• Alaska Native females: understanding body image dissatisfaction in a culturally diverse country

      Naegele, Karaline M.; Cook, Christine; Renes, Susan; Harrison, Lynn (2013-05)
      The current study was conducted to expand literature on body image dissatisfaction (BID) in Alaska Native females. As BID has been a concern for European American females, and many minority groups in America, professionals should examine all cultural groups for the presence of BID. The research was comprised of qualitative interviewing methods. Interviews were conducted with Alaska Native female participants between the ages of 18 and 23 years, attending the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Research questions addressed whether or not Alaska Native females experience BID, and if so how BID develops and manifests for this population. The study found that all participants experienced BID beginning in adolescence. The development and manifestation of BID varied on an individual basis, reflecting other research findings.
    • Not only an athlete: a curriculum for athletes at NCAA institutions

      Sawchuk, Jamie; Cook, Christine; Sheppard, Dani; Simpson, Joni (2016)
      Despite there being plenty of research regarding identity, athletic identity, and athlete transition, there is limited research on assisting athletes with blending their athletic identity with other roles in their life. Most retired athletes have difficulties letting go of their athletic identity, creating a new non-athletic identity and getting a job. Olympic committees, professional sport organizations, and collegiate athletics have created different transition programs for their athletes to aid them in transitioning to their life upon athletic retirement by helping them realize skills learned from sport are transferrable into the workforce and other areas of life. Researchers have found that athletes should not let go of their athletic identity; but rather learn to blend their athletic identity with their other identities. The following examines the extent to which student-athletes identify with their athletic identity, athletic retirement symptoms, and current athlete transition programs. The end product is a four year curriculum geared towards college level student-athletes.
    • Promoting a healthy self esteem for preadolescent girls in a rural elementary school setting

      McCune, Gianna Giusti; Cook, Christine; Renes, Susan; Gifford, Valerie (2014)
      There is a decrease in girls' self-esteem starting in the pre-teen years because self-esteem often becomes closely tied to physical attributes; many girls believe they cannot measure up to societal standards (Gurian, 2012). This drop in self-esteem affects academic achievement and should be addressed in schools. There are programs that focus on this trend designed for urban populations, yet there is a lack of opportunities for preadolescent girls who live in rural communities. This research project focused on the components needed to promote a healthy self-esteem in the rural setting for preadolescent girls. A goal-directed psychoeducational group has been developed, which is guided by empathy, unconditional regard and being genuine to oneself and others in the hope of developing resources for preadolescent girls.
    • A school-based intervention program for preadolescent girls experiencing body dissatisfaction

      Taylor, Chelsea; Renes, Susan; Dahl, Heather; McMorrow, Samantha (2018-05)
      Body dissatisfaction and poor body image are issues girls are facing in their preadolescent years. Research is demonstrating that preadolescent girls need intervention programs to help support them with the struggles of body image and self-acceptance. This project uses the literature and established research to provide school counselors with a program to help meet the needs of preadolescent girls struggling with body dissatisfaction and promote body acceptance and body positivity.