• Carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery and sequestration in the Orion Oil Field in the North Slope region of Alaska

      Dogah, Banabas D.; Ahmadi, Mohabbat; Atashbari, Vahid; Awoleke, Obadare (2021-12)
      Carbon dioxide flooding in viscous oil systems has been proven to improve oil recovery and store CO₂ in several geologic basins worldwide. With global energy steadily transitioning towards decarbonization, CO₂-EOR and Sequestration can reduce the carbon footprint from crude oil production. Although well accepted globally, the potential of improved oil recovery and CO₂ storage capacity has not been extensively studied in Alaska. Since the CO₂ injection process involves phase transition, reservoir simulation becomes more complex. It requires reliable techniques to estimate the ultimate recovery factor, oil production rate, and CO₂ storage volumes precisely. This study focuses on carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery (CO₂-EOR) and storage in the Orion satellite field of Alaska, its ability to reduce greenhouse gases, and the technical and economic feasibility of a CO₂ flooding project. In this study, the Peng-Robinson equation of state is tuned to model fluid behavior from the respective sands accurately. Core flooding results from the Orion Oil Pool in the Schrader Bluff Formation provided the basis for developing relative permeability curves for the various layers in the geological model. The geological model was then coupled with the developed fluid model and introduced into a compositional simulator capable of handling the heterogeneous complexity to simulate CO₂ injection. Simulations suggested that the CO₂ gas injection is partially miscible in the Orion reservoir at pressures close to the average initial reservoir pressure. Consequently, CO₂ mixes with oil in the reservoir, reduces oil viscosity, increases oil mobility, and improves oil recovery. Different simulation scenarios were considered and compared, including the effects of fluid injection mixtures on oil recovery, well trajectory effects, and production bottom hole pressure effects on oil recovery. A considerable volume of injected CO₂ is expected to be sequestered in the reservoir, for which economic analysis is conducted for tax credit purposes. The results show that 40% Enriched CO₂ injection achieved the highest oil recovery, which highlights the importance of selecting the appropriate injector and producer well trajectory. This work provides insights into the optimum CO₂ gas flooding controlling parameters for incremental oil production through sensitivity analysis. The study's novelty is further expanded by quantifying the potential of CO₂ sequestration in each layer of the Orion oil field.