• An Examination of Police Service Deployment: Drug Offenses

      Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-07)
      This issue of Anchorage Community Indicators maps the rates by census block area and community council of Anchorage Police Department calls for service in 2003 for drug offenses in Anchorage.
    • An Examination of Police Service Deployment: Serious Property Crime

      Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-07)
      This issue of Anchorage Community Indicators maps the rates by census block area and community council of Anchorage Police Department calls for service in 2003 for serious property crime in Anchorage.
    • An Examination of Police Service Deployment: Serious Violent Crime

      Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-07)
      This issue of Anchorage Community Indicators maps the rates by census block area and community council of Anchorage Police Department calls for service in 2003 for serious violent crime in Anchorage.
    • An Examination of Police Service Deployment: Weapons Offenses

      Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-07)
      This issue of Anchorage Community Indicators maps the rates by census block area and community council of Anchorage Police Department calls for service in 2003 for weapons offenses in Anchorage.
    • Examination of Qualifying Criteria for Selection of Law Enforcement Personnel in Alaska: Final Report

      Johnson, Knowlton W.; Clark-Berry, Chloe (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1981-10)
      This report examines the "state of the art" in law enforcement selection practices, analyzes personnel selection methods in terms of their ability to evaluate candidate trainability and interpersonal skills in a fair and equitable manner, and offers options for developing a model selection system for the Alaska Department of Public Safety. The report's findings and recommendations are based on an extensive review of the literature; questionnaires and telephone surveys of law enforcement agencies in the U.S.A., Canada, Australia and New Zealand; and telephone conversations with authorities on the subject of police selection.
    • An Examination of Specialized Training Grants Funded by the Alaska Criminal Justice Planning Agency 1973 through 1975

      Endell, Roger V. (Criminal Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 1976-08)
      Prior to the establishment of the Criminal Justice Center at the University of Alaska, no program has attempted to train and educate Alaska justice practitioners on a continuing basis and at all agency levels. The Alaska Criminal Justice Planning Agency, through the Governor's Commission on the Administration of Justice, has attempted to deal with this training problem on an interim basement through the Specialized Training Grant program, which enables "state and local police officers, correctional officers, prosecutors, public defenders, and court personnel [to obtain] specialized training sponsored by other agencies and institutions," often involving travel out-of-state for programs largely unavailable in Alaska. This study examines individualized grants funded for the years 1973–1975 as a means of measuring the effectiveness of the Specialized Training Grant program as on approach to the continuing professionalization of Alaska's criminal justice personnel.
    • Examining the sustainability potential of a multisite pilot to integrate alcohol screening and brief intervention within three primary care systems.

      King, Diane; Hanson, Bridget (Oxford Academic, 1/23/2018)
      The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that clinicians adopt universal alcohol screening and brief intervention as a routine preventive service for adults, and efforts are underway to support its widespread dissemination. The likelihood that healthcare systems will sustain this change, once implemented, is under-reported in the literature. This article identifies factors that were important to post implementation sustainability of an evidence-based practice change to address alcohol misuse that was piloted within three diverse primary care organizations. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded three academic teams to pilot and evaluate implementation of alcohol screening and brief intervention within multi clinic healthcare systems in their respective regions. Following the completion of the pilots, teams used the Program Sustainability Assessment Tool to retrospectively describe and compare differences across eight sustainability domains, identify strengths and potential threats to sustainability, and make recommendations for improvement. Health systems varied across all domains, with greatest differences noted for Program Evaluation, Strategic Planning, and Funding Stability. Lack of funding to sustain practice change, or data monitoring to promote fit and fidelity, was an indication of diminished Organizational Capacity in systems that discontinued the service after the pilot. Early assessment of sustainability factors may identify potential threats that could be addressed prior to, or during implementation to enhance Organizational Capacity. Although this study provides a retrospective assessment conducted by external academic teams, it identifies factors that may be relevant for translating evidence-based behavioral interventions in a way that assures that they are sustained within healthcare systems.
    • Executive Summary: Rose Urban Rural Student Exchange Evaluation 2003

