At the Geophysical Institute the diversity of our research focus is reflected by our disciplinary-based, functional groupings of faculty and research staff. These divisions are: space physics and aeronomy, atmospheric sciences, snow, ice, and permafrost, seismology, volcanology, and tectonics and sedimentation. Along with an ubiquitous, cross-discipline remote sensing group, these research divisions reflect the range and diversity of the active scientific research projects which reach from the center of the sun to the center of the earth and beyond.

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Recent Submissions

  • Alaska Earthquakes Poster

    Gardine, Lea; West, Michael; Grassi, Beth (2020-10)
    Alaska is one of the most seismically active places in the world. This poster connects the geographic distribution of earthquakes from the Alaska Earthquake Center catalog with the core concepts that drive Alaska seismicity. Rupture patches, how plate tectonics forms faults throughout Alaska, and how the angle of the sinking Pacific Plate affects earthquake distribution and creates volcanoes are some of the key concepts represented.
  • AACSE earthquake catalog: May-September, 2018

    Ruppert, Natalia A.; Barcheck, Grace; Abers, Geoffrey A. (2020-10)
    The Alaska Amphibious Community Seismic Experiment (AACSE) comprised 75 ocean bottom seismometers and 30 land stations and covered about 650 km along the segment of the subduction zone that includes Kodiak Island, the Alaska Peninsula and the Shumagin Islands between May, 2018 and September, 2019 (Barcheck et al., 2020). This unprecedented dataset has the potential to support a greatly enhanced earthquake catalog by both increasing the number of detected earthquakes and improving the accuracy of their source parameters. We use all available regional and AACSE campaign seismic data to compile an enhanced earthquake catalog for the region between Kodiak and Shumagin Islands including Alaska Peninsula (51-59N, 148-163W). We apply the same processing and reporting standards to additional picks and seismic events as the Alaska Earthquake Center currently use for compilation of the authoritative regional earthquake catalog. This release includes earthquake catalogs for the time period between May 12 and Septembr 30, 2018 (409 events in May, 616 in June, 578 in July, 522 in August, and 604 in September). We include monthly CSS database tables and quakeml files. The data analysis is ongoing and more catalogs will be released in the near future.
  • Gas and particle data from Fairbanks during the winter of 2019/2020

    Simpson, William; Cesler-Maloney, Meeta (N/A, 2020-09-30)
    This repository contains data from the relocatable air monitoring system (RAMS) trailer, which measured air pollution around sites in the Fairbanks North Star Borough (FNSB), Alaska. Measured pollutants were: SO2, CO, CO2, and particulate matter (PM). We additionally measured meteorological parameters such as temperatures, winds, and vertical differences in temperatures across an 11-meter tall tower.
  • Preliminary Summary of Barry Arm Seismic Installations

    West, Michael (2020-09-18)
    In September 2020, the Alaska Earthquake Center installed two seismic stations, one webcam, and a repeater in the Barry Arm region of Prince William Sound. This preliminary summary includes descriptions of the instrumentation as well as some very early observations in the data.
  • EarthScope publications database

    Sims, Nealey; Tasa, Keir; Larsen, Jessica; Tape, Carl (2020-08-04)
    We compile a database of EarthScope science publications though May 11, 2020. The database is preserved as a Google Scholar profile available at https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=ZKI-0gUAAAAJ&hl=en&authuser=3
  • PEDESTRIAN TRAVEL-TIME MAPS FOR WHITTIER, ALASKA: An anisotropic model to support tsunami evacuation planning

    Gardine, Lea; Nicolsky, Dmitry (2019-05)
    Tsunami-induced pedestrian evacuation for the community of Whittier is evaluated using an anisotropic modeling approach developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. The method is based on path-distance algorithms and accounts for variations in land cover and directionality in the slope of terrain. We model evacuation of pedestrians to exit points from the tsunami hazard zone boundary. The pedestrian travel is restricted to the roads only. Results presented here are intended to provide guidance to local emergency management agencies for tsunami inundation assessment, evacuation planning, and public education to mitigate future tsunami hazards.
  • PEDESTRIAN TRAVEL-TIME MAPS FOR SITKA, ALASKA: An anisotropic model to support tsunami evacuation planning

    Macpherson, Amy; Gardine, Lea; Nicolsky, Dmitry (2020-06)
    Tsunami-induced pedestrian evacuation for Sitka is evaluated using an anisotropic modeling approach developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. The method is based on path-distance algorithms and accounts for variations in land cover and directionality in the slope of terrain. We model evacuation of pedestrians to exit points from the tsunami hazard zone. The pedestrian travel is restricted to the roads only. Results presented here are intended to provide guidance to local emergency management agencies for tsunami inundation assessment, evacuation planning, and public education to mitigate future tsunami hazards.
  • PEDESTRIAN TRAVEL-TIME MAPS FOR PERRYVILLE, ALASKA: An anisotropic model to support tsunami evacuation planning

    Gardine, Lea; Nicolsky, Dmitry (2019-08)
    Tsunami-induced pedestrian evacuation for the community of Perryville is evaluated using an anisotropic modeling approach developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. The method is based on path-distance algorithms and accounts for variations in land cover and directionality in the slope of terrain. We model evacuation of pedestrians to exit points located at the tsunami hazard zone boundary. Pedestrian travel-time maps are computed for two cases: i) travel to an existing evacuating shelter and ii) travel to either the evacuation or an alternative shelter. Results presented here are intended to provide guidance to local emergency management agencies for tsunami inundation assessment, evacuation planning, and public education to mitigate future tsunami hazards.
  • PEDESTRIAN TRAVEL-TIME MAPS FOR CORDOVA, ALASKA: An anisotropic model to support tsunami evacuation planning

