Vol 13 (1996–1997)
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 1 (Spring 1996)The Spring 1996 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents an account based on historical research of the trial and execution for murder of a Native fisherman, Nelson Charles, in Juneau in 1939 — one of the last executions in Alaska, which abolished the death penalty in 1957. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on capital punishment in the U.S. in 1994, during which 13 states executed 31 prisoners. The second of two articles on the village component of a statewide public safety project conducted in 1994 by the Justice Center for the Alaska Department of Public Safety focuses on the information derived from on-site interviews conducted in twenty-eight rural communities with predominately Alaska Native populations; specific, localized arrangements for public safety are described. Research in Germany on the effect of alternative sanctions on juvenile offenders indicates that youthful offenders sent to prison have higher rates of recidivism than those given alternative sanctions.
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 2 (Summer 1996)The Summer 1996 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents several articles on legal resources, both criminal and civil, available to Alaskans with low incomes, describing services provided by the Alaska Public Defender's office and Alaska Legal Services Corporation; criteria for determining indigency when assigning public counsel in Alaska; a 1996 amendment to Alaska's Public Defender Act; criminal defense services for low income people throughout the United States; and tort reform efforts in Alaska and nationwide which may result in decreased access to the courts for individuals with low incomes. An additional article describes results of a recidivism study of participants in the Sex Offender Treatment Program at Hiland Mountain Correctional Center from January 1987 to August 1995.
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 3 (Fall 1996)The Fall 1996 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum leads with a discussion of the particularities of justice system issues in the Northwest Arctic Borough based on historical evidence, research and personal observations made from Judge Richard Erlich’s experience as a long-term resident and Superior Court judge in Kotzebue. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on criminal victimization in the United States in 1994. The Joint State-Federal Courts Gender Equality Task Force reports on its three-year investigation into gender bias in Alaska state and federal courts, finding that sex-related bias affects not only litigants, witnesses, lawyers, employees, and judges with regard to process, but also with regard to the substantial outcome of cases.
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 13, No. 4 (Winter 1997)In the Winter 1997 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum, a certified interpreter for the federal and California court systems corrects misunderstandings about the nature of language interpretation in legal proceedings, observing that accurately interpreting to and from English in proceedings requires a language proficiency often misunderstood by participants in the court proceedings, and that lack of proficient interpretation can give rise to errors which threaten the integrity of the justice process. An accompanying sidebar describes the legal interpretation practice in Alaska courts and other Alaska justice agencies. A related article highlights two committees working on the problems presented by language interpretation and court proceedings in state and federal courts in Alaska. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on noncitizens in U.S. federal courts and prisons; sidebar stories describe background figures and information on noncitizens in Alaska and efforts of the Immigration and Naturalization Service to identify, apprehend, and deport criminal aliens. Dr. John E. Angell retires from his position as Director of the UAA Justice Center after over twenty years of service at the University of Alaska Anchorage.