• Increasing Food Safety Compliance With Online Resources

      Novak, Amber Cristina (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-05-01)
      Food-borne illness is a top concern for public policy and public health in the U.S., causing nearly 48 million incidents yearly. The number of confirmed food-borne illness outbreaks has declined over recent years as regulation and control measures of the Food and Drug Administration have increased. However, despite increased regulations and decreased outbreaks, there are still a large number of food safety violations, and it is imperative that food service employers continue to encourage good food safety practices. Mandated training has produced varying results on the improved inspection scores of restaurant establishments, but understanding the barriers to food safety and employing food safety intervention measures has had positive results on improving the employees’ food safety compliance behaviors. There is an opportunity to explore new interventions and mediums to increase safe food handling behaviors. This project describes the development of a food safety resource, FoodSafetyKmowledge.org. The site exists as a singular location for managers to find all of the necessary safety and sanitation resources in one accessible and convenient place. The discussion and analysis includes feedback from other food service professionals, and I offer recommendations to improve the site for future use.
    • Increasing Police Utility through Organizational Design

      Angell, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1976-11)
      Research by social scientists over the past decade provides strong evidence that American policies concerning police organizational designs have served in many instances to restrict the social usefulness, or utility, of local police operations. Substantial changes in police organizational designs are unlikely to occur unless policymakers have relatively comprehensive and complete models. To satisfy policy officials, a model must be (1) easily understood by laypersons, (2) logically related to definitions of problems acceptable to policymakers, (3) sufficiently defined to provide guidelines for systemic, incremental changes, and (4) adequate to facilitate simple, but accurate, assessment of the impact of changes consistent with the model. This paper is in pursuit of such an alternative model for improving police utility.
    • Index to Volumes 1–10

      UAA Justice Center; Green, Melissa S. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1994-04-11)
      The Alaska Justice Forum began publication in May 1977 under funding from the Alaska Criminal Justice Planning Agency, Governor's Commission on the Administration of Justice. It was published by the Criminal Justice Center (now the Justice Center) of the University of Alaska Anchorage and was edited by Roger V. Endell, Peter S. Ring, and Paul L. Edscorn. Due to lack of funding it discontinued with the June 1979 issue (Volume 3, Number 6). The Justice Center and the Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Unit resumed publication of the Alaska Justice Forum under a different format in Spring 1987 (Volume 4, Number 1) with partial funding from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice. The Alaska Justice Forum is edited by Antonia Moras. This index includes all articles published in the Alaska Justice Forum from Volume 1, Number 1 (May 1977) through Volume 10, Number 4 (Winter 1994). It was compiled by Melissa S. Green.
    • Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Cross-Cultural Research

      Barnhardt, Ray (2015-03-06)
      The initiatives outlined in this article are intended to advance our understanding of cultural processes as they occur in diverse community contexts, as well as contribute to the further conceptualization, critique, and development of indigenous knowledge systems in their own right. Just as those same initiatives have drawn from the experiences of indigenous peoples from around the world, the organizations and personnel associated with this article have played a lead role in developing the emerging theoretical and evidentiary underpinnings on which the associated research is based. The expansion of the knowledge base that is associated with the interaction between western science and indigenous knowledge systems will contribute to an emerging body of scholarly work regarding the critical role that local observations and indigenous knowledge can play in deepening our understanding of human and ecological processes, particularly in reference to the experiences of indigenous peoples. This article addresses issues of relevance to underserved populations in Alaska and other geographic regions inhabited by indigenous peoples. It provides a much-needed impetus toward organizing research and education support structures that contribute to the broadening of an infrastructure fostering the use of multiple knowledge systems and diverse approaches to research. The international scope of the initiatives described provides multiple benefits derived from the economies of scale associated with linking numerous small-scale populations, as well as increased applicability of outcomes associated with the extensive opportunities for cross-cultural comparison.
    • Indigenous Regulatory Advocacy in Canada’s Far North: Mobilizing the First Mile Connectivity Consortium

