content is based primarily on materials and resources available in CDC’s Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice (2009). This guide was revised in 2015 and is available from www.frfasd.org/Comp_Guide.html. If you are using elements of this PowerPoint in another presentation, please credit the Arctic FASD Regional Training Center and the 2009 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice. Questions about this PowerPoint or its contents should be addressed to the Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services at the University of Alaska Anchorage – www.uaa.alaska.edu.
    • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Competency VII - Ethical, Legal, and Policy Issues

      UAA Center for Behavioral Health Research & Servcies (University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services, 2015-01-01)
      This PowerPoint was created by the University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services’ CDC-funded Arctic FASD Regional Training Center in 2010 and revised in 2013. The content is based primarily on materials and resources available in CDC’s Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice (2009). This guide was revised in 2015 and is available from www.frfasd.org/Comp_Guide.html. If you are using elements of this PowerPoint in another presentation, please credit the Arctic FASD Regional Training Center and the 2009 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice. Questions about this PowerPoint or its contents should be addressed to the Center for Behavioral Health Research & Services at the University of Alaska Anchorage – www.uaa.alaska.edu.
    • Final Report: Alaska Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner Study

      Rosay, André B.; Henry, Tara; Providence Kodiak Island Medical Center; Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation; Central Peninsula General Hospital; Norton Sound Health Corporation; Fairbanks Memorial Hospital; South Peninsula Hospital; Maniilaq Association; The Department of Health and Human Services (Municipality of Anchorage); et al. (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2008-10-01)
      This project examined the characteristics of sexual assault victimizations in Alaska, as observed and recorded by sexual assault nurse examiners in Anchorage, Kodiak, Bethel, Soldotna, Nome, Fairbanks, Homer, and Kotzebue. The sample utilized for this study includes all sexual assault nurse examinations conducted in Anchorage from 1996 to 2004, in Bethel and Fairbanks in 2005 and 2006, and in Homer, Kodiak, Kotzebue, Nome, and Soldotna in 2005 (N = 1,699). This final report provides a thorough descriptive analysis of the sexual assault nurse examinations included in this study. This descriptive analysis focuses on demographic characteristics of patients; pre-assault, assault, and post-assault characteristics; exam characteristics and findings; suspect characteristics; and legal resolutions. The report then examines the predictors of genital injury. More specifically, it examines the effect of time elapsed from assault to report and of patient condition at the time of the assault. The effect of time elapsed from assault to report is examined by comparing the genital injuries of patients that reported to a sexual assault nurse examiner within 24 hours to the genital injuries of patients that did not. The effect of patient condition at the time of the assault is examined by comparing the genital injuries of patients that were sober, intoxicated, and incapacitated at the time of the assault. Results show that neither time elapsed from assault to report nor patient condition at the time of the assault impacted genital injury. The report also examines the effect of genital injury on legal resolutions. More specifically, it examines how the presence and frequency of genital injury impacts the likelihood that cases are referred for prosecution, the likelihood that cases are accepted by prosecutors, and the likelihood that cases result in a conviction. Results show that genital injury did not impact legal resolutions. Other factors, non-genital injury in particular, were significantly associated with both genital injury and legal resolutions. The relevance of these additional factors is discussed
    • Final Report: Anchorage Disproportionate Minority Contact Study

      Rosay, André B.; Everett, Ronald S.; Hurr, William (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2010-10-01)
      This project examined disproportionate minority contact in Anchorage, Alaska. It was designed to provide a more nuanced understanding of disproportionate minority contact at the referral stage (when law enforcement officers refer youth to the Alaska Division of Juvenile Justice). To do so, we relied on community involvement and utilized different statistical techniques to examine the geography and development of disproportionate minority contact. Researchers partnered with practitioners from the Anchorage Disproportionate Minority Contact Initiative to structure the research process and to interpret and disseminate results. Geographic analyses were conducted to examine where the highest levels of disproportionate minority contact were occurring and longitudinal analyses were conducted to examine at what age disproportionate minority contact began. These analyses provided an understanding of disproportionate minority contact that was obscured when examining relative rate indices. Geographic analyses, for example, revealed high levels of disproportionate minority contact for Pacific youth (a group that would have traditionally been ignored because of its ‘small population’). Longitudinal analyses revealed that disproportionate minority contact began at age 13. Although relative rate indices are useful to identify broad patterns in disproportionate minority contact, they are less useful to drive action. We overcame this limitation with strong community partnerships and different statistical methods for disproportionate minority contact research. In the end, practitioners and researchers used data and research to develop strategic plans to reduce disproportionate minority contact.
    • Finland v. the USA: Imprisonment Responses to Crime

