• Agroborealis, Vol. 35, No. 2 (Winter 2003)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2003)
      Birch: white gold in the boreal forest -- Birch Beverages -- Birch Syrup Production in Alaska -- Birch Sap and Growth: Birch has commercial potential for far more than merely its wood-and Alaskan are leading the way. / Deirdre Helfferich -- Invasive Weeds in Alaska: assessment of research priorities: Invasive weeds are a serious threat to native species, and although the severity of this plant problem is not as great in Alaska as in the rest of the country, it is getting worse. To evaluate where best to allocate resources to combat this problem, the Committee for Noxious and Invasive Plant Management ranked research in three areas: prevention, eradication or control, and restoration. / Jeff Conn, Ruth Gronquist, and Maria Mueller -- A Winter Delta Dig: Twenty years of tilling, and these scientists are still having fun, figuring out how best to grow grains and forage. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Students Afield!: Natural Resources Management 290: Every summer, natural resources majors take a trip across Alaska. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Jobs for Credit!: NRM 300, Internship in Natural Resources Management, is a preprofessional experience with nonprofits, the State of Alaska, or private industry. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- The North Jarvis Stand Conversion Project: Near Delta Junction, a project is underway to onvert areas at high risk for fire near human habitation into safer forest and moose browse along the urban-wildland interface. / Maggie Rogers -- Antioxidants in the North: Research into antioxidants in Alaska-grown vegetables and wild and domestic berries is taking place at the Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Shapeshifter Carbon: a universal building block: How Much Carbon Where? -- The Terrestrial Carbon Cycle -- Carbon Production in Alaska's Boreal Forest -- Climate and Growth in the Boreal Forest -- Soil: The Dark laboratory -- Black Spruce and Soil Carbon Balance -- Soil Respiration after Fire -- Digging up the Facts on Northern Soils: This important element figures prominently in living organisms and in climate change. From soils to trees, from the hydrosphere to the atmosphere, carbon int he north is proving to have a sometimes surprising role. / Doreen Fitzgerald, with Valerie Barber, Gary Michaelson, Chien-Lu Ping, David Valentine, and Jason Vogel
    • Agroborealis, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Summer 2004)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2004)
      Reindeer Inspire New Teaching Guide: A new curriculum and teaching kit produced by the Reindeer Research Program brings history, biology, electronics, cultural studies, and more into classrooms / Doreen L. Fitzgerald -- Susan Willsrud & Calypso Farm: A graduate of SNRAS, Susan Willsrud returned to Alaska with her husband to found a small community supported agriculture center. The farm and ecology center are devoted to teaching principles of organic gardening, soil care, and the value of fresh, locally grown food. / Deirdre Helfferich -- The Wildlife Viewing Challenge: Watching wild animals is an increasingly popular recreational activity for which public land managers must plan / Doreen Fitzgerald with Peter Fox -- Taxonomy and Evolution of Alaska Birches: In the quest for useful chemicals from plants, knowing which tree is which could be vital. The author explains taxonomic terminology and looks at birch species in Alaska. / Edmond C. Packee -- Birch Use in the Former Soviet Republics: In the vast region of the former Soviet Union, every part of the birch tree has a use. The author, a Russian, describes the traditional cultural and medicinal uses of the sap, bark, leaves, buds, twigs, and wood of birches in the East. / Andriy Boyar -- Heavenly Garden, Earthly Pursuits: The Georgeson Botanical Garden is developing a children's garden and a new picnic pavilion, with help from the community. / Doreen Fitzgerald
    • Agroborealis, Vol. 36, No. 2 (Winter 2004-2005)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2004)
      Fire in Interior Alaska: Forest, fire, people, money: a balancing act for managers -- Watching the trees return -- Modeling fuels and fire to improve management: The summer of 2004 was a hot and smoky one for Alaska's Interior, focusing residents' attention on fire management issues. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Wetlands and Wastewater Treatment in Alaska: Dave Maddux, a PhD graduate of SNRAS, has been bringing wholesome natural relief to communities in Alaska by building marshes for wastewater treatment. / Deirdre Helfferich -- Research Crops Do Double Duty: Experimental crops grown at the Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station are examined and measured for research, but then what? Where do those fields of potatoes and other crops go? / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Agronomic Crops for Alaska: A quarter-century of variety testing of grains and other field crops has shown which ones are adapted to Alaska's short growing season and long days-and which are not. / Deirdre Helfferich -- Remembering Mike: A natural resources scholarship in forestry has been renamed in honor of Mike Hoyt. Hoyt was an active member of the SNRAS Board of Advisors. here his colleages and friends recall the tremendous work and enthusiasm of his life. