• Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence in the State of Alaska: Key Results from the 2015 Alaska Victimization Survey

      Rosay, André B.; Morton, Lauree (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage; Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, Alaska Department of Public Safety, 2016-02-25)
      This document is a two-page summary of the key results from the 2015 Alaska Victimization Survey (AVS) for Alaska statewide and trends from 2010 to 2015, which show a decline in intimate partner and sexual violence in Alaska since 2010. The 2015 AVS statewide survey was conducted from May to August 2015, with results released on February 25, 2016 in Juneau. Findings include: * In 2010, 12 in 100 women had experienced intimate partner violence, sexual violence, or both in Alaska during the previous year. By 2015, that number dropped to 8 in 100; * Intimate partner violence decreased by 32%; * Sexual violence decreased by 33%; * 6,556 fewer women experienced intimate partner violence in 2015 than in 2010; and * 3,072 fewer women experienced sexual violence in 2015 than 2010. The 2015 survey also indicated that: * 21,401 adult women in Alaska experienced intimate partner violence, sexual violence, or both in the past year; and * Half of adult women in Alaska (more than 130,000) have experienced violence in their lifetime.
    • Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta: Key Results from the 2012 Alaska Victimization Survey

      Rosay, André B. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage; Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, Alaska Department of Public Safety, 2012-10-22)
      This document is a two-page summary of the key results from the 2012 Alaska Victimization Survey for the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta of Alaska (Bethel Census Area and Kusilvak (formerly Wade Hampton) Census Area), which was conducted from March to May 2012, with results released on October 22, 2012 in Bethel. Findings include: * Over half of adult women in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta have experienced intimate partner violence, sexual violence or both, in their lifetime; * Nearly 17% have experienced intimate partner violence, sexual violence or both, in the past year; * One out of every four adult women in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta have experienced sexual violence in their lifetime; and * More than four out of every 10 have experienced intimate partner violence in their lifetime.
    • Introducing New Criteria for Assessing Training Materials About the Elderly

      Johnson, Knowlton W.; Beirnard, Charles A.; Stiles, Stephen R. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1981-11)
      In what ways do law enforcement personnel and agencies use knowledge about the elderly? This article presents the findings of a recent study conducted by the International Training Research and Evaluation Council on how law enforcement trainees make use of the knowledge they gained through training materials developed by the National Retired Teachers Association/American Association of Retired Persons.
    • An Introduction to Alaska Fiscal Facts and Choices

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-05)
    • An Introduction to Alaska Fiscal Facts and Choices

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2016-02-02)
    • Introduction to Data Collection

      Rosay, André B.; DeWitt, Michelle (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2013-12-05)
      This Powerpoint presentation illustrates the fundamentals of data collection through the example of an evaluation of Teens Acting Against Violence (TAAV), a violence prevention and youth empowerment program for teenagers operated by the Tundra Women’s Coalition in Bethel, Alaska. Key results from the evaluation are presented.
    • Invasive Species Management Programs in Alaska: A Survey of Statewide Expenditures, 2007 - 11

      Schwoerer, Tobias; Federer, Rebekka; Ferren, Howard II (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 11/1/2012)
    • Investigation and Prosecution of Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, and Stalking

      Rosay, André B.; Wood, Darryl S.; Rivera, Marny; Postle, Greg; TePas, Katherine (University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, 2010-01-01)
      This project examined sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking cases reported to the Alaska State Troopers. More specifically, we examined all sexual assault and sexual abuse of minor incidents reported to Alaska State Troopers in 2003 and 2004, all assaults in domestic violence incidents reported to Alaska State Troopers in 2004, and all stalking incidents reported to Alaska State Troopers from 1994 to 2005. In addition, we examined whether cases were referred to the Alaska Department of Law for prosecution, were accepted for prosecution, and resulted in a conviction. This report provides a thorough overview of key characteristics on reports, suspects, victims, incidents, witnesses, and legal resolutions. This report also examines the predictors of legal resolutions. Finally, this report examines whether rural cases are less likely to have successful legal resolutions. Results clearly show that what Alaska State Troopers do when investigating reported offenses can increase rates of referral, acceptance, and conviction. In addition, we found no evidence of under-enforcement in rural areas. Contrary to allegations that the provision of criminal justice services is diminished in rural areas, we found that geographic isolation does not hinder case processing. These results are important for other rural jurisdictions. Most importantly, we found that cases first reported to local first responders had better legal resolutions. This finding suggests that the resources provided by these first responders (i.e., reduced response time and enhanced investigation) increase the rates of prosecutions and convictions. This finding is important not just in Alaska, but in other jurisdictions where official responders are not immediately available.
    • Investments in Statewide Invasive Species Management Programs in Alaska: 2007-2011

      Schwörer, Tobias; Federer, Rebekka; Ferren, Howard (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-10-31)
    • Is Race a Factor in Disparate Health Problems Associated with Violence Against Women?

