Vol 05 (1988–1989)
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 5, No. 4 (Winter 1989)The Winter 1989 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents the first of two articles analyzing Alaska crime trends from 1963 to 1987 based on Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) data and additional data compiled by the Alaska State Troopers, this article analyzes statewide crime trends from 1963 to 1987. The the National Crime Survey questionnaire has added expanded questions which permit analysis of crime victims' perception of drug and alcohol use by violent offenders; protective actions taken by victims and bystanders; and the response of police and other criminal justice authorities to reported crimes. A study of 1984 Alaska felony cases used 1984 Alaska Offender-Based Transaction Statistics (OBTS) to analyze the process of case attrition and charge change between arrest and initial prosecution. January 1989 population figures for Alaska Department of Corrections facilities are presented.
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 5, No. 3 (Fall 1988)The Fall 1988 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum reports the results of study of the Alaska Pretrial Intervention (PTI) of the Alaska Department of Law, which operated from 1983 to 1986. The PTI program was intended to provide an alternative to full prosecution in cases where the nature of the offense did not appear to warrant such prosecution; the study concludes that the program succeeded according to a number of factors. An article on the policy for Native self-determination in Alaska developed by Congress and the state has sought to replace a tribal model of governance with a body of legislation which confirms land rights without the direct political involvement of Alaska Native villages; however, the author argues, the absence of tribes as formal political structures has contributed to a loss of self-determination among Alaska Natives and to serious negative effects on Native village life. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on a national survey of criminal defense programs for the poor. September 1988 population figures for Alaska Department of Corrections facilities are presented.
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 5, No. 2 (Summer 1988)The Summer 1988 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features an article presenting 1985-1986 crime statistics for eight predominately Yup'ik villages in the Bethel area of Alaska, with preliminary analysis indicating that crime rates in rural Alaska may higher than statewide or national averages — although data from such a small sample should be viewed with caution. A Bureau of Justice Statistics study which examined data from the United Nations, the International Police Organization (Interpol), and the World Health Organization on crime rates internationally finds that violent crime and property crime appear to be higher in the United States than in other countries for which data is available. July 1988 population figures for Alaska Department of Corrections facilities are presented.
Alaska Justice Forum ; Vol. 5, No. 1 (Spring 1988)The Spring 1988 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on preliminary Uniform Crime Reporting statistics showing a decline in crime in Anchorage between 1986 and 1987; national data on state court caseloads showing more than 14.3 million new civil cases filed in limited and general jurisdiction state courts in 1985, with 42,351 new civil cases filed in Alaska; and Bureau of Justice Statistics data on drunk driving in the U.S.