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Wilmking Wins Prize for Ecology Research: SNRAS PhD graduate Martin Wilmking recently won a prestigious award from his country of Germany to further his research in forest ecology and carbon cycling. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Preparing for Wildfire: Tips for homeowners: Here's what property owners can do to reduce the risk of damage when wildfire threatens: suggestions for building maintenance and landscaping for your home and grounds. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- What is B.O.B.?: The use of a small blimp equipped with a camera has proven invaluable in range management research and ecological studies. / Connie Harris with Deirdre Helfferich
    • Agroborealis, Vol. 37, No. 1 (Summer 2005)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2005)
      Morels: a morsel after the fire: Last year's Interior wildfires may provide Alaskans with a bumper crop of morels in 2005 and 2006. These sought-after mushrooms are a valuable forest product and grow profusely in the year immediately after a fire. Scientists are studying their genetics and growth patterns, and the potential for commercial morel harvesting in Alaska. / Deirdre Helfferich -- Students and Environmental Ethics: Three undergraduate students in SNRAS's environmental ethics class describe formative experiences in their lives that led to guiding principles for their relationship with their environment. / Amy Craigen, Christopher Held, and Ben Meyer -- Exotic Plants in Alaska's Parks: Alaska hasn't suffered the ravages of exotic species invasions the way the Lower 48 has, but the aliens are coming North. The National Park Service has been conducting baseline surveys to determine the extent of this problem in Alaska's parks, and how best to combat it. / Chris McKee -- Creativity and Independent Thought: Resources management seniors tackle rewarding thesis projects: Natural Resources Management students take on real research projects to gain experience in formulating good questions, methods, and reports. / Doreen Fitzgerald with work by Cody Peterson and Michael Gibson, and selected abstracts by George Aguiar, Cody Burgess, Nathaniel Endicott, Heidi Lingenfelter, and Christopher Swisher -- Revitalizing U.S. Support for Developing Nations' Agriculture: Dean Lewis serves with six other Americans on a panel that advises USAID. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Recent AFES Publications: New publications from the Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station: vegetable trials, peonies for commercial production, fire in the North and other subjects.
    • Agroborealis, Vol. 37, No. 2 (Winter 2005-2006)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2005)
      Revegetation in Alaska: Usibelli, seeds & topsoil, and mycorrhizae: Resarch professor Dot Helm retired in 2005 after two decades working on revegetation of disturbed lands in Alaska. Here she presents case histories, discusses seeding and topsoil application, and explains the important symbiosis between fungi and plants. / Dot Helm -- Assessing climate change: Did we get it right?: Twenty-four years ago, a national conference on climate change convened at UAF, led by AFES. The 1982 interdisciplinary gathering was one of the first regional meetings to look seriously at what climate change could mean for society. How accurate were these academicians' views of what the future might bring? / Glenn Patrick Juday -- Harvesting art: An art instructor teaches his students observation skills by taking his classes on field trips to SNRAS greenhouses, the Georgeson Botanical Garden, and the Fairbanks Experiment Farm. / Text and illustrations by Jamie Smith -- Blight outbreak tests new network: The Western Plant Diagnostic Network kicked into action in summer 2005 when potato blight struck farms in Alaska. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Kennecott mill town visitors: A survey of tourists at this National Historic Landmark reveals who comes to the park and why, and offers some useful insights for park managers who are developing a park facilities plan. / From the bulletin by Steve Taylor and Peter Fix -- Mastering the philosophy of science: Thesis studies on the effect of agency culture on institutional performance, fire fuel models, burned soil temperatures, forest succession, user motivations in the Green Star program, lodgepole pine, and more. / Compiled by Deirdre Helfferich with research from Daniel Cheyette, Karen Clyde, Alina Cushing, Jean Doherty, Thomas Kurkowski, Kimberly Maher, Sarah Masco, Chanda Meek, and Todd Nichols -- Ecotourism in Chile: The Valdivian Forest Ecoregion in southern Chile is one of the world's five great temperate rainforests, rich in biodiversity. Master's degree graduate Scott Harris explores this region's value for the community-based ecotourism market. / Scott Harris (from his master's thesis) and Deirdre Helfferich