    Macpherson, Amy; Gardine, Lea; Nicolsky, Dmitry (2020-06)
    Tsunami-induced pedestrian evacuation for Cordova is evaluated using an anisotropic modeling approach developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. The method is based on path-distance algorithms and accounts for variations in land cover and directionality in the slope of terrain. We model evacuation of pedestrians to exit points from the tsunami hazard zone. The pedestrian travel is restricted to the roads only. Results presented here are intended to provide guidance to local emergency management agencies for tsunami inundation assessment, evacuation planning, and public education to mitigate future tsunami hazards.
  • Seismicity and Stresses in the Kantishna Seismic Cluster, Central Alaska

    Burris, Lea A. (2007-12)
    The Kantishna Cluster is an enigmatic and energetic cluster of earthquakes located in central Alaska, just to the northwest of Mt. McKinley/Denali and adjacent to the Denali Fault. The Kantishna Cluster has no visible fault traces, and is often speculated to have a connection to the Denali Fault. The Kantishna Cluster is located at a hub of tectonic activity including Bering Block rotation to the west, bookshelf faulting to the northeast, and rotation of southern Alaska due to Pacific plate convergence to the south. The intention of this study was to broaden the knowledge base about the Kantishna Cluster and use the Mw 7.9 Denali Fault earthquake to find a relationship between the cluster and the Denali Fault Zone. Rate calculations in conjunction with z- and b-value changes show that the Denali Fault earthquake had little influence on the seismicity of the Kantishna Cluster, with the exception being the southern most portion closest to the Denali Fault. The highly variable background rate of seismicity in the Kantishna Cluster makes seeing changes in the seismicity difficult. Stress tensor inversions suggest a change in the stresses in the Kantishna Cluster; however, triangle diagram comparisons show that the pattern of earthquake mechanism types did not change. Coulomb stress change calculations predict small changes that were not observed in the data. Double difference hypocentral relocations show that the cloud of earthquakes collapses down to several distinct features. Seismicity trends resolved from hypocentral relocations made it possible to infer fault planes or planar structures in the region. The newly uncovered structures are utilized in the formation of a model involving two wedges to describe the seismicity in the Kantishna Cluster. The two wedges are being “squeezed” in opposite directions accommodating for compression across the cluster due to Pacific plate convergence.
  • Recent and Possible Future Changes in Permafrost

    Romanovsky, Vladimir (2013-10)
    Recent observations indicate a warming of permafrost in many northern regions with the resulting degradation of ice-rich and carbon rich permafrost. Permafrost temperature has increased by 0.5°C to 3°C in the northern Hemisphere during the last 30-40 years (Romanovsky et al., 2010).
  • Supplemental analysis for: "Seismic response of Nenana sedimentary basin, central Alaska"

    Smith, Kyle (2020-04-17)
    This collection is a supplement to a manuscript in preparation by Kyle Smith, Carl Tape, and Victor Tsai entitled "Seismic response of Nenana sedimentary basin, central Alaska," to be submitted to Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.
  • Shear-wave splitting observations from local and teleseismic earthquakes recorded in Alaska

    Richards, Cole (2020-04-17)
    This collection contains shear wave splitting measurements for earthquakes recorded in south-central Alaska. These data support the 2020 Master's thesis of Cole Richards, which is being adapted and prepared for submission as a manuscript.
  • Seismic moment tensor catalog for local and regional earthquakes recorded in Nenana basin, central Alaska

    Smith, Kyle (2020-04-12)
    We determine moment tensor solutions for 33 earthquakes recorded in the Nenanabasin region of central Alaska. For each earthquake, the best solution is obtained using a grid-search over depth, magnitude, and double-couple moment tensors by using the "cut-and-paste" (CAP) approach of Zhu and Helmberger (1996).
  • Maritime Guidance for Distant and Local Source Tsunami Events: Whittier Harbor, Alaska

    Nicolsky, Dmitry; Suleimani, Elena; Gardine, Lea (2020-02-27)
  • Maritime Guidance for Distant and Local Source Tsunami Events: Valdez Harbor, Alaska

    Nicolsky, Dmitry; Suleimani, Elena; Gardine, Lea (2020-02-27)
  • Maritime Guidance for Distant and Local Source Tsunami Events: Seward Harbor, Alaska

    Nicolsky, Dmitry; Suleimani, Elena; Gardine, Lea (2020-02-27)
  • Maritime Guidance for Distant and Local Source Tsunami Events: Seldovia Harbor, Alaska

    Nicolsky, Dmitry; Suleimani, Elena; Gardine, Lea (2020-02-27)
  • Maritime Guidance for Distant and Local Source Tsunami Events: Homer Harbor, Alaska

    Nicolsky, Dmitry; Suleimani, Elena; Gardine, Lea (2020-02-27)
  • Maritime Guidance for Distant and Local Source Tsunami Events: Cordova Harbor, Alaska

    Nicolsky, Dmitry; Suleimani, Elena; Gardine, Lea (2020-02-27)

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