      Rivera, Marny; Garcia, Gabriel (Center for Health Disparities Research School of Community Health Sciences University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 2014-12-01)
      Research studies examining the health correlates of violence against women have consistently demonstrated associations between violence and poor health outcomes, but have not examined a disparate impact on racial minorities. Alaska Victimization Survey data (2010) were used to examine whether a disparate relationship between victimization and health problems exists for minority women relative to White women. The Alaska Victimization Survey (AVS) is a cross-sectional survey designed to provide baseline estimates of intimate partner and sexual violence for Alaskan women. Logistic regression was used to assess the odds of experiencing various health problems given race and exposure to violence status while holding age and education constant. This study found that victimization increased the odds of health problems for all women, but significantly more so for minority women. Based on allostatic load theory, minority women who are victims of violence may be more likely to experience poor health outcomes because of the compounding effects of life stressors on neural, endocrine, and immune systems. Policy and practice implications of the study findings suggest preventing and reducing violence against all women, and for informed physicians to screen patients for abuse histories and refer to appropriate counseling and other stress reduction resources.
    • Is the Rate of Property Crime Increasing in Alaska? [transcript]

      Myrstol, Brad A.; Cravez, Pamela (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2017-10-18)
      Is the rate of property crime increasing in Alaska? Data from six Alaska jurisdictions show it’s a complex question. Dr. Brad Myrstol, interim Justice Center director developed a series of graphs to show how the rate of property crime in Alaska is impacted by factors including time, place of crime and type of crime. This presentation focuses on the property crimes of larceny-theft, shoplifting (which is a subcategory of larceny), burglary, and motor vehicle theft. The time period is from 1985 to 2016. The jurisdictions reviewed are: Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, Kenai, North Slope Borough and Palmer. Each use the Uniform Crime Reports to report data. This is a transcript of the video presentation "Property Crime Rates 1985–2016: Is the Rate of Property Crime Increasing in Alaska? Trend Data from Six Alaska Police Agencies" which can be found at https://youtu.be/HiQqNyDgmas. Graphs by Brad A. Myrstol; produced & narrated by Pamela Cravez.
    • Issues and Possible Consequences of Recriminalization of Public Drunkenness: An Informational Report

      Conn, Stephen; Endell, Roger V. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1982-11-05)
      This report evaluates the possible impact of recriminalization of public intoxication in Alaska. Review of national and state reports and information on the decriminalization of public drunkenness in Alaska lead to the conclusion that recriminalization will either require a significant increase in funding for justice operations or substantial reallocation of limited public safety resources. Recriminalization is unlikely to result in improved treatment of alcohol abusers or to reduce serious crime. Public drunks are more likely to be crime victims rather than perpetrators of serious crimes.
    • It’s more than just dollars: Problematizing salary as the sole mechanism for recruiting and retaining teachers in rural Alaska

      DeFeo, Dayna; Hirshberg, Diane; Hill, Alexandra (2018)
      Staffing rural Alaska schools with a stable workforce of qualified teachers has been perennially challenging, and the failure to do so harms student achievement. In the spring of 2014, the Alaska Department of Administration contracted with the Center for Alaska Education Policy Research to produce a uniform salary schedule and community cost differentials with the objective of attracting and retaining highly-qualified teachers to Alaskan communities. In this paper, we summarize the findings of that study, including opportunities for significant teacher salary increases. However, we discuss the role of salary in teachers’ decisions to stay or leave rural communities, noting that other working conditions are stronger predictors of teacher attrition. We argue that salaries alone will not ensure a stable and qualified teacher workforce, instead positing that efforts to improve Alaska’s rural schools and teacher retention outcomes will require both adequate compensation and attention to the working conditions.
    • Jackson County Collaboration in Support of Families: Using Evaluation for Long-Term Sustainability