      Frazier, Rosyland; McDiarmid, Williamson, G. (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 2003)
      About 21 urban and 19 rural students participated in the third year of the program. Urban students traveled from Anchorage to the villages of Shishmaref, St. Paul, Kotlik, Akiachak, New Stuyahok, Togiak, Huslia, Russian Mission, Port Heiden, and Wainwright. Rural students from these same villages traveled to Anchorage. In most cases, parents of students who traveled from Anchorage hosted the visiting rural students, and vice-versa. Parents also typically attended orientation sessions....This is the first year that rural students came to Anchorage in the summer. In the past rural students have come to Anchorage in the spring, while school is still in session, as part of the spring exchange. This year the Babiche Cultural Exchange organized a two-week summer day camp orientation and program, bringing together urban and rural students. The students participated in numerous activities that helped them get to know each other, encouraged team building; and explored many aspects of cultural similarities and differences.
    • Expanded Brownfields Program Supports Redevelopment in Alaska

      UAA Justice Center (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-07-16)
      The Environmental Protection Agency’s Brownfields Program support the redevelopment of property which may have contaminants from prior use. Anchorage, Mat-Su Borough, and Kodiak Island Borough are current recipients of Brownfields funds. This year Congress increased grant limits under the Brownfields Program and expanded eligibility requirements. Alaska Native villages and corporations that received a contaminated facility from the U.S. government under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) are now eligible for Brownfields grants.
    • Expanded View of Recidivism in Alaska

      Valle, Araceli (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2018-01-16)
      This article describes findings on recidivism over an eight-year period for individuals released from Alaska Department of Corrections facilities in 2007. These findings emerged from the Alaska Results First (RF) analysis released by Alaska Justice Information Center (AJiC) in October 2017. In general, the RF findings corroborate previous analyses which examined recidivism patterns one to three years after release, but by following offenders for eight years, AJiC is expanding our understanding of recidivism patterns in Alaska for a large group of offenders, beyond any prior study.
    • Expanding Job Opportunities for Alaska Natives (Interim Report)

      Hild, Carl; Sharp, Suzanne; Killorin, Mary; McDiarmid, G. Williamson; Goldsmith, Scott (Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska., 1998)
      Alaska's Native people need more jobs. In 1994, the Alaska Natives Commission reported that "acute and chronic" unemployment throughout Alaska's Native communities was undermining Native society. The situation has not improved in the past several years, and it could worsen. The number of working-age Natives is growing much faster than the number of new jobs. Also, recent welfare reforms require welfare recipients to either get jobs or at least do some "work activity" which means that more Alaska Natives will be looking for work. The Alaska Federation of Natives wants to find ways of reducing the high unemployment among Alaska Natives. As part of that effort, it contracted with the Institute of Social and Economic Research at the University of Alaska Anchorage to describe current employment among Alaska Natives and to look for ways of expanding job opportunities. This is an interim report, and it has some limits. First, information on employment by race is hard to get and hard to verify. The best information on Alaska Native employment is from the 1990 federal census. We used that 1990 census information and other data to put together what we consider a reasonable picture of Native employment. Clearly the federal census in the year 2000 will supply more current information. Also, we had limited time and money to collect information on the many public and private programs targeting Native hire. We were not able to learn about all programs, and in some cases we had to rely on just one or two people to tell us about specific programs. Despite its limits, we hope this report can contribute to increasing job opportunities for Alaska Natives. Here we first summarize current Native employment and employment trends. Then we describe what seem to be promising approaches for increasing Native employment.
    • The Experience of Informal Caregivers for Persons with Metastatic Cancer Perceptions of Support

      Fossler, Erica (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-12-01)
      Purpose/Objectives: To investigate the experience and perceptions of support of caregivers for persons with advanced cancer. Research Approach: A qualitative descriptive approach using focus groups to explore the caregiver experience. Setting: An outpatient oncology infusion center in southcentral Alaska. Participants: 14 adult caregivers of persons with stage IV cancer. Methodologic Approach: Participants attended one of two focus groups. They were asked to share their experiences as informal caregivers. Focus groups were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim for analysis. Krueger’s method for content coding and data analysis was used to identify themes (1998). Findings: Key themes that emerged during data analysis included internal stressors such as emotional and psychological distress, and external stressors of needed financial support and nutritional information, suggesting the stated need of a more comprehensive care approach. Conclusions: Participants recognized needs but did not feel they were supported in accessing resources. The experience of caregiving was often abrupt in onset in this population and the overwhelming amount of information they received did not include enough information on the act of caregiving or the resources available. Implications for Nursing: Advanced practice nurses are instrumental in identifying and addressing caregiver needs. As patient educators and advocates, they provide education and resource support to both the patients and the caregivers in an effort to minimize caregiver exhaustion.
    • Experiences of Opioid Use Initiation and Progression among Alaskans who Use Heroin

