• Information for Prospective Settlers in Alaska

      Georgeson, C.C. (Alaska Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1916)
      This circular is designed to give prospective settlers in Alaska, and particularly homesteaders, information on subjects which will be of more or less vital interest to them. It is designed also to call their attention to many factors in the situation on which they should be informed before settling in a new and comparatively little-known territory.

      Georgeson, C.C. (Alaska Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1928-10)
      The information in this circular is intended for the use of settlers and homesteaders in Alaska who are interested in the more general growing of hardy flowering bulbs in the Territory. Alaska is very poor in native ornamental plants, and although the Alaska agricultural experiment stations do not specialize in flower growing, the Sitka station in 1923 began -an experiment which was later extended to the stations in the interior, to determine the possibility of growing bulbous plants in the Territory. The experiment has demonstrated that hardy flowering bulbs, including narcissus, tulips, English iris, gladiolus, the Regal lily, and hyacinths can be propagated on a commercial scale in Alaska. Lovers of these beautiful flowers should grow their own bulbs so far as possible, as some varieties can no longer be obtained in commercial quantities from foreign countries on account of the risk of introducing pests. Narcissus bulbs, shipped interstate by American growers, are required by a Federal quarantine to be inspected and certified to be free from pests and diseases, and certain States have placed similar restrictions on the sale of other kinds of bulbs.
    • Field Crops For Interior Alaska

      Higgins, F.L. (Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station, 1933-05-31)
      Many requests for information regarding the best varieties of field crops for interior Alaska have been received by the Alaska Agricultural Experiment Stations. Field crops have- been tested by the stations in the interior for a number of years. The purpose of this circular is to discuss briefly the history, characteristics, and field performance of varieties of grain, legumes, grasses, root crops, and potatoes that have been found to be best adapted to local conditions.

      White, W.T. (Alaska Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1933-10)
      The information given in this circular is drawn from the experience of the Alaska Agricultural Experiment Stations in handling their dairy herd at the Matanuska station and from other authoritative sources.

      Ebert, W.J. (University of Alaska Alaska Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1945-11)
      Forage production for wintering livestock in Alaska has long been a problem where cleared land is limited. In the vicinity of the Knik Arm of Cook Inlet there are tide flats where native grasses grow in such abundance that they are utilized for hay. To determine the relative feeding value of this tide flat hay as compared with other locally-grown roughages for wintering pregnant ewes, the Matanuska Experiment Station carried out a series of five one-year feeding trials. The tests were conducted for an xverage of 151 days’ feeding period each year, using the bred ewes of the Station flock of pure-bred Hampshires. Results were based on the condition of the ewes at the contusion of each year’s trial, on the size and vigor of the lambs, on ihe weight and quality of the fleece and on the cost of the respective rations over the five-year period.

      Balloun, Stanley L. (Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station, 1948)
      LAYING HENS PROVIDE a year-round income, utilize off-season labor, help build a permanent system o f agriculture in Alaska.

      Edgar, Alfred D.; Irwin, Don (U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1948-05)
      “P O T A T O E S are an important food in Alaska. Matanuska V alley farmers can produce enough to meet the needs of the Anchorage area if the crop can be kept satisfactorily from one year to the next. The Alaska climate, however, makes better-than-average storage and management necessary to insure a continuous supply throughout the year.

      Chamberlin, Joseph C. (Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station, 1949-06)
      In Alaska, as in every other agricultural area of the world, insect pests compete in many way with the farmer for the fruit of his labors. Under certain conditions many plants may be killed or consumed outright. More frequently the developing plants are weakened or stunted so that yields are reduced or quality is impaired. Insects also transmit and spread many diseases to which crops are subject. Finally, the mere presence of insects in or on the harvested crops, or the persistence of injuries inflicted earlier, reduces or destroys the quality and marketability of the product. Alaskan farmers and gardeners are fortunate that the number of insects injurious to their agriculture is at present very limited. However, as agriculture develops, as crops are diversified and expanded, and as quality standards rise, more and more insects are likely to become of economic importance, and thus require the application of improved methods of control.

      Sweetman, William J.; Hodgson, H.J.; Mick, A.H. (Agricultural Experiment Stations, University of Alaska, 1950-06)
      Ih Alaska— Oats-and-peas make better silage than hay / Silage and silos pay / Field-choppers cut labor costs / Smooth bromegrass is an excellent forage / Alsike clover and Hubam sweetclover / make good annuals / Better forage means bigger profits
    • Edda Barley for Alaska

      Litzenberger, S.C.; Bensin, B.M. (Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station, 1951-04)
      Edda, an introduction from Sweden, was recommended for the first tim e in 195 I for all barley-growing areas of Alaska. About 200 bushels of this new barley variety were available for distribution to Alaska growers in 195 I through the Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station. Because Edda is early, stiff-strawed, highyielding, and of good quality it is expected to have an im portant place in the production of feed and seed in the Territory. A nalytical chemical determ inations suggest that Edda is at least equal in feeding value to similar varieties grown in Alaska and to Stateside barleys.