    • Agroborealis, Vol. 38, No. 1 (Fall 2006)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2006)
      Tanana Valley farming: yesteryear's crops: The Tanana Valley was a major agricultural center in Alaska during the first half of the twentieth century. Cooperation between the Fairbanks Experiment Farm and local farmers and greenhouse operators led to many fruitful farming successes. / Excerpts from publications by Rochelle Lee Pigors, Josephine Papp, and Josie Phillips -- At the farm: alumni and employee remember: The Fairbanks Experimental Farm celebrated its 100th anniversary this summer. A few former employees and students write about their work and times down on the farm. / Leigh Dennison, Hal Livingston, and Barbara E. Green -- Reindeer meat-is it always tender, tasty, and healthy?: What makes reindeer meat good? The author provides an overview of reindeer meat research in four areas: pre-slaughter handling in relation to animal welfare and meat quality, effects of commercial grain-based feed mixtures and pasture on meat quality, chemical composition of meat and product quality, and sensory evaluation of reindeer meat. / Eva Wiklund -- The expert tastebud: Taste testers, or sensory panelists, evaluate reindeer meat for scientists in the Reindeer Research Program-but how do scientists train the panelists' tastebuds? / Deirdre Helfferich -- Controlled environments in Alaska: Simple to highly advanced controlled environment systems-from temporary cold frames to facilities using technology developed for space exploration-can be adapted to Alaska's regional conditions to improve production of vegetables, berries, and floral crops. / Doreen Fitzgerald with Meriam Karlsson -- Greenhouse tomato production for Alaska: For Alaska growers, tomato production in a controlled environment allows for better disease control, high productivity, and a longer season than field tomatoes. / Meriam Karlsson -- Small farm viability: Bigger is not always better, nor necessarily more profitable. Changes in technology, such as using high tunnels for season extension, can improve the economic and environmental viability of small-scale agriculture in Alaska. / Doreen Fitzgerald, Heidi Rader, and Meriam Karlsson -- Tea time in southeast Alaska: The Sitka Forest Products Program and undergraduate students in natural resources management are working with an herbal tea producer in Haines to create better tea production methods for wild Alaska herbs. / Deirdre Helfferich
    • Agroborealis, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Winter 2006-2007)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2006)
      Green Map Fairbanks: The geography of a community, as expressed in a map, doesn't have to limit itself to street names and topographical features. Green Map System Project #350 will be an online map of the Fairbanks area that includes cultural assets, recycling options, toxic waste hot spots, and more. / Deirdre Helfferich -- We all depend on our forests: The president of the National Association of University Forest Resources Programs (NAUFRP) offers commentary on our shared interest in the health, productivity, and sustainability of our forests. / Don DeHayes, reprinted from the Rutland Daily Herald -- Forests for a Richer Future: NAUFRP's vision statement on forests for the twenty-first century: educating the public about forests; building science-based technologies that sustain forest resources; using conservation and management strategies that meet society's needs; and advancing a social contract of sustainable management. / National Association of University Forest Resources Programs -- Wildland fire and climate change: Alaska's climate is changing. Strong linkages between climate, fire, and vegetation imply that fire's sensitivity to global change could be more important than the direct effects of climatic warming on terrestrial ecosystems. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Fuel breaks for fire mitigation: After the record-breaking fire season of 2004 and 2005, fire and public land managers knew they needed a proactive approach to hazardous fuel reduction, particularly in the black spruce forests of Alaska's interior. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- The Muskox: a new northern farm animal?: Researchers at the Institute of Arctic Biology and the School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences are teaming up to study muskox husbandry, genetics, and reproduction at the Robert G. White Large Animal Research Station. / Deirdre Helfferich -- Reindeer in Alaska: under new management: Reindeer herders on the Seward Peninsula, working with SNRAS researchers, are finding effective ways to protect their livestock from loss to caribou herds, and at the same time improve their animals' productivity. / Greg Finstad -- Breeding a new variety of barley for Alaska: Wooding barley, the latest barley variety developed for Alaska by Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station researchers, took years of careful breeding and selection to create. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Using Alaska's hulless barley in a new food product: AFES agronomist Bob Van Veldhuizen asked the UAF Cooperative Extension Service Food Product Development program to help determine if daughter strains of Thual barley had similar food characteristics to their parent. Time to make crackers!. / Kristy Long and Trateng Kamolluck -- Seminar explores the nature of American food: The issues highlighted in the book The Omnivore's Dilemma were the subject of analysis and discussion in a class lead by SNRAS professors Susan Todd and Milan Shipka: what we eat, where it came from, how it got to us, and what its real cost to us is. / Doreen Fitzgerald
