• Effectiveness and Fiscal Impact of Homeward Bound

      Haley, Sharman; Killorin, Mary; Hensley, Priscilla; Hill, Alexandra; Martin, Stephanie; Wiita, Amy Lynn; Ungadruk, Ben (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2001)
      The Rural Alaska Community Action Program and the Homeward Bound program contracted with ISER to evaluate Homeward Bound, which began in February 1997. This analysis is based on limited data and a small sample - 33 Homeward Bound clients and 35 people who were referred to the program but did not enter. We found a wide variation in how often people use services and which services they use - and the small sample and wide variation limit the ability of statistics to say whether apparent difference are real of chance variations....There are only an estimate 300 chronic, homeless alcoholics in Anchorage (defined as people who have been picked up by the Community Service Patrol at least 30 time in one year). But they're expensive to the community - because they so frequently use state and city rescue and protection services, emergency medical care, and alcohol treatment facilities, among other things. This report finds that the clients of the Homeward Bound program cost the justice system less, use some city services less frequently, and are less likely to need advanced life support services when an ambulance is required.
    • Effects of IFQ Management on Alaska Halibut Fishery

      Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1999)
      In 1998, the University of Alaska Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER) conducted two telephone surveys of Alaska halibut fishermen about the effects of Individual Fishing Quota (IFQ) management of the Alaska halibut fishery. Funding for the surveys was provided by the Alaska Sea Grant College Program. There are 4 papers in this series covering study methodology, resource conservation, fishing safety, and unreported discards of halibut under IFQ management. Highlights: More than half of the respondents to both surveys answered "better" in response to the question "Compared with the old system, do you think that IFQ management is better, worse, or about the same for conservation of the halibut resource?" About one-quarter responded "about the same," while about 10% answered "worse." The great majority of halibut fishermen believe IFQs have made fishing for halibut safer. More than 85% of the respondents to both surveys answered "yes" to the question "Do you think IFQs have made fishing for halibut safer?" Responses were similar across vessel classes and 1997 harvest levels. Another question asked, "How much halibut do you think was caught and then discarded in 1997 without being sold or reported? Very little, some, or a lot?" Slightly more than half of halibut fishermen responded that "very little" halibut was caught and then discarded without being sold or reported, while about one-third answered "some" or "a lot." Respondents who gave positive responses about other effects of the IFQ program were much more likely to give a positive response about unreported discards.
    • Effects of Rising Utility Costs on Alaska Households 200 - 2006

      Saylor, Ben; Haley, Sharman (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2006)
      Households in remote rural places face utility costs 50% higher now than in 2000. In Anchorage those costs are up 35% and in other large or road-system communities about 39%. The share of household income going to utilities is also up. Utility costs in urban and rural areas are now anywhere from about 3% to 10% of income for the typical household. Those are median figures for all households. Utilities take a much bigger share of income among low-income households. Utility costs now amount to more than a third of income among low-income households in remote places. These are among the findings of an ISER analysis of how rising energy prices have increased utility costs for Alaska households since 2000.
    • The Effects of State Revenue Options on Alaska Households (Understanding Taxes)

      Haley, Sharman (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2004)
      This presentation discusses how various options for raising additional state revenue would affect Alaska households. We’ll start with a little history about state spending and explain why there is a state budget deficit, often called the “fiscal gap.” Then we’ll briefly describe all the options for dealing with the fiscal gap, but focus the rest of the talk on the big ticket items: using permanent fund earnings and establishing state sales or income taxes.
    • Effects of the 2002 Chignik Cooperative: A Survey of Chignik Salmon Permit Holders

      DeRoche, Patricia; Hill, Alexandra; Knapp, Gunnar; Silver, Darla (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2003)
      This report presents the results of a survey of Chignik Salmon Purse Seine permit holders about management changes in the Chignik salmon fishery and the effects of the 2002 Chignik salmon cooperative. In January 2002, the Alaska Board of Fisheries passed regulations that established criteria and management measures for a cooperative fishery in the Chignik purse seine salmon fishery. Under the regulations, if 51 or more Chignik permit holders chose to join a cooperative, the cooperative would receive an allocation of a percentage of the Chignik sockeye salmon harvest. The purpose of the regulations was to allow permit holders the opportunity to fish cooperatively to reduce costs, improve quality and increase value by reducing the number of vessels fishing and slowing down the fishery. Permit holders who chose not to join the cooperative could fish in an “open” or “independent” fishery with a separate allocation. Subsequently the Chignik Seafood Producers Alliance (CSPA) formed as a cooperative in accordance with the new regulations. In 2002, 77 Chignik permit holders joined the Co-op, 22 permit holders chose to fish independently in the open fishery, and 1 permit holder did not join the cooperative and also did not fish. This report is based on the 89 survey responses that we received by January 15, 2003. (An earlier report was based on the 80 responses received by December 3, 2002.)
    • Effects of the Chignik Cooperative: What the Permit Holders Say