      Sweetman, William J.; Middleton, Wallace R.; Swingle, Fred (Alaska Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1951-05)
      Raise Your Calf Right— Feed your freshening cow / Take care of your freshening cow / Give ihe Calf a good place to live / Teach the calf to drink right away / Start your calf on grain early / Feed your calf roughage within 2 weeks. / Remember water and salt / Keep your heifers growing / -- Raise Your Calf Economically— Compare these rations: Whole milk, Skim milk, Skim milk powder, Gruel, Milk-Flo, Calf Manna, Calf meal / Follow recommended feeding program
    • Chemical Weed Killers and Their Use

      Dearborn, C.H. (University of Alaska, Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station, 1952-05)
      Weed control studies at the Matanuska Experiment Station during the past two seasons have shown that many garden and field crops can be weeded satisfactorily with chemioals. Killing weeds with chemicals promises many benefits to the Alaskan farmer and gardener. Chemical weed: killing is cheap and effective—more important this practice helps reduce the seasonal peak labor loads encountered in truck growing enterprises. This circular tells what the Alaska farmer and gardener can expect weed killers to do for him under Alaskan conditions.
    • Alaskland Red Clover

      Hodgson, H.J.; Wilder, William B.; Osguthorpe, John E. (University of Alaska, Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station, 1953-02)
      Since fanning in Alaska first began and especially since dairy farming became the primary agricultural industry, there has existed a need for hardy legumes which would survive Alaska winters and produce satisfactory yields of high quality forage. To meet this need hundreds of legume species and strains have been introduced during the past 40 or more years. Almost all have lacked the necessary hardiness or have not been satisfactory agronomically. The release of Alaskland red clover in the spring of 1953 is the first time a hardy legume has been made available to growers in Alaska.

      Washburn, Richard H. (University of Alaska, Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station, 1953-02)
      The turnip maggot, seed-corn maggot and onion maggot are the root maggots of economic importance in Alaska. They feed on crucifers, crucifers and other crops, and onions, respectively. The damage they cause can be materially lessened by properly timed applications of insecticide and certain cultural practices.
    • Gasser Wheat A New Grain for Alaska

      Taylor, R.L.; Brinsmade, J.C. (University of Alaska, Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station, 1955-10)
      Developed from the hybrid Diamond x Khogot by the Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station, Gasser wheat was released to seed producers in 1955. This variety exhibits an excellent combination of high yield and agronomic desirability m Alaska. It is superior to the standard variety Khogot in lodging resistance, shattering resistance, and grain quality. Gasser wheat is not satisfactory for commercial milling and baking. Its chief value in Alaska will be as a feed for poultry and livestock. Gasser is recommended for production in the Matanuska and Tanana Valleys when a wheat crop is desired. Later maturing than other cereals, Gasser must be planted early to insure maturity during the short growing season. Cultural recommendations are the same as for other cereals.
    • ALASKA 114 a tough-skinned main crop potato

      Dearborn, C.H. (University of Alaska, Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station, 1959-09)
      Alaska 114 was formally released to the Alaska Certified Seed G rowers Association in 1954 although it had been field tested by a few members during the preceding year. The selection was made from seedlings derived from a cross of Cobbler x Minnesota 13-1.
    • a handbook for Alaska's Settlers with special reference to agricultural homesteads

      Saunders, Dale; Hitchcock, Kay (University of Alaska, Alaska Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1960-06)
      Selecting a suitable homestead is not simply finding a good piece of land to farm. Personal and social needs must be met, as well as those of farm oper­ations. Since each family has different standards, goals and needs, the selection should be made by you and your family only after careful inspection and consideration.
    • Some Characteristics of Anchorage and Fairbanks Households with special reference to retail food buying

      Gazaway, H.P.; Marsh, C.F. (University of Alaska, Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station, 1960-06)
      Anchorage and Fairbanks households are an important part of the Alaska market. These two cities are Alaska's largest, including about two-thirds of the total civilian population. -- Households in Anchoraqe and Fairbanks are somewhat larger, their members are younger, have had more schooling, own more appliances, buy more reading materials, and have higher incomes than average households in the South 48. -- Both cities are similar in roost characteristics. Anchorage has slightly more middle-sized families in the middle income bracket. Fairbanks has a few more in both the lowest and highest groupings. Average families are similar in size — 3.7 for Anchorage and 3.5 for Fairbanks. -- Anchorage homemakers have had more schooling than those in Fairbanks, but the difference is not great. Homemakers in both cities have a higher level of schooling than for the nation as a whole. -- Anchorage has more families employed by the government, althouqh government employment is high in both cities. Fairbanks has more employed in trades and construction. Both cities have about the same percentage employed in sales and clerical work, while less than 10 per cent in both cities are employed as laborers. -- Homemakers in both cities have lived in Alaska from 8 to 12 years. Less than 10 p»r cent are Alaska born. Three out of four came to Alaska from a state west of the Mississippi. Fairbanks families have lived in Alaska a little longer than those in Anchorage and a greater proportion plan to make Alaska their permanent home. -- Both Anchorage and Fairbanks households own m ore appliances than is common elsewhere. A greater proportion have T V 's, radios, refrigerators and deep-freezers. In Fairbanks 87 per cent of all families have telephones. -- Most Fairbanks homemakers shop for food specials. Nearly a half reported buying from 50 to 100 per cent of their food at special prices. More than a fourth reported buying from 25 to 50 per cent. -- Anchorage and Fairbanks households have modern buying habits and higher than average incomes. Merchants selling to them must provide quality merchandise and services with modern sales techniques.

      Wilton, A.C.; Hodgson, H.J.; Klebesadel, L.J.; Taylor, R.L. (University of Alaska, Agricultural Experiment Station, 1966-05)
      SMOOTH bromegrass ( Bromus inermis Leyss.) is the principal perennial forage crop grown in Alaska. Despite this, none of the varieties developed elsewhere are sufficiently winterhardy for consistently good survival in most of the State. Approximately two-thirds of Alaska's perennial grass acreage is in the Matanuska-Susitna Valley area. In two seasons since 1956 there has been widespread winterkill of bromegrass fields in the Matanuska Valley. Nearly half of the planted acreage winterkilled during 1956-57 and again in 1961-62. In other years individual fields have shown winter injury. Polar bromegrass, a new improved variety, has consistently displayed outstanding winter hardiness and forage yields in experimental tests in Alaska.