    • Agroborealis, Vol. 39, No. 1 (Summer 2007)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2007)
      Forage & turf: the career of G. Allen Mitchell: Allen Mitchell's 36-year career has been devoted to finding better forage for animals, plants for revegetation, and good tough turfgrasses capable of withstanding Alaska's harsh winters-it's nice to have a good green for one's northern golf game. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- Wasps: the good, the bad, and the not-so-bad: Summer 2006 was a banner year for wasps in interior Alaska, much to the chargrin of picnic-goers-and with fatal consequences for two Fairbanksans. / Peter J. Landolt, Alberto Pantoja, Aaron Hagerty, Daryl Green, and Susan Emmert, with introduction by Deirdre Helfferich -- Dragonhead mint: it's for the birds: A wild northern mint may be just what the chickadee ordered-and birdwatchers looking to buy birdseed from Alaska farmers. / Deirdre Helfferich, from a research report by Bob Van Veldhuizen and Charlie Knight -- Coastal carbon: what's happening as the arctic coastline erodes?: Alaska's northern coastlines are becoming exposed to more open water as sea ice melts, and storm surges and wave action are accelerating erosion in the Arctic. Scientists want to better understand the transfer of soil sediments, carbon, and nutrients from terrestrial ecosystems to near-shore waters, and the effects of this erosion. / Doreen Fitzgerald -- The Musk ox: wooly and warm in a northern fiber industry: Qiviut is the soft, long, and warm underwool of muskoxens; it is sold as an expensive luxury fiber in specialty yarn shops. Clothing made from it is marketed as exclusive, exotic fashion, and commands a high price. The allure and value of qiviut could mean that an economically viable, specialty fiber industry based on this muskox product might be ripe for development in Alaska and Canada. / Deirdre Helfferich -- Local herbs!: Tanana Valley farmers and chefs interviewed in this senior thesis survey reveal that local is good: fresh herbs are in demand, and restaurants will pay top dollar for locally grown produce-if the farmer provides good service, timely delivery, high quality, and the right herbs. / Jacquelyn Denise Goss
    • Agroborealis, Vol. 39, No. 2 (Winter/Spring 2007-2008)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2007)
      Bonita J. Neiland remembered: The woman instrumental in founding the School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences was a scientist ahead of her time. / Dorren Fitzgerald / Biomass for biofuels: not all trees are created equal: Alaska has vast stretches of forest: woody biomass that could be investigated for its potential as biofuel. Basic research is needed to determine the chemical composition and characteristics of the state's vast stores of the only renewable resource available capable of producing complex hydrocarbons. SNRAS researchers are conducting preliminary research into this potential through liquefaction of different tree species. / Andres Soria -- Muskox husbandry: Three commercial muskox farms and the University of Alaska Fairbanks are working on developing best practices for raising, feeding, and caring for muskoxen. / Deirdre Helfferich -- Boreal forest soils: nutrient cycling, microbes, and the fate of oil: In a long-term research experiment begun in 1977, a deliberate oil spill was created by researchers to study the effects of terrestrial oils spills on arctic and subarctic soils, microbes, and vegetation. In 2004, the experiment took an abrupt jog into uncharted territory when a wildfire burned through the closely-monitored study site. Yet, the destruction of one set of conditions laid the groundwork for new insight into nitrogen cycling and fire effects on boreal forest soils. / Doreen Fitzgerald, based on Jessica Garron's End of an Era of Experimental Oil Spill Sites -- Conflicting wildlife mandates: A new legal analysis finds that Alaska's wildlife management statute directly conflicts with the management mandates laid out by Congress in the National Park Service Organic Act and the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act. / Article adapted by Doreen Fitzgerald from original by Julie Lurman -- Agriculture 100 years ago: the search for self-sufficiency: Farmers in Fairbanks a century ago struggled with the same issues as we face today: competition from Outside, disbelief that agriculture is viable in the north, domestic animals and plants ill-adapted to Alaska's climate, lack of supporting infrastructure and organizations. In setting out to overcome these obstacles, they provided their modern counterparts with valuable examples in the search for a sustainable northern food industry. / Excerpts from Like a Tree to the Soil, by Jo Papp and Josie Phillips
