An asthma collaboration to reduce childhood asthma disparities on the Navajo Nation: Trial protocol for the Community Asthma Program
AuthorKing, Diane K.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractNavajo children disproportionately experience poor asthma outcomes. Following a one-year community engagement period with key stakeholders from the Navajo Nation, the Community Asthma Program (CAP) was created using evidenced based programs with the goal of reducing asthma disparities among Navajo children. CAP is being evaluated with a six-year, multi-site step-wedge design in three Navajo communities: Tuba City, Chinle and Fort Defiance, Arizona. The primary outcome is asthma exacerbations defined as use of systemic oral corticosteroids, asthma hospitalizations, asthma related ED visits, and ICU admissions. Asthma exacerbations will be measured using data from the electronic medical records of the three community health care centers. Secondary outcomes include will changes in asthma-related events and asthma control. The RE-AIM (Reach and representativeness, 2) Effectiveness, 3) Adoption, 4) Implementation, and 5) Maintenance) framework is being used to guide the implementation evaluation which includes iterative collection and analysis of process data to identify facilitators and barriers, describe relevant organizational contexts, and inform strategies for dissemination. The CAP intervention requires community engagement and participation, building community capacity, incorporating evidenced-based guidelines and practices while ensuring program strategies actively involve Navajo community members during all steps of the intervention. The outcome of this trial will allow us to determine the effectiveness of a multi-component, community-focused intervention to improve asthma in a tribal community.
PublisherCenter for Behavioral Health Research and Services, Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Anchorage
CitationPublic in Health in Practice 4, 2022
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Adapting adaptive design methods to accelerate adoption of a digital asthma management interventionKing, Diane K.; Bender, Bruce G.; Cvietusa, Peter J.; Goodrich, Glenn K.; Shoup, Jo Ann (Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK, USA, 2023)Investigators conducting translational research in real-world settings may experience changes that create challenges to the successful completion of the trial as well as post-trial adoption and implementation. Adaptive designs support translational research by systematically adapting content and methods to meet the needs of target populations, settings and contexts. This manuscript describes an adaptive implementation research model that provides strategies for changing content, delivery processes, and research methods to correct course when anticipated and unanticipated circumstances occur during a pragmatic trial. The Breathewell Program included two large pragmatic trials of the effectiveness of a digital communication technology intervention to improve symptom management and medication adherence in asthma care. The first trial targeted parents of children with asthma; the second targeted adults with asthma. Adaptations were made iteratively to adjust to dynamic conditions within the healthcare setting, informed by prospectively collected stakeholder input, and were categorized retrospectively by the authors as proactive or reactive. Study outcomes demonstrated improved treatment adherence and clinical efficiency. Kaiser Permanente Colorado, the setting for both studies, adopted the speech recognition intervention into routine care, however, both interventions required numerous adaptations, including changes to target population, intervention content, and internal workflows. Proactive and reactive adaptations assured that both trials were successfully completed. Adaptive research designs will continue to provide an important pathway to move healthcare delivery research into practice while conducting ongoing effectiveness evaluation.
Digital Communication Technology: Does Offering a Choice of Modality Improve Medication Adherence and Outcomes in a Persistent Asthma Population?King, Diane K.; Cvietusa, PJ; Wagner, NM; Shoup, JA; Goodrich, GK; Shetterly, SM; Raebel, MA; Riggs, CS; Bender, B (Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2021-03-01)Background: Use of digital communication technology has shown potential to improve asthma adherence and outcomes. Few studies have looked at patient preference around mode of medication reminders used to improve and maintain asthma medication adherence. Objective: To determine if, in a population already receiving automated medication reminders, offering a choice for preferred mode of reminder (text, email, phone) would improve their adherence and asthma outcomes over a 1-year period. Methods: This was a pragmatic, randomized controlled trial conducted at Kaiser Permanente Colorado involving 7522 adult patients with persistent asthma. Study patients were randomized to receive usual care or their choice of medication reminder. Differences between the 2 groups in both medication adherence and asthma outcomes were then assessed over the following year. Results: Only 30% of those offered a choice of medication reminder modality responded by making a choice, with 52% preferring text messaging. There was less of a decrease in adherence rate over the 1-year period in those who made a choice regarding the mode of medication refill reminder. There was no difference in asthma outcomes between those who did make a choice compared with those who did not make a choice regarding the mode of medication refill reminder. Conclusion: In a patient population already receiving medication reminders, offering a choice about what type of technology-enabled asthma medication reminder patients wanted did not improve outcomes but did enable a subgroup to better maintain their medication adherence.
Transition to Virtual Asthma Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Observational StudyCvietusa, Peter J.; Goodrich, Glenn K.; Cvietusa, Peter J.; Goodrich, Glenn K.; Goodrich, Glenn K.; Goodrich, Glenn K.; Steiner, John F.; Shoup, Jo Ann; King, Diane K.; Ritzwoller, Debra P.; et al. (Elsevier, 2022-06)BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic increased reliance on virtual care for patients with persistent asthma. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective cohort study assessed changes from in-person to virtual care during the pandemic. In patients with persistent asthma, compared with the same period before the pandemic. METHODS: Kaiser Permanente Colorado members aged 18 to 99 years with persistent asthma were evaluated during two periods (March to October 2019 and March to October 2020). Comparison of asthma exacerbations (hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and courses of oral prednisone) and asthma medication metrics were evaluated between the two periods and by type of care received during the pandemic (no care, virtual care only, in-person care only, or a mix of virtual and in-person care). Population characteristics by type of care received during the pandemic were also evaluated. RESULTS: Among 7,805 adults with persistent asthma, those who used more virtual care or sought no care during the pandemic were younger and had fewer comorbidities, mental health diagnoses, or financial barriers. Exacerbations decreased (0.264 to 0.214; P <.001) as did courses of prednisone (0.213 to 0.169). Asthma medication adherence (0.53 to 0.54; P <.001) and the asthma medication ratio, a quality-of-care metric (0.755 to 0.762; P [ .019), increased slightly. Patients receiving a mix of in-person and virtual care had the highest rate of exacerbations (0.83) and a lower asthma medication ratio (0.74) despite having the highest adherence (.57). CONCLUSIONS: Despite an increase in virtual care, asthma exacerbations decreased except among individuals who received both in-person and virtual care, likely because they had more severe disease.