      Barnett, Jodi; Hanson, Bridget (Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, 2018)
      The opioid epidemic has continued in Alaska and nationwide. Information about the types of opioids that are misused first, the age of first use, and the circumstances and mode of initial and progressive use of opioids can help to inform effective prevention and early intervention efforts. These topics were explored during interviews with adults in Alaska who use heroin for the Partnerships for Success project. Results indicate that most participants were exposed to opioids through a legitimate prescription in their teens to early twenties for a severe injury or multiple surgeries before developing an addiction. Some obtained prescription opioids for misuse initially from social sources such as a friend, at a party, or stealing them from a neighbor. Only two participants began their use of opioids with heroin. All participants eventually went on to use heroin which became cheaper, more effective, and easier to obtain than prescription opioids. Few participants indicated that social influences, rather than price or availability, were a factor in their transition to heroin. Recommendations and an overview of recent state prevention initiatives and policy efforts related to the findings are presented.
    • An Exploration of Experiences and Outcomes of Alaska Native Graduates of Mt. Edgecumbe High School

      Hirshberg, Diane; DelMoral, Brit (Center for Alaska Education Policy Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2009-04-01)
      In Alaska’s schools, indigenous1 students are the most at risk of any ethnic group of failing to thrive; they drop out more frequently, are less likely to graduate, and generally have lower educational attainment than non-Native students(Martin and Hill, 2009). Indeed, the situation appears to be worsening. The dropout rate of Alaska Native students living in all areas of Alaska besides Anchorage has risen from 0.7 percent in 1996 to 3.3 percent in 2001 (Goldsmith et al. 2004). Dropout rates among all Native students in Alaska increased from 5 percent to almost 10 percent between 1998 and 2001, while the dropout rate among non-Native students increased from about 3 percent to 5 percent (ibid). In addition, low test scores are preventing many students from graduating from high school—almost half of Alaska Native students are not passing the reading section of the High-School Graduation Qualifying Exam. The educational system in Alaska is failing to provide Alaska Native students the skills necessary either for postsecondary academic work or success in the job market, if that is what they desire. However, one secondary school, Mt. Edgecumbe High School, a boarding school located in Southeast Alaska that serves predominately rural and Alaska Native students, has produced students that consistently outperform their peers, both indigenous and nonNative. The reputation of the school has been strong for decades, based on both historic and recent accomplishments of its alumni. However, the experiences of recent alumni at the school and their professional and educational attainment after high school had not been looked at systematically for a number of years. This paper is the result of a study conducted by the authors on recent graduates of Mt. Edgecumbe High School (MEHS), at the suggestion of school administrators. Our case study attempts to capture the educational, social, and cultural experiences of the students while they attended the boarding school, and the impacts the school has had on their lives. With this research we hope to inform the decisions o f policymakers and educators, indigenous and non-Native alike, regarding rural secondary schooling options in Alaska for indigenous children across the state.
    • Exploration of Why Alaskans Use Complementary Medicine: A Focus Group Study

      Heafner, Jessica (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2014-01-01)
      Purpose: To explore why Alaskans choose to pursue complementary medicine as a healthcare option. Design: Qualitative Descriptive. Method: A purposive convenient recruitment methodology was used to recruit project participants. Focus groups were conducted to collect the research data. Findings: Five themes were identified that highlighted why participants use complementary medicine: 1) dissatisfaction, 2) effective, 3) holistic, 4) relationship focused, and 5) a personal journey
    • Exploratory Spatial Analyses of Sexual Assaults in Anchorage