      Endell, Roger V. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1981-10-20)
      This manuscript, prepared as a chapter for a prospective book on corrections and punishment in the Scandinavian/Nordic nations of northern Europe, compares Finland with the United States with respect to the imprisonment response to crime, correctional policies, and correctional populations.
    • Fire Island Feasibility Study: Summary Report — Final Report

      UAA School of Justice; UAA School of Engineering (School of Justice and School of Engineering, University of Alaska, Anchorage, 1986-12-18)
      This document summarizes the findings the Fire Island Prison Feasibility Study, undertaken to assess the feasibility of locating a correctional facility on Fire Island in the Municipality of Anchorage. The three reports summarized here covered the three major phases of the study: (1) an assessment of future bed space needs of the Alaska Department of Corrections; (2) an evaluation of the physical site and cost estimates for prison construction and operation; and (3) a public opinion survey and open discussion.
    • Fire Island Public Opinion Survey: Summary of Findings

      Barnes, Allan R. (School of Justice, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1986-12-04)
      Under the terms of a contract between the Alaska Department of Corrections and the University of Alaska, Anchorage, to determine the feasibility of placing a prison on Fire Island, the UAA School of Justice in November 1986 conducted a public opinion telephone survey of a random sample of one thousand residents of the Municipality of Anchorage and the Matanuska-Susitna Borough. Results indicated that respondents favored spending money to prevent and deter crime rather than to punish prisoners or to build additional prisons. When informed about the increased cost of construction and operation of a prison on Fire Island in comparison with other potential sites in Southcentral Alaska, they did not favor building a prison on Fire Island. However, in deciding the appropriate location for a new prison, cost of construction was not deemed as important as either the impact of the prison on the local economy or the costs associated with everyday operations and programs of the new prison.
    • Firearm Use in Violent Crime in the U.S. and Alaska, 1980-2011

      Myrstol, Brad A. (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-01-01)
      This fact sheet presents national and statewide statistics from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports program on the prevalence of murder in the U.S. and Alaska from 1980 to 2011, as well as data on the use of firearms in murders (both for the U.S. as a whole, and Alaska), aggravated assaults (Alaska only), and robberies (Alaska only) over the same period.
    • Firearm Use in Violent Crime in the U.S. and Alaska, 1985-2012

      Parker, Khristy; Armstrong, Barbara (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Center, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-11-01)
      This fact sheet presents national and statewide statistics from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports program on the use of firearms in the commission of three violent crimes — homicide (murder and nonnegligent homicide), robbery, and aggravated assault — in the U.S. and Alaska from 1985 to 2012. Data on the use of knives and other cutting instruments, strong-arm tactics, and other weapons in the commission of these crimes are also presented.
    • The First 50 Years and the Next: ISER and Rural Alaska

      Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011-03)
      Since 1961… ISER has been enhancing “the well-being of Alaskans and others, through nonpartisan research that helps people understand social and economic systems and supports informed public and private decision-making.” (ISER Mission Statement)
    • Fiscal Impacts of Alternative Land Use Scenarios for the Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Alaska

      Colt, Steve (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-04-29)
      This paper presents the projected fiscal impacts on Alaska’s Matanuska-Susitna Borough (MSB) and its taxpayers, through year 2050, of six alternative land use and population scenarios. The analysis is focused on population growth and education spending, due to the overwhelming importance of school expenditures in overall borough finances. The Mat-Su Borough is Alaska’s fastest growing borough. Between 2000 and 2012, MSB population grew by 3.8% per year, from about 60,000 to about 94,000. Also, real1 total school expenditures per student (both operating plus capital) increased by 1.6% per year between 2003 and 2012. The State of Alaska currently pays 71% of these total education costs.2 With Alaska oil production decreasing, state education spending per student is likely to decline. Population growth could therefore be costly to MSB residents if school and other costs increase faster than available financial resources.
    • Fisheries Law and Enforcement

      Havelock, John E.; Barber, Joe; Moras, Antonia (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1982-09)
      This text provides a general introduction to the laws, agencies, and issues involved in fisheries regulation, particularly in Alaska, originally intended for an introductory course on regulation as part of an extensive curriculum in fisheries at Kodiak Community College, University of Alaska. The text covers international, federal, and Alaska fisheries law through 1982; the history of fisheries and fisheries law in Alaska; federal, Alaska, and local agencies which affect fisheries; and the justice system, law enforcement practice, and individual rights within the maritime context.