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dc.contributor.authorGabbitas, Robert W.
dc.date.accessioned2023-02-03T20:36:15Z
dc.date.available2023-02-03T20:36:15Z
dc.date.issued2022-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11122/13119
dc.descriptionThesis (M.S.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2022en_US
dc.description.abstractBeringia is an extensive geographic region noted for high levels of taxonomic complexity among closely related species. Three such species distributed across Beringia (Claytonia arctica, C. scammaniana, and C. sarmentosa,) exhibit low morphological differentiation between the species, while C. scammaniana includes two additional described morphologies of questionable taxonomic standing, C. "noatakensis" and C. "porsildii". Taxonomic boundaries within this group have been historically disagreed upon and are susceptible to confounding factors such as isolation-by-distance (IBD), discontinuous sampling of continuous variation, and low sequence divergence and morphological differentiation. To assist in species delimitation, multiple approaches combining phylogenomics and spatially explicit population genetics analyses should be used. Genetic material was collected from herbarium specimens at the University of Alaska Museum Herbarium (ALA). Sequence data were extracted and sequenced using the GoFlag target probe set. Phylogenomic analysis and consensus tree reconstruction were performed in ASTRAL. Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Discriminate Analysis of Principal Components (DAPC), and spatial Principal Component Analysis (sPCA) were performed in R ("adegenet" package), and ancestral clustering was calculated in ADMIXTURE. We found clear genetic differentiation between all three species with a close genetic relationship between C. arctica and C. sarmentosa. Neither of the morphotypes "noatakensis" or "porsildii" were genetically differentiable from C. scammaniana, but a strong genetic signal divided the species into northern and southern populations. We conclude that species delineations between C. arctica, C. sarmentosa and C. scammaniana are genetically defensible despite low morphological differentiation. The genetic relationship between C. sarmentosa and C. arctica appears to be closer than previously thought, and further research including the western C. joanneana is needed. The current circumscription of C. scammaniana is correctly inclusive of "noatakensis" and "porsildii", but further research is needed to investigate the genetic divide between northern and southern populations.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Park Service Shared Beringian Heritage Programen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectClaytoniaen_US
dc.subjectBering Land Bridgeen_US
dc.subjectClassificationen_US
dc.subjectIdentificationen_US
dc.subjectPhylogenyen_US
dc.subjectHybridizationen_US
dc.subjectType specimensen_US
dc.subjectVriationen_US
dc.subjectMorphologyen_US
dc.subject.otherMaster of Science in Biologyen_US
dc.titleCryptic population structure and differentiation in three species of Alaska Claytoniaen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.type.degreemsen_US
dc.identifier.departmentDepartment of Biology and Wildlifeen_US
dc.contributor.chairIckert-Bond, Stefanie M.
dc.contributor.chairTakebayashi, Naoki
dc.contributor.committeeWebb, Campbell O.
refterms.dateFOA2023-02-03T20:36:15Z


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