      Rosay, André B.; Langworthy, Robert H. (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004-04)
      Using data on the locations of sexual assaults reported to the Anchorage Police Department in 2000 and 2001, the authors used Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis techniques to (1) identify the locations where sexual assaults were concentrated and (2) examine the correlates of these spatial concentrations. In both analyses, the authors also examined differences between white and Native victimizations. The spatial concentrations of sexual assault victimizations vary significantly by race, as do the correlates of the respective spatial concentrations. The authors conclude that there is a relationship between assault locations and bar locations, but that the relationship far from perfect and the question of whether there is a causal mechanism exists remains unknown. Nonetheless, successful interventions to prevent sexual assaults must involve bars; but targeting bars will be both inefficient and insufficient for fully addressing the problem of sexual assault prevention in Anchorage.
    • An Exploratory Study of Changes Accompanying the Implementation of a Community-Based, Participatory Team Police Organizational Model

      Angell, John E. (Michigan State University, 1975)
      This exploratory research examines the attitudes of citizens, police clientele, and police in an area where a decentralized, participatory (collegial) team police operation has been implemented, and compares these attitudes with those in a similar neighborhood policed by a classical organizational structure and traditional procedures. The Team Police Model of this study consisted basically of 15 generalist police officers who, with the participation of local citizens, were responsible for defining police goals, priorities and procedures and providing all police services in a precisely defined, low-economic, minority, residential area of Holyoke, Massachusetts for a test period of approximately nine months. The Team used collegial methods for decisionmaking and task forces for performing management functions. The Team followed a "service", rather than "law enforcement" operational philosophy. The control neighborhood was policed by an organization arrangement which was in general consistent with Classical tenets as stated by Max Weber. A traditional "law enforcement" philosophy was used in the Classical neighborhood. The basic assumption underlying this study was police effectiveness in crime prevention and order maintenance is dependent on a supportive public. The primary problem researched was whether public and clientele attitudes toward the police were more supportive in the Team Police than a Classical Police area. Of secondary concern was the impact of the Team Police experiment on police officers attitudes. Perhaps the most important conclusion to be derived from this study is that, contrary to conventional wisdom, the collegial Team Police Model as implemented in this project did not have a negative impact on any variable investigated. The positive impact of the project on most variables supports the value of further research with a community-based, collegial team organizational structure for police services.
    • Exploring the Link between Visits and Parole Success: A Survey of Prison Visitors [manuscript]

      Schafer, N. E. (Exploring the Link between Visits and Parole Success: A Survey of Prison Visitors [manuscript], 1992-08-13)
      An exploratory survey of visitors to two men's prisons finds that the visitors differ in some significant ways from prisoners' families previously described in the literature. The results raise some questions about the correlation that has been established between visits and post-release success and provoke suggestions for in-depth research into visitor/prisoner relationships.
    • Exploring the Term “Resilience” in Arctic Health and Well-Being Using a Sharing Circle as a Community-Centered Approach: Insights from a Conference Workshop

      Healey Akearok, Gwen; Cueva, Katie; Stoor, Jon; Larsen, Christina; Rink, Elizabeth; Kanayurak, Nicole; Emelyanova, Anastasia; Hiratsuka, Vanessa (MDPI AG, 2019-02-02)
      In the field of Arctic health, “resilience” is a term and concept used to describe capacity to recover from difficulties. While the term is widely used in Arctic policy contexts, there is debate at the community level on whether “resilience” is an appropriate term to describe the human dimensions of health and wellness in the Arctic. Further, research methods used to investigate resilience have largely been limited to Western science research methodologies, which emphasize empirical quantitative studies and may not mirror the perspective of the Arctic communities under study. To explore conceptions of resilience in Arctic communities, a Sharing Circle was facilitated at the International Congress on Circumpolar Health in 2018. With participants engaging from seven of the eight Arctic countries, participants shared critiques of the term “resilience,” and their perspectives on key components of thriving communities. Upon reflection, this use of a Sharing Circle suggests that it may be a useful tool for deeper investigations into health-related issues affecting Arctic Peoples. The Sharing Circle may serve as a meaningful methodology for engaging communities using resonant research strategies to decolonize concepts of resilience and highlight new dimensions for promoting thriving communities in Arctic populations.
    • Expungement and Limiting Public Access to Alaska Criminal Case Records in the Digital Age

      Armstrong, Barbara; Periman, Deborah (Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2015-06-15)
      A criminal record results in a number of different barriers to reentry into the community for former offenders. These barriers — also called collateral consequences — can be mitigated by reducing the extent to which criminal records are visible to employers, landlords, and others. This article provides an overview of the complexity involved in limiting public access to criminal records, processes adopted in other states, and recent legislative proposals and current options in Alaska.