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dc.contributor.authorMagdanz, James
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-01T16:16:19Z
dc.date.available2020-10-01T16:16:19Z
dc.date.issued2020-05
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/11282
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2020en_US
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation explores some aspects of contemporary hunter-gatherer economies in Alaska, with an emphasis on quantitative approaches. Written in manuscript-style, the focus is on four decades beginning about 1980, which coincided with legal recognition of hunter-gatherer activities as "subsistence," and with expanded subsistence data collection efforts. Subsistence is viewed through four theoretical frames: socio-ecological resilience, political ecology, social networks, and food security. Principles of common-pool resource management are reviewed, as are legal frames unique to Alaska that limited possible approaches to management and resulted in a fragmented management systems. In the body of the dissertation, the first article explores trends in rural community populations, wild food harvests, and personal incomes over time, identifies factors associated with subsistence harvests, models subsistence productivity, and estimates road effects on harvests and income. The second article uses household-level social network and economic data from two Iñupiat communities to explore hypotheses designed to test an assumed transition from wild food dependence to market dependence. The third article combines concepts of sensitivity and adaptive capacity drawn from vulnerability literature to explore differences in household characteristics within and between three Alaska communities. The discussion adopts a political ecology approach, introducing narrative discourses of subsistence in Alaska, comparing subsistence narrative discourses with the results the larger body of resilience, network analysis, and food security literature. It demonstrates how the same objective facts could drive competing narratives, and how resource management itself was subject to narrative construction.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Park Service, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, US Department of the Interior (OMB Control # 1010-0184), Alaska EPSCoR NSF (#OIA-1208927), Arctic Social Science, National Science Foundation (ARC-0909570)en_US
dc.description.tableofcontentsChapter 1: Introduction -- Chapter 2: Common-pool resources in the Alaska context -- Chapter 3: The persistence of subsistence in Alaska -- Chapter 4: Are mixed economies persistent of transitional? -- Chapter 5: Heterogeneity in mixed economies -- Chapter 6: Summary and discussion -- Appendix A: Proposed regulatory changes governing subsistence uses -- Appendix B: Customary and traditional use criteria ("8 criteria") -- Appendix C: Survey example.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectsubsistence economyen_US
dc.subjectAlaskaen_US
dc.subjectAlaska Nativesen_US
dc.subjecteconomicsen_US
dc.titleIt's so good to be back: explorations of subsistence in Alaskaen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.type.degreephden_US
dc.identifier.departmentDepartment of Natural Resources and Environmenten_US
dc.contributor.chairGreenberg, Joshua
dc.contributor.chairCarothers, Courtney
dc.contributor.committeeChapin, F. Stuart III
dc.contributor.committeeGoodreau, Steven
refterms.dateFOA2020-10-01T16:16:19Z


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