      Hudson, Heather E.; McMahon, Robert; Fabian, Lyle (Journal of Information Policy, 2014-05)
      Marginalized groups such as Indigenous communities and residents of remote and rural areas face daunting challenges as they attempt to influence regulatory decision-making. Can these under-resourced groups hope to have their voices heard in regulatory proceedings, in the face of well-funded corporate interests? Applying a participatory research method to regulatory hearings regarding telecommunications services in Canada’s far north, the authors argue that they can, and identify specific strategies and tactics that they can employ when doing so.
    • Indigenous social and economic adaptations in northern Alaska as measures of resilience

      Martin, Stephanie (Resilience Alliance, 2014-12-01)
      I explored one aspect of social-ecological change in the context of an Alaskan human-Rangifer system, with the goal of understanding household adaptive responses to perturbations when there are multiple forces of change at play. I focused on households as one element of social resilience. Resilience is in the context of transition theory, in which communities are continually in a process of change, and perturbations are key points in the transition process. This case study of Anaktuvuk Pass, Alaska, USA, contributes to the understanding of cultural continuity and household resilience in times of rapid change by using household survey data from 1978 to 2003 to understand how households adapted to changes in the cash economy that came with oil development at the same time as a crash in the caribou population and state-imposed limits on caribou harvests. The research illustrates that households are resilient in the way they capture opportunities and create a new system so that elements of the old remain while parts change.
    • Indigenous social and economic adaptations in northern Alaska as measures of resilience

      Martin, Stephanie (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 12/1/2014)
    • Indigenous social and economic adaptations in northern Alaska as measures of resilience

      Martin, Stephanie (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 12/1/2014)
    • The Influence of Water Volume and Temperature on Hand Washing Time and Thoroughness: A Study on Factors Relevant to the Design of a Rainwater Catchment System for Rural Alaska

      Viator, Melissa (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-12-01)
      There are positive associations between respiratory and skin infections and the lack of in home piped water in rural Alaska, and such water-washed diseases are often attributable to insufficient water quantities for basic hygiene activities (e.g., hand washing, bathing, laundry services). Optimizing water sources could increase domestic household water availability, thus improving hygiene practices and reducing the risk of infection. Because household technologies designed to increase water availability can be extremely expensive to build, operate, and maintain in rural Alaska, it is important to understand minimum requirements for healthy water use practices (e.g., minimum heating and volume requirements). Thus, the study herein provides an assessment of the impact that washbasin water temperature and volume have on hand washing duration and thoroughness. In a controlled study of volunteer hand washers, it was found that while water temperature had no significant effect on hand washing time or thoroughness, water volume did have a positive association with both hand washing measures. The data suggest that attention and resources be focused on providing increased water quantities in the home, as opposed to heating water used for hand washing.
    • Informed Alaskans Initiative: Public Health Data in Alaska

      Armstrong, Barbara (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-04-01)
      This article describes the national and state public health data made available online through the Alaska Division of Public Health's Informed Alaskans Initiative.
    • Insights and Strategies for Confronting Violence: Conference Proceedings

      Johnson, Knowlton W.; Johnson, Knowlton W. (Justice Center, School of Justice, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1983-06)
      This volume collects 25 papers based on presentations at the 1982 Conference on Violence sponsored by the Justice Center at University of Alaska Anchorage, which was held October 11–13, 1982 in Anchorage. Part I, “Violent Behavior and Contributing Factors,” presents papers focusing on sexual abuse, police violence, and political violence. Additionally, firearms, alcohol, and the media are discussed as contributing factors to violence. Part II, “Control, Treatment and Prevention of Violence,” highlights traditional and alternative strategies for combating violence. In particular, research findings and models are presented that center on domestic violence, sexual abuse, violent juvenile and adult crime, crime against children, and the criminally insane. Part III, “Victims of Violence,” gives attention to traditional victim services as well as proposals for alternative programs for victims of violence. In addition, there is a discussion of people experiencing homelessness as victims of violence. Part IV, “Public Policy and Violence,” focuses on macrolevel issues of violence. The lead article presents a policy perspective in connection with violence in Northern Canada. Other issues addressed in the remaining articles are public policy and victims of violence, resource management and violence control, legal ramifications of censoring violence in the media, and use of research in combating violence.
    • Institutional Change, Transactions Costs and Fisheries Reform: Two Illustrations from New Zealand