      Hill, Alexandra; Knapp, Gunnar (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2003)
      The value to fishermen of the 2002 Alaska salmon harvest was $141 million—less than one-third of the $481 million average value of catches in the first half of the 1990s. Many factors contributed to this decline, including not only competition from farmed salmon, but also lower sockeye salmon harvests, changes in consumer demand, and a worldwide economic slowdown. These changes have created discussions throughout the salmon industry—among fishermen, processors, fishery managers, and government officials—about how to restore profitability to the salmon industry. Part of the discussion has been about options for “restructuring” the management of salmon fisheries to lower costs, increase value, or steer more of the benefits to Alaskans and their communities.
    • Elder Abuse: More Than 1 in 9 Alaskan Women 60+ Experienced Abuse in the Past Year (transcript)

      Rosay, André B.; Casto, L. Diane (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage; Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, Alaska Department of Public Safety, 2017-06-14)
      [This is a transcript of a video presentation, which can be found at https://youtu.be/DT5KdyOmNJE.] Dr. Andre Rosay, director of the Justice Center at University of Alaska Anchorage, presents findings from the Alaska Victimization Survey with L. Diane Casto, executive director of the Alaska Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (CDVSA), which funds the Alaska Victimization Survey. Results show that 11.5% or 1 in 9 Alaskan women aged 60 and older experienced psychological or physical abuse in the past year.
    • Electric Load Forecast for Ketchikan, Metlakatla, Petersburg, and Wrangell, 1990-2010

      Hull, Teresa; Goldsmith, Scott; Colt, Steve (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1990)
      The study area is composed of the Alaskan communities of Ketchikan, Metlakatla, Petersburg, and Wrangell. In this report we call the area Lower Southeast Alaska (LSE). Like that of Southeast Alaska as a whole, the LSE economy is built on timber (logging, lumber, and pulp), fishing, and tourism. Hard rock mining is an emerging but still relatively unimportant basic sector. Although the region has felt the positive effects of the statewide oil boom through increased construction of public buildings and government employment at all levels, it is far less reliant on the petroleum industry than is the rest of the state. Instead, the people of Southeast Alaska are heavily exposed to swings in the world market prices of wood and fish products. The tourism industry has been growing steadily. This report provides information and scenarios for projections of electricity usage for these communities.
    • Electric Load Forecasts for Haines, Chilkat Valley, and Kake, Alaska

      Colt, Steve; Mitchell, Alan (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1995)
      This report presents separate electric load forecasts for the following areas of upper Southeast Alaska: 1. Haines area (entire service territory of Haines Light & Power (HL&P)); 2. Upper Chilkat Valley (served by Tlingit-Haida Regional Electrical Authority (THREA)); 3. Community of Kake (served by THREA). The Haines and Upper Chilkat Valley areas are contiguous and form a common load center stretching along the Haines Highway from the City of Haines at the head of Lynn Canal to the Canadian border. The Kake load center is located 200 miles to the south, on the northwest corner of Kupreanof Island. In addition we report an estimated load for the village of Klukwan (located within the Chilkat Valley geographic area). We also present a compilation of existing load projections for the communities of Angoon, Hoonah, Juneau, Sitka, and Tenakee Springs. These projections were prepared by others and are reported here for use in assessing possible intertie projects that might serve the communities. The report is organized as follows. The rest of this chapter discusses in general terms how the forecasts were produced. Chapters two through four present the individual load forecasts for each community. Appendix A summarizes the existing load projections for other Southeast communities. Appendix B lays out the assumptions underlying the baseline economic growth projections for the region. Appendix C provides a limited comparison of recent actual loads in Ketchikan and Petersburg with those forecast five years ago using similar methods as we employ here. Appendix D contains comments received on the draft report.
    • Electricity in Alaska: A Growing and Changing Picture

      Fay, Ginny; Meléndez, Alejandra Villalobos (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-04)
      You might think Alaskans are using more electricity at home now than they did in 1980, since many live in bigger houses, own more appliances, and have computers and other electronics that were rare 30 years ago. But you’d be wrong: per person residential use of electricity is actually a bit lower today—probably due to a combination of more efficient appliances and increased conservation, as energy prices rose. What did jump sharply was commercial and industrial use per person, reflecting the major economic growth that in recent decades has made Alaska’s economy far bigger and more diverse. This summary shows changes over time in use of electricity in Alaska and describes the current picture, including use by region and sources of electricity—especially renewable sources.
    • Elementary Stem Program project management plan

      Swann, Michael (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-12-01)
      This project produced a science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) summer program. A multi-phased process was used to determine the appropriate course of action for data collection and a summer program curriculum creation. The summer program and curriculum will be used as a blueprint for improving the current elementary school program. Phase one included assessment of educator’s and students’ utilization of the existing STEM program, through surveys, observation, and interviews. Phase two analyzed data obtained through phase one, providing an outline of the STEM program status. Phase three used data obtained from phases one and two, creating a single, week-long summer STEM program curriculum. Standardized STEM lesson specifications along with benchmarking were utilized for curriculum creation. The summer program consists of three rotational lab stations: an outdoor exploration and discovery lab, an outdoor hands-on engineering lab, and an indoor technology-based lab. The school has committed to use the lessons learned and curriculum as a foundation for future summer camps. Lessons learned from this project were provided to the elementary school to implement and improve the current STEM program and it was successful.
    • Embracing Two Spirit Identity

