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dc.contributor.authorBrunt, Kelly M.
dc.contributor.authorNeumann, Thomas A.
dc.contributor.authorAmundson, Jason M.
dc.contributor.authorKavanaugh, Jeffrey L.
dc.contributor.authorMoussavi, Mahsa S.
dc.contributor.authorWalsh, Kaitlin M.
dc.contributor.authorCook, William B.
dc.contributor.authorMarkus, Thorsten
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-12T19:12:18Z
dc.date.available2020-10-12T19:12:18Z
dc.date.issued2016-08-10
dc.identifier.citationBrunt, K.M., T.A. Neumann, J.M. Amundson, J.L. Kavanaugh, M.S. Moussavi, K.M. Walsh, W.B. Cook, and T. Markus, 2016. MABEL photon-counting laser altimetry data in Alaska for ICESat-2 simulations and development. Cryosphere, 10, 1707-1719, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-1707-2016.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/11341
dc.description.abstractIce, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) is scheduled to launch in late 2017 and will carry the Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS) which is a photon-counting laser altimeter and represents a new approach to satellite determination of surface elevation. Given the new technology of ATLAS, an airborne instrument, the Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL), was developed to provide data needed for satellite-algorithm development and ICESat-2 error analysis. MABEL was deployed out of Fairbanks, Alaska, in July 2014 to provide a test dataset for algorithm development in summer conditions with water-saturated snow and ice surfaces. Here we compare MABEL lidar data to in situ observations in Southeast Alaska to assess instrument performance in summer conditions and in the presence of glacier surface melt ponds and a wet snowpack. Results indicate the following: (1) based on MABEL and in situ data comparisons, the ATLAS 90m beam-spacing strategy will provide a valid assessment of across-track slope that is consistent with shallow slopes (< 1) of an ice-sheet interior over 50 to 150m length scales; (2) the dense along-track sampling strategy of photon counting systems can provide crevasse detail; and (3) MABEL 532 nm wavelength light may sample both the surface and subsurface of shallow (approximately 2m deep) supraglacial melt ponds. The data associated with crevasses and melt ponds indicate the potential ICESat-2 will have for the study of mountain and other small glaciers.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipAcknowledgements. Funding for this project was through the NASA ICESat-2 Project Science Office. Funding for J. M. Amundson was provided by NSF-PLR 1303895. We acknowledge the considerable efforts of the Project, Science, and Instrument teams of NASA’s ICESat-2 and MABEL missions. We thank the following people: Eugenia De Marco (ASRC Aerospace Corp., NASA/GSFC) and Dan Reed (Sigma Space Corp., NASA/GSFC) for MABEL instrument support; Scott Luthcke (NASA/GSFC), David Hancock (NASA/WFF), and Jeff Lee (NASA/WFF) for MABEL data calibration; Scott McGee and Ya’ Shonti Bridgers (JIRP) for GPS field data collection and data processing support; and NASA/AFRC (specifically ER-2 pilots Tim Williams and Denis Steele) for Alaska airborne support. WorldView imagery was provided by the Polar Geospatial Center at the University of Minnesota, which is supported by NSF-PLR 1043681. GPS receivers for the survey of the terminus of the Lower Taku Glacier were provided by UNAVCO. GPS receivers for the JIRP survey were provided by Werner Stempfhuber of the Beuth University of Applied Sciences. And, finally, we thank two anonymous reviewers for their highly constructive suggestions.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherCopernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Unionen_US
dc.sourceThe Cryosphereen_US
dc.subjectsatellite determination of surface elevationen_US
dc.subjectICESat-2en_US
dc.subjectMABELen_US
dc.subjectphoton-counting laser altimetryen_US
dc.subjectATLASen_US
dc.subjectAlaskaen_US
dc.subjectNASAen_US
dc.subjectglacier studiesen_US
dc.titleMABEL photon-counting laser altimetry data in Alaska for ICESat-2 simulations and developmenten_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.peerreviewYesen_US
refterms.dateFOA2020-10-12T19:12:19Z
dc.identifier.journalThe Cryosphereen_US


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