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Growing-Degree Units For Selected Agricultural Locations In Alaska

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dc.contributor.author Branton, C. Ivan
dc.contributor.author Shaw, Robert H.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-08-19T20:01:12Z
dc.date.available 2013-08-19T20:01:12Z
dc.date.issued 1973-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11122/2107
dc.description Paper copies in Archives, Acc #:2013-0059 en_US
dc.description.abstract It is well known that the rate at which a plant grows is influenced by air temperature. The problem is to define this relationship in a quantitative manner so that the information can be applied to agricultural problems. In places where growth of a particular crop is limited by the length of the growing season, an evaluation of the "heat-units" available is particularly important. Many heat-unit systems have evolved over the years, with certain advantages claimed for each. In crop production, heat unit systems are used to estimate the time required for a crop to go from one stage of development to another, usually from planting to harvest. Each heat-unit system produces a particular set of values, the values being determined by the relationship between temperature and growth that is assumed in the calculations. This paper lists heat-units available in six areas in Alaska, all having agricultural potential. The system used measures temperature in "growing-degree units" and is described in detail. Recent comparative studies of growing season and growing degree days leads to the conclusion that the temperature records taken at Big Delta may have been favorably affected by the nearness of the weather recording station to an extensive coated runway. The "flywheel" effect of this large heat sink appear to have reduced the occurrence of 32°F. night temperatures in both the spring and fall, making the growing degree accumulation unrealistic. en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents Introduction and general comments -- Description of Stations -- Results and discussion -- Summary -- References -- Appendix -- Figures: Fig. 1 Average weekly growing degree units for Matanuska Experiment Station; Big Delta; University Experiment Station, Fairbanks; Homer; Kasilof; and Kodiak. Fig. 2 Seasonal growing degree unites (May 15 to 1st 30°F or lower temperature in fall) which will be equaled or exceeded for varying probability levels at Big Delta, Matanuska Experiment Station and University Experiment Station, Fairbanks. Fig. 3 Seasonal growing degree units (May 15 to 1st 30°F or lower temperature in fall) which will be equaled or exceeded for varying probability levels ta Homer, Kasilof, and Kodiak. Tables: Table 1 Comparison of growing-degree units (GDU) for Clearwater and Big Delta for the period 1965-70. Table 2 Highest, lowest and average weekly GDU values for Big Delta, and values which will be equaled or exceeded for given probabilities. Table 3 Highest, lowest and average weekly GDU values for Homer and values which will be equaled or exceeded for given probabilities. Table 4 Highest, lowest and average weekly GDU values for Kasilof and values which will be equaled or exceeded for given probabilities. Table 5 Highest, lowest and average weekly GDU values for Kodiak and values which will be equaled or exceeded for given probabilities. Highest, lowest and average weekly GDU values for the Matanuska Experiment Station, and values which will be equaled or exceeded for given probabilities. Table 7 Highest, lowest and average weekly GDU values for the University Experiment Station, Fairbanks and values which will be equaled or exceeded for given probabilities at 6 Alaska locations. Table 8 Highest, lowest and average monthly GDU values and values which will be equaled or exceeded for given probabilities at 6 Alaska locations. Table 9 Highest, lowest and average seasonal GDU values and values which will be equaled or exceeded for given probabilities for the period May 15 to date of first 30°F or lower temperature in the fall at 6 Alaska locations. en_US
dc.publisher University of Alaska, Institute of Agricultural Sciences en_US
dc.source Technical Bulletin en_US
dc.title Growing-Degree Units For Selected Agricultural Locations In Alaska en_US
dc.type Technical Report en_US


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