      Sullivan, Rita; Rivera, Marny (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2012-04-10)
      This webinar presentation discusses the use of evaluation and dissemination of results during the life of a project. The presentation is based on the ongoing evaluation of the Family Connection Program in Jackson County, Oregon, which compares child welfare outcomes for a control group with outcomes through the Family Connection Program.
    • JJDP Monitoring Data — 1988: JJDP Violations and Juvenile Detention Counts for Lockups, Jails, Adult Correctional Facilities and Juvenile Detention Centers

      Parry, David L. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1990-05)
      This data supplement to the 1988 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act Compliance Monitoring Report (Mar 1990) presents data on 1988 violations in Alaska of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA), which mandates removal of status offenders and nonoffenders from secure detention and correctional facilities, sight and sound separation of juveniles and adults, and removal of juveniles from adult jails and lockups.
    • The Journal of Fred W. Fickett

      Banks, Petra (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2013-04-01)
      When I was assigned to transcribe the Fred W. Fickett journal as part of a research project 1 was excited at what the project might bring. Little did 1 know that it would take me on a journey of Alaskan history and the surprising and interesting collection of documents relating to it. The process of transcribing Fickett's journal was both exciting and frustrating. Each page brought new discoveries and new complications. Fickett’s struggles along the way, his descriptions of the horrible things they were forced to eat as their stocks grew thinner and thinner, the difficulty travelling through slushy snow and cold, all were little windows into the past. 1 grew to like Fickett, his descriptions of the horrible food almost had a sense of a badge of honor, a brag about how bad things got. Not all elements of the journal were windows into the past. When the words were obscured or Fickett’s handwriting became illegible I would sit alone in my room and mutter my frustrations and irritations to Fickett and the journal. His misspellings, although indicative of a time when the spellings of words was more fluid, provided me with some amusement along the way. Perhaps the most frustrating portion of the process was the transcribing of his sun observations. They in and of themselves entailed complications with trying to recreate his tables, but they were made worse when he had crossed them out and rewritten new numbers next to the old ones. 1 had some things to say to Fickett about that as well. When it came to write the paper, 1 first began comparing the two primary sources of the journey. Lt. Henry Allen’s report on the 1885 expedition was integral to my research because it provided me with an anchor for what Fickett was describing. By comparing the two I was able to discover facts about the trip that are glossed over in one, but written in detail in another, and it provided me with a fun way to see what each man felt it important to record along the way. One of my most intriguing discoveries was that there seemed to be some suggestion of tension between Fickett and Allen, which was not really enough to confirm solidly, but certainly gave me an impression of some conflict. My research extended outward to the ARL1S and the Consortium library, where I looked for information regarding previous expeditions to see where people had explored prior to Allen and Fickett, and what was said about the trips. There were a number of trips that I found interesting, and that Fickett and Allen had found interesting too. 1 enjoyed finding references to the books 1 was looking at in Fickett and Allen’s journals, and finding references to Fickett and Allen in reports written around the same time. 1 looked also into journals and websites, where I found old Science articles regarding the trip and their discoveries. These articles were interesting insights into what the scientific and lay scientific community found interesting about Alaska. Some of them were written by Allen himself and mirrored what he had put in his report. This is also where I discovered most of the articles that reference the expedition, and Allen’s report in particular. Despite all my research I never found a book or journal that cited Fickett. Although some made mention of the existence of the journal, whether it was read or not remains unclear. My path wrapped full circle, and I found myself again looking into the archives, and discovered that the journal that I was working from and that 1 had transcribed, turned out to be a transcription written by Fickett shortly after he finished his trip from the notes he took along the way. In researching further, I found the original journals he took, and in reading these, 1 discovered that my earlier impressions of tension between Allen and Fickett was, if not confirmed, at least reinforced by additional comments that did not make the transcription 1 had worked from. The archives had more secrets to reveal. I had found an entry regarding a handkerchief that had been used as a flag, and in researching the archives I found the handkerchief. In my head, as I read the journal, the handkerchief I pictured was a white silk handkerchief, so 1 was surprised to see a brightly colored handkerchief, still tied to the stick which had made it into a flag. It was a real connection with history to see this artifact. Although a great deal has happened in Alaska in the past 150 years, so much so that Fickett would barely recognize the places he traveled, I can look at a handkerchief that was carried by the first Euro-Americans to travel to the head of the Copper River. I found this a truly inspiring project. It is the first project where I have felt a part of the research community. Most papers involve research previously done, primarily, but between being the first one to transcribe this journal and writing a comparison between Fickett and Allen's observations, something which I cannot find reference to anywhere else, 1 feel like I have had a small opportunity to contribute meaningfully to the knowledge of Alaskan history. It has been a very exciting experience, and 1 only hope that my efforts will prove to be worthwhile for further research.
    • Justice

