Vol 10 (1993–1994)
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 1 (Spring 1993)The Spring 1993 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum compares data on criminal justice processing of Alaska rape cases in1986–1991 with similar data for the violent crimes of homicide, rape, robbery, and assault, finding that the percentage of persons arrested, prosecuted, and brought to trial on the original arrest charge is lowest for rape among the four violent crimes. Other differences between dispositions for persons arrested for rape and those arrested within the other three crime categories are also evident. Reforms in rape laws and effects of those reforms over the past two decades are reviewed. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that there were 883,593 prisoners under state or federal jurisdiction at yearend 1992, an increase of 7.2 percent over 1991 figures.
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 2 (Summer 1993)The Summer 1993 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features an examination, based on courtroom observation, of cultural and linguistic factors that result in miscommunication between English speakers and native Yup'ik speakers in legal and justice contexts. A second article describes findings from the 1992 Annual Survey of Jails, which reported data from 1,113 jails in 795 jurisdictions.
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 3 (Fall 1993)The Fall 1993 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum describes several Alaska Judicial Council studies which document the increased attention to rural justice from 1987, when more than 100 villages throughout the state lacked resident justice services beyond the presence of a Village Police Officer (VPSO) or Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO), to 1993, with more than 100 tribal courts and councils providing services to residents of their communities. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that In 1991, 2.2 percent of federal and state prison inmates were reported to have the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS. Findings from a 1992 assessment review of Alaska criminal history data and Alaska's compliance with the FBI/BJS voluntary reporting standards are described. Statistics from from 1988 to 1992 on murder and nonnegligent manslaughter in Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, and Alaska overall are presented.
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 10, No. 4 (Winter 1994)The Winter 1994 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum examines some of the salient issues surrounding language, interaction, and legal interpretation in Alaska situations. Associated stories describe policies on interpretation in federal and state courts in Alaska and examples of errors in translation between Yup'ik and English in actual courtroom situations. A National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) report finds that more than 2.5 million women in the United States experience violence annually; although are significantly less likely to become victims of violent crime than men, women are more vulnerable to particular types of perpetrators, including intimates such as husbands or boyfriends. An Alaska Judicial Council seminar on alternative sanctions highlights the various reasons that Alaska judges may choose alternative punishments, ranging from an effort to rehabilitate the offender to a decision to hold the offender accountable, recompense the victim, or respond to overcrowding in the local jail.