      Towsend, Ralph (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 10/11/2016)
    • Integrated Framework to Identify, Track, and Communicate Sea-Ice Hazards

      Mahoney, Andy; Eicken, Hajo; Jones, Josh (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-29)
    • Integrated Intelligent System of Systems (IISoS)

      Juengling, Kenneth; Schroeder, Collin; Pearson, Mark (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-29)
    • Integrating Soft Skills With Technology in Online Postsecondary Career and Technical Education

      Canavan, Debra A. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-05-01)
      International and U.S. economic need for postsecondary training and degree attainment has fueled the demand for online courses and programs to meet the requirements of busy adults. Rapidly changing businesses and technologies necessitate that workers continually update skills and industry credentials. Employers want to hire workers who possess both technical skills and soft skills—people skills, attitudes, and values—and who can adapt to a culturally diverse, collaborative team workplace. Higher education institutions must support faculty efforts to provide effective, quality programs and courses that prepare students for this work environment. Career and Technical Education (CTE) faculty are generally hired for their industry and workforce expertise and may need assistance transitioning to eLearning strategies. Thus, a condensed manual was created as a resource to assist new online postsecondary CTE instructors with identifying and selecting the most appropriate technology and tools for incorporating soft skills development into online courses.
    • Integrating Technology to Support and Maintain Glycemic Control in People With Diabetes

      Randall, Adam (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-08-01)
      Type II diabetes is a chronic disease state that leads to increased morbidity and mortality and impacts the lives of millions of Americans. This quality improvement project explored the use of a free smartphone application, Glucose Buddy, in aiding people with Type II diabetes to achieve and maintain glycemic control. The project was conducted through the involvement of patients at the Creekside Family Health Clinic in Ketchikan, Alaska over a three month time period. Pre-intervention hemoglobin A1c (HA1c) was compared with post-intervention HA1c. The project, due to the small sample size and high withdraw rate, was not statistically significant. However, there was clinical significance as it showed a decrease in HA1c levels in 60% of the participants.
    • The Integration of Career and Technical Education (CTE) and Academic Curricula: An Effective Model for Teachers

      Gullett, Michael S. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-12-01)
      The Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Career and Technical Education (CTE) Acts from 1990, 1998, and 2006 include federal directives for CTE programs and curriculum to be integrated with academic content. Each reauthorization and review of the Carl D. Perkins Act has provided a more inclusive and expanded definition of integration, with the intention that learning become relevant, rigorous, and effective in preparing students for a career and/or college. My CTE project examines the literature on integration, discusses its important role in CTE, outlines implications to education, and creates an integrated CTE curriculum guidebook and website for teachers. The objective of this project is that teachers will use the guidebook and accompanying website as instructional tools in their implementation efforts. The intended benefits include increasing teachers’ instructional abilities, enhancing student learning, and supporting ongoing integration efforts.
    • Integration of HeartSmart Kids into Clinical Practice: A Quality Improvement Project

      Lang, Sara (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-04-01)
      In 2009, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid (CMS), established “Meaningful Use” regulations through an incentive program, as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Gance-Cleveland, Gilbert, Gilbert, Dandreaux, & Russell, 2014). Meaningful Use (MU) is tied to reimbursement and focuses on how the Electronic Health Record (EHR) is being used (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). The goal of MU is to transform the use of the EHR from a documentation tool, to a data reservoir which allows for meaningful reviews and interpretations of the quality of care (Gance-Cleveland et al, 2014).