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dc.contributor.authorMack, Liza
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-03T21:54:49Z
dc.date.available2019-07-03T21:54:49Z
dc.date.issued2019-03
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/10515
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2019en_US
dc.description.abstractThe central question of this dissertation is, "What do Aleut people know about the laws that directly affect their access to local resources?" The complex details of hunting and fishing regulations coupled with legislation that dictates access to natural resources will play a key role in Aleut leaders' ability to understand, disseminate, and protect these rights. Such policies include clauses that regulate who can and cannot participate based on blood quantum, which can be problematic for future generations of Aleut people as they marry and have children with people from outside the region. Further, with the abolishment of aboriginal title to lands and hunting and fishing rights in Alaska, understanding who owns the land and resources and how they are governed is imperative to Aleut people. This dissertation uses participant observation, critical case studies, key informant interviews, and a survey of Aleut leaders in the Eastern Aleutians to illustrate the ways in which Aleut people know and understand their environment and the ways they address natural resource management issues. It further demonstrates the way these issues are being addressed and learned about in two Eastern Aleutian communities. It also highlights the dynamic leadership of Aleut community members in the Eastern Aleutians. Some of the major findings include no reported change in subsistence use for respondents under the age of 50, a decline in the amount of subsistence used by older respondents, Aleut leaders spend years serving their communities in multiple capacities; and generally speaking, younger generations of public servants tend to become involved in community service as well.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Science Foundation Marine Ecosystem Sustainability in the Arctic and Subarctic (MESAS) IGERT (Award DGE-0801720) Fellowship, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Fellowship, the NSF Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant Program (Award # 1417462), the Aleut Foundation, the Native Village of Belkofski, the UA Board of Regents, the Leonard and Marjorie Wright Scholarship, the Friends of UWA Scholarship, the Robert and Virginia Rausch Scholarship, the Jessie O'Bryan Scholarship, the Marshall and Lois Lind Scholarship, the Alaska Yukon Pioneers Memorial Scholarship, the American Indian Graduate Center and the Aleutian Pribilof Islands Associationen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectAleutsen_US
dc.subjectpoliticsen_US
dc.subjectgovernmenten_US
dc.subjectlegal statusen_US
dc.subjectlawsen_US
dc.subjectsubsistence huntingen_US
dc.subjectlegislationen_US
dc.subjectAlaskaen_US
dc.subjectAleutian Islandsen_US
dc.subjecttraditional ecological knowledgeen_US
dc.subjectfisheriesen_US
dc.subjectlicensesen_US
dc.subjectlimited entry licensesen_US
dc.subjectethnoscienceen_US
dc.titleUnangam Unikangis: Aleut stories of leadership and knowingen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.type.degreephden_US
dc.identifier.departmentCross-Cultural Studiesen_US
dc.contributor.chairBarnhardt, Ray
dc.contributor.chairCarothers, Courtney
dc.contributor.committeeChapin, F. Stuart III
refterms.dateFOA2020-03-06T02:52:12Z


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