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dc.contributor.authorMolina, Allen Christopher
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-16T20:48:23Z
dc.date.available2019-10-16T20:48:23Z
dc.date.issued2019-08
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/10633
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2019en_US
dc.description.abstractThe challenges of increased temperatures, drier fuels and more intense wildfires are having a detrimental effect on Alaskans, especially those who live in the wildland urban interface. This area is defined by open wildlands being directly adjacent to homeowners. Human safety and property are exposed to increasing risk from these wildfires as climate-based changes affect the state. The rising costs of suppressing wildfires necessitate exploring potential solutions to minimize the impact on the state population and budget. The purpose of this study is to analyze the feasibility of fuel treatments to reduce suppression costs and provide incentives to private homeowners to create safer property spaces. An electronic survey and choice experiment were administered to 388 Alaskan homeowners to measure willingness-to-pay for different attributes associated with wildfire risk reduction variables, including nearby fuel treatments and overall neighborhood participation. Expenditure data were collected for large Alaskan wildfires between 2007 and 2015. An econometric cost model was developed to estimate the effect of nearby fuel treatments on final wildfire suppression expenditures. In both scenarios, there was a limited effect from public land fuel treatments on homeowner preferences and total suppression costs. Homeowners had a strong preference for thinned fuel treatments but did not prefer clear-cut tracts of land, even when compared to doing nothing at all. The survey provided significant insight into the preferences of Alaskan homeowners, including altruistic behavior, free riding behavior, self-assessment of risk, and the amenity values of surrounding vegetation. The costs of large Alaskan wildfires in the data set was mainly driven by protection level and number of burn days, and not by the presence or potential utilization of fuel treatments.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipJoint Fire Science Program grant (project 14-5­01-27), the UAF Resiliency and Adaptation Program and UAF School of Managementen_US
dc.description.tableofcontentsChapter 1. Introduction -- Chapter 2. Homeowner preferences of wildfire risk mitigation in the Alaskan wildland urban interface: selected survey results -- Chapter 3. Homeowner preferences of wildfire risk mitigation in the Alaskan wildland urban interface: choice experiment results -- Chapter 4. The effect of fuel treatments on the suppression costs of large Alaskan wildfires -- Chapter 5. Conclusion -- Appendix.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectwildfiresen_US
dc.subjecteconomicsen_US
dc.subjectmodelsen_US
dc.subjectAlaskaen_US
dc.subjectfuel reductionen_US
dc.subjectwildfire preventionen_US
dc.subjectfuelbreaksen_US
dc.titleWildfire in Alaska: the economic role of fuel treatments and homeowner preferences in the wildland urban interfaceen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.type.degreephden_US
dc.identifier.departmentNatural Resources and Sustainabilityen_US
dc.contributor.chairLittle, Joseph
dc.contributor.committeeDrury, Stacy
dc.contributor.committeeBaeck, Jungho
dc.contributor.committeeGreenberg, Joshua
refterms.dateFOA2020-03-07T01:15:06Z


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