    • Agroborealis, Vol. 40, No. 1. (Spring 2009)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2009)
      Geography -- Counting on tradition: Math in a Cultural Context Adds Up: This award-winning educational program provides resources for teachers in math, geography, social studies, and other curricula, using Yup'ik concepts. / Nancy Tarnai -- Forest Sciences -- Log cabin building workshop: From Hangar to Woods: A hands-on workshop using local material resulted in a recreational cabin for the Sitka Ranger District. / Valerie Barber -- High-Latitude Agriculture -- The Midnight Sun-flower: Selection for early maturity in a sunwheat cultivar began sixteen years ago, resulting in a new but unofficial variety. / Bob Van Veldhuizen -- Natural Resources -- Biomass fuels: Local Energy, Local Jobs, and Community Resilience: Affordable, sustainable sources of heating fuel may be within walking distance of interior Alaska's rural communities. / Nancy Fresco and F. Stuart Chapin III -- How to save Old Faithful: Geyser Protection Areas: Geothermal power generation holds great promise as an alternative energy source, but unless it is managed carefully, another important natural resource will go extinct: the world's geyser basins. / Kenneth Barrick -- Two for the Peace Corps: The Peace Corps masters international program at SNRAS is seeing its first returnee from two years of corps work and graduate coursework, and its second entrant into the corps. / Nancy Tarnai -- Events, People, & Places -- The IPY at UAF: The 4th International Polar Year has drawn on a long history of global scientific cooperation. UAF and SNRAS scientists are at the forefront of work on global change. / Nancy Tarnai and the IPY International Programme Office -- A sustainable PhD -- Kerttula Hall dedication -- James Drew: piloting agriculture -- Leslie A. Viereck: infectious curiosity -- News & Publications
    • Agroborealis, Vol. 41, Number 1 (2010)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2010)
      [Geography] -- AMSA: the future of arctic marine shipping: With more shipping traffic in the north and greater marine access due to the retreat of Arctic sea ice, the Arctic states needed to develop a strategy to protect the maritime Arctic, its people, and the environment -- [Forest Sciences] -- Changing the forest and the trees - Is it climate?: Sunspots, sun cycles, El Ninos, La Ninas, atmospheric oscillations, greenhouse gases: climate change has begun to affect the boreal more than any other forest region. / Glenn Patrick Juday -- One Tree in the Tanana Valley: Take one entire tree, and make everything you can out of it-including science and art education. / Nancy Tarnai -- Forest Dynamics & Management: This program monitors the growth and change in Alaska's forests, looking at forest health, characteristics, and regeneration. / Jingjing Liang and Tom Maline -- [High-Latitude Agriculture] -- Alaska's food (in)security: Alaskans have become aware that their food security is precarious - and they're doing something about it. / Deirdre Helfferich and Nancy Tarnai -- Leafhoppers: In Alaska, potato production accounts for 14 percent of total agricultural crop revenues, but the insect pests that can affect them are poorly understood. / Alberto Pantoja, Aaron M. Hagerty, Susan Y. Emmert, and Joseph E. Munyaneza -- You are my Sunshine!: The author took up the challenge: to make a beer brewed with Sunshine Hulless Barley, developed by AFES and released in 2009. / Anita Hartmann -- Reindeer market project makes history: For the first time, reindeer are 4-H project livestock. / George Aguiar -- Security of the red meat supply: Red meat for Alaskans, like other aspects of the food supply in the northernmost state, is dependent upon Outside sources. / Thomas F. Paragi, S. Craig Gerlach, and Alison M. Meadow -- [Natural Resources] -- Salmon and alder: Gasification of Low-Value Biomass in Alaska: Converting Alaska-specific biomass into a volatile hydrocarbon mixture could offset fuel use in remote locations. / Shawn Freitas, Andres Soria, and Cindy Bower -- Unlocking hydrocarbons from biomass: In the world of renewable energy, biomass is the sole source capable of producing hydrocarbons, the raw material needed for fuel, plastics, and the variety of products that maintain the economy. / Andres Soria -- Carex spectabilis: A Sedge for Landscaping and Revegetation in Alaska: Establishing groundcover on barren ground can be a challenge in Alaska; an indigenous sedge may provide a solution. / Jay D. McKendrick -- [People] -- Horace Drury: In Momoriam: This former director of the Alaska Agricultural & Forestry Experiment Station faced the challenge of 'new problems in a new land'. / Nancy Tarnai -- [News & Publications]
    • Agroborealis, Vol. 43, No. 1 (Spring 2013)

      School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks (Alaska Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2013)