      Angell, John E. (Alaska Legislative Council, 1980-01)
      This issue paper, prepared for the Future Frontiers Conference held December 5-8, 1979 in Anchorage to provide guidance to the legislature regarding allocation of North Slope oil revenues, discusses the quality of justice services provided in Alaska and the relative equity in which they are delivered throughout the state and suggests improvements.
    • The Justice Center

      Fitzgerald, Doreen (University of Alaska Magazine, 1982-11)
      This article, by the editor of University of Alaska Magazine, presents a profile of the Justice Center at University of Alaska, Anchorage. The article covers the Justice Center's creation (as the Criminal Justice Center) in 1975, its faculty and staff, and Justice Center research and education projects, such as the Justice Center-sponsored 1982 Conference on Violence (https://scholarworks.alaska.edu/handle/11122/10716) and video documentaries including an award-winning series on the legal and social issues of the Beaufort Sea oil lease sale. Other items of discussion include faculty views on crime and crime prevention and a project to develop a conflict resolution center in Anchorage.
    • Justice Data Base Directory

      Moras, Antonia; Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Unit (Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Unit, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1992-09)
      The Justice Data Base Directory, first published in 1988 with new chapters added annually through 1992, presents information about the primary databases maintained by Alaska justice agencies and the procedures to be followed for access to the data. Its availability should substantially reduce the work required to identify the sources of data for research and policy development in law, law enforcement, courts, and corrections. The 1992 update to the directory adds five chapters, for a total of 27 Alaska agencies whose justice-related data holdings are described: Alaska Court System; Alaska Judicial Council; Alaska Commission on Judicial Conduct; Alaska Department of Law; Alaska Department of Public Safety (DPS) and three agencies under DPS: Alaska Police Standards Council, Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (CDSA), and Violent Crimes Compensation Board; Alaska Department of Corrections (DOC) and Parole Board; four agencies of the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services — Bureau of Vital Statistics (Division of Public Health), Epidemiology Section (Division of Public Health), Division of Family and Youth Services, and Office of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse; Alaska Public Defender Agency; Office of Public Advocacy (OPA); Alaska Bar Association; Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Unit; Alaska Office of Equal Employment Opportunity (Office of the Governor); Alaska Office of the Ombudsman; Alaska Legal Services Corporation; Alaska Public Offices Commission; Alaska State Commission for Human Rights; Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC) Board; Legislative Research Agency; Legislative Affairs Agency; State Archives and Records Management Services (Alaska Department of Education). Fully indexed.
    • Justice Higher Education at the University of Alaska: A Curriculum Study

      Angell, John E. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1978-06)
      The University of Alaska has been offering courses in police and correctional subjects since the mid-1960s. The University's entrance into this justice field was to take advantaqe of program opportunities rather than to develop comprehensive academic programs, and consequently the curriculum has developed incrementally — a course at a time. The Criminal Justice Center [later the Justice Center] was established in 1975 to oversee and coordinate the University's efforts in the field of justice. One of the top priorities identified by the Center was the reorganization of undergraduate curriculum offered by the University in justice fields. This document contains the materials developed as a basis for the curriculum planning. Original drafts of each of the chapters of this report were reviewed by a Curriculum Advisory Committee comprising all full-time faculty in the University of Alaska's justice programs during the 1976–1977 acacdemic year, representatives of UA faculty from related fields, and experts on justice higher education from outside the state. This group endorsed (1) philosophy and goals for University of Alaska justice programs, (2) a justice curriculum design for the University, and (3) the essentials of the basic standards for University's justice programs. The goals and curriculum prepared as a result of this project were processed through the University's academic system and approved by the University's Committee on Academic Policy in May of 1977, making these goals and curriculum models officially the basic policy of the University in the area of Justice academic programs. Proposed standards awaited statewide University of Alaska approval at the time of the report.