      Miller, Jenny; Bean, Will; McDermott, Tuigana (University of Alaska Anchorage. Bookstore, 2017-04-18)
      Founders of Aurora Pride, an Indigenous LGBTQ2 (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and Two-Spirit) support group, Jenny Miller, Will Bean, and Tuigana McDermott come together to discuss "Two Spirit Identity" and its distinctive meaning in Alaska Native and indigenous communities. Jenny Miller created "Continuous," a photographic portraiture series documenting the experiences of Alaska Native LGBTQ2 Two Spirit peoples from distinctive tribal backgrounds. She graduated from the University of Washington with a BFA in Photomedia and a BA in American Indian Studies.
    • Emergency Preparedness Among Older Adults in Issaquah, Washington

      Johnson, Marisa P. (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-05-01)
      Using the Health Belief Model, this project practicum explored emergency preparedness through interviews with fourteen study participants sixty-five years old or older and three key informants. The goals of this project practicum were to understand the potential needs of adults sixty-five years old and older in an emergency or disaster and to improve the effectiveness of emergency outreach education and messaging. Prior storm experience and reported time living in Issaquah appeared to influence preparedness activity among study participants. Exposure to media and emergency preparedness messaging appeared to have a lesser effect on emergency preparedness activity. Project practicum results suggest that help from neighbors, friends, and family may be the best way to keep vulnerable older adults safe in an emergency or disaster. Thus, these neighbors, friends, and family need to know about emergency preparedness even though it seems to be less effective than life experience. The City of Issaquah appears to be on the right track educating people with its Map Your Neighborhood, Citizen Emergency Response Team training program, and its emergency preparedness booths at community events.
    • Emerging Anthropogenic Influences on the Southcentral Alaska Temperature and Precipitation Extremes and Related Fires in 2019

      Berman, Matthew; Schmidt, Jennifer; Bhatt, Uma S.; Lader, Rick T.; Walsh, John E.; Bieniek, Peter A.; Thoman, Richard L.; Borries-Strigle, Cecilia; Bulock, Kristi; Chriest, Jonathan; et al. (MDPI, 2021-01-17)
      The late-season extreme fire activity in Southcentral Alaska during 2019 was highly unusual and consequential. Firefighting operations had to be extended by a month in 2019 due to the extreme conditions of hot summer temperature and prolonged drought. The ongoing fires created poor air quality in the region containing most of Alaska’s population, leading to substantial impacts to public health. Suppression costs totaled over $70 million for Southcentral Alaska. This study’s main goals are to place the 2019 season into historical context, provide an attribution analysis, and assess future changes in wildfire risk in the region. The primary tools are meteorological observations and climate model simulations from the NCAR CESM Large Ensemble (LENS). The 2019 fire season in Southcentral Alaska included the hottest and driest June–August season over the 1979–2019 period. The LENS simulation analysis suggests that the anthropogenic signal of increased fire risk had not yet emerged in 2019 because of the CESM’s internal variability, but that the anthropogenic signal will emerge by the 2040–2080 period. The effect of warming temperatures dominates the effect of enhanced precipitation in the trend towards increased fire risk.
    • Employee Comments Concerning PSO Assignment Length and Rotation Policies and Procedures

      UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1993-12-08)
      At the request of the North Slope Borough Department of Public Safety (NSBDPS), the Justice Center conducted a survey of NSBDPS employees which elicted employee opinions about their jobs, the public, and the NSBDPS's role. Both sworn and nonsworn employees were surveyed. This brief report extracts comments made by employees to specific questions from the survey concerning Public Safety Officer (PSO) assignment lengths in rural villages and rotation policies. For each question included, the text of the question is presented, followed by employee comments. Aggregated results of the survey were reported in a conference paper presented in Reno, Nevada in 1993 (https://scholarworks.alaska.edu/handle/11122/10005).
    • Employment Barriers and Domestic Violence

      Periman, Deborah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-02-19)
      Research has found the link between perpetrator unemployment and domestic violence to be so significant that experts conclude any effective domestic violence prevention strategy must address unemployment and male poverty.
    • Employment Impacts of Alternative Railbelt Energy Projects

      Colt, Steve (1991)
      This report to the House Labor and Commerce Committee of the Alaska State Legislature compares the likely economic impacts of two house bills - HB76/77 and HB 228. The memorandum provides estimates of the employment attributable to the various energy related projects under consideration for development in the area known as the Alaska Railbelt.
    • End Use Energy Data Collection for Alaska Buildings Guidance Document

      Colt, Steve (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011-01-04)